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GCSE: Writing to Inform, Explain and Describe

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Writing to inform

  1. 1 Give factual information and use a formal style.
  2. 2 Use straightforward language to convey essential information. Your audience could be anyone.
  3. 3 Use the present tense, write in short clear sentences, address the reader as 'you'. Use connectives and technical terms.
  4. 4 Break up your writing with diagrams, illustrations, images and subheadings.
  5. 5 You can give more information (eg: why and what you find interesting) and the genre could ask you to give instructions, write recipes, give directions or write manuals.

Writing to explain

  1. 1 Establish who you are writing to and why you are writing.
  2. 2 Genre – Explaining data, giving a speech or explaining how a mechanism works.
  3. 3 Purpose – To be clear, to show meaning and to make something clearer.
  4. 4 Write in the third person, use either past or present tenses, use clear factual language.
  5. 5 Give a balanced view and use connectives of comparison (whereas, though, while, unless, however).

Writing to describe

  1. 1 Your thoughts and feelings are important.
  2. 2 Genre – Writing a story, describe a scene, writing a diary entry.
  3. 3 Purpose is to build an image in the reader's mind.
  4. 4 Use adjectives and adverbs, similes, metaphors and all five senses ( touch, smell, taste, sight, sound).

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  1. Description of a favourite place - the city of Baku

    Depending on the way you arrive in the capital of Azerbaijan, you will see it differently. When you land in a plane, a modern airport meets you and a straight wide highway leads you from the airport which is about 20 km far from the center of Baku, and as you see those high-rise buildings, no doubt you find the city keeps abreast of the times. In case you get to Baku by train, it brings you right in the center of a city and you are surprised that the buildings built in the 18-19th centuries are saved till nowadays.

    • Word count: 504
  2. Has Media technology reached it's peak?

    Throughout this, Humanity has found time to invent windows to other worlds. Have gained the ability to take a person to another world by making them sit in front of a screen of dots. In 1930, did they ask themselves these questions?

    • Word count: 415
  3. Yo soy bullfighter. The cape flutters like the wings of a bird as it whips round the taught matador.

    The auditorium is alight with ambience and colour as the frenzied faces of the crowd bellow on, chanting "Kill da bulli, kill da bulli". The matador, a man in his 30's nicknamed "EL CID" meaning "the knight" struts around the ring. He wears the traditional skin tight costume which is frilly and full of buttons and completely black. His motions are extravagant and graceful almost making him look gay but in some weird way very manly because of his bravery and rebelliousness almost like a male ballerina.

    • Word count: 553
  4. Book review of "Checkers" by John Marsden

    And she answers them. But this wasn't very smart. The next day the news papers are full of pictures of 2 dogs checkers and the dog of the Premier. This proves that all the rumours are true. When her father comes home that day he is furious and he kills checkers. After this is had to go to the hospital because she thinks she's guilty for the death of checkers. After her treatment she goes to a boarding school together with her brother. It takes place in 1987 (it's said in the book).

    • Word count: 831
  5. Spider Man vs. Iron Man Both Spider Man and Iron Man are heroes; they save others by using the skills they have been given. They are both motivated by a particular event in their lives

    One event that particularly motivates Spider Man is when his uncle died. His uncle was killed in the streets of the city, and because Spider Man regret over not being able to save his uncles serves as his original strong motivation for saving others- he does not want to experience that same regret again. Iron Man is also saving people based on motivation. Iron Man ran a company that built weapons, and in the movie he finds out that those weapons have fallen into the wrong hands and are being used by the bad people.

    • Word count: 874
  6. I looked up to see if my best friend was injured but I was horrified to see that he was the one holding the weapon.

    He pulled the trigger. He was dead. I was so horrified, so alarmed, so scared. I wanted to identify the gun that was causing all of the deaths of my classmates, but it didn't matter to me at this time. Not much did at the moment. Bang after bang was heard throughout the whole classroom. I clenched my arms tightly around my body and curled up on my seat. My eyes cracked open to make sure that all of this was real.

    • Word count: 775
  7. Creative Writing - A sword in one hand, a shield in the other, I was busy fighting a dragon with my best friend.

    His claw had went through my shield and as he was taking it out, the shield broke into pieces. At that moment, my friend took his sword and sliced it through the dragon's tale, leaving it with gut-wrenching, agonizing pain. It cried out a rawr, and started to levitate with his wings. It then took flight, making a "wooosh" sound like high-level winds blowing into a tree. You could feel the wind hit your face, as the dragon was flying into the unknown, flying into the abyss. "Are you alright?", my friend asked as he lent his hand for me to take a hold of.

    • Word count: 627
  8. Creative writing to expand your vocabulary -In 1985, a huge earthquake hit the city which caused great disarray. The people came to realize that villains were trying to take over the city.

