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GCSE: John Keats

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  1. Keats. In the poems To Autumn, a lyrical portrayal of the season itself and La Belle Dame Sans Merci, a literary ballad featuring a despairing knight in a fairytale plot,

    The theme of nature is used to help appeal to the reader in both poems. In 'To Autumn', for example, ''And fill all fruit with ripeness to the core;/To swell the gourd, and plump the hazel shells/With a sweet kernel' portrays the sense that Autumn is seen a season of ripeness, calm and beauty by the poet. In addition the long vowel sounds in 'To Autumn' make it melodic as the words flow quite slowly and smoothly. and Then in 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci' the nature is used as pathetic fallacy; 'The sedge is wither'd from the lake,/ And no birds sing.'

    • Word count: 718
  2. La Belle Dame Sans Merci

    Both women have an overpowering beauty that the men wish to last forever. One is kept alive through a dream and the other through literature. 'Shall I compare thee' compares the loved one's beauty to the beauty of a summer's day shown in line one; 'Shall I compare thee to a Summers day?' The poet shows that the lady is more beautiful than summer for many reasons. The use of the symbol : in line four shows that the points will be explained.

    • Word count: 783
  3. Ode To Psyche Commentary

    Psyche meant 'soul' and Keats's poem emphasizes on the personal issues of religion and worship, regarding Psyche. The last stanza is the most important in the entire poem as it shows the poet's thoughts and feelings, enhanced by visual imagery as he describes his emotions with the help of nature and words. He talks about a mysterious, unknown forest, filled with expanding branches of pine trees, creeping up the precipices of mountains that provide a peaceful atmosphere to the altar to be built for Psyche.

    • Word count: 987
  4. jonh keats

    The first phrase that struck me was "for a long dreary season, comes a day," which suggested to me that something had happened over a long period of time, and also that a day of rest had finally appeared. One word that particularly interested me was "dreary," because dreary is a mood of unhappiness and dullness. Another line that gives me this feeling is "the anxious month, relieved from its pains."

    • Word count: 594
  5. Write an appreciation of 'To Autumn'. Consider poetic techniques, use of imagery, diction, rhythm etc, appeals to senses, the effectiveness of the poem for the reader, must be hand written.

    An example of this is line 2, 'Close bosom-friend of the maturing sun.' This I believe means that Autumn is in cooperation with the life giving sun to ripen the crops. Also he compares Autumn and Spring through personification by saying, 'Where are the songs of Spring,' and, 'thou hast thy music too.' Both these seasons have been personified which shows that maybe Autumn is not Mother Nature, but that each season is a different person with a different personality. As an example this could mean that Summer may be uncomfortable climatically, whereas Autumn may have a great climate.

    • Word count: 754
  6. Analyse the first chapter of Keats "To Autumn"

    The consonance of the m, l and s sounds in the line first line of the first stanza, "Season of mists and mellow fruitfulness," sets the melancholic tone carried throughout. The alliteration of "mists," and "mellow," and the internal rhyme of "mists," and "fruitfulness," enables the reader to associate each word with the other so where fruitfulness would usually be seen as a positive act of nature is juxtaposed by the modifier "mellow," to create a somber tone. The first sense of constant change is brought about through the personification of the "maturing sun."

    • Word count: 571
  7. Ode To Autumn", John Keatsa) This poem is an excellent portrayal of a term dismissed as being either "too cold" or "too windy" to be classed as a special term

    ode, as it is a term for the year later on in its cycle, and it is aged and is effective because of that. The second stanza directly addresses the autumn, and uses pronouns such as "thee" and "thy". These suggest a respect present between the poet and the Term, with a familiar feeling creeping in as he says "Thee sitting carelessly on a granary floor". This is an effective image, the poet seeing the term as being wheat or cereal on the floor, where it usually is at the time this poem is set.

    • Word count: 949
  8. Analysis of Keats' 'Ode To Autumn'Arguably Keats' greatest ode is 'To Autumn'. The poem features many a Romantic quality, particularly through its use of sensual

    All three consist of eleven lines, and each stanza starts with an alternate rhyme scheme. The poem is written in Iambic Pentameter. Stanza one represents the beginning of not just autumn, but of a day, and most importantly of life. Keats describes autumn as the season of "mists"; this could be seen not only as a description of autumn, but also of the morning. This consequently enhances the idea of the beginning. Stanza one uses an abundance of tactile imagery to help the reader share Keats' appreciation of autumn. Keats uses personification to amplify the greatness of the season, comparing it to a "close bosom-friend" of the sun; he describes it as a season of "ripefulness", the implication of growth and health.

