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GCSE: Writing to Inform, Explain and Describe

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Writing to inform

  1. 1 Give factual information and use a formal style.
  2. 2 Use straightforward language to convey essential information. Your audience could be anyone.
  3. 3 Use the present tense, write in short clear sentences, address the reader as 'you'. Use connectives and technical terms.
  4. 4 Break up your writing with diagrams, illustrations, images and subheadings.
  5. 5 You can give more information (eg: why and what you find interesting) and the genre could ask you to give instructions, write recipes, give directions or write manuals.

Writing to explain

  1. 1 Establish who you are writing to and why you are writing.
  2. 2 Genre – Explaining data, giving a speech or explaining how a mechanism works.
  3. 3 Purpose – To be clear, to show meaning and to make something clearer.
  4. 4 Write in the third person, use either past or present tenses, use clear factual language.
  5. 5 Give a balanced view and use connectives of comparison (whereas, though, while, unless, however).

Writing to describe

  1. 1 Your thoughts and feelings are important.
  2. 2 Genre – Writing a story, describe a scene, writing a diary entry.
  3. 3 Purpose is to build an image in the reader's mind.
  4. 4 Use adjectives and adverbs, similes, metaphors and all five senses ( touch, smell, taste, sight, sound).

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  1. Retrospective Narrative. They would do anything to get their fetid hands on money. Thats why I had to run away. What choice did I have?

    I despised them. I hated them! They wanted to sell my own teeth to get a couple of shillings. They would do anything to get their fetid hands on money. That?s why I had to run away. What choice did I have? Winter was approaching at rapid speed. The near towns had started to snow heavily. It was already getting chilly around here. I had to get away however there were no people in the City who would accept filthy peasant like me so I had decided to travel to a better town.

    • Word count: 580
  2. Death. I as the Assistant Manager, must destroy Mr. Edmund to gain power. I had brought my nine inch handgun

    I had brought my nine inch handgun to be used as a murder weapon to kill Mr. Edmund and a blunt edge knife to torture him and make him feel how it was like under him. It had been a few years but I had finally completed my plan to finish him off. I studied him closely to get the information I need. What time he went home, what he usually do during a certain time and etc. Mr. Edmund was seen as a big hairy ogre with a whip.

    • Word count: 493
  3. This essay is about the non-governmental organization called Retina India and its functions that involve funding research and providing support to the patients of retinal blindness

    These are relatively small mechanisms and processes. What we do not usually think of, is the retina. The retina is that part of the sensory organ which converts light into electrical signals which are then relayed via the optic nerve to the brain enabling us to see. When there is a problem with vision we try rectifying it by using spectacles, surgeries or transplants, but if there is a problem with the retina there is little we can do about it with our current medical knowledge. Some retinal disorders like Retinopathy of Prematurity are innate. Another common retinal disease, age related mackular degeneration occurs due to the natural ageing process of humans.

    • Word count: 896
  4. Home Alone. As I walked to my room I heard a strange rattling noise as if someone was tapping against the front door

    The wind would whip twigs into the air and fling them against my window. I felt caved in a world of darkness and that everything around me was staring right into me like I was the centre of attention. I could see faint outlines of trees silhouetted into the background swaying from side to side like clockwork toys. Rain had started to pound down onto rooftops becoming heavier with each droplet draining out the noise as the wind whistled. I started to feel a sense of nervousness and also uncomfortable.

    • Word count: 658
  5. Narrative Writing. Im a 30 year old mother of one, young, free and single.

    I could tell she was conscience of her appearance, as she returned her gaze back at me. After countless train stops in a muggy crowded carriage, Joan notices a little picture of my daughter on my keys but no wedding band on my finger. She assumes politely that it could be my niece or younger sister. I enlighten her that the picture of the youngster, named Rosa, smiling from ear to ear is my seven year old daughter, from my first intimate relationship.

