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GCSE: Writing to Inform, Explain and Describe

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Writing to inform

  1. 1 Give factual information and use a formal style.
  2. 2 Use straightforward language to convey essential information. Your audience could be anyone.
  3. 3 Use the present tense, write in short clear sentences, address the reader as 'you'. Use connectives and technical terms.
  4. 4 Break up your writing with diagrams, illustrations, images and subheadings.
  5. 5 You can give more information (eg: why and what you find interesting) and the genre could ask you to give instructions, write recipes, give directions or write manuals.

Writing to explain

  1. 1 Establish who you are writing to and why you are writing.
  2. 2 Genre – Explaining data, giving a speech or explaining how a mechanism works.
  3. 3 Purpose – To be clear, to show meaning and to make something clearer.
  4. 4 Write in the third person, use either past or present tenses, use clear factual language.
  5. 5 Give a balanced view and use connectives of comparison (whereas, though, while, unless, however).

Writing to describe

  1. 1 Your thoughts and feelings are important.
  2. 2 Genre – Writing a story, describe a scene, writing a diary entry.
  3. 3 Purpose is to build an image in the reader's mind.
  4. 4 Use adjectives and adverbs, similes, metaphors and all five senses ( touch, smell, taste, sight, sound).

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  1. Book report - The Hunger Games, by Suzanne Collins, is a futuristic, sci-fi novel that takes in present day North America,

    The main characters of the story are Katniss Everdeen, Peeta Mellark, and Gale Hawthorn. Katniss is a wise sixteen-year-old girl that has gone from poverty to wealth and is trying to adjust her life to being a Hunger Games tribute. She is forced to feign love with Peeta, which is straining her relationship with her friend Gale Hawthorn. Peeta is a joint tribute with Katniss of the Hunger Games.

    • Word count: 453
  2. The Man Behind the Cat: Dr. Seuss

    Seuss's famous cat to remind me that there was more to do than wait as time slipped away. There was something appealing in the simple anapestic tetrameter rhythm, coupled with nonsensical words and illustrations of outlandish creatures that seemed to call out to the vibrant, dynamic imagination of a child, such as myself. Although my childhood hero had been this creator of whimsical words, I had absolutely no knowledge of the man himself. Dr. Seuss. As a child, I had always found that name extremely unusual, but judging from the out-of-ordinary creatures and nonsensical words, I inferred that the man had to be naturally strange.

    • Word count: 1647
  3. A Collection of Accidents

    6. Suddenly a car swerved(çªç¶è½¬å) into my path and I had to take evasive action to avoid a collision. I managed to do so but in the process I crashed into a drain. By the time I picked myself up the car had disappeared. So I stood there fuming(åæ). The cuts and bruises(伤ç) sustained from the crash were nothing compared to the anger I felt at the hit-and-run driver. If I had been killed the driver might have got away with murder. 7. All of a sudden the silence in the cabin was broken by a loud whirr. The passengers were jostled(æ¨æ¤) about as the plane shook and tilted(å¾æ) from side to side, hit by some unknown object. 8.

    • Word count: 2170
  4. Junk yard bedroom

    Laying in a disarray pile on it were my porcelain doll and my stuffed toys, the toys peeking out from behind the doll. I loved the doll to bits; she glared at me with a vulture?s eye, she gave the room more energy and zest, and every time I looked into her glassy green eyes, I saw dynamism and spirit sparking out of them instead of seeing a hollow emptiness, a barren land. Her eyes, which frisked with joy, seemed to brighten up the room despite its usual mess with their mischief lurking like tadpoles under pond-leaves.

    • Word count: 618
  5. Creative Writing. The judge arose decisively; his figure emanated an aura of power and importance

    muster to allow of a conversion that would transform the desolate wasteland into a magnificent landscape that would provide a safe haven, protected from the injustices of the world, for anyone who resided within its invisible barrier. The Sniper wove her magic with her massive hammer, creating the life. The Hunter created the Sky, his barrage of arrows forming the clouds with their flares of lit magic. The Winter Sage created the water, using nothing but his hands. Soon, the place began to take shape before their eyes.

    • Word count: 1476
  6. Describing Human Life to an Alien

    Our final appendage is on the top of out body and contains the majority of our sensory organs. Using these we can detect chemicals in the air, we can detect chemicals via physical constant, we can perceive a range of wavelengths of light, and can sense vibrations carried through the air. This final sense, is most important way in which humans communicate. We also communicate the sounds we make into symbols which we can perceive visually and understand. Our auditory forms of this communication are called languages, and many spoken, however if 2 different people, speak 2 different languages they will struggle to communicate.

    • Word count: 659
  7. The stranger. Just before the show was about to begin, the door swung open. A silhouette of a tall, dark stranger moved across the room and sat at the bar.

    The barman stopped what he was doing and poured Nathan his usual order of a scotch and took it over to him. Nathan was very smartly dressed; he was the most important person in Cold Springs, owning not only the theatre but the majority of businesses in town. Just as the music started to play to open the show, the door swung open one last time. Bree walked in managing to trip over her own feet, sending her mobile phone flying across the room.

    • Word count: 1028

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