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GCSE: The Glass Menagerie
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Despite this, Jim turns out to have illusions as well. His long winded speeches reveal his insecurities of not coming far in life since high school and his fear of getting left behind by democracy. He latches onto things that he believes will propel him along into the future industrial developments, public speaking and radio engineering. Just like the other characters in the play, he is trying his hardest to survive in the outside world. His fears and insecurities are covered up by his confident and boisterous demeanor, as well as his attempt to boost Laura's confidence.
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Poverty is what is keeping them there. However on the other hand they can escape reality through staying at home, but they cannot escape their own family within the apartment. Tom Wingfield is the narrator of the play, but also the son of the family. Tom hates the apartment, his mother and the fact that he is the one who has to work at the warehouse to take care of the family since his father left. Tom's escapes from the family can be related to the fire escape, the movies, and last but not least Tom's expected departure.
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Escape There was no time. The only way out was the window. He ran to it, hotly persued by a thick dust cloud
The chaos came to a sudden stop. Craig's body tried to carry on, forcing his head into what was left of the piece of floor that was now ceiling. He rubbed his neck as he looked up at the four floors that he had fallen through, amazed that he was still alive. He worked out that he was on the ground floor. He looked again at the piece of floor that had saved his life! Craig's senses began to come back as he noticed he was struggling to breathe through the thick dust cloud that choked in the air.
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Explore the treatment of deception in "The Glass Menagerie" The term 'deception' is defined as the distortion of reality or employing tricks, ruses and
To end with, Laura and Amanda are also seen conversing in sound proof glass. Now that it is obvious that they are living in a world of deception, I will go on to elaborate on how this world of deception works. In the play, the characters deceive themselves, particularly Amanda. Amanda deceives herself various ways. She lives in the world she wishes to remember rather than her present world. She rants about the number of gentlemen callers there were in Blue Mountain while constantly boasting about her popularity amongst them.
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High Fidelity This film is built around different top 5 lists. The protagonist Rob Gordon (John Cusack) lets us into his life and through his depression
first break up. Then eventually as his depression and self-analysis develops, flashbacks are used and we go to the beginning. This is where he begins to show us the start of his top 5 all time break up list. The film soon jumps back to where it left off and as Rob continues to describe his thoughts and feelings as he begins to show us more and more about his life. Frears uses a restrictive narrative so we don't have any more knowledge about the break ups than Rob.
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She only wants what she thinks is best for her children. In the 'Glass Menagerie' this can be a strength and a weakness. Amanda believes that gentlemen callers will be chasing after Laura and she constantly reminds Laura that she should be prepared. She blindly believes that these gentlemen callers will arrive which is a strength because she tries to boost Laura's self confidence. The reality is that there are no gentlemen callers. The weakness of the situation is that Amanda is living in a dream world where she believes that her supposed love life in her youth will be born again through Laura.
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For Amanda the past represents her youth, before time worked out its dark alchemy. Memory has become a myth, a story to be endlessly repeated as a protection against present decline. She wants nothing more than to freeze time; and she in this mirrors a region whose myths of past grace and romantic fiction mask a sense of present decay.(Bigsby 38) Although Amanda recognizes that their situation is desperate, she refuses to take reality as it really is, as far as it concerns her kids, Tom and Laura. She is unable to accept them as they really are.
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which means 'where are the snows' and 'where are the snows of yesteryear?' this emphasises the idea that Amanda is longing for the past. She then begins to tell her children- and judging by Tom's reaction, for the hundredth time- of her youth and her many gentlemen callers and how wonderful her life was. The Glass Menagerie is a very static play, the audience do not leave the two rooms of their apartment and the characters lives are so uninteresting the highest point of the play is when a gentleman comes to the house for dinner.
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She can also be seen as a person who is frustrated and is angered by people who try to stand up to her and fail to comply with her demands. Her name Amanda means "worthy of being loved" conversely it can also mean that if she is deprived of loving regard that she can be a totally evils person, a witch as in Tom's words. For Example" You will hear more, you-", "I'm not through talking to you" the first quote has the word "will" written in italics suggesting that it is said in a harsh voice indicating the dominating effect of Amanda.
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Consider The Criticism That The Glass Menagerie Is A 'Clever Juxtaposition Of Scenes Rather Than A Unified Play'.
This play, however has no acts, so has no solid structure as such. It is just an arrangement of seven scenes. I believe this was intentional by Tennessee Williams, I believe the structure of the play is symbolic of the structure of the family, it has no real structure and is just an arrangement of people, or if you like, a menagerie. Right from the start in the opening speech of Tom, we are told that the play is a memory play.
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He informs the audience as to the period in which the play is set, that is the thirties. This helps the audience to better understand and relate to the events to come, and gives an idea of the state of the economy at that time; during the thirties in America, there was great turmoil, and the economy was crumbling. He explains that the play is based on memory and therefore has certain unrealistic qualities about it, including the music and the sentimental lighting. Tom also introduces the other characters; his mother Amanda, his sister Laura, the gentleman caller who will appear later on in the play, and of course their father, the ever absent character who is only seen in a large smiling photograph on the living room wall.