    • Word count: 611
  6. Describe a Haunted House

    Lots of the windows were broken, and the door looked like a giant?s big mouth. I took a deep breath as my teeth started to chatter, and my knees started to jelly. Then I gazed up at the scary building again and gulped. It looked like the sort of place you saw in a horror movie, where lots of people go in but don?t come out. I started up the thirteen stone steps leading up to the door, each one cracked and covered with moss, and went in. I found myself standing in a long, dark and cold corridor. I had my jacket on, but was shivering all the same.

    • Word count: 504
  7. You witness an incident which you are forced to get involved in. Use this idea for the basis of a narrative.

    Why perfect morning, you may ask? Well, at this hour there won?t be any indications of; traffic, misbehaving children especially that King College School. Those kids can definitely be a handful at times. I had to personally file a complaint to the school because of their unacceptable behaviour on; buses, trams and trains etc but back to the matter at hand. As I was saying, I was strolling down to the bus stop, but abruptly I heard a woman scream.

    • Word count: 641
  8. Its your birthday your friends are playing a trick and have blindfolded you. Describe what you touch, taste, hear and smell.

    Then there was me just sitting on the beach taking in the strong salty smell that lingers in my mouth despite listening to the waves as if it was a piece of soft harmonic music. My stomach was full up from just one piece of Red Velvet cake it was delightful, scrumptious and yummy. The best food I had in all my life, no wonder everyone was so hyperactive. I could hear the seagulls swooping overhead and the strong scent of sun screen surrounding the beach.

    • Word count: 565
  9. Describe the qualities of a good friend

    So, what are the qualities that we should look for in a person to be considered a good friend? In my opinion, a good friend is a loyal and truthful person. He will not speak badly of us behind our backs or back-stab us. He will always support us no matter what happens. He is not a traitor and definitely not malicious. Good friends are also truthful to each other. There will not be any lies between good friends.

    • Word count: 457
  10. The Herd, a band who is notorious for rapping about political conflicts, have interpreted John Shummans I was only 19

    The fact that we have to imitate something from past generations, and didn?t think of it ourselves shows, in better words how lazy and contingent we are. Although in another perspective it?s comforting to know that the idea, maybe like Shumman?s, came from sympathy and commiseration for, in this case, todays soldiers fighting in current conflicts for the future of our country too. Once again, like stated in the Story of John Shumman ?The Vietnam war has slipped into the background? but thankfully an individual group not only bought up the issues of recent wars but also many that have passed, giving todays younger generations a chance to recognize and show gratitude towards our soldiers.

    • Word count: 679
  11. Descriptive essay: The Library

    It could be because is early and most of the students are in their classes. As you enter to this place you can feel how warm and also see how bright it is. It makes us feel comfortable. It is quiet most of the time but an annoying sound interrupts the silence. This sound was made by a broken machine. A drab kind man who is in front of a computer is reading a book.

    • Word count: 411
  12. Dreams and the dangers of boredom.

    Its first was aimed at my chest where my most vital organ is held- my heart. ? Bang!? The loud crash of the window broke my reverie. I was drenched in sweat shaken from what had happened. I tried to clear my memory of what had happened. This was not the usual dream I had. This dream etched into my memory. I remembered what had exactly happened. ?Sorry for what happened just now ? A familiar voice apologized to me. It was Pepy. It appeared that Pepy had broken the window with a rubber ball. I decided not to report it to the disciplinary head as I was too occupied with my dream.

    • Word count: 563
  13. English Description - We walk on one side of the pavement, with the tour guide leading the way and holding up a small red flag.

    I look up to see a few seagulls glide freely above us, spreading their wings with grace. Then, I look left and right, taking in my surroundings. This part of the island seems quite deserted, as there is no one else to be seen apart from us. Soaring, grey office buildings tower high above, as if competing against the clouds to reach the sky. Tourists are busy taking photos of the novel environment, repeatedly punching a button on the huge black chunks of plastic they have preciously gripped onto.

