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GCSE: Writing to Inform, Explain and Describe

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Writing to inform

  1. 1 Give factual information and use a formal style.
  2. 2 Use straightforward language to convey essential information. Your audience could be anyone.
  3. 3 Use the present tense, write in short clear sentences, address the reader as 'you'. Use connectives and technical terms.
  4. 4 Break up your writing with diagrams, illustrations, images and subheadings.
  5. 5 You can give more information (eg: why and what you find interesting) and the genre could ask you to give instructions, write recipes, give directions or write manuals.

Writing to explain

  1. 1 Establish who you are writing to and why you are writing.
  2. 2 Genre – Explaining data, giving a speech or explaining how a mechanism works.
  3. 3 Purpose – To be clear, to show meaning and to make something clearer.
  4. 4 Write in the third person, use either past or present tenses, use clear factual language.
  5. 5 Give a balanced view and use connectives of comparison (whereas, though, while, unless, however).

Writing to describe

  1. 1 Your thoughts and feelings are important.
  2. 2 Genre – Writing a story, describe a scene, writing a diary entry.
  3. 3 Purpose is to build an image in the reader's mind.
  4. 4 Use adjectives and adverbs, similes, metaphors and all five senses ( touch, smell, taste, sight, sound).

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  1. Book review. The five people you meet in heaven essay

    They all teach him something valuable about life and they all give him the reason of his life. The narrator This story is written in the 3rd person. Setting This story takes place in well heaven, but it starts in Santa Monica, Los Angeles. On a pear How I felt when I read it Before I tell you how great it felt to read this book, I do admit that the beginning is quite slow. The writer takes a lot of time to describe Eddie's death, but once the story took me to heaven, I couldn't let go of the book.

    • Word count: 600
  2. Inside North Korea: the ultimate package tour by Carole Cadwalladr is a non-fiction text that shows what goes on inside the mysterious country that is North Korea.

    Like a cheap trick in a pantomime" This sentence refers to the electricity being cut off at 10pm in North Korea and intercalates the image of a whole city of glittering lights being before your eyes one minute the there being nothing but a void of darkness the next. The word choice in the text associates the writers thoughts and feeling in an very desciptive way causing the reader to stir up many different emotions towards North Korea."You may not get to see the "real" North Korea, but this "unreal" North Korea is a fascinating thing in and of itself" the effects left on a reader after reading this could range from fascinated to confused.

    • Word count: 696
  3. Curry (Persuasive Speech) We can cook many varieties of curry such as vegetarian and non-vegetarian. Anyone can cook curry, apart from me, simply because Im lazy. I don't even butter my bread; I consider that cooking. I live to eat curry, I don

    I'm not saying my mother's a bad cook, but she uses a smoke alarm as a timer. We can cook many varieties of curry such as vegetarian and non-vegetarian. Anyone can cook curry, apart from me, simply because I'm lazy. I don't even butter my bread; I consider that cooking. I live to eat curry, I don't eat curry to live. As curry brings out all flavours, some of us go all he way to add the extra zing such as extra butter and cream. But for those of you who are on diets or simply trying to stay slim, you can reduce the amount of butter, and still enjoy the tasty curry.

    • Word count: 683
  4. Creative writing Sinister Street

    Give up, I know in my mind I can't do that. All my focus remains on searching, surely it can't be this hard. I clench my pocket, it's still there. The bass from the music in the club pounds but the rest remains silent, but the streets remain empty. Then around the corner staggers a woman, about twenty-one, long blonde hair, extensions. She looks nice enough, drunk so she wont remember me the next day, blue eyes that means innocent and honest so, I decide to approach her. "Excuse me... have you seen a man, about 5ft8 short black hair?"

    • Word count: 979
  5. Descriptive writing- Priams emotional Journey

    Another lashing. Another scream. Another snigger from Salem. "Give me another one!" he commanded. I have to escape this h**l! Even though I have been branded, even though I cannot escape my past, I am as good as dead in this place. h**l has already showed itself to me as this plantation at Mont Royal, and the devil himself is Salem Jones. The persecutor, the executor; the man that is slowly destroying our souls.

    • Word count: 501
  6. Free essay

    Tranquility. The damp smell of rain hung in the air like a theatre curtain. The trees made a rustling sound as they swayed in the soft wind.

    A stream ran by the front of the trees making it ideal for the animals to drink from. A field full of buffaloes stood facing the woods, on the opposite side of the stream; they were rarely ever disturbed as they only ever had two visitors. The lake continued into the distance, to its source, a valley between three large mountains. Each mountain had its own distinct shape: the leftmost mountain slanted toward the trees that let all the rain flow off into them; the third mountain, on the right, was home to a black bear; in the middle stood the tallest mountain out the three and was visible from the highway.

    • Word count: 656
  7. Describe the sights and sounds of an enchanted journey. A whistle blew from somewhere out of sight. It pierced the still cold air like a gunshot.

