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GCSE: Henrik Ibsen
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Deception is seen right away with the macaroons. Their dialogue is not that of the one of an equal couple. Dominance is depicted in this scene and we find that there is almost a sense that Torvald owns Nora. Her significance was to bear children and be pretty. Nora accepts this and has thrived under this 'Doll House' under the protection of her husband. During act one; Ibsen creates a happy and normal atmosphere, within a traditional 19 century nuclear family. Ibsen's use of language creates these different characters.
- Word count: 934
By 1860 he was disillusioned with those and wanted to deal with real issues about everyday life in society, which his middle class audience could relate to. Being a socialist, Ibsen's realistic for of writing made his audiences think and even examine their own life's this made his realistic plays extremely successful with the public but the critics thought other wise. In 1877 "The Pillars of Society" was his naturalistic play but still contained a happy ending. Then only two years later "A Doll's House" had a totally different ending which embraced women's rights and was revolutionary causing a stir throughout Europe.
- Word count: 889
The ending that I preferred was the original and initial one, where Nora decides to leave Torvald and everything to do with him behind, so as to start a new, more independent life for herself. There are a couple of reasons why I think that your original ending is of better quality, meaning, and substance. Firstly, I strongly believe that introducing radical unforeseen ideas is the only way to bring about a change in society. I understand that your message, and the way it was conveyed, was extremely shocking for an audience of the Victorian Period; I find that it is this element that makes your original ending all the better.
- Word count: 851
All this had led to a dishonest and an unopened relationship between Helmer and Nora. There are a number occasions when Nora had lied or misrepresented the truth. She had forged her father's signature in order to get money from Krogstad for Torvald (Helmer) and she had also said things behind Torvald's back which reveals her true feelings or personality; "When he's tired of me dancing, reciting, dressing up. Then I may need something in reserve" (Act 1 Lines 410-411). Torvald had a certain view of her (being all innocent and dependant) which we discover is totally wrong by the end of the play.
- Word count: 983
When in Europe, Ruth found a doll called Lilli, which was originally made for adult usage. Ignoring the original purpose, Ruth bought the rights to the doll, changed its name and its hair-do, and thus 'Barbie' was born. This truth is that nobody wants to play with an ugly doll. The Barbie doll has always had its slim and 'beautiful' image as this defines what it was and what it stands for. It can be seen as the epitome of style for young children and making them obese or changing them into educational tools, will in turn ruin its whole point.
- Word count: 679
Ironically, Krogstad and Linde maintain a true relationship although they are both failures. They are able to be honest with each other, converse seriously, and have both been wronged by society. Therefore, they are already exposed to criticism of the world. Krogstad and Linde are able to be honest with each other while Nora and Torvald are not. Although Krogstad committed a serious crime and Linde was forced to work to support her family, both of these burdens have already been removed from them. Therefore, they are able to be open because they have no secrets left to conceal.
- Word count: 781
The play opens on Christmas Eve with Nora just returning from Christmas shopping. Torvald has just received a promotion and will become manager of the bank for the New Year. Nora is eagerly anticipating his pay rise and begins persuading him to lend her some more money. She intends to use this to pay off the last of her loan. When Torvald expresses some concern that Nora is spending the money to soon she suggests that they could always borrow some. This leads to the first key moment in the play. Torvald is a proud man and is strongly against getting into debt.
- Word count: 785
Ibsen, like many of his contemporary writers, was under the influences of numerous scientific advances and among them was Charles' Darwin's theory of evolution. This led many people to believe that God was not the one responsible for creating human beings and that God was not responsible for the actions that people took during their lives, that they were either a product of their free will or heredity. Nora's decision to leave is the climax of the play, an unexpected turnout of events.
- Word count: 838
When a person experiences an epiphany, they frequently resort to radical , but often necessary actions. Comforts can often blind someone from the truth. When you get use to having something, you often begin to take it for granted. This is true in Nora's case. She never seems to leave the house. Everything comes to her. She is literally trapped in domestic comfort. Nora gets so use to her life, living in her "Doll's House", that she eventually loses touch with the outside world and consequently, reality. When Torvald chastises Nora for her lies as opposed to embracing and protecting her, she finally notices that she is being confined, that she is not truly loved.
- Word count: 770
There was always a moral behind the story. Instead of the characters being plain with no depth all of Isben's main characters are complicated people with problems that the audience can relate to. We as the audience can learn something about yourself and the world through the characters feelings. For example Nora's dilemma makes you think about your own ideas about relationships. One of Isben's other structural techniques he used is all the main events that are spoken about have already happen before the play has started.
- Word count: 526
all ending happily, with a solid conclusion being established, so Ibsen's work was a culture shock to everyone who watched it, but a breathe of fresh air to female viewers, as it clearly supported the feminist idea. The acts are sorted into very strict patterns. There is a distinct beginning, middle and end, one act of each. For story writers, these are usually just an outline for the story, but Ibsen has used them to a greater effect, to split A Doll's House up into easy sections for the reader and actor to use.
