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GCSE: Robert Browning
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The last key event is the narrator opening Porphyria's eyes and kissing her: "I wearily oped her lids" Browning explores three key themes in this poem. The first is the struggle between good and evil, with different characters and actions representing good and evil. The second is the battle for power between the social classes; Browning explores this through the actions of the characters. The last is moral decay, which links in with the first key theme and is explored in the actions of the poem's narrator.
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Already from reading the basic outlines of the poems you can already see the anger of these two women that have been hurt by men. The poem Havisham is structured in four unrhymed stanzas. The idea of the first stanza is about her intent on planning revenge. It gets the reader into the poem and knowing what it is going to be about. In the second and third stanzas the poem is describing us about her life and state of mind.
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Robert Browning usually wrote about the darker side of human nature. He showed us how love is not just full of happiness but also sadness and horror. Robert browning was a master of dramatic monologue and used them to show the darker side of human nature. In all three poems love is expressed in three different ways. In the poem The Laboratory jealous love is shown because the women is getting someone to make poison to kill her husband/boyfriend. "Soon, at the King's mere lozenge to give/and Pauline should have just thirty minutes to live!"
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This shows that Porphyria is responsible for the chain of events that are about to take place which shows that the sexuality portrayed is condemned which will lead to the death of her and the happiness of both of them. The social/historical events that we learn about from Porphyria's Lover is that he is abnormally possessive, passionate and obsessive. From these characteristics we can see that he is one of the characters which are possessive and the other is Prophyria by that she is passionate and obsessive.
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The regular use of colour creates visual images in the poem, with words such as 'yellow' being used to describe Porphyria's hair, and 'white' to describe her skin colour. As she sits down, she places her lover's arm around her waist and stoops to make him rest his cheek on her shoulder, ensuring that she is in complete control of the situation. Porphyria's love and affection is emphasised by the sentence, "Murmuring how she loved me", with the softer sounds in this sentence adding a calmer more romantic mood to the poem.
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However in Porphyria, the atmosphere is at a stormy location where the weather describes the lover's mood "anger". "Sullen wind soon awake" suggests how the wind is strong, fierce like a person who is angry. Browning cleverly uses pathetic fallacy and personification to convey the lover's mood through the weather. In "The Laboratory" the jealousy from the diseased mind is developing as the person is appearing paranoid by the repetition of "they" which could suggest that the protagonist is mentally unstable and insane as you could imagine an insane person talking like that.
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Robert Browning is described as 'a love poet who was acutely aware of how women and men can be separated by jealousy or the passing of time'. In studying his poetry, what did you notice about the relationships he explores?
I will be studying five of Browning's poems including: My Last Duchess, a dramatic monologue in which the Duke speaks to an imaginary listener about a painting of his last duchess. Porphyria's Love, another dramatic monologue where Porphyria's lover speaks to himself about his Love surrounded by anxiety for Porphyria and how he overcomes it. Meeting at Night, which dramatizes the excitement and intensity of passion, the feeling of tense anticipation as the poet travels to meet his lover. However, Parting at Morning (the follow-on to Meeting at Night, except the woman/his lover speaks)
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How does Browning Illustrate the Relationships he portrays in 'My Last Duchess' and 'Porphyria's Lover'
He then goes on to show other valuable possessions he owns. The whole poem consists of just one stanza, and its rhyming pattern is written in couplets. The poem shows that the duke is just as possessive of his dead wife now as he was when she was alive. 'since none puts by the curtain I have drawn for you, but I.' This line shows that only he is allowed to view the painting when he desires, and no one other than himself may look upon it unless stipulated by the duke.
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the madness and wickedness in each poem. This essay will include three of Robert Browning's poems; they are Porphyria's Lover, My Last Duchess and The Laboratory.
Browning wrote during the romantic era in the nineteenth century. In this era romantic poets such as Robert Browning wrote about dramatic events in unusual ways, using different ideas and forms. All of Browning's poems are dramatic monologues; he was the first poet to use this form effectively. Robert Browning is most famous for the development of the dramatic monologue, for his psychological insight and for his forceful, colloquial poetic style used in his poems. The first poem I am going to look at is Porphyria's Lover. The two characters in the poem are Porphyria and her lover.
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Now my brother�s wife belonged to me and only me. I had possession of his wife�s soul. I cherished the fact that it was I who had the final encounter with Porphyria. It was I who had the last kiss. And it was I who was the last person that the young enchantress declared her love to. I then thought about my pathetic brother, sitting alone in his mansion, while his wife lay at peace with me. I went up to the bar and poured myself a drink of scotch. I then walked back over to the beautiful girl and sat down next to her.