    As the throngs of waiting passengers began to embark I caught my first glimpse of the carmine-red steam engine which was to take me northwards. My journey had begun. I found my way to an empty wood-panelled compartment; it was warm and afforded a handsome view of the old, now empty station through a large window. The train lurched and began to pull away from the platform. Through the streets we silently crept, where the town was still sleeping under a duvet of freshly fallen snow.

    • Word count: 1714
  8. Each Piece Has It's Purpose. Where was Tanzania anyway? I took out my pocket jigsaw globe one of the worst presents...ever, but I had decided to keep because it was a gift from my strange but cool aunt that owned many weird and wonderful things

    Brown square-toed shoes that were scuffed mercilessly were a usual addition to his attire, and sometimes a red and yellow plaid shirt to top it all off. He grinned all the time revealing the metal factory inside his mouth and had always had the annoying habit of smearing his tongue across the top row of his teeth. Sometimes I even had to admit to myself that he was an embarrassment. I was trying to give myself an excuse not to work, and performed a very enthusiastic two-handed wave over to him.

    • Word count: 4652
  9. My first day in Canada

    So I tried to find my luggage and checked out formality to leave airport. I crossed a big hall and stop at a line where everybody stopped and waited to check out with airport officers. I took almost one hour to finish this before continue to check out at another place. It was horrible time but airport officers were really nice as they were. I smelled coffee and broiled meat somewhere and it made me so hungry. After all, I felt better and go to in the front door of the airport to seek my relative.

    • Word count: 649
  10. A fancy dress competition and Building a Den.

    All around me were fabulous characters; diverse colours of India were spread all over by people wearing regional costumes, Wild life was also active and alive on the ground, and some animated the world of fairy tales and cartoon characters and brought it closer to us . there was one girl I spotted, cleverly dressed up as a witch(a cute one). A starry and pointed hat was placed on her head, and a creepy cloak was wrapped around her. She had half-moon glasses and her extremely long robe dragged itself as she walked.

    • Word count: 1691
  11. Role of culture in life. I think culture is everywhere around us. You can look for example on our clothes. What we are wearing is culture too. In Iran people wear different clothes than in India.

    I am a woman so I am thinking about women. Typical is long and colorful scarf which called S�r�. We can see woman�s body. There is more liberty than in Iran. Men have really big power of women and children. Women have to be all hooded so we can see mostly only eyes. In Muslim states are not many places for fun like in our country. We can go to the theatre, cinema or some concert. For women in Iran is impossible go to the pub and have a fun. Who can imagine live without sport? Without tennis court or bowling.

    • Word count: 580
  12. Book review " Stargirl" Author: Jerry Spinelli. Stargirl is different from everyone else at MAHS. She develops a love interest in the main character, Leo Borlock. She brings the idea of individuality to MAHS, something that the school has never encounte

    The climax: When basketball play-offs come around, the school faces tough competition, and ultimately lose in the semi-finals. Stargirl angers the school by comforting a player from the opposing team when he breaks his ankle. After the next game, where MAHS suffers a season-ending humiliating defeat, an unknown student hits Stargirl in the face with a ripe tomato, to which the audience responds by applauding.

    • Word count: 449
  13. Travel writing. I enter the Indian marketplace, a bombardment of flavour culture and routine. As I enter the pungent flavour of spices travels through my nose and fills my brain, giving a tangy feeling that shoots through my spine.

    I am interrupted by a group of dirty flies whizzing past my ear. The stinky, pale, rotten vegetables are the epicentre for breeding bacteria and insects. The chat and pav bhaji act as a seductive scent, dragging me towards it, just as a mouse savours the scent of cheese. All this while I am oblivious to the customers screaming, shouting and yelling at the venders to reduce the price by Rs.5, an amount they can save to relish a vada pav.

    • Word count: 670
  14. Touching The Void Essay. Joes account emphasizes how physically painful his accident was and uses lots of exaggeration

    Joes account is also much longer and more detailed than Simons account. Joe account starts with him falling and is very dramatic as he describes the pain and his worry. He also uses action words such as "Hit ... Struck ... Catapulted" these are all violent words showing the falling action and are all trying to show a lot of pain. He uses the word "shattering" to show sensory images so the reader can relate to it and the reader can be more interested.

    • Word count: 846
  15. Being seven, I didnt quite understand what she meant by addiction but I did understand who she was talking about. Although I didnt know the full concept it still hurt me

    I mean a seven year old? What can I do to comfort a grown lady? I couldn't make out what she was saying as I was upstairs in my bed trying to sleep and she was downstairs on the phone to my aunt. I crept down what seemed like endless steps to the living room, and slowly like a cat I came and sat beside my mum and cuddled up in her arms, resting my head gently on her thighs. I felt a lot safer, felt protected, like nothing in the world can touch me.

    • Word count: 1405
  16. Lee had one passion; Runescape. An online game set in a fantasy land of Goblins and elves. This is his story.

    As I looked about in wonder it dawned on me I'd been here before and to confirm my thoughts I looked behind me to see at least 100 other people, not one of them caring about the random person that had just materialized next to them. I was right about my suspicions. I had been here before. I was IN Runescape and I was sitting in starting place for all new and recently killed players; Lumbridge Castle Gardens. The fact I was in Runescape didn't scare me at all.

