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GCSE: Henrik Ibsen
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- Marked by Teachers essays 2
This is the typical life of a standard wife at that time. Ibsen leads on the play, penetrating and unveiling Nora in a subtle way conveying a huge effect. At the beginning he illustrates Nora to be taking the most normal life, and Torvald to be the husband who goes to work, and earns the money to support his family - the usual patriarchal society of that time. Nora just seems to be like a doll, as perfect a wife and mother can be, and innocent too, as she is completely dependent on her husband.
- Word count: 1798
Ibsen's 1879 play, A Doll's House, portrays a dynamic character, Nils Krogstad, as a man in conflict with society. On the one hand, he wants to make up for his previously shady behavior.
For example, Dr. Rank, who hardly knows Krogstad, calls him "morally diseased." What Krogstad minimizes as an "indiscretion," Helmer refers to as a horrible corruption that creates a poisonous atmosphere of lies in the Krogstad home (Act I). Even Christine, who is in love with him, comments that he is "greatly altered" from their last meeting. All of this combines to portray a man who is deeply affected by the burden of his well-known wrongdoings. Still, Rank notes metaphorically, Krogstad wants to "live."
- Word count: 1018
Question: Compare and contrast the characters of Nora and Ms Linde. What do we learn of the Norwegian society through their inter-actions?
In the beginning of the play Nora is presented as a beautiful young wife of a banker and a mother of the bourgeois family. She takes pride in dressing up elegantly and enjoys taking care of her children. Ibsen presents her almost as a "model" of how a typical woman would act at that time. Nora also plays by the role of a woman the society expects her to play. At home, she is often referred to as a "little songbird" by his husband, notice the use of the possessive pronoun "my" here which is as if Nora was an object which Torvald owned.
- Word count: 1408
His message is subtle but strong. While this piece of drama represents a substantial social issue, it could also be used as propaganda to argue Ibsen's views on women. Subsequently, Hedda Gabler, as a piece of drama representing social issues, differs only from the way propaganda may have represented it in that it is drama and its aim is to express not persuade. It also differs in the way it is used: as drama or as propaganda. The diverse forms of drama are able to express many different themes and issues, including many different social issues.
- Word count: 1870
Despite Krogstad's warning "The law is not concerned with motives", Nora still believes in her own morals, protesting "I simply don't believe that. Hasn't a daughter the right to protect her dying father from worry and anxiety? Hasn't a wife the right to save her husband's life?" Eventually, Nora is forced to face reality when Torvald confirms Krogstad's words when he was discussing Krogstad's own crime of forgery and adds on "Just think how a guilty man like that must lie and cheat and play the hypocrite with everyone...And certainly for years this fellow Krogstad has been going home and poisoning his own children with lies and deceit."
- Word count: 1118
Tita and Pedro experienced youthful, love at first sight. Pedro said to Tita in their first conversation, "I need an answer now...I swear that my love for you will last forever. What about you? Do you feel the same way about me?" (Esquivel 18). Tita responds, "Yes!... Yes, a thousand times."(18). Unfortunately, society, in the guise of Mama Elena's family tradition, denies them marriage. Mama Elena represents what is socially acceptable. She stands between Tita and Pedro. Furthermore, Mama Elena humiliates Tita by offering Tita's older sister, Rosaura to marry Pedro and forcing Tita cook all the food for her sister's wedding party.
- Word count: 1249
Therese had to endure the claustrophobic boredom of petty life in the backstreet Paris haberdashery. Furthermore, Zola introduced the Thursday gatherings. The "Thursday evenings were a torture to her" 4 and "Therese played with a lack of interest" 5. In its' guests she "could find not one real human being; at times she was overcome by the hallucination of being immured deep in a burial vault in the company of mechanical corpses" 6. Zola made the Thursday gatherings so repetitive and introduced such dull people to further intensify Therese's boredom and entrapment trying to give her motive for her future actions.
- Word count: 1817
I will discuss Nora's character first. The play is set in the 1800s in Norway. Nora is a typical woman living in a male dominated society where the rights of the women were not greatly understood. The purpose of women then was to look the home, family and keep their husband happy. Nora seems to be living up to those expectations of society of that time. She and her family seem to be happy. Her marriage seemed to be successful on a superficial level.
- Word count: 1787
Instead, a woman must broaden her horizons; expect more from herself. A different destiny awaits women if only they are willing to take control of their lives, even if this sacrifices their image within society. One of the main commentaries that Ibsen makes about the way society functions is that women feel the need to conceal their true identities from men. By doing so, women only show the agreeable facets of their personality to make their marriages work. It is seen as their duty to facilitate their husbands' lives, so appearances are everything.
