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GCSE: RC Sheriff

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  1. How does Sherrif explore and develop different attitudes to war?

    look another man in the eye all his life if he left his fellow soldiers, Osborne, Trotter and Raleigh to fight out there alone. He carry's on to say that Hibbert may get wounded but can at least go home to his children and wife proud of himself and if he is killed he won't have to stand this hell anymore. Hibbert replies with "I'll - I'll try". Stanhope gets a lot of respect for Hibbert for being a man and fighting.

    • Word count: 1280
  2. Is Mandragora all about journey and discovery? Discuss this in relation to Adam and the Reader

    Adam's Physical and Mental Maturity This is a key aspect of the book. Adam matures both physically and mentally throughout Mandragora and we see him grow from being afraid to talk to others to saving the town from the curses of the Mandrake dolls. This shows us that the Adam we met at the start of the book wouldn't be ready to do this. Therefore it is obvious that he has changed and matured since he discovered the mandrake dolls.

    • Word count: 535
  3. Review: A Journey's End

    The play was performed on a proscenium-arch theatre. A proscenium-arch theatre gives one an intended fourth wall effect which lifts the side of the trench and positions the audience inside, as a sort of emotional barometer to the events happening inside. The trench is the only set used in all scenes to depict the lives of each officer behind the war. Lighting provides a key function to a play: mood. The director lit the trenches very dimly. This decision bears fruit as the audience has to focus more exactly on the stage and so is drawn in emotionally to a much greater degree.

    • Word count: 1541
  4. Journey's End by R.C. Sheriff - review

    He's commanded this company for a year......... Other men come over here and go home again ill... Act 1 Scene 1 P.6) Stanhope has a reputation for drinking. I think he is using alcohol to forget the changes. Everytime he meets Raleigh or when Raleigh calls him 'Dennis', Stanhope treats him really badly because he will remember his past and changes on himself (.........Did I ask him to force his way into my company?...Very well, he'll pay for his damn cheek Act 1 Scene 2 P.30).

    • Word count: 1198
  5. Before his arrival, the scene is set and we are prepared for Stanhope. How does Sheriff do this?

    During the war propaganda played a major part in the recruitment of men who thought that they were to come back alive to England as heroes. This idea is repeatedly brought up throughout the play. At the beginning we see the trenches as dirty which is not the perceived view back at home. The first two characters that we, the reader meets are Osborne and Hardy. As we see them the first thing that we notice is the difference in the pair's moods.

    • Word count: 820
  6. Comment on the following extract, the opening of In a free state, a novel by V.S. Naipul (born 1932). In your response you should include a consideration of the writers use of language and his attitude towards the characters and the situation depicted.

    He takes an insight into understanding his fellow passengers, especially the tramp. Using these techniques, V.S. Naipaul has produced an influential and forlorn text. The text is written from the view of the first person, allowing the reader to feel more involved with the text - "as soon as I saw the dingy little Greek Steamer I felt I ought to have made other arrangements". We see the whole journey from his point of view, thus our views of the situation and characters are based solely on his opinion.

    • Word count: 1022
  7. "Journey's End" By R.C Sherriff - Discuss and describe Sherriffs presentation of the following themes: Cowardice, Heroism, Comradeship and Friendship

    He uses Osborne to represent bravery, courage and heroism. And finally he shows the friendship formed between characters such as the relationship between Stanhope and Raleigh. Hibbert is a significant exception to the other officers, as he is a coward, a weak and repellent man. He complains about a pain in his eye. "I don't think I can manage any supper tonight, Stanhope. It's this beastly neuralgia. . .the beastly pain gets worse every day" Stanhope allows him to turn in for the night but once Hibbert is out of sight Stanhope makes a hypocritical remark to Osborne.

    • Word count: 989
  8. Is the pursuit of knowledge worthwhile?

    Meaning is the properties and concepts associated with experience which are ultimately established by use. To do all this thinking one needs a conscious mind. Consciousness is the awareness of self and ones environment. A mind is any volitional conscious faculty used for perception and cognition. Minds and ideas consist ultimately of matter or something that has mass and occupies space. If this is what knowledge is how do I get it? I believe that I receive my knowledge from authorities such as my teachers and parents.

    • Word count: 1425
  9. Explore the different ways that Sherriff reveals courage to the audience?

    This shows that he is very knowledgeable and experienced about the war and everything that is going on, but it also shows that he has been through an awful lot. The soldiers admire his determination and courage, for example, Osborne says, "Other men come over here and go home again ill, and young Stanhope goes on sticking in, month in month out." This reveals to the audience that Stanhope is very courageous and loyal to his fellow soldiers. The audience never doubt that Stanhope is a hero, but like many heroes he has a distinctly unpleasant side.

