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GCSE: Writing to Inform, Explain and Describe

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Writing to inform

  1. 1 Give factual information and use a formal style.
  2. 2 Use straightforward language to convey essential information. Your audience could be anyone.
  3. 3 Use the present tense, write in short clear sentences, address the reader as 'you'. Use connectives and technical terms.
  4. 4 Break up your writing with diagrams, illustrations, images and subheadings.
  5. 5 You can give more information (eg: why and what you find interesting) and the genre could ask you to give instructions, write recipes, give directions or write manuals.

Writing to explain

  1. 1 Establish who you are writing to and why you are writing.
  2. 2 Genre – Explaining data, giving a speech or explaining how a mechanism works.
  3. 3 Purpose – To be clear, to show meaning and to make something clearer.
  4. 4 Write in the third person, use either past or present tenses, use clear factual language.
  5. 5 Give a balanced view and use connectives of comparison (whereas, though, while, unless, however).

Writing to describe

  1. 1 Your thoughts and feelings are important.
  2. 2 Genre – Writing a story, describe a scene, writing a diary entry.
  3. 3 Purpose is to build an image in the reader's mind.
  4. 4 Use adjectives and adverbs, similes, metaphors and all five senses ( touch, smell, taste, sight, sound).

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  1. English story true love

    Burgess did not for see the development of commuter villages. Urban regeneration and gentrification has changed the status of housing in inner cities. Council estates in the suburbs do not fit the model. Decentralisation of shops and industry does not fit the model- out of town shopping centres e.g. The Mall in Bristol. Page 1 National Map Bristol Background Bristol is a large city located in the South West of England. With an approximate population of 410,900 and urban area of 550,200, it is England's sixth, and United Kingdom's ninth largest and most populous city.

    • Word count: 3684
  2. Consider how Scrooge is presented in the opening stave of 'A Christmas Carol'. How does this contrast with the way he is presented in the final stave?

    As I'm assured, you can see the difference between Scrooge and his dear nephew. And because opposites repel, Scrooge and Fred inevitably argued over the factor of happiness and the 'delights' of Christmas. Here is an extract from page 9 "...'what reason do you have to be happy? You're poor enough'...". This not only shows how Scrooge hates the idea of Christmas and everybody being merry and cheerful, but it also begins to show how Scrooge is tight with his money.

    • Word count: 3470
  3. English Media Coursework Comparing Two Musical Scenes

    The film is set in the famous Moulin Rouge, in Paris. Satine (Nicole Kidman) is a high class prostitute who works in one of those clubs also as a dancer. She meets a young idealist, Christian (Ewan McGregor) and mistakes him for one of her clients. She falls for him, but when she realises who he is, she tries to pretend that it was all an act. Christian manages to persuade her to follow her heart with a barrage of love songs, all put together in a medley.

    • Word count: 3658
  4. Victorian Villains

    Magwitch is from another one of Dickens' books called 'Great Expectations'. The last man is from a well known book by Robert Louis Stevenson, he is Mr Hyde from 'The Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde'. There are four main points that I will be focusing on throughout my essay, these are: 1. Atmosphere and Setting 2. Physical Appearance 3. Actions 4. Speech and Language All three atmospheres from the stories are very alike. In 'Oliver Twist' the setting was filthy, 'dark and gloomy'; this shows danger, scariness and the unknown.

    • Word count: 3157
  5. explore the variety of attitudes towards marriage and love in Pride and Prejudice

    This is an interesting concept, as we gain a sense of understanding about the attitudes and thoughts of higher class men and women in the nineteenth century. Jane Austen's 'Pride and Prejudice' captures our attention stating two general human disadvantage. The writer is presenting in her story a warning about relying too much on first impressions and how this can lead to misjudgement and prejudice. Before making any assumptions concerning the personality of another person, one should at least try to get to know the person.

    • Word count: 4326
  6. The Red Room Analysis

    "The old woman sat starring hard into the fire, her pale eyes wide open" This short descriptive sentence alone is enough to give the reader a small amount of fear. After the introduction to the woman, she speaks and part of what she says is a hint or a clue to what might happen, further on in the story. ..."and eight and twenty years you have lived and never seen the likes of this house, I reckon there's many things to see" that last part of what she says makes the reader curious, or maybe want more and encourage the reader to read on.

    • Word count: 3518
  7. A Ring - creative writing

    There were several large boxes layered with dust. I went over extremely eager to get started and excited as to what I might find. I lifted the lid of the first box I came to. As I opened it a thick layer of dust flew up into my eyes. I had to look away. I couldn't wait for the dust to settle so I could see the wonderful treasures of my family. At last the dust settled and I was able to see what was in the box.

    • Word count: 3467
  8. "The short story is an ideal form for writers who want to create a sense of horror and suspense." Discuss how horror and suspense is created in the two stories you have chosen.