    The local citizen refer to them as "watchmen." In 1985, a huge earthquake hit the city which caused great disarray. The people came to realize that villains were trying to take over the city. There were frenetic screams as the onlookers watched the city get destroyed. The once called beautiful city was filled with flotsam. That was when the watchmen came together. They promised they would help the people in any sort of exigency.

    • Word count: 453
  9. What is Love? Analysing a song and dedicated performers.

    The thick male voice on the other hand, adds the passion and emotions so distinct in this song. � The singer's articulation of the song reflects much of his misery and loneliness and resembles an outcry of pain. That is why I felt moved by the song; I was able to feel the singer's personal struggle from the way he poured his heart out through his music. � As I can understand, this song is about a man who once fell in love but had his heart broken and hence, does not know if he is ready to face love again.

    • Word count: 598
  10. Since the day I gave up my family to join the Red Guards in serving the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution, I, Li-JiaMing knew my life would never be the same.

    We all liked the power we had as Red Guards. "Communism is not love. Communism is a hammer which we use to crush the enemy." - Mao Tse-Tung. People looked up to us, feared us, and wanted to be one of us. An old man opened the door, his face a pearly white. We barged in through the door, nearly knocking the old man off his feet. There were two other small children living in this comfy, wide spaced abode. We rampaged through the house, through every closet, shelf, or cupboard.

    • Word count: 512
  11. The Train Station. The mid winter sun began to rise from the south hitting the electric doors as the flood of people race for their morning tickets.

    The queue went down quickly as passengers knew what to do and where they wanted to travel. The shops within the train station started into action. A strong but well welcomed smell of freshly grounded coffee filled the air. The aromas of the coffee brighten up the station and seemed to give everyone a lift even if they weren't drinking the cup of life. A heavy dutied well spoken woman's voice boomed out from the tannoy, telling everyone of the incoming train.

    • Word count: 448
  12. Slumdog millionaire, directed by Danny Boyle is one of the best films I have watched in years.

    Once the police have him, they brutally injure him to make him tell how he cheated. Eventually they settle down to listen to his story. To prove his innocence, Jamal tells his life to explain that from his life experiences - scene by scene, he knew the answer. The movie has a sensitive touch to it and might appeal to an older and mature audience who has a taste in reality movies but is also a bore to specific youngsters. The story brings together great culture and simplicity to the viewer that there seems to be nothing unreal.

    • Word count: 602
  13. Henry Morgan The King Of All Pirates - A History

    (Crew) Morgan had gotten treasure from all over the world. With his 36 ships, and nearly 2,000 buccaneers under his command he had obtained 50,000 pieces of eight from Puerto Principe, Cuba; 50,000 English pounds from Marcaibo, and 100,000 English pounds from Panama. (Henry Morgan) In what is considered to be his greatest adventures, Morgan led an expedition of 8 ships and 650 buccaneers to attach the Venezuelan city of Marcaibo. (Crew) When Morgan arrived at Marcaibo, three huge Spanish vessels awaited him outside the channel. Morgan offered the Spanish the offer of surrender, but the Spaniards just laughed in return.

    • Word count: 557
  14. Alien Abduction. Two weeks ago while I was walking to school I saw a bizarre object with a lot of lights fall from the sky.

    As I was walking around the ship I started to feel dizzy and weak. Before I knew it I had fainted and fell to the ground. Two days later I woke up in a room with lots of lighted buttons and there was just so much technology. I couldn't stand up because I was tied to a chair and had some wires stuck to my forehead. Five minutes later an alien walked into the room! At first I was really scared but after a while I noticed that he wasn't bad at all. Apparently the alien knew English because he started explaining what had happened and why I was on the ship.

    • Word count: 599
  15. Report on the song "Imagine by John lennon"

    "Imagine there's no heaven, it's easy if you try" "no h**l below us, above us only sky." Those are the first two lines of the song. If there's no heaven then there's nothing better than what we have on Earth and if there's no h**l then there's nothing worse than what we could find on Earth and if above us there's just a clear blue sky then the sky is our limit and that any experiences we will have during our life or after it will be on Earth. It's like he's telling us to imagine that God doesn't exist and if God didn't exist then people won't be judged and that all they did was live without ever feeling guilty or worrying about what would happen to them after they pass away.

    • Word count: 633
  16. Revelations. The bell hit my ears like a sharp dagger, I grabbed my books and darted for the door but my heart sunk as Mr Coleman called me to stay behind.

    He looked down at me in dismay as I scrambled to the ?oor. He sighed and put his hands in his pockets as he waited impatiently, I clambered to my feet and sat on the edge of a desk. "Stella," he began, I rolled my eyes and looked to the ?oor. "As you can see for the past week your results have shown lack of effort and concentration," he continued to ramble on as I gazed outside which was not how I ?rst saw it, now there are screaming kids darting in and out of each other and girls linked arms with a lunch box on their wrists.