    • Word count: 783
  14. Book Review of "The Gathering" by Isobelle Carmody

    It is more than just a story of good versus evil, but an unforgettable reading experience, with relatable characters and an interesting plotline. Reading The Gathering felt like an unending rollercoaster ride, full of twists and turns, ups and downs. Carmody?s action packed plot truly captures the problematic life of Nathaniel, the protagonist. The plot follows the young teenage boy and his mother as they move to the sinister, seaside town of Cheshunt. Nathaniel soon discovers that Cheshunt is anything but typical, facing malicious teachers, an irrational principle, strange smells and far too many other challenges to mention in one breath.

    • Word count: 809
  15. Catch me if you can. No doubt you are an incredibly busy man; nonetheless, I suppose you would be interested in knowing that the identity of the serial killer is finally out

    Having known one of the victims, I was chosen by the police department to lead this investigation. I was first alerted to the fact that there was a serial killer on the loose as a result of the repeated use of the sickeningly similar modus operandi of strangulation followed by brutal mutilation of the corpse seen in each of the previously mentioned cases. The sheer ruthlessness of the murderer sent chills down each one of our spines. I have never seen officers blanch at the sight of any other crime scenes in my entire career! In addition to that, mocking notes meant to rebuke and scorn the police force were found at each of the sites stating, ?Catch me if you can!? These first earned him the nickname of ?Gingerbread Man?.

    • Word count: 950
  16. Describing my Ideal Home

    The house has four rooms with a well-furnished kitchen and modern bathroom facilities. The living rooms are comfortable. The furniture has been chosen with great care. The walls have been painted with soft colors to match the curtains, the materials of which had been bought from the best textile manufacturing company. Each room is fitted with a radio so that one can enjoy programs from the bed. The drawing room is elegantly furnished with sofas, chairs and a central table.

    • Word count: 432
  17. Book report - "I am Number 4" by James Frey and Jobie Hughes under the pen name of Pittacus Lore.

    Sara Hart is John’s girlfriend and the daughter of Mrs. Hart, the real estate agent that sells john and his Cêpan Henri, his guardian, their house. In this book, the message most conveyed by the author is that it is easier to be a lone wolf than to be a sheep in a herd. As John and Henri fear for their lives, they keep on moving place to place. They avoid making friends to not cause suspicious in people’s mind because of their sudden disappearances when they move out. He repeatedly implies how if the protagonist makes good friends and has someone that cares about him, his friends will suspect something when they have to move away.

    • Word count: 761
  18. Book report - The Hunger Games, by Suzanne Collins, is a futuristic, sci-fi novel that takes in present day North America,

    The main characters of the story are Katniss Everdeen, Peeta Mellark, and Gale Hawthorn. Katniss is a wise sixteen-year-old girl that has gone from poverty to wealth and is trying to adjust her life to being a Hunger Games tribute. She is forced to feign love with Peeta, which is straining her relationship with her friend Gale Hawthorn. Peeta is a joint tribute with Katniss of the Hunger Games.

    • Word count: 453
  19. Junk yard bedroom

    Laying in a disarray pile on it were my porcelain doll and my stuffed toys, the toys peeking out from behind the doll. I loved the doll to bits; she glared at me with a vulture?s eye, she gave the room more energy and zest, and every time I looked into her glassy green eyes, I saw dynamism and spirit sparking out of them instead of seeing a hollow emptiness, a barren land. Her eyes, which frisked with joy, seemed to brighten up the room despite its usual mess with their mischief lurking like tadpoles under pond-leaves.

    • Word count: 618
  20. Describing Human Life to an Alien

    Our final appendage is on the top of out body and contains the majority of our sensory organs. Using these we can detect chemicals in the air, we can detect chemicals via physical constant, we can perceive a range of wavelengths of light, and can sense vibrations carried through the air. This final sense, is most important way in which humans communicate. We also communicate the sounds we make into symbols which we can perceive visually and understand. Our auditory forms of this communication are called languages, and many spoken, however if 2 different people, speak 2 different languages they will struggle to communicate.

    • Word count: 659

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