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GCSE: Pre and Post 1914 Comparison

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    Poem comparison showing relationship between parents and child

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    Wordsworth also uses language of accusation; Margaret says "neglect me! no I suffered long" and accusing the son of abandoning her and not telling her where he is. This shows that the relationship between the mother and son is not very good as the son just deserts the mother and not telling her where he is, but also because the mother accuses her son of neglecting her. On the other hand, 'Catrin' by Gillian Clarke shows the conflict between her and her daughter, Catrin.

    • Word count: 1886
  2. Compare and contrast how the poets have presented their speakers in 'My Last Duchess' and 'Salome'

    Browning uses this poem to show his feeling of how unfairly men treat women. 'Salome' is a modern representation of the biblical story of 'Salome'. Salome was granted a wish by King Herod and she wished for John the Baptist's head on a plate. Duffy writes a black humour version of this story showing an anti-social woman who seduces and murders men. However, some may argue this poem is a reference to the film 'The Godfather' which also involved finding a head on a platter. 'My Last Duchess' has a very conversational tone, created by the stops in the speech made by the use of punctuation.

    • Word count: 1668
  3. How are feelings towards another person shown in To His Coy Mistress and the poem The Farmers Bride?

    She hasn't said she's 'willing' - yet, but he's assured his argument cannot fail. The poem, written in the seventeenth century, is still greatly enjoyed in the twenty-first century. It has geographical and religious detail which set it within its own time, with the exotic idea of rubies from the East and a reference to Christian and Jewish differences, yet its purpose, that is, at which point a relationship should become physical, is contemporary. Marvell's mistress's 'quaint virginity' would have been considered necessary for her to find a good husband, and the voice of the persona would surely have been aware of this.

    • Word count: 1060
  4. Look at the different ways in which Shakespeare, Duffy and Clarke present relationships in 'Valentine' 'I wanna be yours' and 'Sonnet 116'

    This is just like love because on the outside, love can seem a bit ugly but as time goes by you slowly discover that love has a hidden beauty within. In the second stanza Duffy talks about crying "it will blind you with tears" Duffy compares the onion to love because when you chop an onion it makes you cry and sometime love also makes you cry because love brings pain and sorrow into our lives. Duffy also says that "it will make your reflection a wobbling photo of grief" suggesting that you are looking in a mirror and seeing yourself through tears because love has made you cry in some way.

    • Word count: 1218
  5. How is the theme of parent child relationship explored in the poems "if" "Poem at Thirty Nine", "Once Upon a Time" and three other poems?

    Alice Walker now values her father because she now knows that he valued their family by cooking for them " Now i look and cook just like him" shows that the persona and her father had a rather close relationship as he taught her many things. One of the common language devices used is the use of repetition. The phrase "If you can" in the poem "If" is repeated numerous times and it shows that people should considering trying, also the phrase "How i miss my father" is repeated in "Poem at Thirty Nine" for emphasis it expresses clearly and simply the idea running through the poem.

    • Word count: 2344
  6. Compare the ways that a range of poems explore social issues. Falling leaves, belfast confetti, ruined maid

    He writes the poem in first person to make the poem more personal and have more impact. Enjambment is put to use as well "What is my name?" This shows that he has no clue of what is happening. It is also a reference to the type of question the police might ask the rioters. These rhetorical questions emphasises the panic and confusion in his thoughts. He uses words such as "fullisade" to represent the rioters. Extended metaphors can be found in Belfast Confetti and Falling leaves. The use of imagery can be seen as an extended metaphor as it uses punctuation to create a story throughout the poem.

    • Word count: 1187
  7. Compare and contrast how gender roles are represented in a variety of love poems.