    • Word count: 697
  9. Compare Keats's poems 'To Autumn' and 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci'

    There is an apparent sign of death and illness in both poems, in 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci' the night is describes as pale, and much of nature has been destroyed or damaged, perhaps due to the climate approaching winter, 'Alone and palely loitering? The sedge has wither'd from the lake, And no birds sing.' The significance of the disappearance of the birds and animals suggests that because it is nearing winter, the birds have flown south to migrate. There is a sheer sense of completion in 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci' for the reason that the harvest is done, and the squirrel has collected all of his food that will get him through the change of season.

    • Word count: 874
  10. To autumn

    'to plump the hazel shells with sweet kernel'- make them better and crunchier and more ripe. 6. 'to set budding more and still more, later flowers for the bees' to make spring happen again and attract bees. Their clammy shells- shows that the bees are full of energy This could also mean that the flowers are full of pollen. * 'until they think warm days will never cease' the bees are being tricked, they think its wonderful, but then they'll suddenly die.

    • Word count: 821
  11. Compare & Contrast the theme of nature as presented by the poet 'Keats' and 'Hardy'

    The Darkling Thrush by Thomas Hardy is a more bleak, dark, dull poem. The title 'Darkling Thrush' suddenly illustrates to the reader that the poem is written in a dark style of writing. This is shown through Hardy's choice of Diction and his style of writing. Words like 'Haunted, Desolate Hard and Corpse' allow the reader to build an image of an isolated landscape. His strong use of alliteration creates a dull image in the reader's mind examples of this alliteration are 'Dregs made Desolate', 'bine-Stems Scored the Sky' and 'Think There Trembled Through'.

    • Word count: 641
  12. Analysis of "On First Looking Chapman's Homer" by John Keats

    Some of the allusions are not easy to understand, however through so research one can understand them. Throughout the poem many of the allusions relate to a person in history. For example, in line three Round many western islands have I been which relates to the voyages of Odysseus, the hero of Homer's "Odyssey." Another example, found in line four Which bards in fealty to Apollo hold, And many goodly states and kingdoms seen; Round many western islands have I been all three of these allusions show the high or in some cases holy role of poets in society.

    • Word count: 536
  13. The idea and study of passing of time and shortness of life. Compare the different thoughts and emotions expressed by various Poets on this subject.

    This suggests that when he dies no one is going to remember him and that he is going to be forgotten straight anyway, even though he is a famous poet and he is remembered. This poem is similar to "His Poetrie His Pillar." This is because it is talking about how no is going to remember him. In Robert Herrick's poem, His Poetrie His Pillar, he is discussing how he is afraid that he is going to be forgotten after he is dead but he hopes that his poetry is going to last and that is how people are going to remember him.

    • Word count: 853
  14. In Keats` Narrative Poems We Find A Wide Range Of Subject Matter And Styles, Discuss And Illustrate

    His use of caesura is also very different from traditional poets, as he varies the use of caesura which gives a sense of freedom and not like in Pope where each two lines are a closed unit; it is not as predictable as in Keats` poetry on where he will use caesura and enjambment. In "Lamia" we see the world of Romance and Greek mythology. This is one of the subjects he has based his narratives on in many of his other poems such as "La Belle Dame Sans Merci" and "Hyperion."

    • Word count: 599
  15. Keats, John. "To Autumn."

    While the title implies a progression through autumn, the ode also has references to an aging day, and even personal maturity. The first stanza is brimming with specific vivid visual imagery. The first which relates to the change in the season and day is the "maturing sun." This sun makes the fruit ripen and cause the burst of ripe food for harvesting. He then goes on to describe the outburst of ripening fruit to an excruciating intensity. The apples are so plentiful that the trees bend with their weight.

    • Word count: 617
  16. Critical analysis of 'Ode to Autumn'.

