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GCSE: John Keats

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  1. Keats. In the poems To Autumn, a lyrical portrayal of the season itself and La Belle Dame Sans Merci, a literary ballad featuring a despairing knight in a fairytale plot,

    The theme of nature is used to help appeal to the reader in both poems. In 'To Autumn', for example, ''And fill all fruit with ripeness to the core;/To swell the gourd, and plump the hazel shells/With a sweet kernel' portrays the sense that Autumn is seen a season of ripeness, calm and beauty by the poet. In addition the long vowel sounds in 'To Autumn' make it melodic as the words flow quite slowly and smoothly. and Then in 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci' the nature is used as pathetic fallacy; 'The sedge is wither'd from the lake,/ And no birds sing.'

    • Word count: 718
  2. La Belle Dame Sans Merci

    Both women have an overpowering beauty that the men wish to last forever. One is kept alive through a dream and the other through literature. 'Shall I compare thee' compares the loved one's beauty to the beauty of a summer's day shown in line one; 'Shall I compare thee to a Summers day?' The poet shows that the lady is more beautiful than summer for many reasons. The use of the symbol : in line four shows that the points will be explained.

    • Word count: 783
  3. Ode To Psyche Commentary

    Psyche meant 'soul' and Keats's poem emphasizes on the personal issues of religion and worship, regarding Psyche. The last stanza is the most important in the entire poem as it shows the poet's thoughts and feelings, enhanced by visual imagery as he describes his emotions with the help of nature and words. He talks about a mysterious, unknown forest, filled with expanding branches of pine trees, creeping up the precipices of mountains that provide a peaceful atmosphere to the altar to be built for Psyche.

    • Word count: 987
  4. analysis of "when we two parted" by John Keats

    They part with only half broken hearts as in the next line which is "with half hearts broken to sever for years". From this we see that they still have hope of meeting and reuniting even if it means after a long time. The grief can be seen on their faces which have grown pale and cold as in the line "pale grew thy cheek cold". This is because of their grief and sorrow. People also become cold when they lack emotion and it later becomes evident that though the poet was probably "cold" because of grief, the one he was parting with wasn't so for the same reason.

    • Word count: 1086
  5. The Ode is used as a poetic form for philosophical contemplation. Compare two odes by Keats in the light of this observation

    Despite the fact of his deteriorating wellbeing, Keats continued to delve deeper into love and time. His mental understanding of what lies beyond was perhaps something that I could never even begin to contemplate. His dying wish was to have the words: "Here lies one whose name was writ in water," on his gravestone when he died on 23rd February, 1821. Writing his most famous odes in his dying years was a sign of great character; I think that being able to face such a prospect of dying young, his mind matured faster than that of others.

    • Word count: 3463
  6. Compare the Way in which the Romantic poet Keats presents paradox and contrast with close reference to at least three poems

    The odes were his most personal forms of poetry. Because of his life; the death of his brother, his diagnosis of tuberculosis, and his experience of rejection by women, his poems include negative capability. This is the ability to contemplate the world without having to understand the principals behind what you are seeing; the philosophy of his poems. In Keats' letter to his brothers, December 1817, he wrote, "I mean Negative Capability, that is when man is capable of being in uncertainties, Mysteries, doubts, without any irritable reaching after fact and reason."

    • Word count: 2961
  7. jonh keats

    The first phrase that struck me was "for a long dreary season, comes a day," which suggested to me that something had happened over a long period of time, and also that a day of rest had finally appeared. One word that particularly interested me was "dreary," because dreary is a mood of unhappiness and dullness. Another line that gives me this feeling is "the anxious month, relieved from its pains."

    • Word count: 594
  8. Write an appreciation of 'To Autumn'. Consider poetic techniques, use of imagery, diction, rhythm etc, appeals to senses, the effectiveness of the poem for the reader, must be hand written.

    An example of this is line 2, 'Close bosom-friend of the maturing sun.' This I believe means that Autumn is in cooperation with the life giving sun to ripen the crops. Also he compares Autumn and Spring through personification by saying, 'Where are the songs of Spring,' and, 'thou hast thy music too.' Both these seasons have been personified which shows that maybe Autumn is not Mother Nature, but that each season is a different person with a different personality. As an example this could mean that Summer may be uncomfortable climatically, whereas Autumn may have a great climate.

