Although Animal Farm is often seen only as an allegory of the Russian Revolution, it also has important messages for readers today - Explain how Orwell uses three of the following to convey these messages: Moses, Mollie, Benjamin, Squealer, and the cat.

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Although Animal Farm is often seen only as an allegory of the Russian Revolution, it also has important messages for readers today. Explain how Orwell uses three of the following to convey these messages: Moses, Mollie, Benjamin, Squealer, and the cat.

Animal Farm is an intriguing allegory based on the rituals of the Russian Revolution. The theme of Animal Farm is not difficult to understand. Orwell intended to criticise the communist regime. This story is a condemnation of totalitarian society based on the Russian Revolution and its betrayal by Stalin. The animals are dissatisfied by their servitude to the humans so they take over the farm after overthrowing humans. However, the animals are betrayed by the pigs, who adopt the commandment, “All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than others.”

 Orwell uses his allegorical farm to actually symbolise the communist regime. It teaches us, in the Western world, that dictators of the past often used their skills of manipulation to turn against their people and that communism is not equality, in fact, quite the contrary. It is another form of inequality. The humans in this book are depicted as unpleasant. Man’s brutality (as referred to by Major in his speech) is reinforced with the cruel suppression of any signs of revolt from neighbouring humans. This allegory shows us that in the presence of Mr. Jones’s principles and harsh mistreatment of the animals were clearly adopted by the greedy Napoleon who was the assumed leader. With their superior knowledge, they have acknowledged the fact that they are stronger than their fellow companions, and have considered this to assume the leadership. The pigs and the dogs have taken post of the power for themselves, knowing that they are the best administrators for the government, in this case, autonomy. Eventually the power within the pigs corrupt them and they turn on their fellow companions, eliminating competitors through propaganda and bloodshed, making it a complete totalitarian government. Orwell intended to make this a direct reference to Stalin who murdered many of his own people in order to maintain his dictatorship of Russia. Each character in the allegory has a message hidden, in either their personalities or their exteriors but they have to be found by in-depth understanding of Orwell’s story. There is very little indication to what the story is based on in the beginning. The convincing description in the opening scene introduces the animals and their characters to the reader. The behaviour of the animals, in the straw, gives the reader clues as to their behaviour in the satire and they are established in a way that they can develop in line with the story. The description of the animals’ attributes is important for later events in the story. The reader is encouraged to feel sympathetic towards the animals from the start.  The messages are not directly based on the Russian Revolution but to the present, in the Western world today.

One character in particular that was so significant was Moses. He played a small role in the story but the times where he flew in and out made the differences. His actions were so significant to the story. Moses is a raven that is quite rare in the story but enough was accomplished for the reader to realise his character and his ways to other animals and the part he played in the revolution. But interestingly he is the only one who doesn’t work since he escapes somewhere and the only one who did not listen to Old Major’s speech of rebellion. Moses is a tame raven who was Mr. Jones’s especial pet. He may have been a spy and a sneaky character but he is a great orator, especially to the influence of the other animals, his companions. He claimed to know the existence of many fantasy worlds (Sugarcandy Mountain) that the animals are interested in. Nevertheless, most of the animals hated Moses since he told lies and made up tales that they were not impressed with. In this allegory, Moses represents Orwell’s view of the church. Orwell clearly wanted Moses to be an image or a role of the Russian Orthodox Church. The church was a great help to the Tsars (who were ruling Russia at that time) and in a similar way, Moses was a great help to Mr. Jones. This might have been a way that the animals found him provocative. However, the animals started believing in the stories about Heaven and such things, about where and what their afterlife would be like, in view of Moses. In result of this, the pigs found him highly threatening to their dictatorship of the animals. Just before the revolution, Moses fled, in result of the pigs being fed up of his made up stories, thinking that he would lure the animals away from the pigs’ beliefs and future practices.

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George Orwell uses Moses to criticise Karl Marx’s belief that the church will just go away after the rebellion. The satire wants to ridicule the leaders and main people involved in the Russian Revolution. And so, he uses Moses to portray this vision and display these messages. Orwell uses the events of each scene so the character build up can easily be identified by the reader, as anthropomorphic but he still manages to retain Moses’ animal characteristics for them to be credible as farm animals: they should behave in ways to their species. As the novel progresses, Moses attitude doesn’t ...

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