    He describes fruits in this stanza because since autumn is coming there are lots of fruits that will be harvested. Also in the stanza Keats talks about summer. Evidence of this are the lines,' And still more later flowers for the bees.........Until they think warm days will never cease.' These lines explain that it has been a long summer. Keats explains this because always at the end of summer you it has been too hot for to long.

    • Word count: 567
  17. What similarities and difference have you noticed in 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci' by Keats and 'Mariana'

    La Belle Dame Sans Merci is a ballad which means the language is simple, bare and direct. The poem starts off with a kind of 'narrator' for the first few paragraphs. He basically sets the scene. The narrator describes the atmosphere as eerie, desolate and bleak. There was no noise at all, it was very quiet-"and no birds sing." The second paragraph is when the narrator first speaks to the knight. The season is supposedly autumn/winter time. He asks the knight what's wrong with him.

    • Word count: 793
  18. In the introduction to the story (The Nightingale and the rose), the editors say:

    Here Wilde uses a simile to describe the colour seen. This simile is carefully chosen to reflect upon modern life and fairytale imagery. This story uses familiar aspects of fairytales such as repetition and groups of three. "The Tree cried to the Nightingale to press close against the thorn. 'Press closer, little Nightingale,' cried the Tree, 'or Day will come before the rose is finished.'" This is repeated and gives the Nightingale's sacrifice a deserved emphasis. In addition to repetition of speech Wilde also uses repetition to stress other clauses, "Bitter, bitter was the pain, and wilder and wilder grew her song".

    • Word count: 952
  19. Compare And Contrast The Themes Of Time, Life And Death In John Keats' 'To Autumn' and Ted Hughes' 'October Salmon'.

    Ted Hughes seems to prefer the more positive outlook that the salmon's time has not been wasted or, as displayed in 'Work and Play' the swallow is doing something more pleasurable with her time than the humans. When I read 'Ode On Melancholy' it gave me a negative, depressing feel as did 'To Autumn' because of their suggestion that things will end, whereas 'October Salmon' has more positive connotations; 'gallery of marvels', 'primrose and violet' and 'the bloom of sea life'.

    • Word count: 587
  20. Critical Essay on

    There are three stanzas in this poem, each focusing on a different insight to autumn. The poet uses good word choice in the first stanza to bring forward the view of autumn. The first stanza shows everything coming to life and maturity. Starting with the first line, "Seasons of mists and mellow fruitfulness!" This expression shows a sign of joyfulness and the word choice 'mists and mellow' is a use of alliteration which conveys a soft and gentle sound. There is also a plentiful image created by the poet in the first stanza. He uses expressions such as 'to bend with apples', 'fill all fruit with ripeness' and 'plump the hazel shells'.

    • Word count: 999
  21. How does Keats capture the essence of a season in "To Autumn"?

    The sun is 'conspiring with him how to load and bless'. The sun and autumn are working together as a team to ripen the fruit ready for harvest time. The sun is described as 'maturing' as if it is a person reaching the end of its life. This also suggests that the sun dies in winter when it disappears from the sky. Keats also personifies the gnats. 'In a wailful choir the small gnats mourn'. The use of alliteration with, 'seasons of mist and mellow fruitfulness, and maturing sun,' set the scene of the poem with its mellow and relaxed tones.

    • Word count: 646
  22. In 1959 Douglas Bush described 'The Eve of St Agnes' as "no more than a romantic tapestry of colour". Do you agree

    The original version of Keats poem tells more of the sexuality between the lovers, but the publishers felt that the public would not receive it well and so told Keats to tone down the eroticism. Eve of St. Agnes is seen to be one of the most popular poems by Keats and appears in most anthologies as the result. Keats' style is kept within this poem throughout. His wonderful use of splendid language, sharply etched setting and vibrant mood, continue to make the poem one of the most popular romantic tales of today, yet still keeping Keats' trademark of imagination, dreaming and vision, and life as a mixture of opposites.

    • Word count: 747
  23. Keats once said about Byron, "He describes what he sees- I describe what I imagine, mine is the hardest task". To Autumn is evidence of his way of thinking, as the poem is a vivid, lyrical portrayal of the English Autumn as he imagined it.

    The first stanza of the ode is a building process for Keats where he gives us a picture of the landscape, "And fills fruit with all ripeness to the core" "To swell the gourd, and plump the hazel shells". This use of language creates a rather humble and peaceful atmosphere for the reader. It emphasizes the harmony of autumn, and it could be seen as a metaphor for the slowing down of life during autumn. In the second stanza, Keats starts filling up an almost perfect picture with his imagination, moving the background from the ripened fruit to the cider press.

