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GCSE: Writing to Inform, Explain and Describe

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Writing to inform

  1. 1 Give factual information and use a formal style.
  2. 2 Use straightforward language to convey essential information. Your audience could be anyone.
  3. 3 Use the present tense, write in short clear sentences, address the reader as 'you'. Use connectives and technical terms.
  4. 4 Break up your writing with diagrams, illustrations, images and subheadings.
  5. 5 You can give more information (eg: why and what you find interesting) and the genre could ask you to give instructions, write recipes, give directions or write manuals.

Writing to explain

  1. 1 Establish who you are writing to and why you are writing.
  2. 2 Genre – Explaining data, giving a speech or explaining how a mechanism works.
  3. 3 Purpose – To be clear, to show meaning and to make something clearer.
  4. 4 Write in the third person, use either past or present tenses, use clear factual language.
  5. 5 Give a balanced view and use connectives of comparison (whereas, though, while, unless, however).

Writing to describe

  1. 1 Your thoughts and feelings are important.
  2. 2 Genre – Writing a story, describe a scene, writing a diary entry.
  3. 3 Purpose is to build an image in the reader's mind.
  4. 4 Use adjectives and adverbs, similes, metaphors and all five senses ( touch, smell, taste, sight, sound).

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  1. How do the Poets you have Studied Communicate the Reality and Suffering of War?

    I will start with a bit of information on the poets, firstly Wilfred Owen. Owen was born on the 18 March 1893, He was killed in The Battle of The Sombre on the 4 November 1918, and this was 1 week before the war was officially declared over. He was, considered by Historians, the leading poet of the First World War. He wanted to fight for his country after having read about war and listening to what the government had been saying about it. This being a great thing to do and you would be a hero for going off to fight for your country, however, as his writing shows us, it was to be a very different experience for Owen.

    • Word count: 776
  2. Monologue: The Stolen Party

    I was paid as a maid for attending the party. It has dawned on me that how susceptible and na�ve I have been all these years. Now, it is time to grow up and become mature and wiser. Perhaps this is what adulthood means- being internally strong enough to be able to accept the bitter hardships of life. However, what hurts me even more is the thought that I will never rise in life because I will always be treated as a maid's daughter. But don't you think I am just like the others?

    • Word count: 541
  3. Heaven preserve the society from the Greeks

    A call often voiced during these social proceedings is "OPA!" where a Greek will thrust it's arms frantically in the air, bellowing this magnificent sound, expressing its great delight. Each member within the pack has it's own distinct characteristics. The mothers are very affectionate towards their young but have a tendency to be very possessive of them, even after they've become fully fledged adults. They are also extremely clean, keeping their dens spotless at all times. Not to mention the mouth watering, steaming hot meals they lovingly prepare for the entire pack, something that no other species can match.

    • Word count: 736
  4. Tom had turned eighteen the previous day and receiving a gift of skydiving had been something he had longed for.

    His athletic frame had made him excel in all activities, however, he craved the trilling experience of extreme sports. Although anxious his parents had agreed this would be the perfect gift. After saying goodbye to his apprehensive parents, Tom headed off to the skydiving centre. He felt numb and uneasy as he drove the forty five minute drive to the skydiving centre anticipating the trill that lay ahead. Feeling the adrenaline kicking in, he saw the sign that read "Skydiving Centre". Tom was led down a long winding road and finally arrived at the centre. Walking towards the vast white building, Tom could feel his heart pounding like the beating of a base drum.

    • Word count: 676
  5. Things that I'd put in the museum of my life.

    I named my rabbit after a program I watched when I was young was called Max Steel. The character wore a grey suit and that's why I called my rabbit Max. A few years later we went out for the day and my rabbit was walking around the garden, but so was my dog. After digging a hole in the grass with his paw he dragged Max by the ear and buried him. When we came home, to our horror, we saw him under the mud with only his ear sticking out. Once we took him inside he got better quickly.

    • Word count: 819
  6. Knife Crime

    This is a very scary thought. Has youth changed? Or has society? What is happening to young people today? In Northern Ireland, over 100 under eighteens were attacked with knifes in the last year and the trend seems to be rising. This is a very worrying statistic. Something certainly has lead to the assaults that we hear about so often. However, knives and other weapons have always been carried by young people over the years. Young men have carried pen-knifes.

    • Word count: 574
  7. The Assassin. He is lying in soaking wet bracken; he is just outside the forest line.

    There are four windows and a door at the front of the house. There is a toilet window it is a patterned and smaller in size compared to the rest. The windows are all wooden framed, with moss growing up them. The is the most well kept feature of the house, it is the bright white with one door handle about half way down, which also had a key incorporated into the door handle. The roof was made up of welsh slate it had a lot of chips in it with lichen. The roof also had disproportionate chimney, with extraordinarily thick black smoke pouring out that soon dispersed into the rain as it was still flowing fast.

