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GCSE: Writing to Inform, Explain and Describe

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Writing to inform

  1. 1 Give factual information and use a formal style.
  2. 2 Use straightforward language to convey essential information. Your audience could be anyone.
  3. 3 Use the present tense, write in short clear sentences, address the reader as 'you'. Use connectives and technical terms.
  4. 4 Break up your writing with diagrams, illustrations, images and subheadings.
  5. 5 You can give more information (eg: why and what you find interesting) and the genre could ask you to give instructions, write recipes, give directions or write manuals.

Writing to explain

  1. 1 Establish who you are writing to and why you are writing.
  2. 2 Genre – Explaining data, giving a speech or explaining how a mechanism works.
  3. 3 Purpose – To be clear, to show meaning and to make something clearer.
  4. 4 Write in the third person, use either past or present tenses, use clear factual language.
  5. 5 Give a balanced view and use connectives of comparison (whereas, though, while, unless, however).

Writing to describe

  1. 1 Your thoughts and feelings are important.
  2. 2 Genre – Writing a story, describe a scene, writing a diary entry.
  3. 3 Purpose is to build an image in the reader's mind.
  4. 4 Use adjectives and adverbs, similes, metaphors and all five senses ( touch, smell, taste, sight, sound).

  • Marked by Teachers essays 61
  • Peer Reviewed essays 37
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  1. Marked by a teacher

    You have been stranded on a desert island. Describe your first 24 hours alone on the island.

    5 star(s)

    As I sat up and looked around, I realized that I must have been asleep for a long time, as my sopping wet clothes were completely dry. I could just see the island on which I had been staying, a strip of land on the contrasting horizon. The rubber dinghy, my means of travel, was almost flat now, having carried my body weight so far across the sea. This place, where I had ended up, was the best case scenario.

    • Word count: 1357
  2. Marked by a teacher

    One Cigarette

    4 star(s)

    In Edwin Morgan's use of 'One Cigarette,' for the title, he sets the relationship. The title gives me the sense that the relationship is one sided. Morgan puts two singular words together and uses them for the title which implies that the voice is alone, which then leads me to believe that there are problems in this relationship between the voice and the second person. These problems may be due to unrequited love or death, we do not know. I assume that it is due to unrequited love. In my eyes the cigarette represents the relationship and how it all started good, with lots of pleasure and satisfaction, but now has just turned in to a dirty, bad habit.

    • Word count: 1087
  3. Marked by a teacher

    Creative Writing: Miss Havisham

    4 star(s)

    I just can't wait! At long last, I opened my eyes to the elegant room I had slept in. Through my thin white silk curtains, I saw the glowing of thick snow upon the ground outside. The day just keeps getting better! The weather was just as I had hoped, and matching my stunningly elegant outfit. It seemed as though God was on my side today, and nothing could get me down. I felt such a buzz of excitement whilst looking at my wedding dress, delicately draped over my glass mirror, which reflected my gleaming fresh face as I sat up.

    • Word count: 1035
  4. Marked by a teacher

    Creative writing involving war

    4 star(s)

    I kept my eyes closed to try and understand exactly what was going on and listened intently. "Open the door what are you doing!?" yells an Arabian man, The other person responded calmly, "We have enough people in here and we don't need anymore blood around the place." "What you're just going to let them die!?" "It looks like it doesn't it?" their quarrelling was silenced from a ground shuddering detonation. The screams outside were silenced for longer than normal and everybody stayed quiet listening for any life outside this mysterious room. I stopped pretending to be asleep and opened my eyes slowly.

    • Word count: 1524
  5. Marked by a teacher

    To Kill A Mockingbird Essay: Powerful and Powerless

    4 star(s)

    alluding to the night before Christs crucifixion where he prayed that he might avoid his fate. Uncle Jacks comment to Atticus calls upon this reference because he is aware that his brother was not looking forward to what was to become of him during his case defending Tom Robinson. This technique of allusion allows the audience to truly comprehend how courageous Atticus really was, by drawing a parallel to Jesus in the sense that they both had an amazing amount of courage to go through with what was asked of them. Hence illustrating clearly the intense moral courage that Atticus possessed - being able to go forth with the trial even when it was clear that doing so would be tough.

    • Word count: 1194
  6. Marked by a teacher

    Media Analysis - Merchant of Venice

    4 star(s)

    The first ten minutes of the film are probably the most poignant, and the use of imagery, text and camera angles has clearly had much consideration. These first scenes challenge the viewer to form their own opinions and questions on the characters, and the final outcome. At the very start of the first scene there is the year of the event to immediately provoke the reader subliminally imagining this period (1596) and also reiterates that the film is set in Venice with the white text across the screen.

    • Word count: 1160
  7. Marked by a teacher

    "Cal" by Bernard Maclaverty Critical essay

    4 star(s)

    when he was only eight; his brother was killed while working abroad; his relationship with his father is very strained and he is involved with the IRA. Throughout the course of the novel, Cal struggles to come to terms with his role in the murder of an RUC police officer by his acquaintance, Crilly; an operation for which he was the getaway driver. To make matters worse, Cal finds himself falling in love with the slain man's wife, Marcella. The setting of the novel is very effective in highlighting the conflict Cal is involved in, whilst also effectively illustrating the key theme of Isolation.

