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GCSE: Robert Browning
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Discuss the importance of religion with reference to at least two poems within the selection. In the course of your answer Look closely at the affects of imagery language and verse form, and Comment on how these poems relate to Victorian values.
He talks of this tomb in comparison to that of his predecessor, Gandolf, of whose tomb his is scorning, "Old Gandolf with his paltry onion-stone." The bishop mentions a variety of themes for his tomb, "Peach blossom marble all..." Towards the close of them poem, he appears to realise that these aspirations are most probably purile, and sends the group away, "leave me in my church, the church for peace. This poem is narrated by the bishop himself, a fictional character.
- Word count: 2101
Jealousy and obsessive love is a theme in Porphyria's Lover and the Duchess of Malfi. Analyse the poem closely making appropriate links to the Duchess Of Malfi.
The effectiveness of the dramatic monologue is that Browning unknowingly reveals things about himself and at this particular point he has expressed how he is emotionally unstable. The 'heart' has connotations of love and warmth but Browning paradoxically associated negative feelings such as to 'break', to express his incompleteness and sadness. Moreover the verb 'break' is deliberately end-stopped to reveal the intensity of his feelings and the obsessive nature of his love for Porphyria. Browning gives a clear insight into the lover's obsessiveness over Porphyria through the overly detailed description of when she enters the lover's house.
- Word count: 808
Instead of exposing his soul to the readers and critics, who could be tempted to evaluate his poetry in terms of self revelation and autobiography, Browning chose to keep writing in the first person, but with characters who were supposed to speak in their own names and about their own selves. Since the poet did not feel free to write in his own name and about himself, which he obviously did in his first poem Pauline, he logically resorted to other speakers to do just the same, which let him stay in full command of the writing process and allowed him to keep writing first person poetry in the shadow of his speakers.
- Word count: 1538
The poem is about a painting of the Dukes previous wife and how she behaves. Both of these poems where written in 1942 and they were about death. The poem 'Porphyria's Lover' is about a man who lives in the countryside and is visited by his lover. 'Porphyria's Lover' is about a man in love with a woman and because the women doesn't want to commit to their relationship he kills her, as he doesn't want anybody else to have her.
- Word count: 1521
It is a dramatic monologue and is written as a single stanza. Both poems also have a silent listener. In 'My Last Duchess' the silent listener is the Ambassador for the Count, who is the father of the Duke's next bride whereas in 'Porphyria's Lover' the silent listener could be a number of people it could be a police officer, or he could just be telling the story to a friend. There is no evidence in the poem, which tells the reader who he is talking to. The tone in these poems is important as it acts as a contrast to the content of the poem.
- Word count: 1200
This relationship could be perceived to be a sin as Porphyria is married, but committing to an affair. The setting of the poem is inside a small cottage, hidden away from civilisation. The cottage discloses Porphyria's lover's dwellings. This gives the view to the reader that her lover is of a lower status to her, due to his home, mainly because of its situation and size. Outside the cottage, the imagery of the turbulent storm reflects Porphyria's lover's mood, in waiting for his lady to arrive and creates a bleak mood. Personification and a technique called pathetic fallacy is used to create this idea with giving the storm human- like characteristics; this is elucidated with 'sullen' and 'spite'.
- Word count: 2829
"That's my last Duchess painted on the wall." He says. The line suggests self-satisfaction. The emphasis in the title is on last, as the ending of the poem makes clear; the Duke is now negotiating for his next Duchess. Fra Pandolf and Claus of Innsbruck are artists of Browning's own invention. Emphasizing the word Last as the ending of the poem implies; the Duke, identified as "Ferrara" in the poem's speech prefix, is negotiating for his next Duchess. Finding ourselves being given a tour of a grand home for the first time, by the owner himself, and being told, "That's my last wife painted on the wall," how would we react?
- Word count: 1249
Comparing the way two different authors portray love and saying which one was the most effective and why.
This can be seen in lines 11-13- " Withdrew the dripping clock and shawl, And laid her soiled gloves by, untied her hat and let the damp hair fall." It also tells the reader that the lover is watching her and he in impassive. Browning intended to shock his audience and this poem is also a narrative of a s****l love. A poem that I will be comparing with the ones Robert Browning has written is "Ballad." An anonymous person has written this poem in pre-1914.