    It all starts at a party where he trick's the girl into getting drunk. He sleeps with her and after a few days, she finds out that she is pregnant with a stranger's baby, and when she tries to find some support from him ,he isn't there to offer any of her needs, which leaves her in a critical situation havinging her to raise her baby by herself. The female in the poem ''The Seduction'' is portrayed as a na�ve innocent girl who doesn't really know the true face of the boy, a quote to represent this is," so she

    • Word count: 5005
  8. Compare the effectiveness of the ending of Sonnet 130 by William Shakespeare with the effectiveness of the endings of one poem by Simon Armitage, one poem by Carol Ann Duffy and one other poem from the Pre-1914 Poetry Bank. (36

    This contrasts against 'Mother'. The mutilated man beheaded has no future; whereas in 'Mother', Armitage has the 'endless sky', a metaphor of the different possibilities for him. Similarly, both men had their futures affected by women. In 'Salome', she tragically got rid of the 'good-looking' man's future. Whereas in 'Mother', his mother tried to cling on to him, not wanting him to grow-up and have his own future. Another poem which is going to get rid of a person's future is 'The Laboratory'; she is going to poison her ex-lover's partner.

    • Word count: 739
  9. Compare the use of the absent presence in Havisham, My Last Duchess, Hitcher, and Kid.

    In Kid, the persona gets their revenge on the absent presence, "let the cat out on that caper with the married woman." Robin acquires his revenge by bringing Batman's status down in public, however Havisham never receives that chance; therefore the reader sympathises more with Havisham because she was wronged and could never make even. In kid, the absent presence is used because it allows the emotions of Robin to be displayed in full; and the poem remains like a rant at Batman for rejecting Robin.

    • Word count: 983
  10. Essay Question: Discuss both poets of murder, revenge and violence in Salome by Carol Ann Duffy and The Laboratory by Robert Browning. With reference to language, structure and poetic devices.

    She draws attention of the mistreatment of women which are abused and tormented by men. The poem 'Salome' is a dramatic monologue. A dramatic monologue is a type of poem; which is based during the Victorian period. It is a speech where the actual speaker is speaking to the audience. Carol Ann Duffy uses dramatic monologue to emphasise Salome's motives, actions, feelings and behaviour. This is seen in the words "I'd done it before, (and doubtless I'll do it again, sooner or later.)" The quote "I'll do it again" emphasises that Salome is cold hearted, callous and is prepared for killing more men.

    • Word count: 4847
  11. Compare and contrast the views of marriage expressed in The Voice by Thomas Hardy and Marrysong by Dennis Scott.

    The way Scott's tone changes in this poem is the best reflection of how he views his marriage - at first the poem has a bleak feel as he realizes that even after a long marriage - 'year after year', he still has no comprehension of how his wife's mind operates - 'He never learned her, quite'. However, as the poem progresses, he, even in this knowledge, becomes more optimistic about the future of his marriage and the way he sees the puzzle of his wife's mind.

    • Word count: 873
  12. In this essay, I am going to compare the poems 'Remember' by poet Christina Rossetti and poet Dylan Thomas' 'Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night'.

    Rossetti wants her audience to accept the death of a person (sub-theme: accepting death). While Thomas wants his audience to feel the pain of losing someone, therefore wanting dying people to stay alive as long as possible. In 'Remember', the dying narrator talks to her lover/companion about accepting her death and moving on after she has gone away (as shown as in the quote,"...when I'm gone away..."). The poem thus portrays death as something inevitable which cannot be fought against. Whereas in 'Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night' (sub-theme: fighting death) the narrator is urging his dying father to fight death (as shown as in the quote, "...rage, rage against the dying of the light,").

    • Word count: 1041
  13. Love takes up in many forms in life, and the poems Refugee Mother and Child, If and Poem at Thirty-Nine discusses about the relationship between parents and their child.

    The poem starts off with 'No Madonna and Child could touch that picture of a mother's tenderness' which immediately brings the image of Mother Mary and Jesus into a reader's head. The phrase 'Madonna and Child' is a comparison Achebe used to evaluate the love between mother and child with a medieval aged love which is also a Christian's idea of perfect love. This creates a concrete image for the reader which can allow the reader to relate directly to the bond between the mother and her dying child.

    • Word count: 1609
  14. How is Love and Hate presented in 2 Pre and 2 Post 1914 poems?