    • Word count: 2190
  10. How does the poem "Immigrants at…" enlighten your understanding of how physical journeys shape our lives?

    as he/she is amongst several other migrants, who are waiting for a train at Central Station to an unknown destination after a stasis in their journey. Throughout the poem, the poet chooses to use several language features to communicate the persona's thoughts and feelings towards the journey. In particular, Skzynecki chooses to rely upon the landscape to convey how the journey occurs, rather than focus the poem on the persona and the other migrants. Time is also strongly emphasised in this poem.

    • Word count: 686
  11. Gilgamesh's True Identity

    Gilgamesh does not know who he meant to be at the start of his life. Was he created to be a mortal or to earn his right to be a god? He, frustrated to be in the middle of god and mortal with the world and death as his entrapment, begins his quest for immortality. Gilgamesh believes that if he finds immortality he will become more god-like and discover his purpose. Gilgamesh realizes that he was created greater than all mortals, but that if he cannot escape death then he ends up as a mortal in the end.

    • Word count: 1579
  12. Consider How Sherriff uses structure & language in the play

    The lower class soldiers use slang where as the upper class soldiers use proper, posh English. An example of the lower class slang is said by Trotter: "Look 'ere skipper, it's nearly eight now, couldn' we make 'alf-past?" As Stanhope doesn't talk like this it emphasizes his status e.g. he is more important than trotter because he is a higher class to trotter. Sheriff uses the way in which people speak to show their class, people with low class usually have a low status. Stanhope's entry to the play is delayed. The audience hear about him but don't meet him.

    • Word count: 1237
  13. How effectively does Sherriff portray the reality of war in 'Journey's end'?

    It was obvious that now people wanted to hear the real details of what happened in the war. The amount of ways in which Sherriff portrays the realities of war are infinite, as every written word was another truth of existence as an officer in World War One. At the time when Sherriff had the first showing of his play 'Journey's End', war had been very glorified. Men were returning as heroes and propaganda was giving an artificial image of war. This play was one of the first that brought the authenticity of war home to the people.

    • Word count: 2860
  14. Explain how R.C. Sheriff evokes a sense of pathos in the final scene of journeys end.

    In Journeys End, the characters use old English, Trotter, Maison, Hibbert and Raleigh use slang throughout the play. Osborne and Stanhope are quite posh and do not use slang. In the previous scenes Raleigh comes to Stanhope's company by "pulling some strings", this means that he proberly asked someone to put him into Stanhope's company. Stanhope isn't very pleased that he came to him because he is scared that Raleigh will tell his sister that Stanhope drinks all the time, so he reads Raleigh's letters, but Raleigh says nice things about Stanhope in them, so Stanhope begins to be a little bit more pleasant about him.

    • Word count: 625
  15. July 2, 1942 - Diary enteries for a soldier fighting against the Japanese.

    It's so boring here, nothing to do but marching and lookout. Can't see anything at the moment, it's too dark. Half our platoon are under 30 years. No one here was eager to hear that they were being dragged off to New Guinea to fight against the Japs. It's been a while since the last letter Janine sent me and I'm waiting for the next. The tracks here are sooo steep and walking is a grudge, my legs are aching and heavy, it's bad enough that we have to carry our supplies along as well.

    • Word count: 1433
  16. Journey’s End - film review.

    I think that Raleigh's attitude to war and his expectations of what Standhope will be like is na�ve. This can be interpreted because Raleigh is always talking about how he and Standhope were such "terrific pals"; he hasn't thought that Standhope might have changed. When Standhope enters the play he is extremely shocked to see that his new replacement officer is Raleigh. He resents Raleigh at this point because he's afraid that Raleigh would write home and explain to his sister that Standhope was a drunk.

    • Word count: 1028
  17. How does R. C. Sheriff convey his feelings about war in his play 'Journey's End'?

    Alcohol helps him forget the present and without it, he says he will "go mad with fright". Whisky is Stanhope's way of dealing with war. Despite his commanding presence and authoritative manner, one gets the impression that Stanhope is a mere schoolboy subjected to war. Raleigh is clearly the novice. He is fresh from school, enthusiastic and eager. Raleigh is almost Stanhope's opposite, a sharp contrast. He reminds Stanhope of how he used to be three years ago. After meeting with Raleigh again, Stanhope's past is unearthed and Stanhope realizes how much he has changed. Despite his youthful keenness to be amongst the army, Raleigh soon adopts a mature weariness.

    • Word count: 1448
  18. In what ways does R.C Sherriff re-create for his audience the over whelming stress and fear suffered by the men at the Front. Do all characters react on the same way? How does each individual cope with the nightmares of trench warfare?

