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GCSE: Roald Dahl
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The stories which I have chosen to explain how the writers keep the reader involved and interested in the story are "The Landlady" by Roald Dahl "Lamb to the Slaughter" by Roald Dahl and "The Flypaper" by Elizabeth Taylor
Taylor also maintains the readers contemplation at the beginning by showing Sylvia`s mother has passed away this is shown in the opening of the third paragraph "Since her mothers death Sylvia had grown glum and suller". It makes the reader want to know how Sylvia managed life when she was an orphan, and managing life without her mother. I think this is a very good technique Taylor has used to keep the reader fascinated and involved in the story, this is also shown in the quote "since her mothers death her life had taken a sharp turn for the worse
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In my opinion 'The Speckled Bands' setting creates far more atmosphere than 'Lamb to the Slaughter' due to the wild animals that roam loose around Stoke Moran, we know this as Ms. Stoner says '... and he has at this moment a cheetah and a baboon, which wander freely over his grounds', this create a dangerous and mysterious mood, and mystery is enforced by the broken and boarded windows. However in 'Lamb to the Slaughter' the setting is an average home 'The room was warm and clean, the curtains drawn, the two table lamps alight-hers and the one by the empty chair opposite...'
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The stories "Lamb To The Slaughter" and "A Vendetta" will be compared and contrasted within this essay. The two stories are about ordinary people whose lives change after something unpleasant arises
Through her pent up anger she he hit him with the frozen piece of lamb, showing her stress, anger and hatred; gently swaying Patrick fell over dead. She followed on, by leaving for the grocers to buy vegetables, which consequently made the man behind the counter her alibi. She comes home yet she weeps as a consequence she called the police. Cunningly she convinced the police to eat the weapon, therefore wiping out the evidence. In the story "A Vendetta" Mrs Saverini's son Antoine had been man slaughtered by Nicolas Ravolati after a quarrel at a local pub.
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She refers to them as a famous duo, company them to 'Dempsey and Tunney', 'Churchill and Roosevelt'... famous boxers and politicians respectively. Billy notices the stuffed animals and he starts to think the worst for the pervious guests. "There wasn't a blemish on his body" were they murdered? She even says there are "on the 3rd floor". Initially the theme of lamb to the slaughter is rejection because the husband tells her marriage is over. We never know exactly why. It then became revenge when she kills her husband she then becomes scared and her character changes.
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Consider the conventions of murder mystery and examine the uses that Conan Doyle and Roald Dahl has made of them
They do their job very well as they think quickly; have good ideas and good observation. They find the speckled band at the end and so solve the mystery whereas in 'lamb to the slaughter' the detectives leave a loose end as they don't know who committed the murder so they don't solve the mystery. In 'the speckled band' we know that Holmes is a great detective by the way that Watson describes him and his actions when he says 'I had no keener pleasure.......the problems submitted to him' on the first page.
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"It is fear, Mr. Holmes. It is terror." All the characters in "The Speckled Band" are melodramatic and we can almost predict what they will do next. Sherlock Holmes is the brilliant detective who easily solves complex riddles and puzzles. "There is no mystery, my dear madam the left arm of your jacket is splattered with mud in no less than seven places...there is no vehicle save a dog cart which throws up mud in this way." The villain in the story Dr.
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In this essay I will be comparing and contrasting the stories of the Vendetta and The lamb to the slaughter. These two stories are about revenge. I will compare and contrast the way revenge is presented in both stories
'her first instinct was not to believe any of it, to reject it all.' What Patrick said must have affected Mary strongly, even giving her the 'desire to vomit'. Before Patrick had told her his news, Mary seemed content and comfortable. I think Mary started to suspect something wasn't right when Patrick told her to sit down. He acted strongly by saying it twice, Almost begging her to 'sit down, just for a minute, sit down'. It was at this point that Mary got scared. Although as soon as he had told her she just went into a state of denial and carried on getting the supper.