- Word count: 1012
In The Metamorphosis, Kafka uses a transformation to reveal Gregor's personality. In the beginning of the story, we find Gregor waking up in bed as a cockroach. Gregor locked himself in his room the previous night, indicating that he has a cowardly nature, as do insects. When the chief clerk from Gregor's work comes to talk to him, we find out that his work ethics are poor, indicating that he is lazy. "For some time past your work has been most unsatisfactory." (Kafka 77). Since he still lives with his parents, we can assume that he is not able to look after himself, although he is the breadwinner of the family;
- Word count: 1368
However, Ibsen did not believe that all stories had a happy ending. He therefore adapted the "well made play" to include naturalism. Ibsen kept the frame work of the "well made play" but changed the ending to an unhappy one. He also split his play into three acts, following each other chronologically, which meant that there were three times more complications, climaxes and unhappy endings. This took the audience on a rollercoaster of emotions which saw them relating to the characters of the play. The characters followed the recommendations of the "well made play" in that there was: a woman in distress (Nora), a confidante (Mrs Linde) and a cruel villain (Krogstad).
- Word count: 1040
The plays 'Miss Julie', August Strindberg, 1888 and 'A Doll's House', Henrik Ibsen, 1879 are two plays with a variety of themes and different views of life. But both plays have women
The absence of her father leads to an incomplete rising of herself. She had just broken off her engagement and her ex-fianc� had an influence on her depravation. Also, it was in Midsummer Eve, she was in her period; she loved dancing, and was influenced by the flowers. Julie starts as superior to Jean in terms of class, as she is from an aristocratic family and Jean is her father's servant. She manipulates him in the start: "Supposing I order you to" Julie (pg 81), "I'll obey" Jean (pg 81). Miss Julie starts making advances to Jean, who becomes worried about her reputation, becomes wild calling him to dance, and he ends up conquering her sexually.
- Word count: 1605
This play created an immediate sensation and established Ibsen's reputation in Scandinavia. In 1869 Ibsen's A League of Youth was performed at the Christiana Theatre, it caused controversy because of it's characterisation of progressive personalities. One of the characters complains: 'You dressed me up like a doll; you played with me as one plays with a child.' In George Brandes review he suggested such a character would make a good central figure to later work. A Doll's House was one of Ibsen's plays written in his new style of naturalism, a departure from romanticism, the exaggeration of ideas and actions.
- Word count: 1547
How does the role of women show the societal beliefs of the time period in the play 'A Doll's House' by Ibsen and the novella 'The Metamorphosis' by Kafka?
She even says herself "After many years, when I am no longer as nice looking as I am no. Don't laugh at me! I mean of course, when Torvald is no longer as devoted to me as he is now; when my dancing and dressing-up and reciting have palled on him." (Act 1, Ibsen) This dialogue reinforces the idea that Nora is just a doll, and she is only there for Torvald's entertainment. She even admits herself that Torvald will perhaps get bored of her once her looks start to fade.
- Word count: 1530
Hedda GablerSet Design ProjectThe staging implications of a production Firstly, I will look at the given circumstances of Hedda Gabler. This will inform me of what things I must
The house and the garden at no. 79 Dammmensvej have a number of features in common with those described in Ibsen's stage directions both in the draft and the final version of the play. (Today, Heftye's house is the residence of the British Ambassador in Oslo)." (From the commentary of a translation of Hedda Gabler) The whole play is set in the drawing room of Tesman's house, in the set, Ibsen describes that there are a further two adjoining rooms and a veranda outside.
- Word count: 1355
Dolls house Plot and Subplot The action of this play is about a woman named Nora who has an ill husband so she borrows some money
Christine love story. Christen comes back to the city to find Krogstad, who she loves. She is friends with Nora and Torvald gives her a job, which happens to be krogstad old one, Nora and Krogstad reunite and fall in love, and decided to get married, the subplot affects the scene in the scene that Christine convinces Krogstad to send the letter that condemns Nora to torvald and he does because he loves her but other than that their love storyline is relatively detached from the main plot of the play. It is clear that even though they are linked to the plot they are in fact the subplot because the scenes are rather fragmented
- Word count: 1448
Form and structure The skeleton of form and structure of A Dolls House comes from a french piece bien faite which means a well made play.
