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GCSE: Writing to Inform, Explain and Describe

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Writing to inform

  1. 1 Give factual information and use a formal style.
  2. 2 Use straightforward language to convey essential information. Your audience could be anyone.
  3. 3 Use the present tense, write in short clear sentences, address the reader as 'you'. Use connectives and technical terms.
  4. 4 Break up your writing with diagrams, illustrations, images and subheadings.
  5. 5 You can give more information (eg: why and what you find interesting) and the genre could ask you to give instructions, write recipes, give directions or write manuals.

Writing to explain

  1. 1 Establish who you are writing to and why you are writing.
  2. 2 Genre – Explaining data, giving a speech or explaining how a mechanism works.
  3. 3 Purpose – To be clear, to show meaning and to make something clearer.
  4. 4 Write in the third person, use either past or present tenses, use clear factual language.
  5. 5 Give a balanced view and use connectives of comparison (whereas, though, while, unless, however).

Writing to describe

  1. 1 Your thoughts and feelings are important.
  2. 2 Genre – Writing a story, describe a scene, writing a diary entry.
  3. 3 Purpose is to build an image in the reader's mind.
  4. 4 Use adjectives and adverbs, similes, metaphors and all five senses ( touch, smell, taste, sight, sound).

  • Marked by Teachers essays 61
  • Peer Reviewed essays 37
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  1. Marked by a teacher

    Morning of the execution. Within a few hours, her brother would be executed for something he hadnt even done. The injustice of it all! Her eyes prickled and fire burned inside her.

    5 star(s)

    Not one thing. The darkness whispered the horrible feelings she hated to admit: defeat, disappointment and discouragement. Iris turned over in her bed. She hoped that sleep would welcome her into its arms. No such luck. In her head, she saw various images. Images of her nine-year-old brother Derek sitting in a lonely cell, trapped inside his nineteen-year-old body. Images of his scared, petrified face. Images of tall, menacing gallows. Iris shivered. She remembered the whole reason for all the pain: that monster, Christopher Craig. He was the one who deserved to die! He was the one who had that life-taking gun, he was the one who shot the policeman.

    • Word count: 2080
  2. Marked by a teacher

    The Lottery: Free choice, self knowledge and Guilt

    5 star(s)

    "She felt the leash around her throat, tightening like the silence in the room" (47) is how Sal feels after her first encounter with Shadow Council. Not only does Sal suffer from a loss of free choice, but her peers do as well. This is especially seen through the character change of her best friends, Brydan and Kimmie, as they feel obligated to follow the ways of Shadow Council and shun the lottery winner. Sal recognizes this as she walks through the halls and realizes her friends are ...the worst, their eyes glazing with dread whenever they accidentally bumped into her.

    • Word count: 2279
  3. Marked by a teacher

    English Horror Story - Creative Writing Coursework I was driving for about three hours when I realised I had taken the wrong turning and was hopelessly lost. I

    4 star(s)

    Surprisingly, the ground was muddy and wet, but I could not recall any rain during my journey. I carried on, with my shoes squelching, leaving a trial of mud behind me. Up ahead, I saw a shimmering object. I squinted, trying to make out what the object was, but the light was too bright. As I approached the house, I saw the object for what it really was - a fierce looking lion's head. The lion's head seemed to glisten and gleam in the front porch light. The light danced off the head bringing it to life, which momentarily unnerved me.

    • Word count: 2755
  4. Marked by a teacher

    Creative Writing - Gothic Horror

    3 star(s)

    As I walked up the stairs they started to creak as if the life was being pulled out of them. There were about a hundred old photographs and ancient portraits hanging on the dully coloured walls, clearly someone with very little imagination decorated this house. As I lit the chandeliers the whole room gleamed with life and I saw that the ceiling was of marble with strange but wonderful pictures and patters on it. As I carried on up the stairs, I saw a door at the top and went in.

    • Word count: 2067
  5. Marked by a teacher

    How does Shakespeare show the changing relationship between Juliet and her parents in Act 3 Scene 5?

