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GCSE: Thomas Hardy

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  1. How does Hardy create sympathy

    The lonely position of the house evokes compassion for Rhoda, as well, as they are both segregated from the community, as if no-one wants them. Rhoda starts to become inquisitive over the Farmer's new wife, asking her son to see "if she is dark or fair...as tall as I...if her hands are white". We can tell that she is trying to be nonchalant and make it seem unimportant to her son; a sad acceptance that there is no chance of the Farmer and herself getting back together.

    • Word count: 1744
  2. Compare 4 of Thomas Hardy's poems In this essay I will compare The Going, Beeny Cliff, The Voice and Your Last Drive by Thomas Hardy. I will discuss the ways in which he presents an image of his late wife Emma.

    Again, Your Last Drive is addressed to Emma. Within this poem, it appears that Hardy is still quite shocked at the death of his wife and is finding the experience quite surreal. For example, "all undiscerned - To be in a week the face of the dead". This poem tells of his wife's last escapade, and how unexpected her death was. One linguistic device Hardy uses in this poem, is that he shows both her and his points of view. He juxtaposes the AB rhyme scheme with the sad tone of the poem.

    • Word count: 1015
  3. Are the women in 'The Withered Arm' 'The Son's Veto' and 'Tony Kytes, the Arch Deceiver' victims or villains

    Women usually married young and they were expected to stay loyal to their husbands and obey them. There was no effective method of contraception and this meant many women had large families. Many children died young and women often died in child birth. Once women were married they had very few rights to their own property, which became their husband's. The roles of women in Hardy's short stories are contrasting; interesting women who depend on men yet are strong; but because of social constraints are not yet accepted into the workforce. The women in these stories that I will be focusing on are either victims or villains.

    • Word count: 1276
  4. Examine the portrayal of the relationship between the sexes in the short stories of Chopin and Hardy.

    Armand's love for D�sir�e does not stop there and it is built up by the use of the words 'prairie fire', which highlights how destructive his love is for her. We find out that Armand did not know who D�sir�e really is as 'he was reminded that she was nameless'. D�sir�e's origin is unknown and she does not have a family name neither its reputation. Reputation was usually important in that time, as people were really class conscious. After having a son, which Armand desired for, Madame Valmond�, D�sir�e's adopted mother, realises that there is something not quite right about the baby as she says, 'this is not the baby!'

    • Word count: 1457
  5. Thomas Hardy, 'Tony Kytes, the Arch Deceiver' and Charlotte Perkins Gilman 'Turned' In what contrasting ways, and by what means, are relationships between men and women portrayed in the two short stories you have studied?

    Marroner goes to live after she leaves her husband. The parallel openings show the differences and similarities between Mrs. Marroner and Gerta. The differences are that Mrs. Marroner is a high class women and Gerta is a poor immigrant from Sweden. The similarities are that they are both hurt by the same man, Mr. Marroner, Mrs. Marroner's husband. However, 'Tony Kytes' has a straight forward structure, it follows chronological order and uses a flashback only once where Milly Richard's, Tony's fianc�, becomes restless in the wagon and meets Unity Sallet.

    • Word count: 1260
  6. The three stories, I am going to compare are 'The Withered Arm', 'The Son's Veto' and 'Tony Kytes the Arches Deceiver'.

    She is upset about what he said to the other two and asks him if he meant it. He lies to her and the pair of them get married the following Sunday. The Sons Veto tells you what it is going to be about in the title. This is about the son's protectiveness towards his mother. The main character in this story is called Sophy Twycott. The dilemma of the story is when Sophy falls down the stairs and is disabled for the rest of her life. She cannot work so her only other choice now is to get married.

    • Word count: 1782
  7. "The signal man" and "The withered arm" both create mystery, intrigue and suspense effectively. Consider the methods used by Dickens and hardy to arouse the interest of the reader. Which story did you prefer?

    He spent time helping the wounded and dying before rescuers arrived. This horrific tragedy may well have influenced Dickens's views on trains and technology in general. This event in his life may well have given Dickens the inspiration for "The Signal man". Everything in, "the signal man," happens over a very short period of time, 3 days; I found this had a positive effect on the story as it kept the story intense and gave the reader a sense of involvement. Also the fact that there are only a few characters in this short story kept the focus on the main characters, I thought this was good in the way that it kept it simple and easier to follow.

    • Word count: 1992
  8. How much sympathy do you have for the woman in 'Tony Kyte's arch deceiver' and 'Tickets please'

    Both stories tell us, that men at this time like to be able to have the prettiest girl, and enjoy being able to choose from several. In "Tony Kytes" it appears very important for the women to be good looking, as they are all mentioned in terms of their looks, being described as "dashing" or "handsome". The women are aware that looks are important and even think that this alone will enable them to find a husband. Tony Kytes the Arch Deceiver" is a funny story of an afternoon when Tony was driving home from the market in his wagon.

