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GCSE: Classics

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  1. What were the main faults of the suitors? How does Homer characterise individual suitors?

    Antinous is the leader of the suitors and the first slain by Odysseus. He is a cruel, greedy, and hypocritical villain, always attempting to justify his evil behaviour by distorting the motives or acts of others. The suitors refuse to leave until Penelope selects one of them. Antinous, is the most vociferous and proud of the suitors. He plots Telemachus' death and often leads the suitors in their mistreatment of Odysseus and his household. Eurymachus is another outspoken and powerful suitor. In Book 22, he begs Odysseus for forgiveness on behalf of all the suitors, showing a cowardly side to his character.

    • Word count: 689
  2. "'Pompeii had a fair and effective form of government' Discuss"

    that the government at the time had quickly responded to the natural disaster and turned it into an opportunity to better the city. The government could also be seen as effective as there was evidence of several offices discovered inside the Curia and Basilica so jobs in government must have been seen as important in Pompeian society. The government in Pompeii may have also been fair as everyone with a position in government had been chosen by the general public.

    • Word count: 529
  3. Describe the similarities between the Minoans and Mycenaeans

    They both believed in one goddess and they had the same palace layout. In fact both the Minoans and the Mycenaeans were interested in building palaces. However one main difference in their art was the fact that the Mycenaeans focused more on weapons and military rather than the Minoans which painted in very bright, vivid colours. In fact, most Mycenaean art is painted whilst they were hunting whereas the Minoans didn?t fight often and preferred to use art to show how beautiful their towns were.

    • Word count: 607
  4. Aeneas as a hero - comparing the Roman and Greek ideals.

    I look for Italy to be my fatherland, And my descent is from all-highest Jove." Book 1. This is how Aeneas introduced himself to a huntress he meets in the forest of Libya (the huntress is his mother, Venus, in disguise). This reveals how much his mission and responsibilities make up his identity. ?Duty-bound, Aeneas, though he struggled with desire To calm and comfort her in all her pain, To speak to her and turn her mind from grief, And though he sighed his heart out, shaken still With love of her, yet took

    • Word count: 527
  5. The Spartan armys superiority in battle was a reflection of the values they had learned more than their tactics on the battlefield. Discuss.

    Either with this or on this.? Spartan mothers would say this to their sons referring to their personal shield; this would be mentioned before departing for war. This meant that a Spartan must win his battles or die trying, he should not retreat and become a deserter as that would be shameful and against the teachings of Spartan society. Spartans were greatly committed to their cause; by being committed this greatened their fighting skills as they had no fear of death and believed that to die a, ?beautiful death,? was a death worthy of greatness.

    • Word count: 728
  6. How Does Homer Bring His Stories to Life in "The Odyssey"?

    Homer also uses many metaphors and similes in order to bring his stories to life, ?the Cyclops? eye hissed round the olive stake in the same way that an axe or adze hisses when a smith plunges it into cold water in order to quench and strengthen the iron.? The similes and metaphors help the reader to imagine what Homer is describing and that makes the story all the more exciting. Also it helps the reader relate to what is being described as, for example, they might not know what sound would come out of an eye being stabbed with

    • Word count: 616
  7. The main purpose of the Panathenaia was to show of the greatness of Athens. To what extent do you agree?

    The Lesser Panathenaia also had many sporting events like traditional dancing, boat racing and a torch lit race, etc. The Lesser Panathenaia was a local event, in which only Athenians could take part, so they could not have been possibly be showing off their greatness. Later in 566 BCE, the Athenian tyrant Pisistratos expanded the Lesser Panathenaia into the Great Panathenaia, which was modelled on the Olympic and Pythian Games. The new sporting events introduced from the Olympic Games included running, equestrian events such as chariot racing and the pentathlon. The musical events included rhapsodes (reciters of poetry)

    • Word count: 550
  8. Odysseuss attributes are the perfect recipe for any epic hero.

    Whether that opponent is a physical being or a situation, doesn?t matter. Odysseus is capable of proving this many times throughout the epic. An example of this is when Odysseus returns to his homeland in hopes of suprising the suitors with a secret attack. In order to do so he is only able to tell the swineherd, shepherd, and his faithful son Telemachus of his return (663). Even when Eurycleia, his old nurse recognizes him she is sworn to secrecy in order to keep his arrival hidden (696).

    • Word count: 551
  9. Comparison of Gender Systems in the Classical World - where was it best to be a woman?

    Though the classic Hindu text, The Laws of Manu, had clearly defined the position of ordinary Indian women as ?never?independent?, some Indian women had the option of becoming Buddhist nuns and entering monasteries. These women, whom according to the Psalms of the Sisters document were called bikkhunis, were fortunate enough to possess a degree of freedom and independence unavailable elsewhere in Indian society. Bikkhunis largely ran their own affairs, were forbidden to do household chores, and devoted themselves wholly to the search for awakening; they were not bogged down with the industrious tasks of sewing, cooking, and reproducing like other women in India and in other classical civilizations.

    • Word count: 809
  10. World History. Similarities and differences in the classical societies of China, India, Persia, and the Mediterranean

    The classical societies of these four vast areas have differed from one another in many ways ? the material used for construction being one of the ways. Packed earth and wood served as the principal construction material in classical China, while wood was commonly used in India for its construction. Architects in classical Persia and the Mediterranean designed buildings out of primarily brick and stone. Different material used for the construction of buildings served dominantly in the four classical societies.

    • Word count: 633
  11. What limitations did vase painters face and how successfully did they overcome them?

    The backs of the figures, the shields and the top of the helmets all have curves to echo. The shields within this picture accompany the spears and helmets. This implies that figures are warriors and are meant to be at war. The shields and spears also help to fill the space of the vase. On this vase the obvious focal point is the board game that the 2 figures are playing. This is shown with the funnelling of the spears and the figures line of view. The Helmet which is upon Achilles may imply that he is bigger than Ajax and it helps to not make the whole painting symmetrical.

    • Word count: 755
  12. Describe Agrippina's rise to prominence

    He was linked to the family through Augustus?s sister Octavia. Ahenobarbus was wealthy and had political connections, providing an opportunity for Agrippina to build a support base. Agrippina and Ahenobarbus together had a child; Lucius Domitius Ahenobarbus also know as Emperor Nero. He gave her protection from Tiberius and protected her from the fate of her family as her age was in her favour. Through Ahenobarbus she was seen prominent as her social status began to rise. When assessing Agrippina and Gaius?s relationship one must take into account ?the sources at are their most opaque here.? ? Bauman.

    • Word count: 669
  13. Describe the Love of Penelope and Odysseus

    Their glorious reputation would have been ruined if they choose to give up on their faith. Luckily, Homer does not choose to portray the protagonist and wife as weak-minded or impetuous in this story. If Odysseus or Penelope ever actually fell for their beau during their absence with each other, then Odysseus?s homecoming would take an opposite turn of events, knowing that one of them has failed the other in trust and loyalty. Odysseus and Penelope have strong patience and self-control within them.

    • Word count: 977
  14. English Story

    I decided to go towards the car park and help the helpless man as he was fighting for his life. I followed the trail of blood to a nearby alleyway I just stood in disbelief as the murderer neglected the body in the alleyway and made a getaway for it. As he walked away from the alleyway he peered in the distance as he had a quick glance at me and he was heading towards me. I could see him wearing a black balaclava with his beady blue eyes glaring at me.

    • Word count: 947

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