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GCSE: Roald Dahl
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This essay is a comparison of two short stories 'Lamb to the Slaughter' and 'The Speckled Band' by highlighting the techniques that make it classic or not a classic crime novel.
The detectives are not very professional as they are all persuaded to consume alcohol while on duty. Unlike Holmes they do not click how the murder was devised even when it is right under their noses. Sherlock uses clues such as the milk saucer, the poison and the whistle to come up with the theory of a snakebite killing Julia Stoner. The detectives in 'Lamb to the Slaughter' had many clues such as when Mrs Maloney is speaking to Sam the grocer: 'I got a nice leg of lamb from the freezer.' It does not occur to the detectives that the leg of lamb is a club shape suitable for causing the blow to the head and being frozen will be as hard as steel.
- Word count: 987
the killer got away with the crime whereas with the speckled band it is a mystery you are left to unravel by your self. There is still a certain aspect of wander to lamb to the Slaughter we know the woman killed her husband because of something he said we are left to think what could he has said to make her do something so drastic also we wander wither she will get away with the murder.
- Word count: 522
Compare and Contrast the two short stories Lamb to the slaughter(1954) and The Adventure of the Speckled Band (1892).
When we first see her in the story she was wearing black, veiled and grey haired. She was shivering and terrified "we could see that she was indeed in a pitiable state of agitation, her face all drawn and grey, with a restless frightened eyes, like of those of some hunted animal", "the lady gave a violent start", "It is fear, Mr Holmes. It is terror." The murderer in 'The Speckled Band' was Doctor Grimesby Roylott. He was a violent man who had a bad and short temper "In a fit of anger, however, caused by some robberies which had been perpetrated in the house, he beat his native butler to death".
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The Detective Genre. A comparison of characters, setting and atmosphere, and the endings in the two short stories, "The Speckled Band" by A Conan Doyal (Pre 1900) and "Lamb To The Slaughter" by R Dhal (Post 1900).
He has "Bile shot eyes" This means that his eyes are a disgusting pale green colour. His eyes are like windows into his soul and because his eyes look evil it reflects what he is like inside. He has a boney nose, which makes him look like he has a beak for a nose. He is described as being very violent and aggressive. Helen Stoner, his stepdaughter tells Sherlock Holmes, Dr Roylott is "Absolutely uncontrollable in his anger" This shows he is violent. An example of his violent temper is when he battered his butler to death.
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In this essay I will be looking at two stories one written in the nineteenth century "The signalman" and the other in the twentieth century "Lamb to the Slaughter".
ask them self who is this woman waiting why is she so happy, but Dickens on the other hand wants the reader to think who is this shouting who is this person telling the story, both beginnings make you want to read on. Dahl creates suspense by building the scene and using a lot of adjectives, this helps build up the suspense very well. Dickens builds suspense by keeping the characters very secretive so the reader is always asking questions so they will read on this I think is a very good way of building suspense.
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Both Lamb to the Slaughter and The Speckled Band share some of the characteristics of murder mysteries: Explain the similarities and differences between the 2 stories and say which story is more compelling to read.
The way Lamb to the Slaughter is told is also very different to that of the Speckled Band and any typical murder mystery. The whole story focuses around a normal, everyday person, Mrs Maloney, who in this case, is the murderer. Whereas your typical murder mystery would have the whole story revolving around either the victim, of the detective solving the case. Because of this, the whole story is put into an entirely different perspective and the character you relate to and understand is the murderer.
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His stories are about the famous detective Sherlock Holmes set in late Victorian and early Edwardian England. The speckled band is about a man, Doctor Grimesby Roylott who tries to kill his stepdaughters using a poisonous snake to climb through a ventilator and down a bell rope so that he does not have to pay for their weddings with the inheritance that his late wife gave him. Sherlock Holmes and his companion Doctor Watson investigate this crime and prevent Doctor Roylott's stepdaughter, Helen Stoner from being killed by staying in her bedroom and hitting the snake. But the snake went back into Doctor Roylott's room, biting and killing him.
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"Examine How Two Different Authors have used the Detective Story Genre in Different Ways and to different effects"
Of which contained India, and so to show off Britain's supremacy and exploit the "Jewel in the Crown" as it was referred to, it was put in literature to make more fantastical. The crime in "The Speckled Band" uses a secret passage, a ventilator to be exact. So it uses a form of puzzle, this is to intrigue the reader and make them think and solve. However, in the "Lamb to the Slaughter", the criminal act is again simple and not complicated, it's more rational.
- Word count: 2290
Compare 'Lamb to the Slaughter' with 'The Speckled Band', assessing their effectiveness as examples of detective stories.
