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GCSE: Tatamkhulu Afrika: Nothings Changed
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Tatamkhulu Africa's biography
- 1 The poet spent his childhood classified as 'a white' when he was growing up in South Africa. When he was a teenager he discovered he was half Egyptian and chose to be reclassified as 'coloured' under Apartheid.
- 2 He was a member of the African National Congress. He was arrested and forbidden to write or publish anything for five years
- 3 The poet used to live in a multi-cultural area called ‘District 6’. Under Apartheid the government decreed it was a 'whites only' area. All of the non white inhabitants were evacuated and their houses were burnt down.
- 4 He was born in 1920 and died in 2002.
Things you need to know about 'Nothing's Changed'
- 1 Nothing’s Changed is autobiographical was written in a time of hope, at the end of Apartheid and shortly after Nelson Mandela was released from prison.
- 2 Nothing’s Changed is very tightly controlled and is written in the first person.
- 3 There are six stanzas. The sentences can be one stanza or two words long which creates a rhythm.
- 4 Imagery includes wasteland, the restaurant and the working man’s café.
In the poem "Half-Caste" a mixed race person is directly attacking a racist through words. He is establishing sentiment in order to awaken a reaction from the racist in order to make them understand that having two cultures is better than one. On the other hand "Nothing's Changed" is a poem about apartheid- separation of blacks and whites. This poem depicts a society where rich and poor are divided in the apartheid era of racial segregation in South Africa. Rage has arisen within the poet because, despite the abolishment of apartheid everything hasn't changed, hence the name "Nothing's Changed".
- Word count: 1669
They both have a bitter tone through out most of the poems, and similarly they sound very envious of the upper classes. They are both being treated very unfairly, simply because of their skin colour or jobs, respectively. The Poet's Ideas Both characters are very rebellious, the authority they are fighting against is lowering their quality of life. In Nothing's Changed the character says "I know before I see them there will be crushed ice, white glass, linen falls, the single rose."
- Word count: 1371
The title 'Blessing' revolves around the fact that a pipe has burst and it's a miracle and a blessing. The society in this poem is similar to the one in 'Nothings Changed', as both are a poor community. Also the writers both make out that they want something to change. To completely abolish the racial segregation and for there to be a good word to sum the basic outline of these two poems. Nothing's changed makes you aware of the current society there by making the reader feel jealous of the white people and sorry for the non whites.
- Word count: 1135
This shows that there is also rubbish and weeds on the path where the writer is walking. In the second stanza, the writer also shows that there are no signs pointing to district 6, 'District Six. No board says it is:' this shows that district 6 is a lonely place where people do not want to go. But he shows he knows district 6 by, 'But my feet know, and my hands, and the skin about my bones, and the soft labouring of my lungs,' This shows that the writer has been there before because he is familiar with the place.
- Word count: 1690
This is followed by simple images of the fishermen pushing their boat out, the sun climbing in the sky, The Island and emerald green. By having 'morning' on a line by itself, it sets the scene and represents new beginning. The island man always returns to the island, in his mind, but in thinking of it he must 'always' come 'back' literally snapping back to reality this is shown from where Nicholas writes about hearing the traffic on London's North Circular Road, the use of the notorious North Circular contrast to the 'dream' as once your in it's a nightmare to get out of, furthermore the use of circle represents 'no beginning and no end' hence it is continuous.
- Word count: 1414
Firstly, because it is quoted, things could have been changed to promote monks. Secondly, he is not actually from Fountains Abbey or Saint Mary's so he is an outsider and cannot possibly really know the truth of what is actually going on in the monastery unless gone on a visit there. Finally, this quote was produced years later from when the actual letter had been created meaning it could have been changed over time. In conclusion, the role in the future for the Abbey was going to be a new home for the monks, but at that time it was not yet created.
- Word count: 1747
"Nothing's Changed", by Tatamkhulu Afrika, and the poem "Island Man", by Grace Nichols. Each poem, instead of directly linking with the chosen title,
From the start of this poem, you can see that he still has a strong connection with his original home and culture from the title "Island Man"- at least in his dreams anyway. The actually start of the poem begins with the word "Morning". It is a simple statement but by placing it on its own it draws attention to itself. The shortness of the first could also suggest that he's jolted awake. In line 5 it says "the steady breaking and wombing".
- Word count: 1038
Evaluate the Effectiveness of the Poet's Use of Language in "Nothing's Changed" and "Two Scavengers in a Truck,
The lower class garbage-men are labelled as "Scavengers" while the higher class Mercedes owners are described by the poet as "Beautiful." The title contains a metaphor and a contrast between the two sets of classes because the poem is about the differences and separations of the classes. Lawrence Ferlinghetti uses the metaphor "Across the small gulf, In the high seas." The separation of the two sets of people here is only a few meters hence the "Small gulf" but the separation and differences of the two classes is portrayed by the poet as huge with vast differences so the poet describes these differences as "In the high seas."
