Discuss how Shakespeare uses dramatic techniques to build tension and create sympathy for Juliet in act 3 scene 5

Authors Avatar

Discuss how Shakespeare uses dramatic techniques to build tension and create sympathy for Juliet in act 3 scene 5

Set in Verona, Romeo and Juliet follows the tale of two lovers as they struggle to be together, keeping their love secret secret from their warring families. In Act 3 Scene 5, Romeo must lave Verona and Juliet after being banished. However, Juliet's family soon bring news of her arranged marriage with Paris. This triggers a heated argument that ends when Capulet threatens to disown Juliet. Angry and upset, Juliet decides to visit Friar Laurence, if he can't find a fix for her problem, she tells the audience that she will kill herself. During this pivotal scene, Shakespeare uses many dramatic techniques that create sympathy for Juliet and tension within the scene.

When the scene begins, Romeo and Juliet have woken up together for what could be the final time. This creates a tense atmosphere between the two lovers where they are torn between Romeo being “gone and live or stay and die”. In their passionate discussion they use the nightingale and the lark as representatives of light and dark. These images promote the contrasting sides of their relationship: their affectionate love hindered by their family's feud. Juliet's worries grow as the time of Romeos departure draws closer. She has an ominous insight into their future “now though art so low, as one dead in the bottom of the tomb”. This gives the audience a clue as to what may happen at the end of the play. After Romeo has departed, Juliet performs a soliloquy where she voices her fears over whether she will see Romeo again “ I hope thou wilt not keep him long” This creates a bond between Juliet and the audience and gives them an insight as to what her real feelings are.

Join now!

Soon after Romeo leaves,  Lady Capulet enters the room and addresses Juliet “Why, how now, Juliet!”. Juliet replies in a manner that is meant to prevent further conversation as she wants to be left alone “Madam, I am not well”. This also shows the  uncomfortable relationship between Lady Capulet and Juliet as Juliet calls her mother “Madam”. This shows the audience the tension between the daughter and mother. “Yet let me weep for such a feeling loss” is further proof of Juliet's attempts to be left alone to weep over Romeo. Another reason she may want her mother to ...

This is a preview of the whole essay