    • Word count: 1430
  17. Two texts I have studied in detail are the DEFRA website (text 1) and the Animal Aid leaflet (text 2) The discussion of this essay shall consist of a comparison of these two texts focusing how the writer uses presentation and language to commu

    The purpose of this text is to persuade people to become vegetarian; this is shown as many persuasive techniques such as imperatives have been used. In both texts, the writer has used colour in order to effectively convey their message to the audience. Text 1 uses black font on a white background, this portrays a formal appearance to the audience and shows the seriousness of the animal welfare issue. Additionally, the text is a formal government document therefore, the black formalises this document.

    • Word count: 1255
  18. The Memorizing Flower. It was a sweltering sizzling summers day as the enchanting gold disk in the sky shone its powerful rays towards the centre of the garden where two boys lay.

    Next to him was chubby Saif, aged six. His emerald eyes lazily opened, his eyes were protected by the branch of the old humble oak tree and they gave off an aura of mystery. Both boys were satisfied in the place they were in and could not think of any other place in the world that they would prefer. Peace Tranquillity Serenity "BILAL! SAIF! The screeching sound of mother was violently thumping like a thousand African drums in the ears drums of Bilal and Saif.

    • Word count: 813
  19. Why not visit Pakistan? I would be lying to you if I said that I was not eagerly anticipating a visit to my ancestors country.

    stuck in medieval Victorian times. Not exactly what you would define an alluring holiday experience for today's traveller. The gasoline fuelled monster of the calm air was about to commence its monumental lift. Its hawk like wings were about to glide in the air gracefully. Takeoff was looming..... My vexation grew. Aerophobia spread and engulfed like a cancerous tumour. Everything was motionless until... The pilot adjusted the throttle and we were off. The journey was going smoothly until the food arrived. The food was transported efficiently across the mini corridors much to the delight of my fellow impatient passengers.

    • Word count: 869
  20. Grandmas last words were still ringing in my head. I didnt understand the true meaning of these words until now. I had always imagined vampires to be formidable, evil and merciless creatures. But I was wrong. I was very wrong.

    Like his posture his pale milky skin also resembled stone, and it was as if all the folds and creases were fixed in time. His eyes were also a strange colour, something I had never seen before; sunset gold with a bloodcurdling hint of red. At that moment I realised who he was. Caius! The one rumoured to have wiped out a whole city in one clean swipe. I felt a huge lump at the back of my throat, my head was pounding, and droplets of cold sweat trickled down my forehead.

    • Word count: 1801
  21. Why not visit Pakistan? Commentary on my writing.

    Furthermore, the use of second person pronoun "you'll" is skilful as it engages the audience's attention and establishes them directly into the text; thus making it more personal. Moreover the use of contracted word form makes the text more colloquial-therefore more likely the audience will be able to understand. This is employed because colloquial language is commonly used in spoken discourse. Moreover, I have also used a rule of 3 which is also present in my style model. An example of this is:"suicide bombings, honour killings and kidnapping".

    • Word count: 697
  22. 300 Film Review

    Director Zack Snyder does an excellent job of recreating the atmosphere at the time. From the buildings, the weapons to the more natural world - with the help of bucket loads of CGI of course. It also has most of the historical aspects spot-on such as names, places and events. The costumes are pretty outstanding too, but I must mention that the Spartans went to war wearing only a red cape and their helmet; therefore their family jewels were on public display!

    • Word count: 1392
  23. Autobiography. Hi! My name is Chen I was born in China; I have four grandparents, two parents, five uncles and five aunts

    The earliest thing that I remembered is that I first came to Beijing and I was only three years old. I lived in Yuen Gang, Fen Tai district, about one hour from the city which is pretty far but I still had a wonderful time. My primary school is Yuen Gang first primary school, at that school, I met some of my great friends, and I'll never forget that the first time I am wearing the school uniform it is really exciting, and I couldn't sleep at that night thinking about how happy am I.

    • Word count: 519
  24. The arena burst into a joyful shout. Everyone jumped up and down smiling including the princess, but no one knew her evil plan to poison the young woman at the wedding feast.

    She swept out of the arena with a cunning grin on her face. That night at the feast with everyone in great jubilation, the princess made her move by slipping the toxic poison into the wine that the woman was drinking. Suddenly there was a shriek from one of the guests attending the reception.

    • Word count: 470
  25. The bull. Suddenly everybody heard a huge roar and they looked at the store room and they saw a huge hairy monster bull in front of their eyes. A chill ran down every persons spine.

    Stop arguing! Listening to me!' Their leader's name was Mark. He has short brown hair, big eyes, a round face, his hand was enormous and he was a pretty nice guy to all of the village people and the village people respect him every time when they saw him. But this time they saw Mark things were different. The arguing stopped for a moment and it continues. 'Hey, everybody listens to me,' Mark yelled. But Mark voice was swallowed by hundreds of peoples' voices.

    • Word count: 892

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