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GCSE: Educating Rita
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Her real name is Susan but she changed it to Rita after the author Rita Mae Brown who wrote her favourite novel, 'Rubyfruit Jungle.' Rita's ideal lifestyle is to be educated and become middle class, like her tutor, Frank, who she looks up to. Her husband, Denny, expects her to have a child but she has been on The Pill, and secretly carried on taking it. This is because she wants to discover who she really is before she has a baby, and she plans to do this through education.
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Educating Rita: How does Willy Russell present the development of Frank and of Rita in Educating Rita?
This is evident from what is said in the conversation; "Oh God, why did I take this on?" From this, it seems as if Frank regrets his choice in taking up this job. Why he is doing so, nevertheless, is also revealed throughout his conversation with Julia. Immediately after expressing his regret in taking up the job, Frank answers his own question, "Yes, I suppose I did take it on to pay for the drink". This reinforces what I said earlier about Frank's love for his drink as he has taken on this job for the sole purpose/major purpose of actually paying for his drink!
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Frank represents the way to get into an upper class, to become an educated woman. Both of them have much more in common than it seems at first sight. They both feel dissatisfied with their lives. They both feel the fatal attraction of opposites. Although the end is open and we can speculate about their future, it is certain that both of them have learnt something during the story, both of them have been "educated". ACT 1 - SCENE 1: Frank at University, in a room, with two desks, a window and a paint of a nude religious scene hanging from one wall.
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As the lights come up in Act I Scene I we see that Frank is alone on the stage giving the audience the impression that Frank is a main character, which he is. As well as this Russell has created this to go this way as it shows Frank's presence on the stage - which links back to controlling. Whilst standing on the stage Frank is "holding an empty mug", this is a representation of his life - which is also empty.
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I know that he finds his partner Julia tedious and almost a hindrance, as he does not show any respect for her and is very negative towards her in general. As in Act 1 Scene 1, he states, in a conversation over the phone with her: 'Oh, for God's sake, what is it?' 'You could incinerate ratatouille and it still wouldn't burn.' 'Yes that's it just pop off and put your head in the oven.' These quotations show Frank is perhaps tired and under a lot off stress as he is hurling insults at Julia left, right and centre in this conversation.
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She is also being very talkative she says, "I talk too much don't I? I don't at home. I hardly ever talk at home" which shows she is comfortable when talking to frank which is good for her not to be intimidated by him. Another impression Rita has on the audience is her characteristics of high and she enters the room and continues to move around the classroom.
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know what, he constantly takes the name famous writers and removes some books from the bookcase this makes the audience think what Frank is looking for; as frank retrieves his hidden whisky bottle from the bookcase the audience become eager to find out what influence the whisky bottle has on Frank's life because he hides the bottle within his bookcase implying he doesn't want people to see it. Also the actions and dialogue of both the characters also give us clues about the characters personality as when Rita walks in she is swearing and shouting this implies she is not
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What?" This also shows their differences and examples of different experiences. When Rita sees the picture on the wall, she uses inappropriate and obscene language; "there's no suppose about it. Look at those tits... do y' think he wanted to turn people on?" This makes Frank feel uncomfortable but shows that Rita appears to be a confident woman who is unafraid of speaking her mind. In her conversation with Frank, Rita also uses slang " I was dead surprised" This is due to the area she was brought up in and implies to the audience that it was possibly due to her lack of education.
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At the beginning of the play Rita makes an entrance by bursting through the door, which can be seen as the struggle in which she has gone through in her life. As soon as she walks in she notices a picture which Frank has not noticed in ten years. This shows Rita's enthusiasm compared to Frank. From the way they both address the issue you can tell that they come from very different backgrounds. Frank says the picture is "beautiful" but Rita says "it's very erotic" We can tell from this that Frank is a cultured man who sees past the vulgarity of the picture that Rita sees.
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Frank is a cynical middle -upper class university lecturer in English literature in his early fifties. Frank is an alcoholic with one failed marriage. At present he is in a rather difficult relationship with Julia. He has achieved some mild success as a poet but has been disinclined to write for quite some time. He has also admitted to being an appalling teacher. He is completely bored in life. Furthermore we know that Frank has almost given up on himself because each aspect of his life is failing; work, relationship, uninspired to write any poetry, therefore fills his time consuming large amounts of alcohol.
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the language and the style of the author Frank McCourt within his two memoirs "Angela's Ashes" and "'Tis".
Angela's Ashes - 'Tis "Angela's Ashes" and "'Tis" are autobiographical memoirs written by Frank McCourt about his childhood from his early years in Limerick, through his adolescence in New York. Both memoirs are charactarized by various aspect of style. The stages in Frank McCourt's life have been reflected in different styles within these two memoirs in parallel with his aging. McCourt maintains his unique writing style by using humorous tone and writing with a perspective of a little child but more significantly, by using a colloquial language. Frank McCourt uses a colloquial and informal language throughout both of the books.
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In what way is this scene, Act 1, Scene 1, a good introduction to the play's main characters? Do you think Willy Russell has made his opening dramatic and entertaining? In 1985, Rita White started an Open University
Frank is introduced to the audience as an alcoholic because the curtains open showing him looking for a bottle of whiskey in the bookshelf. He believes that the solution to forget about work and his troubles; is to drink. "....They expect us to teach when the pubs are open. I can be a very good teacher when I'm in the pub, you know. Four pints of Guinness and I can be as witty as Widle." Page 26 Frank knows that he has a drinking problem: By saying "I don't need determination to get me to a pub" and "I was
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Is Frank a character in his own right in 'Educating Rita' or does he function only to support Rita's character?
