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GCSE: Wilfred Owen
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Commentary. The topic of DULCE ET DECORUM EST is the pain and hurt soldiers of World War I go through
As the poem goes on, we see the soldiers dying due to gas grenades as they head back and the way they die is shown in detail ?drowning? ?helpless? ?chocking, drowning? ?blood?. The final part of the poem switches from past and plural to present and singular tense as the speaker moves from an army in battle to a single soldier (speaker) when the speaker says: ?it is sweet and becoming to die for one?s country?. The literary devices included in this poem to underline the theme include: Imagery, Repetition and Similes.
- Word count: 657
the rhyme scheme of ?Dulce and Decorum Est? is ABAB ?Sacks, sludge, backs, trudge?? Furthermore both poems use similes even if there are more similes in ?Dulce es Decorum Est? to make the reader more aware of the horrific situation but at the same time these similes describe the pathetic and disorganized conditions of the soldiers in war. Owens uses similes to express a word as a figure of speech- ?Knock-kneed, coughing like hags? is used to recount the reader the horrific conditions of the soldiers in war they were treated like animals, never having abundant time to rest.
- Word count: 1755
The poem?s overall tone illustrates that Owen despises endorsers of war who do not take into account the full outcome of war and sympathises for the soldiers who may not know what lies ahead of them. The octet in the poem consists of no mourning, it is set to only focus on what is happening on the battlefield. In the first quatrain of the poem Owen is using personification to imply that there is no reinforcement, there is absolutely nothing religious or godly about death.
- Word count: 858
The fact that it was a ?saddening...hymn? it gives us funeral imagery which reminds us of the lost young lives. The words, ?dark?, ?shivered?, ?ghastly? and ?grey?, as shown in the first stanza, reveal how isolated he is. This is a contrast with the second stanza, where ?Town used to swing so gay? and ?glow-lamps budded in the light blue trees?, this creates an atmosphere of romance and excitement. This suggests that this feeling of happiness will merely be a memory and something he will not feel again.
- Word count: 1358
The poem opens with a vivid description of trench life and the conditions faced by soldiers. In the opening line of the poem readers are introduced to the solders and the way in which the war has affected them. The stanza begins with the simile: ?Bent double, like old beggars under sacks? Owen is describing the soldiers as so tired that they cannot even stand up straight. It also shows that the uniforms are now tattered and hanging off them.
- Word count: 1824
? the repetition of ?sh? in ?Shall shine? and of g in ?glimmers of goodbyes?. Owen very effectively uses sounds to mirror his emotions. The poet uses very descriptive language and enhances it with rhetorical questions and juxtaposition. The rhyme is abab cdcd efgg. Poet uses present tense to show it is a recent and immediate topic. The first stanza is slow paced with the use of a lot of punctuations. The octet focuses on the happenings of the battlefield and the circumstances under which the young soldiers die. It also particularly deals with the sound on the battlefield.
- Word count: 1225
Owen has been praised for his bleak realism, his energy and indignation, his compassion, and his high technical skills. Discuss the validity of this assessment.
He has lost part of his arm and both legs. The sentence is disjointed, and the syntactic awkwardness of the phrase mirrors the injuries he has received, the distortion of his body, and we feel pity for the young man?s situation. The words ?Legless? and ?at elbow? are sibilant and harsh which reflects the reality of his situation, putting plainly his inadequacy. ?Voices of boys? that sound as they finish a football match makes the soldier feel sad, as he is reminded he will never have that liberty, again instilling a feeling of pity for him.
- Word count: 1517
Another theme in the poem is death. The theme of death is not surprising at first, since it is wartime and people die during war, but these people are dying because of the cold. The war in the poem is practically nonexistent. The speaker constantly talks about dying, like the time he asks, "Is it that we are dying?" Or when he says, "For love of God seems dying." Clearly, these people have no hope whatsoever. A very important theme, God, is also present in this poem.
- Word count: 778
The drowning is significant because the soldiers are drowning in gas and in reality people drown in water which could also show that Owen could be drowning as he watches these helplessness bodies drown away. Owen also tells us how the men are in pain and mentally and physically unable to walk and carry on in the war, ?All went lame; all blind, Drunk with fatigue; deaf even to the hoots of tired, outstripped fine-nines that dropped behind.? This shows us that the men could no longer walk and have to suffer even when they are tired, but also so
- Word count: 655