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Compare "The Passionate Shepherd to his Love" to "The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd" and show how Ralegh's poem is poetry of Marlowes.

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Compare "The Passionate Shepherd to his Love" to "The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd" and show how Ralegh's poem is poetry of Marlowes. In Elizabethan times poetry was a very important part of Elizabethan life. Elizabeth 1st adored plays and poetry and was a major patron, meaning that in a way she encouraged sponsorship of the writers and poets of her time, so that they were encourage to perform and write. These two poems are examples of pastoral poetry, a form of poetry that deals with the lives of shepherds and shows a contrast between the innocence and simplicity of rural life, compared with the artificiality of city and court life. The pastoral dramas first appeared in the 15th and 16th century. "The Nymph's Reply to The Shepherd" is a parody as it is a reply to "The Passionate Shepherd to his Love" and answers verse by verse, the original poem. It alters it to make a point about reality and time passing, but is quite humorous. Sir Walter Ralegh-writer of "The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd" was born in 1552 and was the discoverer of tobacco and potatoes. He was a good friend to her majesty, Elizabeth I who knighted him and appointed him Captain of the Queen's Guard. He was then found out to have married one of Elizabeth's Maids of Honour and so was locked in the Tower of London where later on, in 1618, he was beheaded for being a "traitor". ...read more.


The Nymph implies that it is mankind that is killing them. The use of alliteration on the first line, "field to fold", emphasises this driving movement. The Nymph again uses another form of alliteration, "rage and rocks...", as she explains that over time the rivers will become full and dangerous. There is a form of onomatopoeia here with 'rage', which sounds short, sharp and scary. The next line, "And Philomel becometh dumb", has the use of Philomel as the classic name for a nightingale and Ralegh has deliberately used it as an example as it is the most tuneful songbird. The nymph frankly explains that it will die like all the other birds will. Ralegh then explains that life cannot be perfect, with birds singing in harmony. He uses the word, 'dumb' as this may be linked to a tongue being cut off as in the myth of Philomel, as he could have used silent instead, 'Dumb' implies total silence, and that it hasn't gone quiet as if they can speak again, but their voices are gone forever. Ralegh uses repetition for effect in, "the rest complains..." as the rest of the birds, compared to the nightingale sound awful and he uses the repetition of the 'c' as it sounds unpleasant compared to the harmony and so he deliberately manipulates the words and destroys the shepherd's image of a perfect life. Inverse three of the shepherd's poem, the shepherd gets more practical. ...read more.


The shepherd speaks of 'may morning', as when the sun rises you are meant to make a wish and this is really romantic and adds a sense of softness to the shepherd's tone. In the third line, there us a repetition of 'delights' for effect and there is also a repetition of "mind may move", as this gives a more persuasive effect. At the beginning of the last line, the shepherd uses the word 'then', as it softens everything he has just said and is a last plea for her to accept his offer. The shepherd could have used 'come' instead but this sounds too forceful, like at the beginning. In the nymph's last verse, I feel that she is softening and realises that she actually wants to live with the shepherd and have all the things he is promising her but she realises life cannot be like that. She explains in her last verse that if only they could both be young for ever and that love got stronger and happiness lasted then she might live with him. There is a sense of regret in this verse but she is gently sarcastic too, by imitating the shepherd's use of alliteration and his last line. From studying both these poems, it is clear that throughout there is a sense of love, but one person is showing their feelings, the shepherd, and the other is showing how the effect of time changes everything, the nymph. It is clear that the nymph's poem is a parody and twists phrases from the original poem. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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