- Word count: 1543
Comparing how the themes of freedom and oppression are explored in the poems 'Caged Bird' by Maya Angelou and 'Nothings Changed' by Tatamkhulu Afrika (Poems from Other Cultures)
Incredibly she has broken down the barriers of 'class' and 'race' through her inspiring poetry and autobiographies. The poem fits in with Angelou's past life since she describes in the poem the discrimination upon Black Americans. The title 'Caged Bird' is a metaphor and the adjective 'Caged' gives the reader an idea of what the poem is relating to. Angelou relates back to the history of slavery since the title influences the reader to think of 'imprisonment' and 'oppression'. "The caged bird sings", Angelou uses this speech to express 'freedom' by 'singing'.
- Word count: 1610
How do the poets in Nothing's Changed and Charlotte O'Neils Song use their poems as a form of protest
Apartheid is the political policy of keeping people of different races apart, which was practised in South Africa. Black and white people were segregated from each other; however, District Six was a mixed community. In Charlotte O'Neil's Song, Charlotte O'Neil changes her life by going after her dreams of freedom. She protests to us about the Victorian class system and how far she has to go to get her freedom. Charlotte is at the beck and call of her mistress and tells the reader of her difficult daily life - she wants opportunities of her own.
- Word count: 1086
It is one of the things that are picked up by the poet that will or has already changed. In 'Old Man, Old Man' most of the statements referring to old age are greatly exaggerated for the reason that the reader can imagine how much the man has changed, and therefore a much greater view of his changed image can be seen and noticed. There are some clear signs that this man may have very poor eyesight. A condition common in people of his age. "Now his hands shamble among clues He left for himself when he saw better" And "Living in almost dark, I can see you" Changing physically had more affect on him that it would on anyone else.
- Word count: 1152
In "nothings changed" the poet Tatamkhulu Afrika, focuses on the difference between the black race and the white race, where as in "two scavengers" Laurence Ferlinghetti focuses on the difference between rich people
In verse three the poet begins with the word: "Brash.." This means that what is being described as over the top and showy. The poet also uses alliteration: "Name flaring like a flag," Flaring like a flag means that it stands out and doesn't fit in, this describes the restraunt. Also to describe the restraunt the poet writes in line 19: "it squats" This suggests that it isn't meant to be there like squatters are not meant to be where they are and it is not flattering.
- Word count: 1399
'it's in the bone.' [line 40] This indicates the poets perceptive on the influence culture has. It shows that the poet thinks because black people were treated badly and lived poor quality lives, they began to accept the opinions of white people. Even after the abolition of apartheid, they still deem themselves inferior. Continuing on the theme of self image, the persona says 'but we know where we belong.' This indicates the separation between people of the persona's culture and those with different cultures.
- Word count: 1781
Poetry Coursework:Two Scavengers in a Truck, Two Beautiful People in a Mercedes (Lawrence Ferlinghetti) and Nothing's Changed (Tatamkhulu Afrika)
However, 'Beautiful People' is a compliment. So, right from the start, we feel the garbagemen are at a disadvantage. Ferlinghetti also chose these words to describe their different classes, as they are strong indications of who they are and what they do for a living. Scavenger implies that they are an unimportant and insignificant part of society. Beautiful people suggest that they are high status, highly paid and doing well in life. The second contrast in the title is 'Truck' and 'Mercedes'. This enlightens us further on the social status of the garbagemen and the elegant couple as a garbage truck is associated with waste and rubbish, but a Mercedes implies rich, powerful and stylish.
- Word count: 1919
Life under Apartheid deteriorated for most Africans from 1950 to 1970 as the amount of money spent on law and order increased and
This meant that 84% of the land was given to the whites, even though they were only given 15% of the total population. Blacks were only given 14% of the land, even thought they made up over 80% of the population. This changed lives of black Africans because they had small areas to live in meaning it would be very overcrowded. This was like the whites who had a large amount of space to live in. This was sign if white 'supremacy'.
- Word count: 1005
The poem can be split into three parts, as there are three couples involved. The beginning of the poem shows us the young couple are passing by maybe looking at diamond engagement rings, when suddenly they are used as human bricks by two young attackers, and fall backwards into the shop window, suffering the start to bad pain and injuries. While the two attackers continue to go ahead and snatch what they can from this shop. At the meantime the two drivers passing by, focusing on the road ahead trying to avoid the situation, and don't bother helping.