- Word count: 4183
Discuss how the Speakers in Both Dramatic Monologues reveal their Characters and Actions to the reader. Compare and Contrast the Duke in "My Last Duchess" with the Lover in "Porphyria's Lover."
The settings of the poems are one aspect that is remarkably different between both of Browning's works. The poem Porphyria's Lover is set in an isolated cottage on a cold and stormy night. Browning uses personification to describe the weather, "The sullen wind was soon awake," and this helps to set the atmosphere and mood of the poem and I think it may also reflect his state of mind. The setting in My Last Duchess is very different, as the poem is based on a painting of the Dukes wife. The poem suggests that the Duke was very wealthy and could afford wonderful paintings and ornaments to have in his house.
- Word count: 1451
Discuss Browning's presentation of women in the two poems "Porphyria's Lover" and "My Last Duchess".
From pride, and vainer ties dissever, And give herself to me forever". In "Porphyria's Lover" the opening scene is the narrator describing the setting and atmosphere, "the rain set early in tonight". This makes the reader aware of some kind of danger or corruption, which will take place. Browning uses pathetic fallacy to describe the moody of the characters, "storm" "the sullen wind was soon awake". In both of the poems, Browning using different themes to illustrate how men treated women. Browning uses the theme of jealousy in the two poems. In "My Last Duchess" the Duke explains how he has his wife killed because of they way she looked at other men, "she thanked men, -good!
- Word count: 915
Browning uses his language very subtlety, meaning you would either have to look closely or to read the poem over more than once in order to fully appreciate the greatness of the writing. The madman is given a very mysterious character, forcing the readers to want to know more about him. His character contrasts with that of Porphyria, who is beautiful and warm, 'When glided in Porphyria:' 'she shut the cold out,' and 'kneeled and made the cheerless grate blaze up,' are examples of how Browning created her character.
- Word count: 984
He is talking to a representative of the count who has been sent to arrange the terms of the marriage. At the start of the monologue he draws back a curtain and shows a picture of his last wife who 'died'. "That's my last wife painted on the wall, Looking as if she were alive, I call That piece a wonder..." The duke tells of his late wife's giving nature, which makes him jealous for his own failings. Both poems deal with similar themes, the conflict between the innocent and the corrupt, and good and evil.
- Word count: 766
Continental did not want to cut their prices. * S&A costs were increasing and Continental's upper management perceived White Cap as inflated. White Cap's admin costs were 13%, compared to 3-4% in other divisions. * Browning was constrained by two explicit factors: 1. Continental did not want White Cap's image to change; and 2. Continental did not want to break its tradition of employee loyalty. * Employees feel entitled to the way of life at White Cap. Key Issues to Resolve with White Cap 1. Browning needs a culture change to meet his goals of lowering the S & A.
- Word count: 1149
"Made my heart swell..." "But passion would sometimes prevail" He uses alliterationn to emphasize the obsession that the killer has on Poprhyria. This technique is used in a lot of poems and is very clever, the reason why is because when you read the words that are alliterated it makes them stand out subliminally without the reader noticing. Browning likes to provoke thought and imagination of the reader, I nthis particular poem, he makes anyone that reads this particular poem imagine themselves as the killer and puts you into the killers mind by showing you exactly what he thought of the whole situation: "That moment, she was mine,mine fair, Percectly pure and good."
- Word count: 940
The imagery and punctuation in lines 11 - 14 implicite the waves and human experience felt by the speaker. The sea is a metaphor so far, which explicates the ebb of human misery felt by the speaker. With tremulous cadence... ... ...eternal note of sadness The allusion to Sophocles' in Dover Beach associates human misery with the sounds of the sea and reflects on the pathetic human milieu. In the third stanza the significance of his Christianity is discharged, it is getting harder to hold on to his faith and protect himself from the sadness he is feeling about reality.
- Word count: 969
Compare the following poems: 'The Laboratory' and 'My Last Duchess' by Robert Browning and 'Hitcher' by Simon Armitage.
The three murders referred to are all different. 'Hitcher' has a violent murder, "six times with the krooklok in the face". The murder referred to in 'My Last Duchess' does not give away much information, "all smiles stopped together", the reader is left to infer how the Duchess was killed. In 'The Laboratory' the woman has a more restrained method of murder, poison. She tries to disguise it so the women drink it, "The colours too grim", "Let it brighten her drink". In the three poems the narrators, who are also the murderers, show they have unbalanced minds and s******c qualities.
