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GCSE: Henrik Ibsen
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The dramatic events that they experience only help them to develop these characteristics allowing them to adapt to their hostile environment. The traditional role of women must first be defined in order to contrast with the male characteristics. Traditional women stay home and care for the children. Medea describes mothers as the ones that "[dress their] sons' brides" (Euripedes, p. 94) and "[hold] the torch at the wedding ceremony" (p. 94). Medea, Nora, and Mrs. Linde have lives that revolve around their families.
- Word count: 1473
How does Henrik Ibsen use stereotype in "A Doll's House" to challenge our pre-conception of gender roles within marriage? Should relate to bot present day and the time in which the play was set in.
Their relationship was affectionate but displayed inequality between the gender and this could be expected of in those times. In the first act of the play, Ibsen showed the exposition which is the introduction of the play and its characters where nothing much happens. He depicted a common family of those times and showed that the woman of the house did not give much opinion or independence or strength. He showed that Torvald was in charge of the money he earned and Nora told him how she spent the money he had given her. Torvald treated her like an inexperienced child and told her that she was a spendthrift.
- Word count: 831
Henrik Ibsen's characters are similar throughout his books. There are pairs of characters with similarities in A Doll's House and Ghosts. One such pair is Nora and Mrs. Alving.
Mrs. Alving ran away from her husband in their first year of marriage and went to Manders. She had been in love with him, but he respected the sanctity of marriage so had to turn her away. "That I was able to turn you from your outrageous intention, and that it was vouchsafed to me to succeed in leading you back into the path of duty and back to your lawful husband." (Ghosts, Act I, p. 89) Nora and Mrs. Alving both have children that they love very much. Nora is talking to Mrs. Linde, an old friend, when she brings up the topic of her children, "So you are quite alone.
- Word count: 840
However, Mrs. Linde's reply; 'We couldn't meet at my place; my room has no separate entrance...We're quite alone...', together with Krogstad's confused line mentioned above, show a very important stage in the development of their characters as it shows their unified desire for a separate identity. Therefore, this restriction in space on stage, actually serves as an advantage to the meaning of the play, in that it shows the contrast between the stronger, more developed characters of Mrs. Linde and Krogstad to most others in the play.
- Word count: 1845
"A Doll's House" deals with the position of women in matters of marriage and society in the 19th century. To what extent do you agree that these ideas were ahead of their time?
A Doll's house was first performed in Copenhagen on the 21st of December 1879. From the very start of the play we are introduced to an attentive, compliant and submissive wife, Nora. As the play continues the audience begin to see that there is something more to Nora, she is not simply Torvald's pet, a "little skylark twittering". My essay will attempt to show that the character of Nora was a very bold one that was not easily digested by the general public. To the audience of the time the play was seen as being outrageously controversial.
- Word count: 1850
Throughout the play there are 40 references to doors being open and closed this represents different decisions. Certain parts of the set are used in the play for symbolic purposes such as the stove that Nora often retreats to. She does this to comfort herself when she feels threatened, and the warmth represents the security she so urgently craves. An example of this is on page 68 when Nora goes over to the stove saying, "Oh, dear, Dr.Rank, this was really horrid of you". Thus Ibsen uses an apparently naturalist method to clearly establish the emotional life of the characters.
- Word count: 940
Alving- to defeat social constraints according to which they have structured their lives. The great dramatist Ibsen masterfully reveals the disastrous consequences on his heroines' psyches and souls this social canon of conformity inflicts. Through the subtle play of light, language and stage position, Ibsen reinforces the tragic circumstance in which Hedda and Mrs. Alving exist, the mundane lamp and living-room furniture encapsulate the deep tragedy of human beings and simultaneously show Ibsen's naturalistic talent in portraying life. In "Hedda Gabler" the movement of the protagonist's own pieces of furniture in the front and back room are emphasizing and helping even the spectator to anticipate her following action.