    • Word count: 1988
  9. Discuss Hardys portrayal of both men and women in Tony Kytes, the Arch Deceiver. Making references to another work by the author as the historical context.

    In the 19th century, prior to the contrasting views of 20th and 21st century, a man with any dignity and respect was expected to be loyal to the woman of his choosing and once either engaged or dating someone they should be loyal and faithful and certainly not a cheat. Love or romance is a big theme in this story, along with the portrayal of men and women, and many others of Thomas Hardy's books. "The Mayor of Casterbridge" brings up the same sort of issues in it, how a man takes his wife for granted and lets his drink get the better of him.

    • Word count: 1888
  10. Pre-1914 Prose Coursework

    Although the two seem very different characters, they do not clash until Ella's fatal flaw intervenes with their relationship. This may be because Will Marchmill was usually 'kind and tolerant to her', so they never sought reason to argue. Ella seems a complex character and very introverted; she views marriage as a contract, and at one stage describes it as a 'life lease'. She finds being attached 'constricting of her poetical muse'. Although Ella feels this way, she feels obliged towards her family and treats her marriage legally rather than morally, it is almost as if she feels as though the law is restricting her as a woman and as a poet.

    • Word count: 1888
  11. 'Compare the way that Thomas hardy writes about the effects of marriage on his characters' behaviour and lives in a selection of his short stories.'

    "Well - do you want to marry? Not much. But it would be a home for me and we have heard that one of us will have to leave." Sophy marries twycott because of what he is offering her she needs someone to support and provide for her. Sophy does not love him but his superior social position can allow her to live well. Sophy and twycott are from different classes and at that particular time that was shamed upon. So this took a really affect on the two of them and the marriage.

    • Word count: 1335
  12. What means does Thomas Hardy use to make the super natural events of "The withered arm" and "The three strangers" convincing?

    Wessex tales, written in 1888 consists of seven short stories two of which I will be studying. In the time these two stories were written supernatural acts, witch craft and other mysterious happenings could be explained in ways that today nobody would be able to comprehend to. We would not think of mysterious and unexplainable happenings as witchcraft or supernatural acts but would indefinitely think of it as in-depth science or something that just happened. In my opinion the way we think now is unquestionably better than the way people thought in them days, because someone would be accused and wrongfully punished or treated as an outcast from the rest of the people The basic story line

    • Word count: 1251
  13. Explore Hardy's representation of women in his collection of short stories 'The Wessex Tales'

    Women did not have the opportunity to make choices of their own, instead it was the males choice. The males oppressed women in those days. Women did not have the opportunity to vote in government elections, work to earn a living and any earnings their husband's made could not be inherited when he died. Women did not have the opportunity to attend school unless their family could afford it. This only changed in 1890 when elementary education became free. Women in these ages were the inferior s*x. Although this is how women were typically treated in the Victorian days, Hardy portrays women in a different light.

    • Word count: 1501
  14. How does Hardy elicit sympathy for the three main characters?

    It seems his son wants to get to know his father and holds him in high regard as his description of Farmer Lodge is rather flattering. Hardy has made Farmer Lodge seem unfeeling and not caring about his son. This is another reason not to feel sorry for Farmer Lodge. Farmer Lodge ignores Gertrude and her needs because of her withered arm: "Half a dozen years passed away, and Mr and Mrs Lodge's married experience sank into prosiness, and worse."

    • Word count: 1429
  15. "Women play victims in Thomas Hardy's short stories, roles that were typical of Victorian women in general"

    Women were also oppressed in the way of not being allowed high place jobs, the vote and certainly not a place in Parliament or anything that might change Britain in any way, which was quite ironic considering Britain was being ruled by Queen Victoria, a women herself. But still, males always controlled females as shown clearly in Hardy's "The Son's Veto", where Randolph, the son of a lady who had once been but a poor village girl, had complete control over his mother to the extent that he made her kneel before a shrine of Christ and swear on oath that she would not marry the man she loved.

    • Word count: 1794
  16. Discuss the way in which the authors present women in the four short stories.

    The fact that a woman wrote 'The Woman's Rose' may help explain why the women are more important; Schreiner most probably felt sympathetic towards women in general as they are deemed to be less important than men. Women may have been inferior to men but does this mean they were controlled by them too? In Gilman's story - 'The Yellow Wallpaper' - it is pretty hard to tell who has the control, this is because neither one of the two has complete control of the relationship.