    • Word count: 754
  9. Analyse the first chapter of Keats "To Autumn"

    The consonance of the m, l and s sounds in the line first line of the first stanza, "Season of mists and mellow fruitfulness," sets the melancholic tone carried throughout. The alliteration of "mists," and "mellow," and the internal rhyme of "mists," and "fruitfulness," enables the reader to associate each word with the other so where fruitfulness would usually be seen as a positive act of nature is juxtaposed by the modifier "mellow," to create a somber tone. The first sense of constant change is brought about through the personification of the "maturing sun."

    • Word count: 571
  10. Keats' popularity stems from his ability to engage the senses and take us away from our mundane lives to a better place. How far do you agree?

    Homer was in fact an ancient Greek poet who wrote 'The Iliad' and 'The Odyssey'. 'On first looking into Chapman's Homer' illustrates the themes of exploration and discovery which is shown through traveling. "Realms of gold" used in the opening of the poem shows discovery as it is a metaphor for Homer's writing. The sonnet is divided into two different ideas. There is a clear transition between the octet and the sestet, taking the reader through Keats' adaptation of Homer's experiences. The theme of exploration dominates the octet. It creates a metaphor of the poet as a literary adventurer as it describes Keats' knowledge and understanding prior to reading Homer's poetry.

    • Word count: 1388
  11. Keats gains inspiration from many sources, the most important of which is the natural world. Explore the varied poetic uses Keats makes of nature in the 'Ode on Melancholy' and 'Ode to Autumn'

    Negative images are displayed, "No, no" telling you not to reject melancholy but learn to accept it. Poisonous plants are mentioned showing the idea of suicide, "wolf's-bane" and its "poisonous wine" suggests death and sickness through imagery of colour and the idea of pain. The first stanza urges you not to try and escape pain but to learn from it. Poison is referred to again in the final stanza in order to show Keats' connection with the natural world. He refers to a bee sipping nectar, a very common and in fact pleasurable thing for a bee yet it is vastly turning into poison.

    • Word count: 1757
  12. La Belle Dame Sand Merci

    The poem starts with a question. ' O what can ail thee, Knight-at-arms' asks the speaker to the knight, as he is 'palely loitering' in a barren site. The knight is lacking life and vitality. Similarly, 'the sedge is wither'd' and 'no birds sing'. The hill mirrors the knight's lifeless and pale state. The anonymous speaker focuses on the physical and emotional condition of the knight. He says that the knight is 'haggard' and 'woe-begone', thus the knight seems to be lacking vital energy possibly because of life and work, he seems to be worn out.

    • Word count: 1402
  13. A particularly powerful portrayal of nature. Examine the techniques the poet uses in order to present nature to the reader and say how effective you found the depiction of nature to be." 'Ode to Autumn' is a pastoral poem written by John Keats

    The very first line of the poem states that autumn is a "season of mists and mellow fruitfulness". This idea is continued throughout the stanza by Keats' use of words such as "swell" and "plump", which all suggest that the fruits of the plants and trees have become fully-grown and have matured. The impression of maturity in nature is repeated in the same stanza as Keats refers to the "maturing sun". This evidence creates the notion that autumn is a time of richness and opulence as the fruit is always plump and ripened. It could also be seen as a time of readiness since the ripe fruit is at its best and is ready to be eaten.

    • Word count: 1128
  14. This paper is a critical analysis of Keat's piece,

    2. Abstract This paper is a critical analysis of Keat's piece, "To Autumn". It also compares and contrasts the interpretation of the work by critics and the casual reader. The writer first analyzes the title and examines how this connects with the rest of the poem. It then takes the poem stanza by stanza and looks at the different ways that these can be read by both the layman and people experience in criticizing poetry. From the Paper: "When deciding on what poem to explicate, John Keats' To Autumn came to mind due to its seasonal theme and its lush lyric-like lines that roll off the tongue.

    • Word count: 1230
  15. Ode To Autumn", John Keatsa) This poem is an excellent portrayal of a term dismissed as being either "too cold" or "too windy" to be classed as a special term

    ode, as it is a term for the year later on in its cycle, and it is aged and is effective because of that. The second stanza directly addresses the autumn, and uses pronouns such as "thee" and "thy". These suggest a respect present between the poet and the Term, with a familiar feeling creeping in as he says "Thee sitting carelessly on a granary floor". This is an effective image, the poet seeing the term as being wheat or cereal on the floor, where it usually is at the time this poem is set.