There is also the fact that Frank feels repressed by his middle class status and drinks from the said mug as almost sign of rebellion, because it's not the 'done thing' for a middle-class individual to drink any spirits used in socialising from a mug. But Frank's repression from his middle-class status actually does play a very large part in the 'development' of his character and to a certain extent, actually plays a part in the plot of the play.
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How does Rita's character change and her relationship with Frank alter during the course of the play?
She hides this by being cocky and in your face. She barges into Frank's office harassing him about the "bleeding' handle on the door" testing Frank with her swearing and reference to the "tits" on his religious painting. She later admits that this is because she's nervous, but because the start is so memorable, the audience are struck by the change in Rita at the end. Although Frank is taken back by her brash behaviour and tries to counter it and take control with long words, like "embrace a more comprehensive scholarship" you can see him warming to her.
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The mismatch between Rita's language and academic setting provides a great source of humour throughout the play. Rita's accent and dialect clearly sets her apart and so does the constant swearing and joking. At times however, it is her lack of knowledge that marks the difference: "Do you know Yeats?" says Frank. "The wine lodge?" comes the reply. (Act one, scene one) Both characters are dissatisfied with their lives and each has a sense of being incomplete in different ways. Rita feels that she needs to "find herself" before she has a baby. She is obviously bright and quick-witted but missed out on education because studying was "just for whimps"(Act one, scene 2)
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Educating Rita - Explore how the director develops the complexities in these characters and their relationships with each other.
Rita is already married to a man called Denny but with an already weak relationship things got a lot worse when she started to study because he didn't like her getting an education - thinks she should stay at home and have children, and as Rita spends less time with him they start to grow apart. With a low ability of reading and writing and no experience of a higher level education Rita finds Open University hard at first but soon learns and becomes a good student.
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that there is a remote access link nearby by remote access via the internet using his internet browser built into either his laptop or computer. Before computers he was required to store all of his reports in folders but now he is able to save the work onto the computer onto the hard disk, compact disks and onto floppy disks. In many sporting grounds and stadiums Frank is often able to take advantage of a "pay as you go" Internet service; he is able to plug his computer into these ports and if he wants is able to give the report to the Guardian news desk in real time.
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Discuss how Willy Russel uses language and dramatic devices to convey the relationship between Frank and Rita in his Play
The study is in a northern University in which Frank teaches mainly students although Rita is an exception. She is a middle-aged woman looking for an education. She is confronted with Frank and sets about getting the education she wants while making new discoveries, good and bad, about life. Setting the play in one room, means that the audience experience a very close dramatisation of the characters and how their relationship develops. They are continually confronted with just Frank and Rita, being the only two characters in the play, changing and introducing their own backgrounds and close family and friends.
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I will also discuss the symbols Russell uses to symbolise changes (in her and the relationship), such as clothing and occupation and how the relationship changes throughout the play. During the early scenes of the play, we are first met by the two characters. Frank is immediately seen to be in control of the relationship, as Rita looks up to him and needs him to help her attain her goal. She has respect for him because she sees him as her way to become educated.
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The choice of staging such a play in only one room makes everything seem important. The play is made more intimate and personal because there are only two characters ever seen. This selective choice of location for the scenes enables the audience to concentrate exclusively on the characters. The traditional Northern University is significant because it shows how times are changing. The University is opening to additional students, and not just the straight degree students. The Open University is enabling people to have a chance at education while other things go on at the same time.
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He warned her that if she didn't stop seeing Frank and didn't get off the pill, they would break up. The disagreement between both caused the rupture of their relation. (Scene 8 - p.69) I got home from work, he'd packed me case. He said either I stop comin' here an' come off the pill or I would get out altogether. It was an ultimatum. I explained to him. I didn't get narked or anythin'. I just explained to him how I had to do this. He said it's warped me. He said I'd betrayed him. I suppose I have.
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She also believes herself to be well read and thinks that she knows real literature. To show this she changes her name from Susan to Rita, which was chosen after the author Rita Mae Brown. She thinks this author is well known but actually she writes pulp-fiction books. This action illustrates Rita's lack of literacy awareness and misjudgement of what she believes is real literature at the time. Another problem which holds her back from being educated at the beginning is her family, especially her husband, Denny, who is absolutely against her taking the open university course and would prefer her to stay at home and start a family because that is what is expected of her at her age.
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No, I'm not being out of order. And at least I don't pretend I fancy Stiff, like some girls. The other non-poser, Frank Patel, is very different. If you live in Redbridge you'll know Frank Patel's name. Find it every week on the sports page of the Ilford Recorder. Frank breaks about two district records an hour and that's on an off day. Yet, he never boasts or shows off or poses. Doesn't need to, I suppose. He also rarely attends parties or club nights or anything social because he's always training. Bit of a mystery boy really, a mystery boy with big muscles.
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She saw the panic in her boyfriends eyes rise then explode like a river bursting its flood wall. A drop of saliva dripped from the beast's sharpened fangs, landing on her face, as he lunged his head into her boyfriend's neck, excitedly gorging on his youthful flesh. She turned her head away as if it would help escape the terror, terror she never thought possibly existed, flow through her boyfriends face. As she saw the blood running like red rivers in the snow and felt the last glimmer of life ebb away from the drained, limp body above her, she closed her eyes and knew her time had come.
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In 'Educating Rita' Russell writes, "education gives you a choice" - How does Russell illustrate to the audience the change in Rita as a result of her choosing education throughout the play?
(Act 1:2) When she was younger she did not realise that the choices she made then would affect her life when she was older. She was mainly concerned with fitting in and being the same as her friends. "See if I had started to take school seriously I would have become different from my mates an' that's not allowed." (Act 1:2) This shows that education does give you choice as if Rita had chosen to study at school she would probably have a better job and be in a different situation to which she is in at the beginning of the play.
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