Comparing and Contrasting Aldous Huxley’s and H.G Wells’ Views of the Future With reference to “Brave New World” and “The Time Machine”.

Authors Avatar
Comparing and Contrasting Aldous Huxley's and H.G Wells' Views of the Future With reference to "Brave New World" and "The Time Machine".

"....They're so conditioned that they practically can't help behaving as they ought to behave. And if anything should go wrong, there's soma, which you go and chuck out of the window in the name of liberty...."

This quotation from the novel "Brave New World," by Aldous Huxley depicts a world where people are divided into castes and exhaustively conditioned to perform specific tasks.

Set in the distant future, this novel was written in the 1930's. The author's views of the future arise from what he observed of Hitler's efforts to promote a superior German race with blond hair and blue eyes. He believed in a racist brand of fascism. This political system is used in the setting of "Brave New World." The World State is divided into ten zones each run by a resident World Controller. Each of the World Controllers believes that people who are conditioned are abnormal and inferior.

To maintain the stability of the World State, biological engineering and thorough conditioning is carried out. The World State is stable because the people in this "strange society are conditioned" to be happy with what they have. Contentedly, the people fulfil their social roles in life without experiencing pain or unhappiness.

During childhood, methods such as hypnopedia are used to instil the advantages of obedience and immoral sexual relations into them. Then, at the end of childhood, they are given soma, which allows them to be free of experiencing the negative feelings of life. The World State's rule of conduct includes the saying; "Community, Identity and Stability". With the help of soma, this rule of conduct is instilled more deeply into the minds of the citizens.

Like Aldous Huxley, H.G Wells had strong motives when writing "The Time Machine". Written in 1895, Wells had predicted that humankind would destroy itself through the fast changes and growth of the science and the technology industries. Both novels portray a horrifying future.

"The Time Machine" is set in the future, where the human race has split into two distinct species;

"....It seemed clear as daylight to me that the gradual widening of the present merely temporary and social difference between the capitalist and the labourer, was the key to the whole position. No doubt it will seem grotesque enough to you- and wildly incredible!"

Immediately, the impact of this quotation, from H.G Well's novel is that the differences between the two human species is extraordinary. Humanity is divided into the effete, the "beautiful" surface dwellers and the brutal "subterranean" Morlocks. The Morlocks- "....something inhuman and malign". "Instinctively" the Time Traveller "loathed them". As the story is told from the Time Traveller's point of view, it is ironic that he considers the Morlocks to be "inhuman" as they derived from him and the current anthropoid.
Join now!

The Time Traveller assumes that the Morlocks are the descendants of the working class, due to the large number of machinery and "ever larger underground factories." That machinery is in place to perpetuate the easy life that the Eloi have apparently enjoyed for generations;

"So in the end, above ground you must have the Haves(rich) pursuing pleasure and comfort and beauty, and below ground the Have-nots(the working class), the workers getting continually adapted to the conditions of their labour."

From this the Time Traveller concludes that they would have to pay rent and for ventilation of ...

This is a preview of the whole essay