    • Word count: 949
  16. Analysis of Keats' 'Ode To Autumn'Arguably Keats' greatest ode is 'To Autumn'. The poem features many a Romantic quality, particularly through its use of sensual

    All three consist of eleven lines, and each stanza starts with an alternate rhyme scheme. The poem is written in Iambic Pentameter. Stanza one represents the beginning of not just autumn, but of a day, and most importantly of life. Keats describes autumn as the season of "mists"; this could be seen not only as a description of autumn, but also of the morning. This consequently enhances the idea of the beginning. Stanza one uses an abundance of tactile imagery to help the reader share Keats' appreciation of autumn. Keats uses personification to amplify the greatness of the season, comparing it to a "close bosom-friend" of the sun; he describes it as a season of "ripefulness", the implication of growth and health.

    • Word count: 697
  17. Rousseau stated that 'I felt before I thought' captured the spirit of the Romantic Movement. Referring in detail to one of Keats' poems, illustrate the qualities which make Keats a Romantic poet.

    In 1811 Keats became the apprentice of an apothecary and it was during this time that he became particularly interested in poetry. In 1815 he left his apprenticeship to take up medicine at Guy's Hospital. Within a year, however, Keats had abandoned this profession for poetry. He soon became part of a group of writers including the famous Romantic poet Shelley. Keats' first collection of poetry was published in March 1817, but did not sell well. Following a tour to the Lake District in 1818, Keats returned to find his brother Tom dying.

    • Word count: 2052
  18. Compare Keats's poems 'To Autumn' and 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci'

    There is an apparent sign of death and illness in both poems, in 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci' the night is describes as pale, and much of nature has been destroyed or damaged, perhaps due to the climate approaching winter, 'Alone and palely loitering? The sedge has wither'd from the lake, And no birds sing.' The significance of the disappearance of the birds and animals suggests that because it is nearing winter, the birds have flown south to migrate. There is a sheer sense of completion in 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci' for the reason that the harvest is done, and the squirrel has collected all of his food that will get him through the change of season.

    • Word count: 874
  19. "Consider La Belle Dame sans Merci and To Autumn by John Keats"

    Throughout the poem it describes the knight's feelings and what he sees. It ends very openly as we are not sure whether it all really happened or whether it was a dream. The nature of the poem is very deeply described and even the people included in the poem are compared to nature, 'she found me roots of relish sweet.' The knight in the poem suffers from symptoms such as, 'alone and palely loitering,' the paleness is a symptom that is a sign of TB so maybe Keats is saying that he is the knight.

    • Word count: 1347
  20. 'To Autumn', 'Autumn' and 'October Dawn' that each of the poets has different opinions and feelings on Autumn and they also interpret Autumn in their poems in different ways too. The three poets John Keats, John Clare and Ted Hughes

    In all three of the poems weather is a key part in all of the poems and is stated often. In the poem 'To Autumn' the sun is mentioned as a 'close bosom-friend of the maturing sun' by this I believe he is saying that the sun and autumn work together to make it look beautiful and grow all the fruit to perfection. John Keats mentions a lot about the wind in his poem and says 'thy hair soft-lifted by the winnowing wind' I think this means that the wind is gentle and it lightly blows and picks up things swiftly and softly.

    • Word count: 1148
  21. To autumn

    'to plump the hazel shells with sweet kernel'- make them better and crunchier and more ripe. 6. 'to set budding more and still more, later flowers for the bees' to make spring happen again and attract bees. Their clammy shells- shows that the bees are full of energy This could also mean that the flowers are full of pollen. * 'until they think warm days will never cease' the bees are being tricked, they think its wonderful, but then they'll suddenly die.

    • Word count: 821
  22. Comparing Wordsworth and Keats' Romantic Poetry.

    Both these poems are Sonnets and in iambic pentameter so a regular rhythm is created throughout both poems. The rhyming scheme of "CUWB" is "ABBA, ABBA" in the fist few lines just like "OTS". The poems differ in the rhyme scheme at the end "CUWB" is "CDCDCD" while "OTS" ends witha rhyme scheme of "CDEDEC" a more complex scheme reflecting more complex ideas. Throughout the poem Keats repeats some sounds, like echoes in the sea, he creates this effect by by repeating the letter S. Wordsworth uses alliterantion too to emphasise the idea of the cities Majesty. Take, "sight, so, its" "houses, seem, asleep" which is designed to persuade us and to create a greater impact on the reader.

    • Word count: 1106
  23. Compare how nature is presented in two Romantic Poems

    So, even when we are happy, we think of bad things. However, the skylark is always happy and always looking on the bright side of things. In addition, it is compared to a glowworm, showing how the bird has wonderful colours, "Like a glowworm golden." It also goes on to say that despite its "aerial hue" or colours the bird is unnoticed to the glowworm when in the air "scattering unbeholden" as it is close to the ground "in a dell of dew" or "Among the grass and flowers, which screens it from the view."