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from the detectives point view, from the victims point of view, or from the murderers point of view. Due to the different times that the two stories, I have been asked to analyse, were written in the demands of society would be totally different, causing actions and responses to be different. The 1800's expressed a repressed society for women. Their lives were limited and activities often had to be supervised by, whereas the late 1950's, the feminist movement was at a high, offering women greater opportunities and high demand for equality. Both stories offer different points of view, 'Lamb to Slaughter' the story tends to come from the murderers point of view, Mary Maloney, and how she plans to cover up the murder of her husband.
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This was a time when England was a terrible place to live. Crime was high in the slums of London but when the Sherlock Holmes stories began to appear attitude started to change. Sherlock Holmes became the perfect detective as he cracked every case and always defeated evil. The setting of the stories reinforces 19th Century morality. The murder it self is set in an old mansion in the countryside "A picture of ruin". 'Lamb to the Slaughter' however is portrayed as being set in modern Ireland in an ordinary house with an ordinary couple.
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At first we see Mary Maloney as a gentle, loving person but we later find out she is capable of murder. We don't like thinking that we are a bad judge of character but this is the way Roald Dahl wanted. Roald Dahl writes nearly all his stories with a twist in them. He has a particular style of writing that lulls the reader to think one thing but to later twist that belief. My first impression of Mary Maloney was a happy woman with a lovely husband. "Mary Maloney was waiting for her husband to come him from work."
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In the story, Mrs. Maloney was a very loving and caring person before she killed her husband and she was also pregnant, which makes it more of a mystery for the detectives, because they would never think twice that the suspect was Mrs. Maloney. Mrs. Maloney kills her husband and then quickly goes to the shops, so that the shop keepers could be her alibis. She comes home again and calls the police, claiming that she came home from the shops and found her husband dead on the floor.
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A little later perhaps, when she felt better, she would move.' The characters are portrayed very well in this story. Mary Maloney seems to be a very reserved woman at the beginning of the story and seems to dote upon her husband and uses him for company. You take this idea from the story when it is said that she waits for her husband to get home from work. 'Now and again she would glance up at the clock, but without anxiety, merely to please herself with the thought that each minute gone by made it nearer the time when he would come.'
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What are the similarities and differences between 'A Speckled Band' and 'Lamb to the Slaughter'? What effects did the writer use to make you want to read more?
Both writers, Sir Arthur Conan Doyle and Roald Dahl use various effects to make the reader continue reading. In 'Lamb to the Slaughter' the story is about Mrs Mary Maloney who appears to be a loving housewife but turns out to be a psychotic killer. This story concentrates on the killer unlike other stories, which are either about the detective or the victim. This way of telling the story encourages the reader to continue reading as the story is told in a different viewpoint from other detective stories.
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We are taken back eight years to a case they solved. They were visited by a lady called Helen Stoner who explained her story from the moment her mother died to the most recent events. From there the story is slowly built up until the climax at the end when the case is solved. Conan Doyle is able to engage the reader by the affect of drama and atmosphere using short staccato sentences to convey excitement, movement and speed. Dynamic verbs such as 'rush' and 'groping' emphasises this. He is able to make the reader want to carry on by uncovering each clue one by one putting together the puzzle.
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Compare The Signalman by Charles Dickens and Lamb to the Slaughter by Roald Dahl. Consider how the writers' create suspense and the influences of the writers' backgrounds.
This effects the reader's expectations of the stories. From reading the opening of Lamb to the Slaughter we expect that the story is going to be quite amiable this is ironic because as you read on you come to see how it is the exact opposite. However from reading the opening of The Signalman we expect that the story is going to be quite eerie and mysterious. We also get this idea from the description of the setting, for example in The Signalman it describes the setting as "the glow of an angry sunset."
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Patrick her husband, is a policeman. Their life is boring and repetitive; they have drinks each night before cooking dinner. Until one day Patrick comes home and tells Mary he is having an affair and wants a divorce. Mary kills Patrick by hitting him over the head with a frozen leg of lamb that they were going to eat that night. Later she cooks the frozen leg of lamb and feeds it to the policemen investigating the case. Thomas Hardy the author of 'The Withered Arm' who lived in a town called Wessex from 1840 to 1928.
