1950's Fashion- Top designers and major trends

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Top Designers 1950!!                                                     Key: *! = important/ top.

*!Christian Dior

Responsible for dramatically changing the style of the 1950s, Dior created the” new look” which used lots of fabric and exaggerated the hourglass shape of the female figure. The new look was in direct contrast to the frugal and plain styles during the war, but women and the fashion industry embraced the move back to glamour. In 1955 Yves Saint Laurent joins Dior as a design assistant. In the same year Dior launches cosmetic range. He was a mainstream Haute Couture designer in France.

The H-line of 1954 was a slender tunic suit with a slim skirt that later became more of a dropped waist tubular twenties style dress with a hemline that was creeping upwards.  This would become a classic 1950s fashion garment.

-Y line dress                                       A line dress                                                            H line dress



Cristóbal Balenciaga

Though finding glamour and drama as important as Dior, Balenciaga went in the opposite direction in his silhouettes, making them sleeker and broadening the shoulders and removing emphasis on the waist. This shape gave way to the sack dresses and tunics that became popular in the next decade.

Pierre Balmain

Balmain’s focused on femininity and elegance, creating the quintessential French style of the 1950s.

Charles James

James was most well known for his spectacular gowns, which were often copied for prom and evening wear, and featured intricate constructions and unique color combinations.

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Jaques Fath

Fath had a less severe take on the “new look”, with softer hourglass curves and plunging necklines. His designs showed more skin than his contemporaries making him a favorite of the younger and more daring.

Anne Fogarty- Leading designer of petticoats and poodle skirts. She wrote a book for housewives on how to look good while they worked. She designed the bikini in the 60’s.

Chanel re-opened her fashion house in 1954 and began her designs with a boxy suit jacket and skirt’s in nubbly tweed. She used richly textured wool slub fabrics sometimes ...

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