    3 star(s)

    However, at the time this sort of behaviour would be no surprise, the relationships were indeed very restricted. The parents played little part in raising their kids; the child's care was the role of a nanny or nurse (even breast feeding was done by the nanny). Thus, the obvious bond of love that builds and strengthens through childhood between the parents and Juliet is missing. This sort of formality would seem strange to an audience today but it was common practice in the 1590s. Thus, the role of the Nurse is very important, throughout the play. The Nurse is the motherly figure for Juliet instead of Lady Capulet.

    • Word count: 2159
  6. Great Expectations

    and some other jewels lay sparkling on the table", the use of sparkling is used to emphasise the brightness and the luminosity of them. Also the fact that she has jewels on her table, so many jewels that she simply cannot wear all of them. Her clothes are described as "scattered about" and there are also: "half-packed trunks". Dickens also states that "gloves, some flowers and a prayer book, all confusedly heaped about the looking-glass". The word "confusedly" links back to Miss Havisham's mindset and how it is mirrored by her surroundings.

    • Word count: 2123
  7. The Price of Trust (Creative Writing)Susan Mason was a young woman. Most of the officers just took one look and settled on the theory of suicide but James knew that wasnt the case. To him all of the signs were wrong.

    James opened the door to his small, grotty flat and dropped his bags on the floor. He tossed his keys and coat onto the table and flung himself onto the sofa. He breathed a huge sigh of relief and switched on the TV. He wasn't surprised that there was nothing on, but he settled to watch the BBC news. He was starting to drop off but something on the news caught his attention. "Tonight's news. A young girl committed suicide on Thursday night. The young girl has been named as Zoe Jones. It is not yet known how or why she did it.

    • Word count: 2035
  8. It was dusk when George arrived in Cleveland, and all he could think of was sleep. He aimlessly found his way to a dimly lit hotel. The hotel wasnt buzzing with people, but it did seem to have some small spark that kept it alive and warm

    Yeah, I just left my hometown in search of a new start and a new life," George replied. "Oh, a new life?" She said in question. "Alright well I have some errands to run but later if I catch up to you I'll show you around," and with that she ran off to meet the woman at the front desk. George went off to venture the town. Cleveland was bigger than Winesburg and he decided to stay to the east side of the town. George walked through Main Street and looked upon the new scenery. He thought of home, but the moment passed.

    • Word count: 2961
  9. Discuss why the documentary 14 Days in May is a biased report.

    However, supporters believe that the sentence is necessary for murderers by the principle of justice. Such supporters believe that life imprisonment is not an evenly efficient deterrent. Furthermore, while some arguments are about moral judgments, others are disagreements about whether the death penalty is a more effective deterrent than life imprisonment. In any case, despite the fact that many societies still practise capital punishment; most developed countries had abolished death sentencing by two thousand and three. However, many countries still do practise this and according to Sources, the top three countries with the most executions in two thousand and six are the following, China with at least one thousand and ten, Iran with hundred and seventy seven and Pakistan with eighty two.

    • Word count: 2234
  10. The Secret Life of .......

    Whilst singing to the English anthem, the boys' father frantically covered his ears as he believed music was idyllic sounds created by Satan. Mohammed had admired the pulchritudinous game of football and had won the FIFA10 interactive World Cup on PS3 but had never played the sport himself as he was extremely obese. Kick Off initiated and the English and Spanish fans were shouting, screaming and occasionally booing the opposition's star players to lessen their confidence. Spain was keeping the ball and with the natural excellence of Xavi Hernandez, they were soon a goal up.

    • Word count: 2145
  11. Romeo and Juliet essay

    We also see in that scene that Juliet doesn't have a good relationship with her mother-Lady Capulet which increases sympathy for Juliet because she has never really had a mother as Lady Capulet cannot hold a conversation with her. "We must talk in secret" she realises that she cannot speak to her daughter "nurse come back again" whereas the Nurse has known her since she was a baby and is Juliet's only trustworthy friend. At the beginning of Act 3 scene 5, Shakespeare tells us that Romeo and Juliet have spent the night in her room.