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How far are The Speckled Band and Lamb to the Slaughter typical of murder mysteries? How are the stories the same and how are they different? Compare the ways in which the stories are told.
We studied another murder mystery aswell, a Jonathan Creek episode. This was a typical murder mystery, it was set in an old house, obviously there was a murder, there was a red herring (to throw the detective off-course) and the detective explained everything at the end. This story is very much like 'The Speckled Band', because in both stories all of the above happens and also something mysterious happens (in the Jonathan Creek story, the victim is found laying on the stairs with his hands under the door even though he was murdered and thrown on the floor at the
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observe the second half of a return ticket in the palm of your left glove' The great detective is also extremely clever, this is so he can spot a red herring from a mile away. He is always one step ahead of everyone else. Now I'm moving on to talk about Sherlock Holmes' trusty companion Watson, Watson is less observant and less clever but he always reliable. Watson is the person who always asks for the explanations at the end of the story, once they have solved the mystery.
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Write a comparative essay about two stories you have studied - Compare characters, theme, language and similarities and differences - Roald Dahl The landlady, and Wilkie Collins The Terribly Strange Bed.
The landlady shows Billy to his room and then asks him to go to the living room and sign in the record book and have a cup of tea with her. Billy thinks that she is lonely and just looking for some company. Billy notices that there are two their names in the book that seem familiar to him and strangely that she has only had 2, other male guests. Then Billy notices she has only had two other male guests.
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as he turns to leave, he notices the B&B sign in the window and is held by it and forced to walk up to the door and ring the bell. This turns the story around from a completely normal every day story to one full of mystery and strange events. I enjoyed this bit because it is really effective by making you want to read on. You want to find out why the sign draws him in and what is going on in the house to make it seem so mysterious.
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Looking at two short stories you have studied from mystery genres and discussing the similarities and differences between them.
There is a detective or someone trying to find out who the killer is. There is the victim(s) who is or are killed by the killer. The murder is a mystery to people in the story or even in some cases both the audience and characters. There is also a weapon usually involved used by the killer to commit the crime. There is also a plan that the killer uses to try and not get caught or to do the killing. The stories of the mystery genre use many of the conventions, which I have stated above.
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Both 'Lamb to the Slaughter' and 'The Speckled Band' share some characteristics of murder mysteries - What are the similarities and differences between the two stories? Did any of the stories make you want to read on more than the other?
He has a love for keeping strange animals, such as a baboon and a cheetah. Dr Roylott is someone you could class as a typical villain. He is described as being, 'so tall that his hat actually brushed the cross bar of the doorway' and that he was, 'marked with every evil passion.' This type of villain is typical of a 19th century story. The victim's sister, Helen Stoner, is the lady who summons Sherlock to solve the mystery of her sister's death. 'Lamb to the Slaughter' is slightly different. There is a slight twist to the story, which Roald Dahl has been known for in the past.
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It contains a number of short stories, mostly written in different styles. One thing that is common in all of them, is that they contain a funny taste of humor, we could define as 'black humor'. The title of the story 'Lamb to the slaughter' already gives away the possible plot of the story; we know that a lamb is somehow going to be involved in the story and might be of help in the crime. Roald Dahl cleverly describes the two main characters in a way to make us sympathize with the murderer.
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Furthermore, this technique is used to add to suspense. We do not know what the criminal will do next, whether they will commit again, whether they will be found out or whether the criminal will buckle under the pressure and give himself or herself up. In 'The Tell Tale Heart', the criminal buckles under the pressure and he gives himself up. The murder he committed eats him up inside and at the point where the police inquire about a murder he explodes into panicked screams, 'I admit the deed!
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When they leave the court there is an angry mob one of which pushes one Adam's win in front of a bus he is then killed and the other brother cries but no one knew if the innocent was dead. In the C.W. there is no convicted murderer until the husband a year later investigates his wife's death by ringing his late wife's mobile number and discovering some evidence to convict the murderer from the woman who answers the phone.
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