Animal Farm

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Animal Farm

“Animal Farm” is a novel written by George Orwell in 1945. The story takes place on a farm in England. The owner of the farm, Mr. Jones, comes into conflict with the animals. The animals rebel, and finally scare him away. Two of the animals, Napoleon and Snowball (two pigs), assume control of the farm. George Orwell saw himself as a political writer and used the characters in this book to represent important people of the time. Napoleon represents Stalin who was the leader of the USSR after the Russian revolution. Snowball represents Trotsky who was the planner and strategist who was eventually exiled after a struggle for leadership. Squealer is the Propaganda Machine as he is the pig who tells the animals the things they want to hear and often covers the truth as was done by the Communists.  All the other characters represent other important figures also. Napoleon, could be seen as a strong powerful character in 'Animal Farm' but has also been described as a “classic example of a modern day dictator corrupted by power”. I agree that Napoleon was corrupted by power.

From the very beginning of the story there are features within Napoleon’s character which suggest that he is crooked. Even from the initial description of Napoleon in chapter 2 where he is described as a “large rather fierce looking Berkshire boar on the farm, not much of a talker but with a reputation for getting his own way,“ (p9)  Napoleon’s bullying tendencies are established. It is also suggested by the fact that he does not talk much but that he is someone who may well manipulate behind the scenes.

From the very start of the rebellion Napoleon is shown to be deceptive . This is evident immediately after the “Principles of Animalism” are agreed upon and the cows are milked and someone asks what is going to happen to the milk. Napoleon replies “Never mind the milk comrades!” (p16) and the chapter finishes with the implication that Napoleon has taken the milk for himself. This is ironic as it contradicts the seventh principle that all animals are equal and Napoleon has taken all the milk instead of sharing it with the others who usually had the milk in with their mash.

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Napoleon’s dictator style is further shown in his relationship with Snowball. After the rebellion Snowball and Napoleon take charge of the meetings. “Snowball and Napoleon were by far the most active in the debates.” (p19)  They seem to find it impossible to agree with each other and this conflict develops into a major power struggle.

One way Napoleon tries to establish himself as the stronger power is by adopting tactics of indoctrination. “He (Napoleon) said that the education of the young was more important than anything.” (p22) Napoleon never takes any interest in the committees ...

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