- Word count: 1402
The differences are that in 'Vultures' has described his setting in a simple way, whereas in 'Nothings Changed' the writer has gone into detail. How does the poet use characters? The poet who has written the poem 'Vultures' has used his main characters as animals, which are vultures. He has also added the commandant. I know that the vultures are the main characters because the title of the poem is 'Vultures' and in there he has used sentences such as 'a vulture perching high' and 'Nestled close to his mate'.
- Word count: 1263
How do Seitlhamo Motsapi and Tatamkhula Afrika portray apartheid in their poems 'Andif' and 'Nothings changed'?
There was even a ban put on marriages blacks could not marry whites. If a person in a family was black and the rest of the family was white then the rest would count as blacks. The poems that we are going to write about are to do with the apartheid and the effects of the apartheid on the black people in south Africa and how they lived with the oppression that was bought on these people when the apartheid was put into use. In the poem 'Andif' the writer is writing about blood cuts and death he is telling us about all the horrible things that happened to people and the suffering they were going through when the apartheid was in use.
- Word count: 1569
There is no sign to show this as there would have been under apartheid, but black and coloured people, being poor, will not be allowed past the "guard at the gatepost". The "whites only inn" is elegant, with linen tablecloths and a "single rose" on each table. It is contrasted with the fast food "working man's cafe" which sells the local snack, "bunny chows". There is no tablecloth, just a plastic top, and there is nowhere to wash one's hands after eating thus, "wipe your fingers on your jeans".
- Word count: 1307
There was no actual law abut it but everybody knew it, the black people were forbidden to go where white people went. The poet is expressing his views about how bad the situation is and how much he hates it in this poem. In both poems, they involve white people taking advantage of black people and they both come from the view of black people and tell us how they are treated. However this is not so obvious in the poem "Limbo", it can be spotted by the opinion the African Slave has of the White people in charge of
- Word count: 1132
and rhythmically patterned stanzas. It is made clear in stanza four and seven that he is onboard a ship, '...and the ship like it ready' or ' long dark deck and the water surrounding me...' and so forth. The opening three words in the first line of stanza nine, long dark deck, suggest that 'limbo' is taking place at night and aboard the deck, with the 'water surrounding...' showing us the environment of which it was taking place. In stanza nine you get the impression that the 'ship' is in actual fact a slave ship, shipping the slaves across to another country, during the night.
- Word count: 1801
Compare the two poems, "Nothings changed" by Tatamkhulu Afrika with Charlotte O'Neil's song by Fiona Farrell.
the narrator that he is relaxed and is taking a leisurely walk, "Small round hard stones click under my heels", this statement reinforces what mood he is in as it is describing the way he walks. When he reaches the wasteland of where he used to live, district six we see that he is reliving the anger of what it used to be like when he lived here and his feelings of long ago start to build up again, "District six.
- Word count: 1171
This shows how generous and serious about building his village. He then went on to construct a hospital and a tram shed. The Hospital + Hygiene The hospital was built to give workers and their families medical care, a healthy workforce was an efficient workforce. It started off as two storeys but had a third in 1908, and another extension in 1925 to make a total of 24 beds. Nowadays it is a private rest home. The hospital also gave sickness benefit. If you were 13- 15 you paid 6 pence a month (old currency)
- Word count: 1660
'Vultures' by Chinua Achebe, 'Night of the Scorpion' by Nissim Ezekiel, 'Presents from my Aunts in Pakistan' by Moniza Alvi, and 'Nothings Changed' - What are the main ideas in the four poems?
He describes the different classes whites (upper class) in their elegant restaurants, eating 'haute cuisine', whereas the blacks (lower class) are left in their 'working man's caf�' eating 'bunny chows', which is something of a cheap and filling take-away food eaten mainly by the poor. As he describes what he sees he expresses his anger and states that 'Nothings Changed', also the title of the poem, which concludes what life is still like there. I can understand the anger the boy must feel seeing that life has not changed.
- Word count: 1309
'Nothings Changed' and 'Ogun are examples of hymns of protest - Examine the ways in which the poet's views and anger are expressed through the poems.
Tatamkhulu Afrika was an Egyptian-born, child of an Arab father and a Turkish mother. He was raised as a white South African, but later in life chose to be classified as 'coloured' to show his African identity. His poem also reflects on his identity and race. Edward Kamau Bathwaite wrote his poem 'Ogun' showing his uncle's poverty and criticise the West for making Africans poor by taking their livelihood away from them. His uncle was a skilled carpenter, who lived in the West Indies but could not even manage to survive, as cheap goods were imported from the West.
- Word count: 1391