    Eventually he became a clerk in the civil service. Jacobs resigned in 1899 from the civil service and became a full time writer a year later he married Agnes Eleanor. Jacobs's stories in majority reflect his poor and challenging background as a British underclass citizen. I think perhaps "The Monkey's Paw" may replicate his younger life when his parents died, as there is a strong feeling of love at the beginning but also loss towards the end which could imitate W.

    • Word count: 3331
  9. Withheld Number

    This had been arranged for weeks and unfortunately, there was no getting out of the situation. I had a slight feeling of envy as I listened to them making plans knowing that the only company I would have is a television set and the family puppy. I tried to console myself by imagining all the homework I could do in the peace and quiet without any interruptions; but it didn't really work, I would have preferred to go to the fair. I diverted my attention from listening to plans that really didn't apply to me by noticing how cold it was on this November day.

    • Word count: 3848
  10. English Language - Travel Writing - (Corsica trip)

    And all I could hear was the cacophony of animal noises, and the clamour of life in Propriano on the far side of the valley, though not in an unpleasant way. And all I could feel was the cool, refreshing wind in my face, the artificial hardness of tarmac through the soles of my shoes, and the soft solidity of tree bark beneath my hand. I could even taste the delicious aromas wafting up from a cottage on the hillside below me: the homely, simple odour of fresh baked bread, the intense, aromatic tang of wood smoke from the fire

    • Word count: 3740
  11. Media Gladiator

    It will normally show a date of release. This is important so that the audience know when they can come and see the film. The trailer may also show the audience an age rating for the film. This is very important because adds to the audience's knowledge of the target audience and explains who the film is suitable for. All of the aspects that I have mentioned are important in adding to the overall effect of the trailer and fulfilling its aim of promoting the film. In this essay, I will be analysing the trailer for the blockbuster film "Gladiator" in great detail and discussing the effects that this trailer has on its audience.

    • Word count: 3763
  12. Alas hes mad. How true is Gertrudes statement about her son Hamlet?

    this may imply more of a sexual fixation or connection Hamlet feels for Gertrude. Whereas in the Ethan Hawke production of 'Hamlet' (Hamlet 2000), the Prince acts violently towards Gertrude this is done by an assortment of furious gestures, along with talking very quickly and loudly. Not only this, but within the same scene Hamlet murders Polonius; mistaking him for the king (3, 4, 24), however this does not convey any regret or sorrow within the Prince but instead builds upon his anger. Furthermore Hamlet claims to have seen his father's ghost (3, 4,102); Shakespeare includes this in the scene to show that the ghost is just a figment of Hamlet's imagination and is not present in reality.

    • Word count: 3052
  13. Explain how Shakespeare's Juliet changes over the course of the play from a submissive and obedient girl into a resolute woman

    This play links to Romeo and Juliet as it always contains context of fathers overpowering there daughters. Egues: "as she is mine I may dispose of her which shalt be either to this gentleman Or to her death according to out law immediately provided in that case" This is a quotation from the play by Egues who is talking about what is going to happen to his daughter, this tells us that he has power over his daughter. Therefore it is blatant that it was a normal part of Victorian society for men to overpower and control women.

    • Word count: 3048
  14. A christmas carol

    He despises the word charity. A man who believes poor people ought to be punished with death. 'If they would rather die,' said Scrooge, they had better it, and decrease the surplus population. An evil man in people's eyes and is also feared and hated by all of those that know him. Dickens also uses metaphors to describe Scrooge. 'A frosty rime was on his head,' 'he carried his own low temperature'. This shows readers that Scrooge was foreign to human warmth. No one can stand to be in the presence of him just to avoid seeing his moody face and arrogant belief which is Christmas is a fraud and the poor deserve to die.

    • Word count: 5617
  15. 'The New Kid'

    I wandered around the corridors for a while before I finally found my way to the head's office. "Can I help you?" someone asked me. It was a young blonde woman, sorting through sheets of paper. "Er... yeah, I'm Jack Ferguson. I'm new," I told her. "Right. Hang on a minute." She went over to a computer in the corner and tapped a few keys. "What was your name again?" Feeling slightly putout, I replied "Jack Ferguson". "Right. Here is your timetable, and I have written your locker number on the back. Right now, you should be in...

    • Word count: 3930
  16. The Catcher in the Rye Journal Personal responses to the text

    Pg.6 I get that same feeling when I see old people that wear really old worn off clothes. I mean I feel bad for them and it hurts to look at them, knowing that you would want to help them or buy them new clothes but you know you cant. "People always think something's all true. I don't give a damn, except that I get bored sometimes when people tell me to act my age. Sometimes I can act a lot older than I am-I really do-but people never notice it."