    It could also suggest that she is perhaps so upset that she just instinctively used swear words to express her anger which doesn't necessarily mean that she hates her fianc�, this would just show that she is upset. In a similar way, Sonnet 130 by Shakespeare which is meant to be a poem about love and affection ironically insults the person who is the centre of topic. The quote "Coral is far more red than her lips" shows that even though Shakespeare has involved most of the elements of a romantic poem in terms of comparison of one

    • Word count: 525
  15. Explore and Compare How the Poets You Have Studied Convey the

    The British entered and had no chance in surviving. The commanding officers had made a huge mistake that day. Tennyson's poem 'The Charge Of The Light Brigade 'is a testament of how many men were killed 'then they rode back but not the six hundred'. Tennyson does not comment or whether war is right or wrong he just merely informs us of the devastation 'into the valley of death'. 'Rode the six hundred' is repeated in one verse twice. This emphasises the quantity of men in the battle from the beginning of the poem.

    • Word count: 834
  16. Contrast the different attitudes to war expressed in Dulce et Decorum Est, The Charge of the Light Brigade and War Photographer.

    Owen uses graphic imagery in his Poem "Dulce et Decorum Est" where he describes a dying solider who "plunges, guttering, chocking drowning" these descriptive verbs enable the reader to visualise the gruesome scene. Owen repeats the word 'drowning' in stanza two to emphasise the terror which is happening in front of him. In stanza three Owens mood becomes exasperated, he is talking to the reader in this stanza as he says at the beginning 'if in some smothering dreams you too could place behind the wagon that we flung him in'.

    • Word count: 949
  17. In the poems Sonnet 130, Havisham, Kid and On my first Sonne, the key rheme of love is explored. Traditionally, love in poems is romantic but other interpretations of love theme are also explored

    This shows Shakespeare mocking the false, hyperbolic language that poets commonly write to their lovers. Shakespeare also uses lexis from traditional sonnets, turning conventional and unreal poetry believable. The hyperbolic language was commonly used in Shakespeare's day. Shakespeare also still writes in sonnet form, as if to add insult to injury by mocking the love poetry-form even further. The poem Havisham is also an exploration of untraditional love. Duffy uses language techniques that make it seem as if it is speech, such as "Nooooo" and "b-b-b-breaks".

    • Word count: 1186
  18. How do the poets represent the relationship between parent and child in Catrin, Follower and On my first Sonne?

    These three poems all compare and contrast the relationship between parent and child. In Catrin has two main points throughout love and conflict. This contrasts to On my first Sonne as that is the mourning of his son. The use of "struggle" in line 15 could have two meanings. That the struggle is wild like an animal or it could be tenders as it is describing the birth of the child so it could be a slow struggle. The 'Red rope of love' is the key use of imagery in this poem. This is the umbilical cord however it could perhaps be the also be the bond between the mother and daughter.

    • Word count: 838
  19. The poems Stealing, Hitcher, My Last Duchess and The Laboratory all share the theme of disturbing behaviour. In S and H, this behaviour is a result of boredom.

    MLD also has a casual approach to death, referring to it as a 'command'. In contrast with this, TL's persona is excited by the prospect of death and wants to be much more involved in the process than in MLD. All four poems use language to convey the persona's thoughts and disturbing mindsets clearly. In S, the persona is portrayed as lonely; he steals the snowman for a 'mate' with 'a mind as cold as...my own'; he just wants someone to relate to. Is isolation and loneliness is further emphasised by how he says he and the snowman 'hugged'.

    • Word count: 703
  20. Compare the ways feelings are presented in Anne Hathaway, Kid, My Last Duchess and The Laboratory

    Therefore, both of these poems deal with the idea of murder as a response to deep, but perhaps insane, feelings of jealousy. 'Anne Hathaway' is set out as a sonnet. This is a tribute to her late husband Shakespeare, whom the poem is about, as he wrote many sonnets. It could also be a way of symbolising her love for him, as he did for her in his sonnets. The sonnet form backs up feelings of love described in the poem such as "my living laughing love".

    • Word count: 772
  21. How are attitudes towards others presented in 4 poems

    The poem is about a soldier, is 20 lines long and not once does it mention a name of either the character or the victim that the character speaks about. This could portray that to the writer all soldiers or the people in the armed forced are like subjects to the writer and not individual people, this could be because they all almost live a life of equilibrium and follow orders like robots, they don't think or feel for themselves not they act on their own thought, they simply follow commands.

