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GCSE: The Tempest
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In Shakespearean times this would mean she is in league with evil spirits, this would have shocked the audience as much as intrigued them. Elizabethans were very religious and God fearing. We see this when Elizabeth the first condemns witches and when James the first passed further laws against witchcraft. To ally with witches would be giving yourself to eternal damnation which would seem outrageous to Elizabethans. But on the other hand now a day's audience would assume that she believes in things that are not real, i.e.
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This part of the play is very much like a game of chess, and Prospero is the player. Prospero manipulates how all the characters move to benefit himself, Ferdinand miraculously meets Miranda and falls in love. Prospero could accept their love but instead he forces Ferdinand to do hard labour to "prove" his love for her, he does this even when Miranda begs him not too. This part of the play shows the inequality between men and women, in Shakespeare's time women had no rights. They weren't aloud to act in plays or aloud to have any rights of their own, in Elizabethan times women were "owned" by their fathers or their husbands.
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Shakespeare was inspired by this, and as a result, here sparked the monster-like character Caliban in 'The Tempest', whose name is roughly anagrammatic to cannibal. Shakespeare named the play in a very clever and metaphorical way; 'The Tempest', does not only define the turbulent magical storm at the introduction of the play, but reflects all of the chaos and confusion on the island, which is consistent throughout the play. The chaos starts when a magician named Prospero, the rightful Duke of Milan, has his position usurped by his brother Antonio.
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In what ways does Prospero use (and abuse) his power? Has he learned anything by the end of the play?
"Alack, what trouble was I then for you!" He uses his magic powers to soothe his daughter, casting a spell to send her to sleep after he has told her everything he thought was necessary, this shows his good intentions. Prospero also plays a big part in bringing Ferdinand and Miranda together when he arranges for them to meet after the shipwreck. Ariel leads Ferdinand into Prospero's 'cell' and Prospero claims, "It goes on, I see, as my soul prompts it."
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In turn, this makes Jekyll become very likable, but the side effects become disastrous. At first, he can control his craving for his discovery, though sooner he has unrestrained episodes of turning into the monstrous Hyde, his evil side. The book then pursues Utterson as he investigates with Poole (Jekyll's Butler) of why Jekyll (or Hyde) is spending excessive amounts of time locked away in his laboratory, and not making an appearance for quite a while, and the reasons for his out of the ordinary actions days before.
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Shakespeare has made Caliban the most violent and savage character, but has also given him some of the most beautiful lines in the play to show that he has two sides to him, a split personality. And that he is not exactly as evil as what other people perc
Also Prospero says "thou poisonous Slave". They both hate Caliban Passionately and display this with hateful words. Miranda addresses to the same thing supporting Prospero. This suggests that Miranda and Prospero detest and loathe Caliban, which demonstrates that Caliban has no respect from anyone. However, Caliban is not given an opportunity to give a first impression other people to this for him instead. We hear about him from others before we see him for ourselves, which makes us feel sympathy for him. In contrast to what Miranda and Prospero feel about Caliban. We hear Caliban speak for himself in Act 1 scene 2.
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How is the theme of magic presented in Act 1 Scene 2 of The Tempest and Act 5 Scene 1. What was the Elizabethan attitude to magic at the time?
They then arrive on a strange magical island, Prospero learns magic over the time, and Miranda, his daughter grows up, Prospero then gets King Alonso & Antonio & Gonzalo & other servants to come to the island by causing a storm when they are on a boat. He then talks to them, and he realises that it is better to forgive them rather than just get his revenge on Alonso & Antonio, so Prospero forgives Antonio & Alonso & and he thanks his old friend Gonzalo for all his help.
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It is appropriate that everyone is on stage at the end of the play, as it allows us to see the returning of power to whom it belongs. Earlier in Act 5 scene 1, Prospero reveals himself and even before he demands for the return of his dukedom "my dukedom of thee...thou must restore", Alonso offers it to him "thy dukedom I resign and do entreat thou pardon me my wrongs". It is hence; perhaps inappropriate or surprising that there is very little conflict between the characters and order is restored easily, even though they are all on stage at once.
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name, whether it be an anagram of "cannibal" or if it originates from 'Carib", which is a term for the savage inhabitants of the New World. Here Shakespeare has purposely given him a name relating to two different things which makes the audience consider his character before he has even entered the stage. Prospero, left to his own devices on the island, learns much about how to control nature, the elements and people and immediately, selfishly becomes the 'ruler' of the island.
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'An exploration of the ways in which Shakespeare presents the theme of ambition, linked to at least three scenes in the Tempest.
Prospero also demonstrates a great understanding of himself, the use of "better", "greater", "master" show that in Prospero's mind, his Dukedom is to the fore of his thoughts, and he continually returns to this idea of reclaiming his rightful place as Duke of Milan. When Miranda and Ferdinand fall for one another, they believe it was out of their own free will. However it was Prospero who devised their meeting. He allowed Ferdinand to be stranded away from everyone else after the shipwreck - enabling him to think that his companions had drowned.