Dolls house takes place in a Norwegian town. Interestingly all the scenes take place in one location. The sitting room of the Helmers house, which serves as a room were they receive guests and a family room, there are two doors one in and out of the lounge and one to Torvald's office. Ibsen describes the set in intricate detail , to the extent of drawing diagrams , this is a style of drama that he been named "photographic drama" for obvious reasons.
- Word count: 1005
Plot Henrik Ibsens 'a dolls house' begins with a discussion between two main characters, Nora and her old school friend Mrs Linde.
After Krogstad leaves Rank comments that Krogstad himself is a morally corrupt villain. Rank and Mrs Linde leave Nora alone in order to talk business, once they have left the room Krogstad re-enters and cruelly threatens to reveal Nora's tretury and dishonesty to her husband, as it was he who took out the secret loan for her at the bank. When Torvald re-enters Nora begs him to give Krogstad his old job back, claiming she feared his influence in the media.
- Word count: 1151
But at the moment of truth, he abandons her completely. She is shocked into reality and sees what a sham their relationship has been. She becomes aware that her father and her husband have seen her as a doll to be played with, a figure without opinion or will of her own; first a doll-child, then a doll-wife. She also realizes that she is treating her children the same way. Her whole life has been based on illusion rather than reality.
- Word count: 1523
Rank, a long time friend of both Torvald and Nora. Her Friends name is Kristine, but is referred to as Mrs. Linde. She explains how she has just moved to town and has been a widow for 3 years. She asks Nora for help getting a job, and Nora responds by telling her she could ask her husband who is now the manager at the bank to give her a job there. They go on talking and Nora tells her the secret that she has been keeping from Torvald. She tells her about how her husband was very ill and they did not have a lot of money, yet the doctors said the only way to cure him was to take a trip to Italy.
- Word count: 1128
were one of the first to raise these issues and could be seen as an early feminist. They raised question as to whether the female role was fair. Before then, women were very submissive and had little opportunities. They were unable to have a job and were expected to do household duties and take care of the children. Men were the dominant ones but the women knew no different. For the few who could see this inequality, they were seen as 'unfeminine' as they were thinking for themselves, which is something only a man would do. Ibsen would be on their sides and tried to express that it was all right, through his characters.
- Word count: 1210
Nora's language is full of indefinite, qualitative statements, demonstrated especially when talking about Torvald's salary, however, when Torvald speaks he uses many imperatives and speaks to her in the 3rd person. The difference in each characters' use of language is a personification of the power they have in their relationship. While Nora uses general descriptors indicating a lack of finite knowledge Torvald delivers commands in a belittling way, a constant affirmation to his wife (and himself) that he is the man of the house, and therefore, he believes, entitled to control.
- Word count: 1518
Nora is the central character in the book "A Doll's House" and it is through her that Ibsen develops many of his themes
We see the sacrifices she's made to keep what she has intact and her beloved alive. To all intents and purposes she is the model of loyalty. She appears to be utterly in love with Torvald, she "looks incredulously" at Mrs.Linde, "But, Kristine, is that possible?", when faced with the prospect that someone could be or ever have been in a loveless marriage. She's proud of her husband, "My husband has just been made Bank Manager!", and queen to please him, "Oh, thank you, thank you, Torvald", note the time she spent the previous year trying to create the perfect
- Word count: 1542
Torvald is also in most scenes but always seems to be in his office hard at work trying to earn money for Nora and the family, as most families would be in this century. Then there are two other characters running the subplot these are Mrs Linde and Krogstad both of these convey how Nora's life could be if she were to separate from he husband, Torvald, showing how hard it is to be a part of society. Mrs Linde feels that Nora leads the perfect lifestyle with a happy family where as Nora feels that Mrs Linde has the better lifestyle, being free.
- Word count: 1087
To what extent is the alteration in Nora's relationship with Torvald evident in the way she speaks over the course of the play?
At the beginning of the play, Nora's relationship with Torvald seems that of a child with her father. She is patronised, called a "little squirrel", a "skylark" and accused of being a "spendthrift" because she can't save money although she seems quite happy to be called so as she doesn't complain about it and even plays along - when Torvald says "scampering about like a little squirrel?" she just answers "yes" instead of complaining about being treated like a little girl. When Torvald asks her "what do they call little birds who are always making money fly?" she answers "yes, I know, spendthrifts" as if she had been taught that lesson many times because she is so childish that she keeps on making the same mistake.
- Word count: 1159