However, in 'Lamb to the Slaughter', Dahl diverts from this typical structure, but still makes it effective. At the end of the story the mystery remains unsolved. In this story we get the satisfaction from knowing that Mrs Maloney has probably managed to get away with her crime. I believe the aims of the two writers were therefore very different. Doyle aims to solve mysteries and satisfy his readers in an age where crime was greatly feared. I think Dahl's aim was to make a comment on how crime has become so common in modern times and how people - including the detectives in the story - have become so used to it that it has almost become an accepted, everyday part of life.
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Paying close attention to the author's use of language, compare and contrast at least three elements in the short stories "The Speckled Band" by Arthur Conan Doyle and "Lamb to the Slaughter" by Roald Dahl
It is in first person narrative and told as seen through the eyes of Dr Watson, Sherlock Holmes's accomplice. Lamb to the Slaughter is told in third person narrative. Both stories contain complex and detailed words and sentences they have different target audiences. The Speckled Band is more serious than Lamb to the Slaughter and is aimed adults whereas Lamb to the Slaughter creates a humorous approach to murder which broadens its audience to teenagers and adults. The motive of the two stories, are also different. Lamb to the Slaughter shows a humorous approach to murder whereas The Speckled Band creates tension and atmosphere.
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They describe Dr Roylott by using words that relate to animals and words that describe big and old, for example huge man, large face, wrinkles, evil passion and bile-shot eyes. On the other hand they describe Mary Maloney as a quite women for example "Her skin for this was her sixth month with child had acquired a wonderful translucent quality, the mouth was soft." Mary Maloney's behavior was very different from Dr Roylott's as the way they describe Mary Maloney as she is a normal house wife who doesn't work and wouldn't hurt a fly.
- Word count: 789
Both "Lamb to the slaughter" and "The Speckled Band" share some of the characteristics of murder mysteries. Explain the similarities and differences between the two stories and say which story you think is more compelling to read.
Words such as excitement capture the mood` of the opening. The "excitement" compared with the "tranquil" lamb to the slaughter evidently makes the speckled band more appealing to read at the beginning. The opening to the Speckled Band has a much higher tempo to it and is more compelling to read. The reader is witness to the murder scene in lamb to the slaughter "she swung the big frozen leg of lamb high in the air as hard as she could".
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Compare "Lamb to the Slaughter" and "The Speckled Band" commenting on any differences I have noticed in Setting, Content and Characterisation.
When she is told some news from her husband, Mary hits her husband with a leg of lamb, which results in his death. As she knows what the consequences will be, she does everything in her power to hide the truth. In Lamb to the Slaughter, the third person, which is Dhal narrates the story. It is written in the present tense, to give the impression that we are in the room witnessing the events unfolding. Although they are both detective stories with the same genre, there are some similarities and differences to be noted. The first being, the murderers.
- Word count: 2711
Compare and Contrast Wilkie Collins' "A Terribly Strange Bed " to Roald Dahl's "The Landlady ". Which Of The Two Stories Do You Prefer To Be The Most Successful Horror Story?
The narrator in "The Landlady" has written n the first person. The boy doesn't realise he is in danger, which creates tension by the reader wanting him to get out. In "The Terribly Strange Bed", the writer is using an old style of writing, which is more difficult to read that "The Landlady" and it also has a lot of description and long sections to it. In "The Landlady", the writing is more recent, and much easier to understand. It is also much shorter and with much less descriptive writing in it.
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Gertrude Lodge is mentioned on the first page of The Withered Arm although she does not make an appearance in it until the second chapter. She is the new wife of Farmer Lodge and is an upper class woman. She is described by the milkers as being 'years younger than he' and we learn that she is attractive through the description that Rhoda's son gives his mother, 'she 's very pretty - very. In fact she's lovely'. She is kind and charitable as is shown when she offers Rhoda's son a new pair of boots and by her concern about him carrying a heavy load from market.
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being the stereotypical housewife, and waiting for her husband (Patrick Maloney) to return. He returns; he has to tell her something tells her and she starts acting strange. She carries on as normal and goes to prepare dinner. She gets the giant leg of lamb and clubs him to death with it. She then makes her alibi whilst the police search for clues. Ironically they end up eating the only clue. 'The Speckled Band' being written in 1892 and 'Lamb to the Slaughter' being written in 1954, shows that the difference in dates written makes a difference for the choices made by both the authors.
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'Captain Murderer' is strung together clich� and complex sentences, with unusual vocabulary. "... A coach and twelve, and all his horses were milk white". This is exactly a phrase that anyone would expect to see within a fairytale. "Lamb to the "slaughter" is built on a foundation of 'simple' everyday language. The structure of each piece is very different. 'Captain Murderer' has no surprises to what the story holds. The title gives the plot away. 'Captain implies that there is a pirate within the story. Centuries ago Pirates were seen as outlaws full of anger, violence, and evil.