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Similar s****l behaviors surface in the works of other poets of the period, including Patmore, Tennyson, and Meredith.( n2) Furthermore, as Michael Mason has suggested, aspects of the poem's narrative resemble an 1818 account in Blackwood's of a real life murder. In Blackwood's account, the murderer spoke about the "snow white b*****s," "golden" hair, and dead "blue eyes" of his beloved. Remarking that his victim never cried out, even as he stabbed her repeatedly, Blackwood's murderer chillingly declared that once she was dead, his "joy, his happiness, was perfect" (qtd. In Mason 255-56). Mason also notes that Browning's friend Bryan Procter published a poem in 1820, "Marcian Colonna," which acknowledges the Blackwood's source.
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Discuss Robert Browning's Studies of Male Jealousy in the Dramatic Monologues 'Porphyria's Lover' and 'My Last Duchess'
Maybe Browning has purposely done this structure. A reason for this is that the man wants to be in charge of the woman, hence the inflexibility. The poem begins with: The rain set in early in to-night, The sullen wind was soon awake, It tore the elm-tops down for spite, And did its worst to vex the lake: ......... The poem starts with a description of the weather, which is a pathetic fallacy for the feelings of the narrator. The opening four lines set the scene in a very secluded and isolated setting.
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Compare & Contrast 'Porphyria's Lover' and 'My Last Duchess'. Which Poem do you Find More Effective and Why?
The other poem, 'My Last Duchess', again points out the unfairness of how high class men ruled everything and treated women as disposable possessions. The first poem I am going to analyse is 'Porphyria's Lover'. This is a story of a woman of a high class who is meeting with a man of a much lower class. The whole meeting is told from the man's point of view making the poem a dramatic monologue. The poem starts by describing the mood of the weather outside. It is described as 'sullen' and that it is trying to 'vex' the world outside.
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In My Last Duchess, the Duke is very obsessive and wants the Duchess to be his and only his. He would be described as a control freak if he would make his feelings clear to her. He wants her to do exactly how he wishes in his mind. He is the sort of person who can't understand when they are kind or if they are happy 100% of the time. The Duke is controlling all the time and wishes to keep people as an object, a teddy bear for instance with a young child.
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Discuss the importance of religion with reference to at least two poems within the selection. In the course of your answer Look closely at the affects of imagery language and verse form, and Comment on how these poems relate to Victorian values.
He talks of this tomb in comparison to that of his predecessor, Gandolf, of whose tomb his is scorning, "Old Gandolf with his paltry onion-stone." The bishop mentions a variety of themes for his tomb, "Peach blossom marble all..." Towards the close of them poem, he appears to realise that these aspirations are most probably purile, and sends the group away, "leave me in my church, the church for peace. This poem is narrated by the bishop himself, a fictional character.
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This relationship could be perceived to be a sin as Porphyria is married, but committing to an affair. The setting of the poem is inside a small cottage, hidden away from civilisation. The cottage discloses Porphyria's lover's dwellings. This gives the view to the reader that her lover is of a lower status to her, due to his home, mainly because of its situation and size. Outside the cottage, the imagery of the turbulent storm reflects Porphyria's lover's mood, in waiting for his lady to arrive and creates a bleak mood. Personification and a technique called pathetic fallacy is used to create this idea with giving the storm human- like characteristics; this is elucidated with 'sullen' and 'spite'.
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Compare and Contrast Tennyson's 'Mariana' with Browning's 'Porphyria's Lover'. What is the emotional state of each speaker and how effectively is this conveyed?
Verse two shows Mariana crying. Her misery and gloominess are overwhelmingly apparent. Also her isolation from people is evident as she is shown to be in-tune with nature as her tears correspond to the drops of dew in the fields around her. Other features of her background are also appropriate. 'She glanced athwart the glooming flats' suggest that she too is gloomy as well as the Lincolnshire landscape. Her life has no future, as her personal outlook seems gloomily flat.
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Because the murderers loved their victims it makes the motives for the killings, which I will examine later, all the more interesting and the murders themselves harder to comprehend. Another similarity that I have noticed is that both murderers are mentally weak - they both murder their partners because they are jealous that they [the victims] may end up marrying someone else. Succumbing to jealousy in this way also suggests that they are in some way insecure, and need to remove the cause of the problem, that is their partners, to feel secure again.
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The most obvious point to be made is that neither of the collection of poems themselves superficially appear to make up a coherent whole. The one hundred and thirty three different sections of Tennyson's 'In Memoriam' were written separately, certainly initially without the idea of a long elegy in mind, but it is unclear at which point he began to write specifically for the piece 'I did not write them with any view of weaving them into a whole, or for publication, until I found that I had written so many.'4.
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