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GCSE: John Keats

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  1. The two poems I have chosen to look at are the extract of Summer: The second pastoral, or Alexis by Alexander Pope and the extract from Kubla Khan by Samuel Taylor Coleridge.

    The tradition of the loved one being beautiful, the lover - here the poet - being devoted, and the loved being unobtainable is, here implicitly mocked. He uses Diana, the huntress, who, as a virgin goddess is unobtainable, and Venus who was made to marry the only ugly and deformed god! Using these two examples also mocks the idea that all is perfect between lovers, as Venus was always cheating on her husband, Adonis being one of her other lovers, and the only person to ever see Diana naked, was turned into a stag so she could shoot him.

    • Word count: 4593
  2. Analyse the different attitudes the poets John Keats and P.B. Shelley have towards nature in the poems "Ode To A Nightingale," "Ode On A Grecian Urn," "Ode To Autumn," "Ode To The West Wind" and "To A Skylark."

    Keats therefore shares his obsession with the subject of "silence and slow time." For him, the stagnant picture on the Grecian urn is far more superior to the flux in human life. To John Keats, even the nightingale is an "immortal bird" which has filled entire "generations" with "harmonious madness."(To a skylark.) Thus to Keats, Man is only symbolic to an individual who will one day "grow pale and spectre-thin," but the nightingale represents an entire species which owns both, symphony and "full-throated ease." Another Romantic poet whose ideas coincide with Keats' is Dylan Thomas.

    • Word count: 2800
  3. I will be comparing the poems Lochinvar written by Walter Scott in 1808 and Le Belle Dame Sans Merci written on 1820 by John Keats.

    Poems such as 'Porphyria's Lover' were written during the Victorian movement. One of the main differences between the two poems would be that Le Belle Dame Sans Merci is a ballad whereas Lochinvar uses rhyming couplets and archaic language. In addition Le Belle Dame Sans Merci could be described as being tragic and heart-rending where Lochinvar is the perfect fairytale with the idyllic ending. Le Belle Dame Sans Merci can be considered a ballad because of its tragic content, the inclusion of a knight and the effective use of natural imagery.

    • Word count: 785
  4. In this study I will be comparing the 2 poems, To Autumn and Ozymandias. I have chosen these two poems because out of the four that we have looked at, I have found these to be the most interesting.

    In To Autumn the end of all lines in each stanza do rhyme with at least one other, in this way: 1st & 3rd, 2nd & 4th, 5th & 9th & 10th, 6th & 8th, 7th & 11th. This pattern is repeated in each stanza. Ozymandias is simply a big single stanza; To Autumn however is a poem with 3 stanzas. But these do not really seem to flow together. They rather seem to be almost different poems. Each stanza carries their own message, which I believe, show John Keats views on various things.

    • Word count: 1414
  5. The Eve of St. Agnesis built up of a series of deliberate contrasts. By means of a close examination of three distinct passages, explore Keats' use of contrast in the poem.

    'Full on this casement shone the wintry moon, And threw warm gules on Madeline's fair breast, As down she knelt for heaven's grace and boon; Rose-bloom fell on her hands, together prest, And on her silver cross soft amethyst, And on her hair a glory, like a saint: She seem'd a splendid angel, newly drest, Save wings, for heaven:- Porphyro grew faint: She knelt, so pure a thing, so free from mortal taint.' This stanza brings up some strong colour and religious contrasts.

    • Word count: 1309
  6. A comparison of To Autumn and La Belle Dame Sans Merci on how they present strong emotions and ideas.

    In La Belle Dame Sans Merci Keats presents his ideas quite differently to how he did in To Autumn. The ballad does not open with a relaxing tone; the first paragraph uncomfortably cuts off very sharply. A general comparison that one can make between the two pieces is that the contents of To Autumn are wholesome and natural whilst the contents of La Belle Dame Sans Merci is supernatural and incredibly dream like. Keats deliberately uses archaic language in To Autumn and La Belle Dame Sans Merci; this creates a more poetic effect in the two poems.

