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GCSE: Henrik Ibsen
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Deception is seen right away with the macaroons. Their dialogue is not that of the one of an equal couple. Dominance is depicted in this scene and we find that there is almost a sense that Torvald owns Nora. Her significance was to bear children and be pretty. Nora accepts this and has thrived under this 'Doll House' under the protection of her husband. During act one; Ibsen creates a happy and normal atmosphere, within a traditional 19 century nuclear family. Ibsen's use of language creates these different characters.
- Word count: 934
By 1860 he was disillusioned with those and wanted to deal with real issues about everyday life in society, which his middle class audience could relate to. Being a socialist, Ibsen's realistic for of writing made his audiences think and even examine their own life's this made his realistic plays extremely successful with the public but the critics thought other wise. In 1877 "The Pillars of Society" was his naturalistic play but still contained a happy ending. Then only two years later "A Doll's House" had a totally different ending which embraced women's rights and was revolutionary causing a stir throughout Europe.
- Word count: 889
The ending that I preferred was the original and initial one, where Nora decides to leave Torvald and everything to do with him behind, so as to start a new, more independent life for herself. There are a couple of reasons why I think that your original ending is of better quality, meaning, and substance. Firstly, I strongly believe that introducing radical unforeseen ideas is the only way to bring about a change in society. I understand that your message, and the way it was conveyed, was extremely shocking for an audience of the Victorian Period; I find that it is this element that makes your original ending all the better.
- Word count: 851
All this had led to a dishonest and an unopened relationship between Helmer and Nora. There are a number occasions when Nora had lied or misrepresented the truth. She had forged her father's signature in order to get money from Krogstad for Torvald (Helmer) and she had also said things behind Torvald's back which reveals her true feelings or personality; "When he's tired of me dancing, reciting, dressing up. Then I may need something in reserve" (Act 1 Lines 410-411). Torvald had a certain view of her (being all innocent and dependant) which we discover is totally wrong by the end of the play.
- Word count: 983
were one of the first to raise these issues and could be seen as an early feminist. They raised question as to whether the female role was fair. Before then, women were very submissive and had little opportunities. They were unable to have a job and were expected to do household duties and take care of the children. Men were the dominant ones but the women knew no different. For the few who could see this inequality, they were seen as 'unfeminine' as they were thinking for themselves, which is something only a man would do. Ibsen would be on their sides and tried to express that it was all right, through his characters.
- Word count: 1210
Nora's language is full of indefinite, qualitative statements, demonstrated especially when talking about Torvald's salary, however, when Torvald speaks he uses many imperatives and speaks to her in the 3rd person. The difference in each characters' use of language is a personification of the power they have in their relationship. While Nora uses general descriptors indicating a lack of finite knowledge Torvald delivers commands in a belittling way, a constant affirmation to his wife (and himself) that he is the man of the house, and therefore, he believes, entitled to control.
- Word count: 1518
Nora is the central character in the book "A Doll's House" and it is through her that Ibsen develops many of his themes
We see the sacrifices she's made to keep what she has intact and her beloved alive. To all intents and purposes she is the model of loyalty. She appears to be utterly in love with Torvald, she "looks incredulously" at Mrs.Linde, "But, Kristine, is that possible?", when faced with the prospect that someone could be or ever have been in a loveless marriage. She's proud of her husband, "My husband has just been made Bank Manager!", and queen to please him, "Oh, thank you, thank you, Torvald", note the time she spent the previous year trying to create the perfect
- Word count: 1542
Torvald is also in most scenes but always seems to be in his office hard at work trying to earn money for Nora and the family, as most families would be in this century. Then there are two other characters running the subplot these are Mrs Linde and Krogstad both of these convey how Nora's life could be if she were to separate from he husband, Torvald, showing how hard it is to be a part of society. Mrs Linde feels that Nora leads the perfect lifestyle with a happy family where as Nora feels that Mrs Linde has the better lifestyle, being free.
- Word count: 1087
To what extent is the alteration in Nora's relationship with Torvald evident in the way she speaks over the course of the play?