    • Word count: 998
  17. This I believe-Singing. Singing is a way of expressing my feelings. A beautiful song can touch my heart

    In my toddling years, I hummed to any tune I spontaneously thought of in my head. Just like a conductor's rhythm, these years started a musical journey; a melodic piece I created. Once I developed my voice, I could not stop singing, a sweet euphonious voice resonating till today. My parents often played songs from Enya and Collin Raye in the car, which is about all I can remember. This song from Collin Raye, "Love me" played an exceptional part in my childhood.

    • Word count: 593
  18. Herstory. Aakash; the man of my dreams, my childhood lover and my best friend.

    He couldn't stand still, his eyes were darting; I have never seen that look on his face before. Apprehension washed over me. Was this the right choice for both of us? Or was I being plain selfish? Aakash; the man of my dreams, my childhood lover and my best friend. Since young, I have admired him for who he was. Confident, suave, charismatic, and friendly, everything I wished I was. He was the symbol of freedom to me, as free as the sky. There was no trace of his usual calm composure as his worries were expressed in a frown.

    • Word count: 502
  19. Challenging Limits. Dawn came, it was time. I braced myself for the challenge. Putting up a brave front, the sea expedition leaders split up into four groups and my pair was to be the sweeper; we held the back position and were in charge of encouraging t

    My adventure began when I was "abandoned" on Pulau Ubin for a few days to endure physical and mental hardship without our usual luxuries and modern technology. Sleeping in tents and losing the chance to use clean toilets did not bother me; it was the sea expedition that did. My horror started when I was elected as the sea expedition leader to lead the group to kayak around Pulau Ubin. Fear gripped me when I realized the other leaders and I were to be the pillar of support for the group and my heart shuddered at the thought of failure.

    • Word count: 624
  20. Recently, I was fascinated by classic story books written by eminent western writers. Having finished Heart by the Italian author Edmondo De Amicis, I am now reading The Sorrows of Young Werther by Goethe.

    In Heart, it reminds us of the most important things in our life --- the love between parents and children, the love between teachers and students, the love between friends etc. People trust fortune and power more than love, focus on desire and victory more than love.

    • Word count: 418
  21. My News Report on the Chilean Miners

    There is a zone of an estimated 1 km for the miners to move around in. They have divided themselves into three different groups, each named after the part of the underground tunnel they are staying in - the refuge group, the ramp group, and group 105. A sketch of this was sent up by one of the trapped miners, Jose Ojeda. The miners have also created separate places for resting, washing and toilet. Artificial lighting has been set up to help them maintain a day and night routine. Psychologists state that this is vital for living and sleeping patterns and to prevent mental damage.

    • Word count: 823
  22. Book review. The five people you meet in heaven essay

    They all teach him something valuable about life and they all give him the reason of his life. The narrator This story is written in the 3rd person. Setting This story takes place in well heaven, but it starts in Santa Monica, Los Angeles. On a pear How I felt when I read it Before I tell you how great it felt to read this book, I do admit that the beginning is quite slow. The writer takes a lot of time to describe Eddie's death, but once the story took me to heaven, I couldn't let go of the book.

    • Word count: 600
  23. Inside North Korea: the ultimate package tour by Carole Cadwalladr is a non-fiction text that shows what goes on inside the mysterious country that is North Korea.

    Like a cheap trick in a pantomime" This sentence refers to the electricity being cut off at 10pm in North Korea and intercalates the image of a whole city of glittering lights being before your eyes one minute the there being nothing but a void of darkness the next. The word choice in the text associates the writers thoughts and feeling in an very desciptive way causing the reader to stir up many different emotions towards North Korea."You may not get to see the "real" North Korea, but this "unreal" North Korea is a fascinating thing in and of itself" the effects left on a reader after reading this could range from fascinated to confused.

    • Word count: 696
  24. Curry (Persuasive Speech) We can cook many varieties of curry such as vegetarian and non-vegetarian. Anyone can cook curry, apart from me, simply because Im lazy. I don't even butter my bread; I consider that cooking. I live to eat curry, I don

    I'm not saying my mother's a bad cook, but she uses a smoke alarm as a timer. We can cook many varieties of curry such as vegetarian and non-vegetarian. Anyone can cook curry, apart from me, simply because I'm lazy. I don't even butter my bread; I consider that cooking. I live to eat curry, I don't eat curry to live. As curry brings out all flavours, some of us go all he way to add the extra zing such as extra butter and cream. But for those of you who are on diets or simply trying to stay slim, you can reduce the amount of butter, and still enjoy the tasty curry.

    • Word count: 683

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