    • Word count: 896
  22. How does Carol Ann Duffy and one other poem present Male characters

    The fact that the poem was written several hundred years ago means that the language is not always particularly easy to understand. We know from the title that the child that has died was the poet's first-born son, so losing him must have been an especially painful experience. The first line tells us that Johnson considered him to be the child of his 'right hand', showing the importance of the role that the child would have played had he grown to be older.

    • Word count: 981
  23. How is imagery portrayed in one peom by armitage and one other poem

    The use of connotative diction like 'Sherwood-Forest green' implies to the subject of superhero costume and particularly symbolise the get up of Robin, however this could also contribute to the image of all the superheroes in general. The quote 'Big Shot' can be taken as an insult towards Batman and 'Now, I've doffed off' could refer to the idea of Robin being separated from Batman or in other words, Robin finally becoming free from batman. Similarly, the poem 'On my first Sonne' has one continuous stanza which also conveys the idea of a monologue however, the diction used in this

    • Word count: 1049
  24. How do the writers of four poems reveal their attitudes to nature?

    Alongside this, he uses words such as "azure" - a colour often used to describe the sky but also associated with royalty in heraldry - to give the bird a royal presence whilst describing the scene. This good use of possessive terms alongside clever description enables Tennyson to connote a sense of respect for the eagle to the reader. This, like with Storm on the Island, is used to reflect the poet's sense of respect for nature using language, however, unlike Heaney, Tennyson uses a sense of possession and grandeur to give a more positive form of respect for the eagle than Heaney's fearful respect for the wind.

    • Word count: 1203
  25. Compare and Contrast the two poems London and Composed Upon Westminster Bridge

    Wordsworth, on the other hand, concentrates much more on his own feelings. He himself is experiencing the spectacle of dawn over London; describing it as 'touching', and using exclamation marks to demonstrate how awestruck he is. In this way -as well as by stating his opinions as facts, and accusing anyone who could not stop to wonder at the 'majesty' of London at dawn as 'dull'- he also tries to influence the reader's opinion of the city. Blake, too, tries to do this.

    • Word count: 2051

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Compare and contrast the two poems "Cousin Kate" by Christina Rossetti and "The Seduction" by Eileen McAuley

    "In my opinion, 'The Seduction' is the better poem as I feel it is easier for teenagers in this century to relate to, as it is more like these days than the nineteenth century would have been. I think the way it is written in everyday language makes it a lot easier to understand than 'Cousin Kate', because that was written in formal English. The two writers are very different in the way they have each written in a different person. In 'Cousin Kate' the writer has written in the first person, making it somewhat easier to relate to the main character, but in 'The Seduction' the writer has written in the third person, and the poem comes off as more of a short story than a poem, which to me, makes it easier to read."

  • Compare the portrayal of misfortune in The Last Night and Refugee Blues

    "In both pieces, portrayal of misfortune is both subtle yet convincing. In Refugee Blues the repetition of the last line, "Yet there's no place for us, my dear, yet there's no place for us" adds emphasis to the conclusion of each stanza, and for each case explaining the misfortune that became the character. It also deliberately jars the flow of the piece and doing so draws attention to those words, in order to emphasise the misfortune of the character. In contrast The Last Night uses no repetition and is remarkable for the flow which it achieves, despite being a prose piece and this is achieved through a remarkable mix of action and description to keep the pace of the piece alive: often in the same sentence. Refugee Blues develops the portrayal of misfortune through the plot of the poem as each stanza the writer's situation gets progressively worse."

  • Compare the viewpoint on war in Charge of the Light Brigade by Alfred Lord Tennyson And Dulce et Decorum est by Wilfred Owen

    "Conclusion During the analysis of the two war poems, I have learnt that poetry can highlight on the same topic, but have very different angles and can contrast significantly to one another. This is because of the standpoint of the writers, in this instant their beliefs, experiences or naivety. War is not the glory trip as Tennyson so idealistically made it out to be, it is simply the courage of many men and women who bravely defend and represent the country. The reality of war is horrific for those that take part and can bear many scars, not only in the physical sense. Like many writers who are educated and not a soldier themselves the only glory exists in a false way in their way of manipulating and articulating the image of war to the masses."

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