- Word count: 1412
While reading "Porphyria's Lover" the main theme's that stood out most in the poem was love and possession. Also, an important part of this theme was the effects love might have on people such as fear, joy, pride, vanity and obsession as demonstrated by the speaker. Robert Browning uses elements of poetry such as the speaker, rhyme scheme, and rhythm to accentuate the theme in the poem. While reading "My Last Duchess" the main theme that stood out most was possession. The first sentence tells us that the painting is of his former wife who is now deceased.
- Word count: 605
The poem deliberately engages its readers on a psychological level, for the musings of the duke force one to think about the moral aspects of his actions. He starts by reminiscing about his deceased duchess's portrait and then his thoughts wander to the duchess herself. From his ramblings it is clear enough that he considered her an incorrigible flirt who dared defy his authority and express joy at other men's achievements.
- Word count: 562
Compare The ways In Which Tennyson And Browning Present The Theme Of Love In Their Poems And The Way They Suggest About Victorian Cultural and Social Values.
Towards the end of the poem, the sister invites the Earl around for dinner and she sleeps with him, in the middle of the night she woke up and stabbed the Earl to death. If we look at Victorian social ideas, young women were not to go out without a chaperone and clearly Porphyria went to her lover's house without one, young women should have never betrayed another lover which happens in the poem. Porphyria tells the lover that she has ties, but he doesn't agree with, "From pride, and vainer ties dissever."
- Word count: 864
Discuss in detail Porphyria's Lover. Show how Browning develops the theme of disruption which appears in the first few lines?
This is the point at which Porphyria glides in, she seems to make a huge impact within the first few seconds of her arrival this is shown in the seventh line "She shut the cold out and the storm" Showing how she takes control of what appears to be at the time a cold, dark and angry atmosphere inside the cottage. She soon puts herself to work by making the cottage warm "The cheerless grate blaze up" This in turn adds to my theory of personification as the cheerless grate could be the face of the man before Porphyria's entry into the cottage and maybe why he is angry/upset and sitting in the cold dark room.
- Word count: 1232
With close reference to the language, compare the presentation of the character of the three speakers in the three dramatic dialogues by Robert Browning.
We also notice throughout the poem that the Lady is very anxious also suggesting how paranoid she is about preparing the poison on time for her meeting before the King. "Quick-is it finished?" However, despite exerting her power on the old man, she is hungry for more knowledge on the poison and seems compelled by its workings and how it is being made and hence constantly asks the old man questions: "That in the mortar-you call it a gum? ...
- Word count: 1392
Compare and contrast the poems 'Porphyria's Lover' and 'My Last Duchess' by Robert Browning - Examine how Browning presents love and relationships in these poems.
For all we know, the Duke from 'My Last Duchess' could be lying throughout. At the start of 'Porphyria's Lover' the setting is very gloomy and disturbed, "The rain set early in tonight, the sullen wind was soon awake." This shows the weather but also how the Lover is feeling at the moment. This sets the scene and contrasts the events where Porphyria enters the room. She "glided in", which gives her a graceful image, which suggests the relationship has been formed on how she looks on the outside (it is not to say that he does not love what is on the inside).
- Word count: 824
With close reference to at least 2 poems explore how the poets create a sense of mood and atmosphere.
This change in atmosphere in "Porphyria's Lover" suggests that she is the most important thing in his world and his source of happiness. In "Mariana," the building has fallen into disrepair, as the flowerpots were "thickly crusted" with moss and the shed was falling apart, which is similar to the feelings in her heart. In the same way that there is no one there to look after the garden, there is no one to love Mariana. The writers use rhythm, rhyme and repetition to give the poems movement and structure.
- Word count: 824
Comment on Browning's presentation of power relationships between men and women in 'My last Duchess' and 'Porphyria's lover'.
The rhyming is every two lines. Examples of this rhyming scheme are: wall, call/ hands, stands...This comes in comparison with the way the narrator has used the idea of order in the poem. This relates to the point of control that the Duke had and it shows how the narrator has control of the poem. The poem is based on the Duchess which the Duke has a portrait of, which he keeps behind a curtain. The author uses a metaphor for us to realise that the Duke is hiding his wife from the rest of the world because he is embarrassed of her or he is over-protective of her.
- Word count: 1896
"Blaze up, and all the cottage warm".
- Word count: 1028