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One of the main parts of a story is the setting. Both of these stories have two different major settings where the plot takes place. In The Whole Town's Sleeping, which takes place in Illinois, the first place you first meet is Lavinia's home. There, she feels secure and comfortable. "Home. Oh safe at home. Safe, safe and safe at home!" (The Whole Town's Sleeping, 56). This fragment of the short story is of great importance because it explains Lavinia's personal feelings towards her home, which later will turn out to be wrong.
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In this essay I intend to compare and contrast 'Lamb to the Slaughter' by Roald Dahl written in 1950 and 'The Speckled Band' by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle written in 1883.
They are not so bright. They eat the evidence. They are paid. They are manpower opposed to mental power. The criminal in The Speckled Band is Dr. Roylott. He appears to be a typical example of a classic villain. He is bad tempered, clever but not on the level of Sherlock Holmes. A Doctor by profession, Ironic that someone trained to cure people should be a murderer, "When a doctor does go wrong he is the first of the criminal". He loves money and will do anything to get it. He murdered his butler in India. His wild animals are a metamorphic expression of his character and personality e.g.
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Compare and Contrast Roald Dahl's Lamb to the Slaughter and Arthur Conan Doyle's The Adventure of the Speckled Band.
She starts as a kind and loving housewife, and ends up as some sort of almost psychopathic killer. There are many cultural differences between The Adventure of the Speckled Band and Lamb to the Slaughter. We can see many technical advances in Lamb to the Slaughter because of the differing time setting. The Adventure of the Speckled Band has dogcarts, veils and frock coats. Contrasting with this, Lamb to the Slaughter has freezers, cars and ovens. In The Adventure of the Speckled Band, women are regarded as helpless and cannot make decisions.
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Comparing 'Lamb to the Slaughter' written in the mid-twentieth century, and 'The Speckled Band' written in the 19th century.
The manor of Stoke Moran is the kind of place that you would expect to be the setting of a murder mystery if you read the description. While Stoke Moran is the typical setting of a murder mystery, the Maloney house isn't. The setting for the story is a warm 1950's family home, belonging to Mr and Mrs Patrick Maloney. Dahl starts the story with a short description of the setting. 'The room was warm and clean, the curtains drawn, the two table lamps alight, hers and the one by the empty chair opposite.'
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In this essay, I am going to compare and contrast the two murderers, Sir Grimesby Roylott in 'The Speckled Band' with Mary Maloney from 'The Lamb To The Slaughter'.
It is not however, for the best reason. He is a doctor, a profession that carries respect and trust. He would also be well educated and calculated to carry out most tasks for his patients in this caring profession. Maloney differs on the other hand; she is a housewife who just keeps a clean house whilst her husband goes out to work. She is further presented as a serene, loving wife, who is six months pregnant. She loves her husband and follows whatever he has to say. She enjoyed a good life as we gather from the text: 'For her, this was a blissful time of day'.
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Compare the two stories 'The Signalman' by Charles Dickens and 'Lamb to the Slaughter' by Roald Dahl.
When the police come, she offers them to eat the lamb to hide the evidence. Roald Dahl is famous for writing unrealistic children's books and also short stories. Charles Dickens is famous for writing realistic stories about society and problems, which were mainly novels. Lamb to the slaughter is typical of the nineteen where women were expected to clean, cook and wash at home as the men of the nineteen fifties worked and came home expecting dinner and a clean house. Roald Dahl wrote Lamb to the slaughter in 1954, which would make the stories slightly different to each other because they were written in two different centuries.
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The stories I have been studying are 'Lamb to the Slaughter', which was written by Roald Dahl in 1954 and 'The Speckled Band' written in 1892 by Sir Arthur Conan-Doyle.
At night, the Doctor releases a snake into Helen's room, but Holmes manages to turn it upon the Doctor, who the snake kills. Both of these stories are murder mysteries and both involve detectives, but the two murderers are very different. Dahl wanted Maloney to be seen as a caring, loving person and a perfect wife, who loved her husband so much that she couldn't stand the thought of being without him. She is distanced as far away from the stereotypical murderer as is possible, being as she, is a heavily pregnant woman.
- Word count: 1516
Both 'Lamb to the Slaughter' and 'The Speckled Band' share some of the characteristics of murder mysteries. Explain the similarities and differences between the two stories and say which one you think is more compelling to read.
The opening to this story in a way prepares us for what is to come, whereas in Speckled Band the mystery is brought in slowly and we do not expect what comes. I think Lamb to the Slaughter is more appealing at the start. The reader of Lamb to the Slaughter would get a 'will the murderer get away with it' effect. Lamb to the Slaughter is different to Speckled Band as it does not give out clues to the murder it goes straight into it.
- Word count: 3899