    • Word count: 802
  24. Victorian Poems - how poetry changed alongside wider society

    However, this cadence does not create enlightenment but instead an "eternal note of sadness"! Conversely, Gods grandeur has a higher opening tempo as Hopkins uses a series of vivid imagery to describe the world. The natural world is "charged" with the vibrancy of electricity and filled with the richness of oozing oil; Hopkins is portraying the world as wondrous place but in the second quatrain he asks us if there is so much ever-present beauty: "Crushed. Why do men then now not reck his rod?"

    • Word count: 825
  25. The Nightingale and the rose contains a main character that undergoes the hardship. How does Oscar Wilde sympathise with the Nightingale?

    The Nightingale overhears the student speaking, and feels he is a "true lover", the Nightingale believes the student is a true romantic and believes in true love. The nightingale feels sympathy for the student and goes to find him a red rose. The nightingale must sacrifice her own life for a red rose. The nightingale thinks and decides that "love is better than life, and what is the heart of a bird compared to the heart of a man". This shows that the nightingale is a kind-hearted bird and is willing to sacrifice her own life for true love.

    • Word count: 778

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Describe and discuss the following two poems from the course reader: 'When I Have Fears' by John Keats and 'A Minor Bird' by Robert Frost.

    "In conclusion after comparing both of these poems, looking at their formal, structural and linguistic elements, and their thematic contents, I feel that 'When I Have Fears' by John Keats is the more effective poem. I think that this is because the poet, Keats, gets the reader of the poem to look more deeply at the meaning. It is written in the 19th century, and in a more traditional style, and although it is written in the English language, Keats uses some words that are either no longer used today or their meanings have changed since being written. This seems to get the reader of the poem to work harder to un ravel its meaning, where as 'A Minor Bird' was written in the 20th Century and is there fore a more modern styled poem. I think that this is reflected through out the whole poem, it is easier on the eye to read because of the way it is set out on the page, and there seems to be no deep hidden meanings that the poet wants the reader to de-mystify. Because of the rhyme scheme and the way it is set out 'A Minor Bird' seems to me to be almost like a child's nursery rhyme."

  • Compare and contrast the odes we have studied to show the range of subjects covered

    "I found, that the Keats' poems were written in a romantic style, being both very majestic and full of his imagination. In 'Ode to a Nightingale' as he cannot see the ground around him, he imagines it using his other senses. In 'Ode on a Grecian Urn', Keats imagines what the people on the urn were doing when the picture was painted. He reflects on the idea of a thing of beauty living on past his lifetime and he rejoices in the fact that the urn will never change. The people on the urn are frozen in a moment of time forever. This idea is mirrored in 'Ode to a Nightingale', since all nightingales sing the same song, he imagines the other people who have sat, like him and listened to the bird's song, using the idea that the song of the nightingale transcends time. In this way, we see a comparative theme running through Keats' work. This does not include 'To Autumn', which is a much more 'subjective' poem. When compared to 'Ode to a Nightingale' and 'Ode on a Grecian urn', 'To Autumn' seems to be written in a style that is much more narrative, describing the events of autumn. Classical"

  • Compare 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci' and 'To Autumn' by John Keats. Write about the verse from, ideas, structure and language of the poems which do you prefer and why?

    "In conclusion 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci' has all the characteristics of a ballad. It tells a story with a tragic theme and has short verses with a regular rhyme scheme. 'To Autumn' has no narrative but concentrates on rich imagery to describe the season. It has three long verses with a complex rhyme scheme. It is an ode. The ballad uses repetition-contrasting atmosphere and contains elements of the supernatural. The ode has none of these. The ballad is written as a dialogue whereas the ode has only the voice of the poet. Both poems contain rich imagery and sensory appeal but 'To Autumn' does this to a greater degree. Death plays a part in both poems but there is only a hint of death in the title. The poem I prefer is 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci.' 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci' tells a story; this made the poem more interesting for me as it kept me reading to find out what happened to the knight. 'To Autumn' describes the autumn, for me the poem is not appealing and it did not keep me interested. By Lee Baldwin"

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