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Explore Shakespeare's presentation of Caliban in The Tempest. How far do you accept that he is a "thing of darkness"?
These views have all depended on the era and it's views at the time. In the Enlightenment years (about 100 years after The Tempest was written) Caliban was seen as a beast but in the Romantic period (around the time of the French Revolution) Caliban was seen as a curiosity but also as natural and as a marvel. Coleridge wrote that "The character of Caliban is wonderfully conceived: he is a sort of creature of the earth...Caliban is a noble being: a man in the sense of imagination".
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'The Tempest' is centrally concerned with the themes of control and power. How are these themes developed through the major character of Prospero?
Shakespeare often uses a storm in his plays as a prelude to a transition from one phase of life to another. An Elizabethan audience might have been aware of tempests in the bible, in which they represent good destroying evil. The life-threatening sea storm in The Tempest symbolises Prospero's God-like capability to control the elements, and through them 'undo the evil which had been perpetrated against him and his daughter' (York Notes Advanced - Loreto Todd). In effect, both the audience and the characters aboard the ship are put through fear and noise by the storm "roarers."
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Explore the theme of transformation in 'The Tempest '. Show with particular reference to Prospero, how the characters in the play undergo change.
This love soon transforms into a scrupulous master and we see how he controls his two slaves, Ariel and Caliban. In the instance of Caliban he asserts, Prospero: For this, be sure, tonight thou shalt have cramps, Side-stitches that shall pen thy breath up... (The Tempest, I.2.326-7, William Shakespeare) Using blackmail and threats, he keeps his slaves on top of his requests, however he does love Ariel and is constantly praising her good work, by the end of the play the spirit is freed, whereas Caliban is regarded as a "Abhorred slave".
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The Tempest is set on an Island in the Mediterranean giving it a most mysterious and magically remote atmosphere. I found it easy to move into the dream versus reality theme of the play, as the setting was very much imagined and fairytale-like. The storm was very dark and dreary, as Boatswain describes it, "Blow till thou burst thy wind, if room enough!" (Shakespeare, 3). It would continue on as long as there was nothing to stop it, it would simply rage harder and grow faster and more powerful.
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Other examples of freedom are of being free of the island and in the Kings case, free of feeling guilty for exiling Prospero, an innocent man. The definition of Authority is "the power or right to enforce obedience", which is exactly what Prospero does throughout the play, he "enforces" people under his control. It is in the very first scene where the sailors are being put through the storm where the theme of authority arises for the first time. A complete role reversal occurs and the authority of the king and his men is almost completely taken away by the Boatswain.
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"The Tempest is full of magic and illusion. Consider the effect this would have on a 17th century audience and a 21st century audience. How might the magic and illusion be presented today?"
This shows that Miranda knows about Prospero's magic. She may not know everything that he does with his powers, but she knows that he does have supernatural powers. This storm is the beginning of a plan that Prospero has thought up to wreak revenge on his enemies. The plan involves a lot of magic. After being stranded on the island for 12 years, Prospero has had time to perfect his powers and to dream up a plan, a plan that never could have taken place without the storm.
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She says: "I should sin To think but nobly of my Grandmother; Good wombs have born bad sons." This quotation expresses her disbelief in the feat of such a good and honourable woman producing such an evil son. We can see just how much love Prospero has for Miranda when Prospero tells the audience, about when they left Milan on an unworthy boat, in a storm, when Miranda was quite young. Prospero says: "Thou was thou did preserve me." The word "preserve" seems to show that even when he was crying and groaning, Miranda was what kept him going, kept him determined to survive.
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The Tempest Written By William Shakespeare - How does the opening scene capture the audience, introduce themes and characters and sustain interest bearing in mind the construction of Shakespeare's theatre?
Alonso gives the audience the impression that he is worried, but is also kind and caring. 'Good Boatswain, have care.' Alonso is the king of Naples. Antonio and Sebastian however are rude and shall always put their safety before the kings. 'Hang, cur, hang, you whoreson insolent noise maker!' This shows inconsideration and rudeness. Gonzalo is happy and humorous. He is the peacemaker. He is also loyal to the king. 'The king and prince at prayers, lets assist them, for our case is theirs.' Finally in the ending scene Prospero has the success of control. Ariel reports the troubled state of the King and expresses compassion for Alonso, Sebastian and Antonio, and they wait for Prospero's judgement.
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That?s a brave god and bears celestial liquor (2, 2)? From this situation, it is evident that Caliban is a person whose fears does not get in the way of knowing people. From what briefly happened, I can tell that he is opening minded about people. Claiming that, ?The spirit torments me,? to calling Stephano, ?A brave God,? who in his eyes, offers heavenly beer, takes a person who can trust. To put trust into people has many great aspects ? much strength, but in this case, his trust was later taken on as a weakness.
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