    • Word count: 956
  7. Compare 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci' and 'To Autumn' by John Keats. Write about the verse from, ideas, structure and language of the poems which do you prefer and why?

    An unknown speaker wants to know what is the matter with him. This is supposed to arouse suspicion. At the start he is near a lake that is bleak and desolate. "The sedge has wither'd from the lake." The knight is "Haggard," and is miserable. His forehead is moist: "And on thy cheeks a fading rose." These are all symptoms of tuberculosis from which Keats himself was dying. The knight then tells his story of how he met a "faery's child," and they fall in love. The word faery gives you the image that there is something mysterious and magical about her.

    • Word count: 1125
  8. How far do you agree with the views that 'Eve of St. Agnes' shows Keats at his best?

    The poem is loaded with descriptive detail, evocation of the atmosphere of the medieval castle and architectural fancies. There are luscious appeals to the visual imagination, such as Stanza XXIV, containing magnificent images such as, 'And diamonded with panes of quaint device,' and 'And twilight saints and dim emblazonings,' These intensify the perception of beauty and glory and the alliteration used in the stanza, 'deep-demask'd wings', create a sense of intense natural beauty, including the reflection of the intense red use of colour by Keats, often associated with passion. This greatly appeals to the reader's sense of sight and instantly conjures images of richness, vitality and beauty in the reader's mind.

    • Word count: 1481
  9. Commentary: Ode to a nightingale by john keats

    The reality of life is explored through the imagery shown in the first three stanzas of the poem. There is emphasis on the "strength of inner feelings" (English poetry of the Romantic period; pg 364) and this underpins how life is described as "full of sorrow" as life is illustrated as being painful. The drowsy numbness portrayed in the stanza is not the result of any drugs but Keats the reality of life is explored through the imagery shown in the first three stanzas of the poem. The "heart aches, and a drowsy numbness pain" shown in the first stanza are because the poet is aware of the happiness in the bird's song and this becomes painful, it is ironic because the oxymoron shows that the pleasure is so intense that it causes pain.

    • Word count: 1728
  10. Compare and contrast Keats 'Ode of Autumn' with Heaney's 'Death of a Naturalist' bringing out clearly the poet's attitudes and techniques

    . ' He creates a classic picture of an autumn scene, strong (mature) sun, a thatched cottage 'moss'd', fruit vines and flowers climbing up the cottage walls. Fruits and nuts swelling, ripening and opening, the way he describes this, it is almost possible to visualise the scene in the mind's eye. The second stanza opens with a rhetorical question, asking surely the reader has caught sight of the signs of autumn, whether it be 'Thee siting carelessly on a granary floor, Thy hair soft-lifted by the winnowing wind; Or on a half-reap'd furrow sound asleep, Drows'd with the fume of poppies .

    • Word count: 4209
  11. The Eve of St. Agnes has been criticised as building tension but not really fulfilling its potential. How far do you agree with this view point?

    It also creates a sense of inviting warmth from the Beadsman hearing the "...prelude soft; for many a door was wide". It's almost as if the music is lulling him. Tension is created through the use of the contrasting of stanzas I-III against IV-VI: Keats sets the cold, callous environment outside against the warmth within. This can be seen in more detail in stanza IV where the Beadsman can hear the lute and the "snarling trumpets'" welcome the guests. Stanza V introduces us to the idea that Madeline has been thinking about the night to come all day long "...one lady there, whose heart had brooded, all that wintry day, on love, and winged St Agnes..."

    • Word count: 1353
  12. Compare and contrast the odes we have studied to show the range of subjects covered

    In this way, we see a comparative theme running through Keats' work. This does not include 'To Autumn', which is a much more 'subjective' poem. When compared to 'Ode to a Nightingale' and 'Ode on a Grecian urn', 'To Autumn' seems to be written in a style that is much more narrative, describing the events of autumn. Classical references are common to many of the poems we have studied. The 'Ode on a Grecian Urn' is set "In Tempe or the dales of Arcady?".