    • Word count: 1890
  24. Compare & Contrast the theme of nature as presented by the poet 'Keats' and 'Hardy'

    The Darkling Thrush by Thomas Hardy is a more bleak, dark, dull poem. The title 'Darkling Thrush' suddenly illustrates to the reader that the poem is written in a dark style of writing. This is shown through Hardy's choice of Diction and his style of writing. Words like 'Haunted, Desolate Hard and Corpse' allow the reader to build an image of an isolated landscape. His strong use of alliteration creates a dull image in the reader's mind examples of this alliteration are 'Dregs made Desolate', 'bine-Stems Scored the Sky' and 'Think There Trembled Through'.

    • Word count: 641
  25. The poems I have chosen to study are 'Abbey Tomb' by Patricia Beer, 'The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock' by T.S. Elliot and 'To Autumn' by John Keats.

    This also implies his frustration that the other monks did not listen to him because his complain is made directly to the reader. With the use of the first person Beer is able to create what resembles a first hand account of the incident, which is being retold to the reader. 'We stood still...staring at the door,' the monks were waiting for the Vikings. 'We heard them passing by...only I could catch the sound of prowling men...everybody else agreed to ring the bells,' the monks then think the Vikings had left and decided to ring the bells; again we see

    • Word count: 1141

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Describe and discuss the following two poems from the course reader: 'When I Have Fears' by John Keats and 'A Minor Bird' by Robert Frost.

    "In conclusion after comparing both of these poems, looking at their formal, structural and linguistic elements, and their thematic contents, I feel that 'When I Have Fears' by John Keats is the more effective poem. I think that this is because the poet, Keats, gets the reader of the poem to look more deeply at the meaning. It is written in the 19th century, and in a more traditional style, and although it is written in the English language, Keats uses some words that are either no longer used today or their meanings have changed since being written. This seems to get the reader of the poem to work harder to un ravel its meaning, where as 'A Minor Bird' was written in the 20th Century and is there fore a more modern styled poem. I think that this is reflected through out the whole poem, it is easier on the eye to read because of the way it is set out on the page, and there seems to be no deep hidden meanings that the poet wants the reader to de-mystify. Because of the rhyme scheme and the way it is set out 'A Minor Bird' seems to me to be almost like a child's nursery rhyme."

  • Compare and contrast the odes we have studied to show the range of subjects covered

    "I found, that the Keats' poems were written in a romantic style, being both very majestic and full of his imagination. In 'Ode to a Nightingale' as he cannot see the ground around him, he imagines it using his other senses. In 'Ode on a Grecian Urn', Keats imagines what the people on the urn were doing when the picture was painted. He reflects on the idea of a thing of beauty living on past his lifetime and he rejoices in the fact that the urn will never change. The people on the urn are frozen in a moment of time forever. This idea is mirrored in 'Ode to a Nightingale', since all nightingales sing the same song, he imagines the other people who have sat, like him and listened to the bird's song, using the idea that the song of the nightingale transcends time. In this way, we see a comparative theme running through Keats' work. This does not include 'To Autumn', which is a much more 'subjective' poem. When compared to 'Ode to a Nightingale' and 'Ode on a Grecian urn', 'To Autumn' seems to be written in a style that is much more narrative, describing the events of autumn. Classical"

  • Compare 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci' and 'To Autumn' by John Keats. Write about the verse from, ideas, structure and language of the poems which do you prefer and why?

    "In conclusion 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci' has all the characteristics of a ballad. It tells a story with a tragic theme and has short verses with a regular rhyme scheme. 'To Autumn' has no narrative but concentrates on rich imagery to describe the season. It has three long verses with a complex rhyme scheme. It is an ode. The ballad uses repetition-contrasting atmosphere and contains elements of the supernatural. The ode has none of these. The ballad is written as a dialogue whereas the ode has only the voice of the poet. Both poems contain rich imagery and sensory appeal but 'To Autumn' does this to a greater degree. Death plays a part in both poems but there is only a hint of death in the title. The poem I prefer is 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci.' 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci' tells a story; this made the poem more interesting for me as it kept me reading to find out what happened to the knight. 'To Autumn' describes the autumn, for me the poem is not appealing and it did not keep me interested. By Lee Baldwin"

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