    • Word count: 805
  8. The Station

    Along with the wind came a concoction of powdered snow with the addition of fragmented leaves. Because of the war being conducted outside I decided to retreat indoors to wait for my train. I sauntered into the room in a vigilant fashion, but inconspicuously. It was warm in the newly refurbished longue, which contradicted the external part of the building. The walls had an even covering of brown paint that glistened under neatly installed lights. There were leather seats, but all were taken. This made wonder, "Had I travelled through a portal?" I examined the room discreetly, and focused on a strange figure, sitting in an eccentric manner.

    • Word count: 692
  9. Dark Key

    This very same window was a portal to my past from where I would relive all my days of youth, of my happiness, of the peace. Reddened skies. Collapsing buildings. Swirling smoke emitting from every distance far and near. And what did I survive on? Hope?! Hope was a cruel fantasy that never existed on this hellish nightmare of a world. All I had was memory after beautiful memory of what this plane of destruction had once been. I fed on them, clung onto them, desperately revisiting every scenery, every face, every hour, every second...

    • Word count: 836
  10. Unforgettable experience

    I rushed to Connaught Place, the nearest location of the blasts, along with other reporters from the office. It was 7 pm when I reached the place and a thick cloud of smoke greeted me, through which I could see a man and a woman lying in a pool of blood. The rubbish bin had been ripped apart and a rickshaw stood with its roof caved in. It was impossible to believe that the Central Park, where I was standing, was the favourite spot for youngsters to chill out.

    • Word count: 518
  11. In the dead of night

    . What happened? She must've blacked out because the next time she opened her eyes, she was here. And then she'd heard footsteps and the door closed as she was locked in. The room was dark as there were no windows. Another girl, skinny as a skeleton, was there. How long had she been here? She obviously hadn't eaten for a while. Her rasping breaths told of her dehydration. She told her she'd get them out of this. There was a rusty nail on the floor, she picked it up and rolled it in her fingers.

    • Word count: 485
  12. SAY NO TO CRUELTY TO ANIMALS

    Europe alone uses 70% of all animal furs. 2 million cats and hundreds of dogs are killed in China each year, not to mention the slaughter of coyotes, bobcats, lynxes, opossums, nutria, beavers, otters, muskrats, foxes and many other animals. The British government has banned fur farming in England and Wales in November 2000. However, animals continue to be killed in many parts of the world. The main reason of this is trade. Human beings consume every single resource on earth without considering the consequences.

    • Word count: 519
  13. Analyse, Review and Comment Essay

    Obesity can also be caused by lack of exercise. Young people, who don't eat badly, may sit around all day and watch T.V. and not do much exercise. Even if you don't eat much, if you don't exercise and burn off calories, then there is still a risk of getting fat. If children don't want to become obese, only they can do something about it. A better diet, which is more balanced is useful as it gives the right amounts of nutrients to the body. Also, at least some exercise is required everyday to reduce the chance of obesity.

    • Word count: 617
  14. Discuss the role of Inspector Goole

    This confirms that Sheila acknowledges her part in Eva's death and reveals that she was responsible for getting Eva sacked because she acted out of motives of jealousy, petty spite and hurt vanity. Overall, Sheila abused her power as a daughter of a good customer to punish Eva for simply being prettier than her. Sheila shows a lot of remorse and is quick to take responsibility for her actions.

    • Word count: 801
  15. My Favourite Place

    Words spoken on the boat stay on the boat. !!! OOPS!!! Approaching the Salcombe Harbor is magnificent and all I can think of is the Venis Caf� at this point and stopping of for one of their delicious Hot Chocolates. We get nearer to the sandy shore and as soon as it looks shallow enough I jump out into the freezing water and hold the bow of the boat and then pull it up onto the golden sand, missing all the swimmers, buckets and spade and of course the Salcombe Ferry.

    • Word count: 923
  16. When I went on vacation last year the last thing on my mind was an encounter with a jellyfish, especially as I checked into a hotel on the beautiful Californian coast.

    This is not good for the swimmers who swim in the shallow waters. (Jelly Fish Terrorise Phuket) Even though most people have not had a physical encounter with a jellyfish, it is those kinds of encounters that can define a person through their realization of the outside world for the rest of their life. When I went on vacation last year the last thing on my mind was an encounter with a jellyfish, especially as I checked into a hotel on the beautiful Californian coast. My room was on the fourth floor and had a magnificent view of the Pacific Ocean where I could see dolphins splashing down below.