    • Word count: 1208
  13. Compare the ways in which John Keats in To Autumn and Robert Browning in Home Thoughts From Abroad treat the different seasons

    In To Autumn the author describes the season as if he is actually there. 'To swell the gourd, and plump the hazel shells.' Yet, in the other poem Robert Browning describes spring as if he is looking in from another country into England. 'Far brighter than this gaudy melon flower.' Both the poems give ideas of imagery, To Autumn gives ideas of fruits and the fullness of Autumn. When the poem describes the bees it says how the honey overflows the cells of the bee hive. 'For summer has o'er-brimmed their clammy cells'. In Home Thoughts From Abroad it gives the imagery of how children run about looking for buttercups.

    • Word count: 748
  14. The Women in 'My Last Duchess' and 'La Belle Dame Sans Merci' Represent Two Very Different Kinds of Personality. Through a Comparison of Both Poems, Explain What These Differences are and What Effect the Women Have on the Men Around Them.

    The Duke, to whom she is married to in this case seems to think she is flirtatious in this respect, however, Browning shows us that, although that may seem the case, she is so na�ve that she doesn't realise she is doing that. The character of La Belle Dame is very different. She is very mysterious and powerful. This gives the impression that she may not be real and could, in fact be a fairy. As well as having this powerful side, the woman, or 'faery' as she is called, seems very sinister and inconsiderate.

    • Word count: 1148
  15. "Anyone" could be anyone as in no person in particular or could in fact be a singular entity

    "cared for anyone not at all", they didn't care for anyone- the individual and they didn't care for each other at all. "they sowed their isn't, they reaped their same", as established with the How town, they do not attempt anything outside their known habits " sun moon starts rain", even when natural heavenly bodies change, the towns people do not. Stanza 3 "children guessed (but only a few, and down they forgot as up they grew, autumn winter spring summer)", Cummings sees innocence in children and because of it they have the ability to see noone's love for anyone's individuality.

    • Word count: 991
  16. How Important A Part Did Florence Nightingale Play In Improving The Training Of Nurses In The 19th Century?

    Born to William Edward and Frances Nightingale (in Florence, Italy, hence her name) she was expected to fulfil the usual role of a wealthy young woman, making a good marriage and living a conventional life. But Florence had other ideas: as a child she enjoyed learning and developed an interest in social issues, visiting her local hospital and the homes of the sick. Florence Nightingale brought a new sense of discipline and professionalism to a job that had very bad reputation at the time.

    • Word count: 807
  17. Discuss the way that Keats presents various features of the season in "Ode to Autumn".

    The overall structure of the poem gives a feeling of autumn following on from summer in stanza one, and then autumn leading to winter in stanza three. The first stanza focuses on the ripening of fruit during autumn. In the first two lines Keats describes autumn in three ways; 'season of mists' because it is the time of year when it is beginning to get foggy, a season of 'mellow fruitfulness' as fruit is at its most plump, ripe and juicy in autumn, and finally as the 'close bosom friend of the maturing sun', because in autumn the sun becomes weaker, and the days shorter.

    • Word count: 902
  18. How do the two poets use Visual Description to contribute to their Underlying Theme? - Keats and Hopkins in 'Hurrahing in harvest' and 'To Autumn'.

    has wilder, willful-wavier Meal-drift moulded ever and melted across skies? Looking at the words highlighted in blue this is an Anglo Saxon riddles (a kenning) used to describe the clouds as if they were floating around in the sky and he used these riddles so that he did not have to use the exact words and he also wanted to use them as they were used in Anglo Saxon poems so that he did not have to use rhymes to make the poem flow and instead use alliterations to make it flow and there are many examples of the use

    • Word count: 1106
  19. Comparing The Stolen Bacillus and The Nightingale and the Rose

    The bacteriologist is telling the visitor (not known as the anarchist yet because that would give away the story) that the new bacteria he has discovered is "the cholera germ". The visitor is very interested in this and particularly the destruction that can be caused with it. The writer shows the visitor is interested by making him ask lots of questions related to the topic, for example, "Are these - alive? Are they dangerous now?" and "those mere atomies, might multiply and devastate a city!