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Tennessee Williams also mentions a fire escape, which is added to the sets of the play. This fire escape has great significance, as it is an "accidental poetic truth." The fire-escape leading out of the Wingfield's apartment represents exactly what the name states. It is an escape from the fires of frustration that have "enslaved" the American people. This is why it is an "accidental poetic truth." We are also told that the play is a memory play it has been styled and fashioned in such a way that it constantly reminds the audience that it is a memory play.
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This subconsciously makes you more aware of any slight mention of the glass menagerie. Making you speculate about the significance of this ordinary, but unusual, stage prop. The first mention of the glass menagerie is in the opening description of the stage. This is not of enormous significance, but is oddly described as an "Old-fashioned whatnot". This is an interesting choice of words. <Very particular.> Could this be an early indication to the importance of the menagerie? One could argue that Williams used these words, so that one would interpret the menagerie, as a mother like figure. The words are warmly, and could almost portray security.
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Tom still feels attached to his sister a 'cripple' Laura, for his desertion. Laura's character is symbolised as 'pieces of coloured glass', she is fragile yet still delicately alluring. Tom's desertion is his ultimate betrayal to Laura, yet the key issue is his guilt, Tom is 'more faithful' than he ever intended to be'. While Tom left his 'two by four situation' behind physically, he never achieves true escape instead being 'swept about' like 'dead leaves'. The natural symbolism of being 'torn away from the branches' reinforces the idea that Tom no longer has roots or a stable family to turn to.
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projected onto sheet at back * Becca: This story of a power that went into the world to protect but not possess, to defend but not to conquer. It is the American story; a story of flawed and fallible people, united across the generations by grand and enduring ideals. Becca is centre stage with dim general cover. Becca: We have a place, all of us, in a long story; a story we continue, but whose end we will not see.
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The Glass Menagerie - By paying close attention to detail, describe how Williams creates tension on the part of Tom.
Firstly, Amanda can be very overbearing this causes Tom to be annoyed. Her constant 'nagging' and fussing and his sister can be very hard to bear and brings a great deal of tension to the household, so why is Amanda like that? Like many mothers, she has certain ideas of what she wants for her children. Memories of her own youth and her past life in Blue Mountain and give Amanda determination to force Laura into the same way of life.
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Discuss the statement with reference to the concept of 'sculptural drama' looking specifically at the characters of Tom & Amanda.
However is this true? Our initial impression of Amanda is of a selfish melodramatic woman who cares primarily for self. This image depiction of Amanda is highlighted in Scene two, we see Amanda confronting Laura about not attending 'Rubicam's Business College'. Amanda: 'I felt so weak...Fifty dollar's tuition, all our plans-my hopes' Pg. 14 It is comments such as this that give us these initial impressions of her. We observe her groaning over her lost ambitions her shattered plans without showing any empathy for her daughters physical and emotional disability, 'Ive told you never, never to use that word' (We are also given the impression that Amanda is a women in denial.
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Examining the ways in which stage effects reflect the human emotions in Tennessee Williams' "Glass Menagerie"
The fact Williams uses the word 'weakly' shows that Laura is also weak herself, physically and mentally. If Williams wanted her character to be viewed as strong and confident he would have chosen a different adjective than 'weakly'. He later goes on to use the words 'trembling' and 'unsteadily' when referring to Laura's movement and physical aspects that further depict how he wishes her to be viewed as an unconfident person. Williams often uses screen legends to make the atmosphere of a specific scene more obvious to the audience: "Screen legend: 'Terror!'"
- Word count: 702
Discuss The Ways In Which 'Goblin Market' Introduces Us To Christina Rossetti's Concerns And Style. You Should Comment Briefly On Contextual Issues Wherever Appropriate.
The more common formal structure of Rossetti's verse is replaced with a much less formal one, in which the goblin's hobbling, laughing energy is mirrored in the tumbling irregular metre. Furthermore, the way in which she lists the variety of fruits the goblins have to offer further emphasises their appeal to Laura. As the reader is bombarded with the paratactic piling up of noun on noun, they are hastened along with Laura, towards the succulent temptations offered by the goblin men.
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The Glass Menagerie, written by Tennessee Williams, is a play that is full of various types of themes.
The private world in which Laura lives in is populated by glass animals, such as the Unicorn. Unlike his sister, Tom is capable of functioning in the real world, as we see in his having a job, taking care of his family, and having friends. But, in the end, he has no more motivation than Laura does to pursue a career, get married, or even ordinary friendships, and he prefers to retreat into the fantasies provided by books and especially movies.
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But one day she stayed that little bit too long and got caught tin their trap; she gorged on their fruit, but she still wanted more. But when she went back the next evening she could not hear their cry and fell desperately ill in the ensuing days. She pined and pined away day and night waiting to hear their cry but she never did. But for some reason I could still hear them. It was as if they had got Laura under their spell and were now after me.
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Lawrence in her house, and Tom interrupts to point out that he pays the rent on her house. During scene 3, you can tell that both Amanda and Tom are both aggravated and angry at each other as they continue to interrupt one another as the other is trying to get their point across. It appears that Amanda has run out of patience with Tom as he continues to ignore what she says to him, but Amanda insists that what she has to say is important and that he should be listening to what she is saying. At the same time Tom also appears to have run out of patience with Amanda.
- Word count: 840