    • Word count: 6024
  17. Story Coursework

    I get my balance back and stand up. I look up at the night sky through the sparkling glass, thinking that this would be a lovely night to have a boyfriend and that I didn't want to be alone. I say bye to my friends then walk into another room where most people seem to be dancing. The room's small but still has so many people in it; some lights were on but most were off. I start dancing and smiling at some of the people I knew.

    • Word count: 3947
  18. A War Story - Original Writing

    Ammi hated the extremism of Hassan and forbade Shahid to converse with him. The doorbell unexpectedly played its melodic chimes as Abu entered. Ammi lost her head! Abu was a full seven minutes late and that was too much in our shattered Kashmiri combat zone. She began yelling at him for being so late. Shahid and I were used to their constant bickering and ignored it as I insisted to be difficult and began a conversation. "I saw you with Hassan again.

    • Word count: 3058
  19. I loved my job on board the Titanic, I was so proud to be part of the crew for such an amazing boat but the pantry always gave me terrible headaches due to it being so small. I felt cramped in there, confined, and imprisoned even

    I started to think about why I was on the Titanic in the first place. My mother thought that I was taking too big a gamble for it to come off. She said that I was being stupid and that I should stay at home and try to find a wife in Southampton. But she didn't understand why I was doing it; I was on this ship to make my way in the world and what better place to do it than on the Titanic. I wanted to broaden my horizons and get out into the world, it was the perfect opportunity.

    • Word count: 5359
  20. The focus of the work is on the analysis of metaphors used in speeches of the present American President George Walker Bush. Throughout history the art of public speaking has been a vital means of communication.

    Of course, it was a sort of an amateurish business and the real history of American rhetoric started with Lincoln's Gettysburg Address which was delivered in 1863. "With 272 words, Lincoln changed the effective meaning of the Constitution, introduced a new style of public rhetoric. Seldom have so few words excited such scholarship, penetrating analysis, and brilliant explication." (Governor Mario Cuomo // Wills, Garry. Lincoln at Gettysburg. The Words That Remade America). The power of words has rarely been given a more compelling demonstration that in the Gettysburg Address.

    • Word count: 4089
  21. Asan Vayage.

    There was quite an age difference between me and Sky you see. At this point Sky decided that she would settle down with me and do house wife things, until she was ready to re-sit her CL. Now I had no problem with this because with my new salary I could afford to house both of us and more (that was not a hint). Now the second unfortunate event was slightly worse, because this one involved my mother dying. I left home at 16 because she didn't believe anything I said and always blamed things on me and didn't talk to my mother for years, until my twenty-fifth birthday when she rang

    • Word count: 3041
  22. The old man and the sea by Earnest Hemmingway, alternate ending He took all his pain and what was left of his strength and his long gone pride and he put it against the fishes agony

    His head was getting fuzzy again, but the thought to free the fish remained strong. 'I will cut you loose' he said 'yes I have my knife, I will make both my hands work for this'. He took his knife and sawed at the rope, back and forth, back and forth cutting it with the rhythm of the waves. He used his left hand to press down on top of the other as much as it would allow him to.

    • Word count: 3043
  23. Today was nothing but an average day the day started with the bleeping of my alarm clock. I think it must be time for me to get a new one, because it is starting to sound like a dying

    Mum then comes trough the door still looking happy asking for the orders for breakfast. That is another thing I don't understand. Why do you have to eat breakfast I never feel like eating anything at this time in the morning, but if you say no she just ends up giving the lecture on breakfast being the most important part of the day and that you can't go to school on an empty stomach. Leaving for school always seams to be a rush it seems however much time you leave for it there is always a last minute panic about a match or club after school or you needed something in particular for the day that you haven't got.

    • Word count: 3977
  24. When I did, I almost wanted to die...there was not a scratch of clothing on me...ashamed of being found in such a state, I ran in all directions to fetch something...anything...there it was...my boat...wrecked on the great grey rocks

    urge to live again...for my family's sake...drove me to strain every muscle of my body, I swam like I had never swam before...scarcely breathing...I didn't know where I was going, didn't know WHY I was swimming...but what I DID know was that I HAD to go on...and I knew...that if I DIDN'T...death would be my very next destiny. So I swam and swam until the very last ounce of energy drove away from my body...my feet touched solid ground and I knew that safety was near...how near?

    • Word count: 4089
  25. Three really is a crowd.

    going to look like such an idiot 1 nick suddenly appears from no where and kisses me a real kiss I had never been kissed the way he kissed me.' There it is that all to familiar feeling when I think of me and nick. Later that day I was in the local caf�, all of a sudden Lauren made excuses for herself and left quickly as I watched her leave my eyes wandered to the bar where nick was sitting I nearly spilled my coke I hadn't even noticed him come in.

    • Word count: 6668

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