- Word count: 593
He enjoys this role, he loves being in control and his security depends on this superior feeling. This dominance over Nora is further shown to the audience in the games he plays with her and moreover in the way he holds financial control, he holds the purse strings, therefore has the power. He dresses Nora up and makes her dance the tarantella at a party, then on their return proceeds to tell her, "I pretend to myself that you're my secret mistress" this shows he treats his wife with little respect, regard and is very arrogant in his approach to her.
- Word count: 993
Nora and Torvald both fell in love with the conceptions of each other, not their real selves. It turns out to be money that drives the relationship especially in Nora's case as she was constantly trying to get money and wishing for a richer lifestyle. It is not an equal relation ship as seen in an idyllic world because Torvald does not see Nora as a equal but as a lesser being, a role to which Nora submits to. Question 2) In the dialogue when Nora plays flirtatiously with Dr Rank we can see her character in more depth and see potential flaws.
- Word count: 760
Chief among these characters, however, is Nora. The wife of Torvald Helmer, Nora has her life made for her. She has more than enough money due to her husband's appointment to a high level banking position. She has three lovely children that, in the Victorian spirit, she rarely sees. She has a beautiful house, complete with maid and nanny, and she has a secret. Though Nora seems to be the perfect Victorian wife- dependant upon Torvald for everything to the point that her definition of freedom becomes "To be free, absolutely free. To spend time playing with the children.
- Word count: 825
How does Henrik Ibsen use stereotype in "A Doll's House" to challenge our pre-conception of gender roles within marriage? Should relate to bot present day and the time in which the play was set in.
Their relationship was affectionate but displayed inequality between the gender and this could be expected of in those times. In the first act of the play, Ibsen showed the exposition which is the introduction of the play and its characters where nothing much happens. He depicted a common family of those times and showed that the woman of the house did not give much opinion or independence or strength. He showed that Torvald was in charge of the money he earned and Nora told him how she spent the money he had given her. Torvald treated her like an inexperienced child and told her that she was a spendthrift.
- Word count: 831
Henrik Ibsen's characters are similar throughout his books. There are pairs of characters with similarities in A Doll's House and Ghosts. One such pair is Nora and Mrs. Alving.
Mrs. Alving ran away from her husband in their first year of marriage and went to Manders. She had been in love with him, but he respected the sanctity of marriage so had to turn her away. "That I was able to turn you from your outrageous intention, and that it was vouchsafed to me to succeed in leading you back into the path of duty and back to your lawful husband." (Ghosts, Act I, p. 89) Nora and Mrs. Alving both have children that they love very much. Nora is talking to Mrs. Linde, an old friend, when she brings up the topic of her children, "So you are quite alone.
- Word count: 840
Throughout the play there are 40 references to doors being open and closed this represents different decisions. Certain parts of the set are used in the play for symbolic purposes such as the stove that Nora often retreats to. She does this to comfort herself when she feels threatened, and the warmth represents the security she so urgently craves. An example of this is on page 68 when Nora goes over to the stove saying, "Oh, dear, Dr.Rank, this was really horrid of you". Thus Ibsen uses an apparently naturalist method to clearly establish the emotional life of the characters.
- Word count: 940
However, it is interesting that they are consistently animals and innocent in nature. He calls her his "little rogue", "little skylark", "little person", "helpless little mortal", and "child." This reflects the idea of the women's role at this time; they are considerd to be much inferior to the men. Also throughout the entire play, the doors play significant roles, especially as a symbol. To the reader, it is a constant barrier from Torvald (society's men) and Nora (women of society). It sets a social standard between the married couple, too. Another important symbol in A Doll's House is that of Dr.
- Word count: 646
Ibsen conveys this by dialogue to show the double lives that everyone has. Nora's persona is a guise to deceive a world that believes in male rule. Demonstrating this, Nora says "I wouldn't think of going against your wishes" (4). She says this to try to conceal her macaroons. By lying Nora tries to cover up her failures to listen to her husband.
- Word count: 363
Tied to the discussion of men and women are the frequent references to Nora's father. Throughout the play, there are references to Nora's father. Furthermore, Nora is frequently equated with him, from her actions to her disposition. It is suggested that Nora does wish that she were like her father and, taking that further, male. Her desire suggests a deeper understanding of the confinement she faces than might otherwise be apparent. Torvald calls Nora, as a symbol of woman, a number of names throughout the play. These include "little songbird", "squirrel", "lark", "little featherhead", "little skylark", "little person", and "little woman".
- Word count: 893
At the beginning of the play, Nora is presented as an ideal housewife who is very carefree. She has no identity, she simply follows the role that the society has taught her to play. Nora is also shown to partake in childlike acts such as lying to her husband about the macaroons. Additionally, Nora does not mind her husband calling her nicknames such as ?little squirrel? or ?little lark? because she accepts acting out in the way society expects her to.
- Word count: 809