    • Word count: 1553
  8. Marked by a teacher

    The Nike OLE! Advert is a great advert because it is very eye catching and it pushes the boundaries with advertising showing the silky skills of arguably the greatest footballer in the world,

    4 star(s)

    So in a way it is advertising a whole range of products. In addition this web site doesn't have a voice over man talking about the product it is more like watching a real football match. The main person in this advert would probably be Ronaldinho, because when he comes into the advert it steps up a gear, getting faster and the chorus of the song kicks in. So I would say that Ronaldinho is the protagonist in this advert.

    • Word count: 1035
  9. Marked by a teacher

    English Short Story Coursework

    4 star(s)

    The chair had a soft velvet texture, had been embroidered with silk and had been encrusted with jewels although the chair had appeared very conspicuous and elegant; it was causing Lance to have second thoughts about his next move. The chair had constricted Lance like a boa suffocating every last breath out of its prey, he could have risen if he wished to do so but he knew that if he moved the slightest muscle, they would know he was there...

    • Word count: 1865
  10. Marked by a teacher

    Creative writing.

    4 star(s)

    A strong gale blew through, brushing my face. It sent a chill down my body. It made and eerie noise like a wolf howling under the midnight moon. Noisily it explored, picking up rubbish and hurling amber leaves around. I sat down on one of the old swings, remembering of the times I had as child. They were moving by themselves in a pendulum motion. They creaked as they the rusty chains moved to and fro. It was showering a little now and again. The ground was wet and the leaves and become dried skins: the puddle in front of me reflected the crescent moon and my face in front of it.

    • Word count: 1381
  11. Marked by a teacher

    'The best holiday I ever had'

    4 star(s)

    A message came up on the T.V screen saying that our flight had been delayed for 8 hours. After we knew about the delay we had spare time to fill our tummies because they were rumbling. After 7 hours a message said 'could passengers going to Orlando Florida make their way to gate 17' everyone cheered and we all made our way to the plane. It took 10 hours to get to Orlando but it was well worth it. When we arrived it was 4.00am in the morning and the hard part was to find our hotel, and on our

    • Word count: 1123
  12. Marked by a teacher

    Conflict - personal short story

    4 star(s)

    Hensons dog barking madly, as usual. I became bored with looking outside so I began to study my mother. As she concentrated on the road with her crystal blue eyes, a strand of her blonde hair fell from behind her ear. I'd often been told how attractive my mum was, and how lucky I was to be so stunning with a combination of my father and her. I had been gifted in having the best of my mother and father.

    • Word count: 1178
  13. Marked by a teacher

    Conversation Language Features - online dating conversation

    3 star(s)

    where should we meet for our first date? X S replies with a ?!? this prosodic feature is used to show she is happy with what he said to her. She then compliments T and ends the compliment with a paralinguistic feature ?;)? she does this to inform T that she is interested in him as she tries to use icons to show she is trying to be quite flirty. She then adds the paralinguistic feature of ?x? notice she only does it once to not sound too keen.

    • Word count: 1093
  14. Marked by a teacher

    Short Story - Desert . We are announcing our lucky winner for the free all-exclusive trip to Ethiopia

    3 star(s)

    Ariffe wanted to bring his wife but she was two months pregnant with two other kids. Ariffe told the station,? This is tough but I would to bring my best friends with me to this trip, John Morgan and Philip Langan.?Ariffe was filled with excitement but felt guilty to not choose his own family over his friends. After a lot of meditating, Ariffe came up with the idea to not tell his family at all that he was going on a vacation but instead lie. After few hours after celebrating in a bar with John and Philip, Ariffe went home to his family.

    • Word count: 1722
  15. Marked by a teacher

    Language use study -texting,spoken and online conversations.

    3 star(s)

    your so stupid! But whatever is said before the exclamation mark gives it a meaning. The use of emoticons in data one shows the emoticons of the daughter and show us the sort of tone in voice she may be expressing ?:)? gives us the impression that the daughter is in a happy mood for the mum, it may also be her hint to her mother that she was smiling while she was writing it, there are normally s variety of emoticon to use, almost every emoticon to go with the mood people are in at the time.

    • Word count: 1223
  16. Marked by a teacher

    Uninvited Guest. Suddenly there was a loud bang and the door fell apart like it had been made of wet wood. Then something stepped inside and my heart skipped a beat.

    3 star(s)

    As I sat down at the table to eat I heard a reverberation near the door. Thinking it was thieves I quickly stashed my plate drew my pocketknife and hid behind the sofa. Suddenly there was a loud bang and the door fell apart like it had been made of wet wood. Then something stepped inside and my heart skipped a beat. It was humanoid with a b****y red cape billowing due to the wind. It was two meters tall. Its toes were laden with worms and dirt. But the worst was its face. It had three green eyes with two forked teeth and blood dripping from it.