    • Word count: 741
  17. The heat was unbearable as I pulled up to the starting line. The smell of exhaust fumes and burned rubber filled the air.

    Halfway down the track my engine shut off and forced me to coast the car to the finish line. My teammates were already waiting at the end of the drag strip. Unable to restart my car, we pushed it back to our pit area. My hopes were crushed as I went over the fact that my day of racing was already over. . Drag racing is a big part of my life. All of my spare time is spent working on my 1996 Honda Accord. With an important drag race approaching quickly, I spent most of my waking hours for a week tuning my car.

    • Word count: 618
  18. Born Free: War Story

    It was 5.00 a.m. Armand Scott's eyes opened reluctantly as the first rays of the winter sun filtered through the fleecy clouds and shone on the dust and smoke that comprised the air. He could not fathom what was going on. It took a while before he could put the pieces together. The Iraqi regime had hurled a volley of bombs the previous night, one of which had targeted the young soldier causing him to swoon immediately. He stretched himself and staggered to stand up, but agony struck him- his arm.

    • Word count: 723
  19. The Assassin The rain fell started to fall hard on his wet nose, forcing him to take cover under the leafless tree which stood opposite to his victims house.

    He set up his long range shotgun towards the window and pressed the trigger... The place where his victim would see the last sight of this earth was an unfurnished old dusty barren wooden house. Broken windows loosely clinged to the rusted hinges trying not to be blown away by the gusting wind. The grey star-less sky gloomed over the house giving an appearance that the sky had control over the house. The trees surrounding the house were all leafless and decayed animals were left unburied showing that the house was so dull and so much lacked life that it had sucked happiness from its surroundings.

    • Word count: 602
  20. English Describing a place (Waking up)

    Pip takes young Pip for a walk to the church-yard to "talk immensely, understanding one another to perfection." Pip "set him on a certain tombstone" which echoes back to chapter 1 when Magwitch set him on a tombstone. In contrast to the calm and steady atmosphere of this chapter, the atmosphere of chapter 1 was threatening and unstable. When Pip finds out that Joe and Biddy also have a baby daughter, Pip seems almost jealous "you must give Pip to me, one of these days; or lend him, at all events." Pip feels remorse that he never married and regrets he has no children of his own.

    • Word count: 970
  21. The Walk Home As the birth of the night started, the sky above me began to bloom pitch black.

    The mist was pure white, like snow. As I started my journey along the road, I felt unsettled at not being able to see properly. I could feel the coldness of the night settling in. My body was getting colder by the second with each step that I was taking down the road. It felt like I was in a cooler, my finger tips were getting number. Time was not on my side. I only had another five minutes to get home on time, and being a good fifteen minutes away I became nervous, although it felt there were butterflies in my stomach.

    • Word count: 915
  22. Creative writing

    "This is not justice," I scream in my head. "I never planned to kill anyone." All I want is freedom and to be left alone. No more than any person ever wants, or deserves. I didn't mean to kill but these hands cannot be controlled; I'm a puppet for those who are looking down at me. I'm a beast who doesn't want to harm anyone not even a fly but this incessant tortured has ruined my life. I look back and apologise but it's too late now as I've already committed a sin.

    • Word count: 633
  23. The Fair Ground

    The sicking sweet smell of candy-floss danced through the air enchanting little children to nag their parents for the tooth decaying, enticingly pink sugar filled treat. A gang of scrawny little louts slumped against the side of the mesmerizing new ride: The Rocket Launcher. The leader,proudly showing of his underwear that was in much need of a wash, stood with his back to his group. To the left of him ....something appeared. Something whose skin tone could have made an umpa lumpa jealous.

    • Word count: 585
  24. Bahrain Informative Writing

    Bahrain has two main seasons, summer and winter. Summer stretches from April to October, whilst winter only lasts from November to March. Summer in Bahrain is intensely hot and humid, temperatures average about 40 �C in normal days. The peak of summer is in June and July where temperatures can reach 48�C. Winter, on the other hand, is fairly moderate, where temperatures vary from 10 to 20�C. Unlike most Americans and Europeans, Bahraini people greatly prefer wintertime over summertime as summertime is traditionally thought of as a long season of torture as the blazing sun makes it almost impossible to do outdoor activities and games.

    • Word count: 789
  25. English Coursework Monologue

    Ever since the start of the credit crunch he has lowered wages and increased work does that seem right? I contemplated quitting when he came in and started dictating and laying down his strict rules, but I just couldn't do it, I've worked so hard for a job like this my whole life and with the economic climate as it is if I left, I'd fall apart, I'd be living on the streets and god knows what that would mean for Ann and the kids.

    • Word count: 774

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