    • Word count: 2494
  12. Romeo and JUliet

    At the start of the play in act one; Romeo is in love with a woman called Rosaline. He is acting in a peculiar way; his cousin Benvolio discovers why, incurable lovesickness. He is upset because the one he loved vowed to chastity. Romeo thinks love is about lust and is desperately in love with Rosaline. "Why then, o brawling love, o loving hate". This is an oxymoron and this shows Romeo is confused and is love sick. Also he thinks he is doing something that nobody else is doing so he feels left out. This quotation shows that Romeo is not in his right mind.

    • Word count: 2290
  13. Who is responsible for the downfall of Macbeth and how far does he fit the role of a Tragic hero?

    A fatal flaw is a kind of mistake that is very dangerous. It could lead to lots of people suffering. I think Macbeth does fit the role of a tragic hero. He was born of Noble blood. At the begging he is a brave man, known as a noble man, and would do anything for his country and his king. "For brave Macbeth, well he deserves that name," This tells us that people at the beginning people thought that he was brave.

    • Word count: 2053
  14. How does the novel Of Mice and Men reflect the culture of 1930s America?

    They are both moving from ranch to ranch searching for jobs. They come to a ranch near Soledad southeast of Salinas, California to work. They hope to one day achieve their shared dream of settling down on the 'fat ta the land'. First Candy hears about their dream and wants to get involved by adding his wages. Then Lennie accidentally enters Crooks' room and shares the dream with Crooks and he wants to get involved. Their dream crashes at the end when Lennie accidentally kills Curley's wife. George, knowing that Curley and the ranch workers would kill Lennie, decided to shoot Lennie himself.

    • Word count: 2677
  15. Blake and Wordsworth

    In "Composed upon Westminster Bridge", Wordsworth describes the magnificent view of London he can see from Westminster Bridge. He starts by saying how London is the most beautiful place on earth, and that anyone who could pass by without stopping to take in this magnificence; they would have to be extremely dull and boring. He also describes the view as being breathtaking and specifically focuses on the visual aspects of London, describing how peaceful and calm the city is, so early in the morning. On the other hand, Blake's poem "London" focuses on the common people living in the heart of London.

    • Word count: 2255
  16. Romoe and julliet 2

    The love Romeo has for Rosaline at the time would be described as 'puppy love', meaning that it was shallow and insignificant. This is due to the fact that it was only Romeo who was in love and also the character Rosaline is not introduced yet only mentioned. 'Out of her favour where I am in love'' (1.1.62). Here Romeo informs the audience whilst in conversation with his good friend, Benvolio, about the love he feels for Rosaline, he says 'Out of her favour', this means that Rosaline will not be won over and that she is not interested therefore making his love one-sided.

    • Word count: 2473
  17. Memorable occasion

    I was always astonished that Tamils heralded a God that was a bigamist when it was against the laws of the religion. I considered it necessary to go and see for myself the reason many people thought this festival significant. During our stay in Jaffna my grandmother explained the details of the particular festival, such as the fact that it is carried out over a period of twenty-five days. She elucidated that it commences with the flag hoisting ceremony followed by a number of rituals until the day of the Thear.

    • Word count: 2392
  18. Romeo and Juliet

    The idea of mockery is poorly kept because ever so slowly tension is arising. To "bite your thumb" is considered rude; therefore the audience is rigid with anxiety, almost as if on edge and waiting for the fight to begin. Features such as oxymoron's and puns are used in this scene; for example "bright-smoke," and "I will draw my naked weapon." The oxymoron used is an unusual thing so it will make the audience interested and it's going to make the audience think. The puns were used for the audience's enjoyment and to provide comic relief from the violence.