    However the directors of these plays have to get the scenery correct if they are going to make the audience understand the unbearable stress suffered by the soldiers. Sherriff gives good guidance to the directors in the large columns of narratives, which have already been mentioned. With these the directors can strategically set the scenery in certain position to gain maximum effect while also having the benefit of knowing what the stage is meant to look like adding to the overall effects. The main way in which Sherriff re-creates the stress of warfare is in his large chunks of narrative.

    • Word count: 2157
  19. What does Godot symbolise in this play.

    As the act II page 94: Estragon: Didi Vladimir: Yes. Estragon: I can't go on like this. Vladimir: that's what you think. Estragon: if we pasted? What might be better for us. Vladimir: we'll hang ourselves tomorrow. (Pause.) Unless Godot comes. Estragon: and if he comes? Vladimir: we'll be saved. So from Estragon and Vladimir's dialog, it is clearly proven on their hope that Godot will come. They believe that when he comes, they will be saved. Secondly, Godot is symbolizes death, according to the article "Role of Godot" by Svetlana Pershinova, she states that Estragon and Vladimir are homeless, old and weary, and they are in the right mind that they are better off being dead.

    • Word count: 1477
  20. Raleigh's Letter Home.

    He tends to drink a lot of whiskey and sometimes that makes me question his leadership abilities. But the men says he the best so he can't be all that bad. We haven't really spoken yet but when we did speak he was very abrupt and snappy. I don't think that he really wants me to be here too be honest. Osbourne (another officer in my platoon) told me this morning that Stanhope was very drunk last night and he tried to kiss Osbourne goodnight. This is obviously not the Stanhope I used to know back at school, and not the Stanhope that you are going out with.

    • Word count: 575
  21. "The Loneliest Road in America," a chapter from Ghost Rider by Neil Peart exposes both strengths and weaknesses in his abilities as a writer.

    'Oh yes,' I thought, 'that's me alright. I am the ghost rider'" (Peart 104). The above passage flows with an off the cuff and candid rhythm, and this adds a genuine sentiment to Peart's words. The idea of Peart feeling as if he is living as a "ghost" captures how the grief that he is experiencing has transformed him. Furthermore, he recounts meeting a German solider from World War II: "Casually, he told of abandoning the Zundapp in Kiev for lack of fuel, then walking 800 miles home, with nothing but a bottle of vodka and a piece of frozen bed, marching day after day, even in his sleep.

    • Word count: 1560
  22. In the novel Guitar Highway Rose, Brigid Lowry expresses her theme of journey, both physical and emotional and her theme of relationship, both inside and outside school.

    These themes were expresses through text types such as first-person narrative and stream of consciousness. Lowry writes, " not like Byron Bay I wish I was back there". Through his physical journey he also experiences an emotional journey, as he hates it in Perth and wants to go back and live with his father in Byron Bay. He is sad in Perth and miserable. After a while at his new school, Asher is getting into trouble a lot for not obeying the school dress code, this takes him over the edge and he decided to face another journey by running away, back to Byron Bay, but gets caught in Eucla.

    • Word count: 857
  23. Journey to the Interior by Margaret Atwood.

    The first stanza talks of the similarities between the human psyche and the environment. The images conveyed here are dark, this is no romantic bucolic picture of nature: here the "trees grow spindly; with their roots often in swamps". It is a "poor country". If this is a metaphor for her interior self, it is a cutting rejoinder to the glossy, self-help pop psychology that abounds today. Rather the interior self is vast, perhaps murky and sometimes deficient. The scene developed here is harsh and real, this place is not fertile, it is false and misleading, a place where you cannot rely on conventional things "the travel is not easy going from point to point".

    • Word count: 715
  24. In "Journey's end" RC Sheriff shows a variety of ways in which the characters behave as they face stress and horror of trench warfare.

    He uses Hibbert (a young officer that had been at war for roughly 6months) to show the way in which some soldiers reacted. The way Hibbert is seen to react is frowned upon by all others, and then presents the opposite view, Stanhope, who, despite being the stereotypical 'perfect' soldier, still has his moments of fear and self-doubt. Although clearly, both the officers and the men involved in World War I lived in awfully hard conditions. The men refer to the poor food, the rough sleeping conditions and also the rats, of which there are "about two million", according to Hardy (a character appearing at the start of the play).

    • Word count: 801
  25. In Journeys End R C Sherriff skilfully orchestrates a complex pattern of tensions. Trace the development of these at key moments showing how they are dramatically effective.

    Osborne, 'Uncle' to the company members was second in command, just as capable and a lot older than Stanhope. Although he does not like to admit the fact that he is just as capable, it is out of pure loyalty to Stanhope and the amount of lovingness that he holds for Stanhope as we see, when he defends Stanhope in a discussion, "He is called a drunkard, just because he has stuck it out until his nerves have been battered to bits." The new member of the company is Stanhope's fianc�e's little brother and an old school 'chum' of Stanhope's.

    • Word count: 1963

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