    • Word count: 1584
  17. English GCSE Coursework - Pre1914 Poetry

    The poems I have chosen to compare were all written after Emma's death. Where The Picnic Was is basically talking about a picnic he had been on with Emma. He explains how it was in a secluded area were hardly anyone went. The title suggests happy as you normally go for a picnic in summer or spring, it also suggests that he went with someone like family or someone he was in love with, it mainly suggests love, but it also suggest looking back because of the 'was' in the title. All the poems do not contain the same content but overall relate to the death of Emma and looking back at good times.

    • Word count: 1797
  18. Images depicting the physical and mental coercion of women by men: A discussion of symbolic composition and information contined within pictorial elemets

    The man has an angry expression that is shown by many features; firstly his eyebrows have been raised. Therefore his eyes are wider than that of a normal plain expression. They also seem to be watching someone else as if his next actions depend on what an unknown person does. His mouth is open but is clenched together. Both sets of teeth are visible due to the lips protruding outward. His upper lip is curling inwards and up to his nose while his lower lip is curling towards his chin.

    • Word count: 1473
  19. Prose study - Thomas Hardy

    Hardy could have been trying to illustrate how men were 'selfish' and/or 'greedy'. Because of this, women were abused and mistreated, or in this case deceived, hence the 'arch deceiver'. Tony is obviously a 'player' in other words; he is cheating on his fianc�. He does not seem to be able to make his mind up, on which is his true love. Again Hardy emphasises the arrogance of men. Thomas Hardy describes Milly, Tony's 'bride-to-be', as 'a nice, light, small, tender, little thing'. Almost as if it were an object too Tony, instead of a person.

    • Word count: 1200
  20. From the stories you read, show how Thomas Hardy reveals the social, historical and cultural pressures, which faced women at that time.

    This shows that hardy knew exactly what the different clothes names were and exactly how they looked. That quote also showed how the language used has changed since before reading this story most wouldn't know what a wropper meant. Thomas Hardy wrote the kind of stories that were meant to make the reader upset and feel sorry for the characters, such as: Rhoda, Gertrude, Phyllis and Sophy. These all have unfortunate incidences in the three short stories we read. Thomas Hardy was a visionary for women's rights, so he wrote all of his books about women, some examples are: 'The Withered Arm', 'The Son's Veto' and 'The Melancholy Hussar of the German Legion.'

    • Word count: 1074
  21. How does Thomas Hardy portray the life of women in

    In the late 19th century, women were not considered as men's equals so they weren't expected to work unless were of the lower class and the working class where they had to work to survive. The kind of work women did was work in a house, work as milkmaids, work as parlour maids, all women worked under someone and it was very unusual for women to be smugglers like Lizzy from "the distracted preacher" or be in charge of something other than the household or to run a business.

    • Word count: 1470
  22. How does Hardy portray the themes of loss and loneliness in his poems?

    For instance women could not vote at all which could have made a difference if they did vote. After Emma died - which was Hardy's first wife he wrote poems that were for her or about her when they were married. Section 2 - Content, Tone and Theme The first poem is "The Voice". The poem is about his wife, Emma and how he misses her deeply and every sound like the wind blowing reminds him of Emma's voice. The tone of this poem is sad which reflects on what Hardy is feeling because this would mean that Hardy is sad as well.

    • Word count: 1630
  23. An exploration of presentation of female characters in 3 short stories by Thomas Hardy. What does this tell a modern audience about society of the time and the role of women.

    Rhoda and her son both live on Egdon Heath. A dark ghostly place, which I think, is meant to reflect the personality of Rhoda. This is a key point because many of the villagers think that Rhoda has connections to witchcraft and superstitions. Rhoda is a very proud woman who becomes obsessed with Gertrude Lodge. The new bride of Farmer Lodge. Rhoda wants to know everything about Gertrude and what she is like. She even gets her son to spy on her.

    • Word count: 1857
  24. Compare the female characters in 'Tony Kytes the Arch Deceiver' and 'Tickets Please'.

    For example the women were working on the trams and also because John Thomas was one of the few healthy good looking men who didn't go to war, he had his choice of women and he decided to treat the women very badly. 'Tony Kytes' on the other hand was written in the 19th century. This was a time where women were very submissive and were controlled by men especially their fathers. This was shown by when Tony Kytes asks Hannah to marry him and her father says 'My daughter is not willing sir' but deep down she really wants to marry Tony Kytes but because her father does not approve she can't, she cannot disobey her fathers wishes.

    • Word count: 1523
  25. Loss is the driving force of Hardys poetic creativity.

    I feel he actually wants people to know about his losses. It could be because he does not want people to make the same mistakes. After the death of his spouse Emma, he questioned his long and unsuccessful marriage, regretting his lack of passion as explored in the final lines of 'After a Journey. Hardy writes about marriage as a reluctant compromise between two people. I have decided to concentrate on three main poems: 'At Castle Boterel', 'The Voice' and a poem that I found interesting while doing some background work called 'After a journey'.

    • Word count: 1255

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?

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