    • Word count: 2045
  19. How does Shakespeare create tension and keep the audiences attention in Romeo and Juliet Act 3 Scene 1 and Act 3 Scene 3

    Mercutio then talks about Benvolio. He says 'when he enters the confines of a tavern claps me sword upon the table, and says "God send me no need of thee!" and by the operation of the second cup draws him on the drawer, when indeed there is no need.' This means Benvolio tries to keep peace but can't resist attacking the barmen with his sword even with just a few drinks. He also says 'moved to be moody, and as soon as moody to be moved.'

    • Word count: 2701
  20. Analyse Macbeth

    After the war, while Macbeth and Banquo are celebrating winning the war, they come across three ugly witches. The witches make three prophecies which are: ?Macbeth will be thane of Cawdor ?Macbeth will become king of Scotland ?Banquo's sons will become king Banquo and Macbeth don't believe it at first but after the witches leave two men come to send a message to Macbeth from the king which was that Macbeth is now thane of Cawdor as a reward for fighting gallantly. This makes Macbeth believe in the witches because the first prophecy had come true. Here Macbeth has a small soliloquy.

    • Word count: 2702
  21. Therese Raquin main info

    The direct contrast with chapter 5, where Therese is immediately interested in this event, Zola portrays the curiosity and the hope that Therese feels when seeing Laurent. This direct change in mood, hints to the readers that something else is going to happen between Therese and Laurent. For example, in chapter 4, " Thursday evenings were torture for her and she often complained [...] sit by idly and half asleep" (p.24) and comparing this to what Therese thinks of Thursday evenings in chapter 5, "The young woman was staring at him intently [...] gathered into herself; she was listening" (p.29-30).

    • Word count: 2916
  22. Revenge. Through the darkness and thickness of the forest she somehow managed to make her way to the very middle and finally found her spot where she would lay the body to rest.

    Immediately after that she stripped down, throwing her shoes, the murder weapons and a small box into the grave and shovelled the mud back in covering up the body and the items along with it. Satisfied with everything done, she took out a brand new beige trouser, a pink shirt, and an old fashioned black leather over-coat; pulling everything on as quickly as possible she started to make her way barefoot back to her car. She was very thankful to the rain today as she knew it would help her cover up any prints left behind.

    • Word count: 2667
  23. I liked spending time at my grandma's house because it always felt special when we saw her; we did not get to see her often because she, along with my aunt and cousins, lived about three hours away in a little town in the south of England.

    Although whenever we went there it was fun because Grandma always had lots of activities for us all to do. She had a lot of Barbie Dolls, Tinker Toys, and Little People that I could play with. Her house was very large with lots of places to wander around with many bedrooms and a quiet room where you were allowed to go when you were feeling troubled and disturbed and to seek help and support - it always worked for me.

    • Word count: 2029
  24. Lives like Ours

    Every person who dined at Jazzies always came back for more. For me, all of my childhood memories were in Jazzies; I used to come here in the evenings to hear my mother sing. She was truly wonderful; her passion and hearted soul would light up the bar every Friday evening and was enough to have the whole bar up on their feet dancing. My grandfather used to play the sax, and he was good, I mean really good. My mother told me that by the age of 11, her father could already play like his grandfather, from whom he had learnt.

    • Word count: 2093
  25. It would be a normal day in the summer holidays when suddenly the phone would ring. My friends and I were off to Respryn. Wed all grab our bags, put our swimming shorts in along with a towel, and jump onto our bikes and go.

    Myself and my Friends, Craig and Jamie like to stop here and look down on the passing cars. We like to play a game we call Emmett spotting, which is where we'd try and spot as many tourist or foreigners we can that aren't from Cornwall. I found it amazing how so many cars enter my hometown and how so little leave; they all can't be here to stay! Occasionally a passing lorry or truck would honk its horn at my friends as they try and provoke other drivers to do the same. Once we had a driver make a gesture at us, which included him making the middle finger on his hand stand up, we all stared at each other and laughed as we were out to enjoy ourselves and not let any body spoil our day.

    • Word count: 2674

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?

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