    • Word count: 1349
  17. Marked by a teacher

    Creative writing inspired by I am Legend. I buried my hands into the steering wheel and slammed my foot onto the accelerator with determination; the car engine roared as if it had come alive, roaring like a mighty lion.

    3 star(s)

    The familiar sound of a human, any human was noticeably absent. Birds could be seen flying everywhere, covering the sky with their majestic flight. I thought to my self "Am I the last person alive?" "Is anyone still out there?" Driving through the derelict streets I saw many cars in different colors scattered all over the place. Familiar shops like Subway and the cinema were abandoned and filled with darkness that bought death and fear to my senses. I remember a time when people used to say that New York was a city that never slept.

    • Word count: 1335
  18. Marked by a teacher

    Jaws Film Essay

    3 star(s)

    Diegetic sound helps, as it makes the film sound more realistic and it creates a less obvious tension. For instance: in the first attack, after Chrissie got pulled under the water, there was silence. Only the sound of the sea could be heard. This is effective because it makes the audience feel anxious, as they know Chrissie is dead and no one heard the attack. Parallel sound is another example of when tension is created. This occurs when; the radio is playing on the beach, before the second attack.

    • Word count: 1479
  19. Marked by a teacher

    Character Studies in the Ruby in the Smoke

    3 star(s)

    This shows her lack of decisiveness and most of the novel portrays Sally in this fashion. Sally often seems to feel vulnerable in the novel; this quotation shows us this: 'Sally nearly quailed ... and took a step backwards in fright' In the balance of the last three quotations Sally Lockhart can be seen as a weak, powerless and indecisive heroine but Sally's part in the novel has much more to it. Sally proves to be resourceful to the Garlands: 'Wouldn't it be possible to tell a story in pictures?'

    • Word count: 1935
  20. Marked by a teacher

    The Snow Globe

    3 star(s)

    This Place Where ever I was the most beautiful wonderful place I had ever been. There was snow, snow as far as the eye could see tall winding trees with the sun beaming on them making the snow glisten and over the big hill there were little huts and a village, there were little footprints in the snow and everything covered in a beautiful white blanket it was stunning, I was so amazed and astounded I didn't even think about the coldness.

    • Word count: 1195
  21. Marked by a teacher

    Lord of the Flies - Letter from Ralph

    Jack was the leader of choir; he was an arrogant and unpleasant fellow. Then we had a meeting and I was declared as the ruler and Jack and the other choir boys went hunting for something to eat. While the other boys were hunting I was trying to maintain some remnants of civilization. Later on some of the younger boys believed that they saw a "beastie" on the island. This beast scared all of us. We had many fears on that island, but needed to remember that they could not let us get in the way of what was important to us.

    • Word count: 1172
  22. Peer reviewed

    Creative Writing - Gratuitous Vengeance

    5 star(s)

    We can get acquainted." "It's not that easy kid. So no, you can't just 'come along'. Get out of here you weasel faced low life." "Weasel faced? Low life? Who do you think you are?" "I'm Derrick, but nobody cares who you are." He walked up to me and out of nowhere he hurled his humongous fists furiously. "Don't come back, loser!" He was a menace, and he was immensely unintelligent, because to have the audacity to do that, was a catastrophic mistake... At that point my vendetta for him began. Now I would exact his punishment. But how? When?

    • Word count: 1576
  23. Peer reviewed

    Original Writing, Tonight

    5 star(s)

    I roughly fold the paper into half, shove it into my jean pockets, with some difficulty, and finish off the can of coke I was drinking. I go to fling it in the bin, but I stop. Holding it in my hands, it looks so nice, so glamorous, the white of the logo shining and contrasting so vividly from the velvet red of the can. I laugh; everything about this night has been so sentimental, false and pretentious. The coke can rebounds off of the side of the bin and joins the myriad of other waste in the bin, as was originally intended.

    • Word count: 1819
  24. Peer reviewed

    Diary of a geek. Dear Diary, Today was my first day in my new school and I would like to share my experiences with you.

    4 star(s)

    I was late for school - when I entered the class I saw about 25 students already seated. Taking my first steps into the class I heard a huge outburst of derisive laughter, accompanied by taunts directed by me. I seemed to have appealed to the mean streak in those students, and was the object of their ridicule, with words like "nerd"," geek" and "loser" being thrown at me. I was astonished at this seemingly strange reaction, which deflated my high spirits. Nevertheless I tried to ignore it and went and sat quietly in one lonely corner of the class.

    • Word count: 1149
  25. Peer reviewed

    Red Head Me. All I saw was what I hated most, the thing that made me an outcast, why the girls laughed and the boys never looked at me. My red hair.

    4 star(s)

    When I began secondary, I desperately hoped I could have friends and get on with life without the name-calling. I hoped I could be happy for once and forget all of the nonsense of childhood. However, my hopes of a social life diminished almost immediately. I remember sitting in a class full of people I'd never seen before, watching them chatting away excitedly, the realisation hit me like a train. They all knew each other from primary. They all had friends and I didn't.

    • Word count: 1353

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?

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Peer reviewed

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Peer reviewed

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