At the beginning of the play, Nora's relationship with Torvald seems that of a child with her father. She is patronised, called a "little squirrel", a "skylark" and accused of being a "spendthrift" because she can't save money although she seems quite happy to be called so as she doesn't complain about it and even plays along - when Torvald says "scampering about like a little squirrel?" she just answers "yes" instead of complaining about being treated like a little girl. When Torvald asks her "what do they call little birds who are always making money fly?" she answers "yes, I know, spendthrifts" as if she had been taught that lesson many times because she is so childish that she keeps on making the same mistake.
- Word count: 1159
Her happiness, however, is spoiled when an angry Krogstad approaches her. He has just learned that his position at the bank has been promised to Mrs. Linde, an old school friend of Nora's who has recently arrived in town in search of work, and tells Nora that he will reveal her secret if she does not persuade her husband to let him keep his position. Nora tries to convince Torvald, using all of her feminine tricks that he encourages, but is unsuccessful.
- Word count: 1002
If women were to speak up to her husband she would be looked down upon. So you can see that it is very important that the wife stay in line with what is expected of her. In the play Three Sisters, they seem to have options. They can choose to work or anything else that they want to do. It is not as if they are free to do as they please, but they have more of a control over themselves; especially when making decisions. In both the plays, Nora and all of the sisters want to go back to their hometown.
- Word count: 1139
When in Europe, Ruth found a doll called Lilli, which was originally made for adult usage. Ignoring the original purpose, Ruth bought the rights to the doll, changed its name and its hair-do, and thus 'Barbie' was born. This truth is that nobody wants to play with an ugly doll. The Barbie doll has always had its slim and 'beautiful' image as this defines what it was and what it stands for. It can be seen as the epitome of style for young children and making them obese or changing them into educational tools, will in turn ruin its whole point.
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However, Ibsen was not harmed by this, as he only wanted to put out an idea of society and an alternative happening. Although this was one of the main issues in this play, it is not the only one. There are also many things that affected Ibsen to write this play in a certain way. Sociological context What is sociological context? The definition for this is; 'Ways in which a play can be a reflection or comment on society at the time it is set, or the time it is written' There are many things that affect the play from society's point of view at the time.
- Word count: 1191
All of the sub-plots however effect what happens in the play. Act 1 1. It is Christmas Eve, Nora Helmer enters, laden with parcels and tells the maid to hide the Christmas tree so that the children won't see 2. Torvald hears her and comes out to talk to her about what she has bought the children for Christmas. 3. Nora starts to tease Torvald about money and it is explained that Torvald does not like to borrow money for many reasons.
- Word count: 1611
The role of women in late 19th century marriage was very stereotypical, providing your husband with children, and caring for one's family, the perfect mother and wife, honest, loving and loyal to her husband. Women didn't have the same equal rights as men, and Ibsen portrays Nora as the total opposite, as a bird which escapes and fly's away, leaving behind an empty cage only to experience new ways. Never was a woman to have a good paying job and deal with money, which was a man's job.
- Word count: 1236
In Hedda Gabler we are aware of the social status Tesman has over his new wife, although we are painfully aware that she is much more powerful and magnetic a figure. In A Dolls House Torvald's control over Nora lends the book its title. She is a porcelain doll in his wooden house that he expects to dance at his command, "Why don't you run through the tarantella and try out the tambourine", an offer presented as a question but with an authoritative rhetoric behind it.
- Word count: 4381
Ironically, Krogstad and Linde maintain a true relationship although they are both failures. They are able to be honest with each other, converse seriously, and have both been wronged by society. Therefore, they are already exposed to criticism of the world. Krogstad and Linde are able to be honest with each other while Nora and Torvald are not. Although Krogstad committed a serious crime and Linde was forced to work to support her family, both of these burdens have already been removed from them. Therefore, they are able to be open because they have no secrets left to conceal.
- Word count: 781
The portrayal of women as rebels in society, as seen by the characterisation of Nora in Ibsen's "A Doll's House" and Medea in Euripides' "Medea".