- Word count: 2117
However, it is interesting that they are consistently animals and innocent in nature. He calls her his "little rogue", "little skylark", "little person", "helpless little mortal", and "child." This reflects the idea of the women's role at this time; they are considerd to be much inferior to the men. Also throughout the entire play, the doors play significant roles, especially as a symbol. To the reader, it is a constant barrier from Torvald (society's men) and Nora (women of society). It sets a social standard between the married couple, too. Another important symbol in A Doll's House is that of Dr.
- Word count: 646
The characters speeches are natural, idiomatic, economical and realistic social situations. The play revealed the psychology of the characters treated social problems, and avoiding romanticisation. Ibsen makes each character speak naturally but with a distinctly different voice. He uses symbols to show what the character are felling for or what the atmosphere is like for instances black cross is a symbolises death, Rank is going to die just at the end of the play. Fisher girl costume symbolises Nora's pretending to enjoy her life. The Dollhouse symbolises the tendency of the characters to plays roles, the macaroons that are mention on the beginning of the play show imminently that Nora is deceit to her husband.
- Word count: 1839
Ibsen conveys this by dialogue to show the double lives that everyone has. Nora's persona is a guise to deceive a world that believes in male rule. Demonstrating this, Nora says "I wouldn't think of going against your wishes" (4). She says this to try to conceal her macaroons. By lying Nora tries to cover up her failures to listen to her husband.
- Word count: 363
We are provided with spectacular evidence of Torvald's temper during the last act of the play. Torvald's explosion of anger upon the discovery of Nora's secret, shows us the extent of his fiery temper. Torvald's statement, "You... Miserable thing, what have you done?" (Ibsen, pg 104) shows us clearly the rage, which can erupt from his gentle exterior. The same blind rage is also present in the character of Oedipus. On several occasions in the play, he becomes deeply incensed and abandons his wits.
- Word count: 1224
“Hedda Gabler is deeply preoccupied with the nature of power.” To what extent is this statement reflective of Ibsen’s play?
In the play, the power to manipulate or control lies mainly in the hands of those who have additional knowledge and intelligence which gives them dominance over situations and the other characters. For Brack and Hedda, this is especially true. Brack is a judge and therefore would be privy to a lot of information and he uses this to get what he wants. In Act 1, Brack informs Tesman of Loveborg's arrival and its potential of ruining Tesman's career prospects.
- Word count: 1253
Tied to the discussion of men and women are the frequent references to Nora's father. Throughout the play, there are references to Nora's father. Furthermore, Nora is frequently equated with him, from her actions to her disposition. It is suggested that Nora does wish that she were like her father and, taking that further, male. Her desire suggests a deeper understanding of the confinement she faces than might otherwise be apparent. Torvald calls Nora, as a symbol of woman, a number of names throughout the play. These include "little songbird", "squirrel", "lark", "little featherhead", "little skylark", "little person", and "little woman".
- Word count: 893
At the beginning of the play, Nora is presented as an ideal housewife who is very carefree. She has no identity, she simply follows the role that the society has taught her to play. Nora is also shown to partake in childlike acts such as lying to her husband about the macaroons. Additionally, Nora does not mind her husband calling her nicknames such as ?little squirrel? or ?little lark? because she accepts acting out in the way society expects her to.
- Word count: 809
Oh, I was so tired sometimes?so tired. Still, it was really tremendous fun sitting there working and earning money. It was almost like being a man? (Ibsen, 162). By Nora using the words, ?it was almost like being a man,? she demonstrates the difference of society?s perception of what men and women are supposed to do. By saying that she was similar to a man, she is implying that she had taken part of a man?s world, thus proving that she does understand a man?s world better than she will let on.
- Word count: 1406
Rank and Mrs. Linde enters. Rank goes to speak with Torvald while Linde speaks with Nora. Linde explains that her husband has died and that she needs to find a job. Nora agrees to ask her husband to give Linde a job at the bank. Nora tells her about borrowing money to pay for the trip to Italy for her and her husband. She explains that Torvald doesn?t know that she paid for it. Rank leaves the study and begins to speak with Nora and Linde. He complains about the moral corruption in society. Krogstad arrives and goes to the study to talk to Torvald about keeping his job.
- Word count: 1362