Animal Farm - By George Orwell

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Sarah Hurworth                                                                02/05/07

Animal Farm-

By George Orwell

All the animals have driven out Farmer Jones and are living in complete harmony and equality but odd things on the farm keep happening.  The seven commandments written on the barn seem to be changing.  The animals know there is something wrong but cannot prove it due to their very poor memory. The pigs, who have much better memories than the other animals, seem to be in on what is happening and are always able to excuse the occurrences and change the animals minds, but some are still suspicious.

Benjamin, a grumpy donkey who is the oldest animal on the farm, and Clover, a kind middle-aged mare with failing eyesight, are two of the main animals who are quoted to be the most suspicious on the farm and notice the most changes.  Clover is more affected by the changes than Benjamin but they both feel very strongly about them.

At first the animals were very idealistic, believing in equality for all animals, but as the pigs gain more and more control over the farm and the other animals loose theirs, their ideals are shattered as they are forced to work every day while the pigs do nothing, living in even worse conditions than those suffered under farmer Jones’ regime.

“No animal shall wear clothes”, the book describes how this commandment was broken by the pigs on page 85, when it states “The pigs took Mr.Jones’ clothes out of the wardrobe and put them on, Napoleon himself appeared in a black coat, rat-catcher breeches, and leather leggings, while his favourite sow appeared in the watered silk dress”.  All the animals, including Benjamin and Clover, thought that this was not strange because they were used to all the changes and could not argue against the pigs because they were always surrounded by the dogs, who would growl and show their teeth at the animals.  This made them fearful and not willing to question the pigs.

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“No animal shall sleep in a bed”, this commandment was broken on page 42 when it describes, “The pigs not only took their meals in the kitchen and used the drawing-room as a recreation room, but also slept in beds”.  To cover this up the pigs added “with sheets” on the end of the commandment relying on the animal’s poor memories, so they won’t notice.  Clover reacted to this quite puzzled because she can’t remember the commandment properly.  The pigs make up an excuse by saying that there was never a ruling against beds only against sheets so the animals ...

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