    • Word count: 1886
  20. Autumn by John Clark

    Also in this phrase there is the alliteration of the letter 'f'. F is a very drawn out sounding letter which emphasizes the fitful nature of the wind. The next point of interest I can find is the way it says the wind takes the faded leaves from the 'glossy elm-tree'. This implies that the wind is hard working, which is a contrast to the previous image we were given of it. This makes me think that the wind has both a playful and serious side, much like humans.

    • Word count: 674
  21. Compare and Contrast the Poets’ View of God in O Loss of Sight and To Autumn

    O Loss of Sight has more awareness of God, mainly because John Milton was a Puritan, believing in the existence of God. Even so, the acknowledgement of God in Milton's poem is a bitter and angry acceptance. Although, like Keats, he does not directly talk to God, as Milton, but the poet addresses God thorough the voice of Samson, the 'hero' of his epic: "the prime work of God". Milton, like Samson was blind later in life, and in these particular lines, Milton writes that the most desirable thing God created - light - has been taken away from him.

    • Word count: 1808
  22. Compare and analyse the poems of Keats (“Ode to Autumn”, “Ode to a Nightingale”) and Wordsworth (“The Prelude” [extract]), with reference to the social, historical or literary background of the Romantic period.

    He uses a lot of dark imagery to convey this depiction, referring to the mountain as a "grim shape" that "towered up between me and the stars" and was "huge and mighty". In Ode to a Nightingale, Keats again implies that nature is good. The nightingale, which represents a part of nature, is considered a friend by Keats ("Darkling I listen", "I have been half in love with easeful death", "And with thee fade away into the forest dim") in spite of the fact that it also represents death.

    • Word count: 1905
  23. Compare and contrast Wordsworth’s “The Lucy Poems” with Keats’ “To Autumn”. In what ways are these typical of Romantic poetry?

    In "The Lucy Poems," Wordsworth shows his emotion and love towards an unknown girl called Lucy. His emotion is written in his poetic words describing her and the background countryside. "She dwelt among the untrodden ways Beside the springs of Dove, A maid whom there were none to praise And very few to love." He shows surprise that she dies and expresses sadness. "A slumber did my spirit seal; I had no human fears." In "To Autumn," Keats personifies autumn, and writes of how autumn must watch the things that happen, and what it must do.

    • Word count: 797
  24. Comparing two ballads

    Irony, because she had wanted to be noticed her whole life and dead she was but for the wrong reasons. The simple tone and rhyming couplets to ensure a flowing, easy read. Set out with two couplets over four lines in each ballad stanza, 'Miss Gee' was an appealing and effortless read for a story in verse. The simple language emphasized simplicity and this and the detailed description helps keep your interest alert throughout this quite lengthy poem. The language is mainly all factual and easy to read helping also to convey how little depth to her character Miss Gee had.

    • Word count: 1745
  25. To Autumn

    Keats's use of the metaphor 'close bosom friend' tells us of the harmony of autumn. This idea is reinforced by the use of the adjective 'close.' It suggests the sun works secretly with the season to bring about the 'fruitfulness' and 'ripeness.' The polysyllables in words such as 'conspiring' hint at the close relationship between the sun and the season, suggesting them to work secretly and peacefully together. All these ideas keep within Keats's view of autumn being peaceful and untroubled. Within the first stanza Keats's gives a series of examples all depicting different aspects and experiences of autumn.

    • Word count: 1908

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