Thus we can see that both Medea and Nora can be characterised as rebels against the societies they live in. To begin with, Nora has fit into her society quite appropriately. She has married Torvald Helmer, and has three small children. She fulfills her duties as mother and wife with no apparent constraints from happiness. She does indeed thrive on keeping her home as best she can with the limited money she has at her disposal. One example of this is where she has bought Christmas presents for Torvald, all of her children, and even the maids; however she buys
- Word count: 1677
Nora is naive and this stems from treatment from Helmer, and, previously by her father. Nora is shown to recognise's this at the end of the plat when saying ' I'm your dolly-wife just as I used to be Daddy's dolly-baby'. In 1879 women did not posses the right to vote or own their own property. They also had no legal status and were supervised by their fathers or their husbands, so it was socially expectable for a women to be controlled by her husband.
- Word count: 1026
It was not normal for women to receive an education, let alone a good one, and women were not allowed to vote. In A Doll's House there are three female characters: Nora, Mrs. Linde, and the maid working for Nora. All of these women have to sacrifice something and have disadvantages, simply because they are women. Every character in The House Of Bernarda Alba has to suffer because they are women. Spanish tradition in the 1930's forces them all to isolate themselves from the outer world for eight years of their lives.
- Word count: 1187
Helmer seems to be particularly consistent about using the modifier "little" before the names he calls Nora. These are all usually followed by the possessive "my", signalling Helmer's belief that Nora belongs only to him. Analysing this type of language you could say that not only is it slightly insulting, the references to small animals, physically refer to Nora as something weak and helpless making her inferior to him. Ibsen has again shown us this accepted part of society on page 25 when Helmer directly says "Oh Nora, Nora, how like a woman!" Ibsen shows us the insolence and discourtesy women were expected to accept because despite these comments Nora, throughout the play, does not question or even comment until the play is coming to a close.
- Word count: 1590
The play opens on Christmas Eve with Nora just returning from Christmas shopping. Torvald has just received a promotion and will become manager of the bank for the New Year. Nora is eagerly anticipating his pay rise and begins persuading him to lend her some more money. She intends to use this to pay off the last of her loan. When Torvald expresses some concern that Nora is spending the money to soon she suggests that they could always borrow some. This leads to the first key moment in the play. Torvald is a proud man and is strongly against getting into debt.
- Word count: 785
Instead of being superficial types, they are complicated people whose problems the audience can identify with. The reader can learn something about himself through the intrigue and tension onstage. In addition, the way the play is written is very compressed. It takes place in one location (the living room) over a period of three days and the five major characters are closely related, having their lives and roles mirror or contrast with each other's. One character cannot act without affecting each of the other and that is the type of intrigue Ibsen conveys to the reader.
- Word count: 1554
'A Doll's House,' written by Henrik Ibsen - allows every individual in the play to find out the kind of person he or she is and to strive to attain their true identity
A contrasting difference in the characters are shown in the role that they play in their marriages. The character of Nora is the most deceptive in the play. She is one the main characters. Her deceptiveness is caused by the disloyalty towards her husband, Torvald. From the start of the play we see her lying about the most ridiculous things like how much money she spends and whether she has been eating macaroons. Then we find out how she lies about the crimes shes committed when she took out a loan without Torvald knowing and forging her fathers signature.
- Word count: 1895
The delicate equilibrium of societal acceptance and an individual's right to flourish: the severe imbalance of Victorian values as exposed in A Doll's House by Henrik Ibsen.
Although the play ends without offering any real solutions, Ibsen has offered countless possibilities. To his contemporaries, not only was the thought considered near blasphemous, but the mere idea was a frightening prospect. It has been declared by critics that Ibsen has used his plays, A Doll's House included, as vehicles to expose what he thought were the flaws of Victorian society with its seemingly false morality and almost complete manipulation of public opinion. A more homogenous, one dimensional way of thought was encouraged at the time, something Ibsen was vehemently against. In fact, Torvald embodies this kind of community.
- Word count: 1773