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GCSE: Aldous Huxley
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Huxley had one foot in the nineteenth century (Margaret Atwood) Examine the ways in which Huxley, in Brave New World, expresses contemporary fears and uncertainties in Britain in the 1920s and 30s.
Another aspect of the World State which imitates aspects of right wing Germany is the way the children are conditioned to believe what society wants them to believe - 'everybody's happy now', etc, represents, albeit an exaggeration, the 'Hitler Youth', groups of Aryan children in Germany that were brought up with n**i customs, and molded to society's perfect citizen in both appearance and demeanor. People feared that the longer this went on, the longer the reign of the Nazis would last, as generations would adopt the customs in turn.
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'And if anything should go wrong, there's always soma'. However, it is important to consider that do they really know what happiness really is? If they are ignorant of passion they cannot feel deeply as we do. Another value at the heart of Brave New World is consumerism- the gratification of desires or appetites. This is a world that suppresses initiative and everything we hold sacred in place for consumer values. If consumption is 'happiness', Mond refers to the other value, therefore stability. From Mond's point of view, 'Happiness and stability depend on each other'.
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According to Mustapha Mond, the Bokanovsky process is very essential to World State life, as he explained to John. "'I see that you don't like our Bokanovsky groups; but, I assure you, they're the foundation on what everything else is built. They're the gyroscopes that stabilizes the rocket plane of state on its unswerving course (222)." Neo-Pavlovian conditioning acclimatizes the citizens to like or dislike particular features of their surroundings. Through these three processes, each member of the community is perfectly happy with their surroundings and does not question their system.
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'How and why?' you ask. Everyone is happy in Brave New World; everyone is satisfied. There will be no more thoughts of envy or jealously, no more feelings of disappointment or sadness, just happiness and contentment. Citizens of our world are conditioned to be satisfied with their rank and class. Due to this, conflicts will be avoided and thus, fighting and war will be a thing of the past. What is one of the main things people fear? The answer: Old age. In your world, it is considered normal to see old citizens walking down the street with hunched backs, rotting teeth and vulnerable to diseases.
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While Huxley presents his Brave New World as a hopeless environment lacking love and real happiness, the movie offers a glimpse of hope in its ending: it shows that a young boy voluntarily disconnects his conditioning process
While Huxley's Brave New World depicts nurture as the ultimate victor, able to suppress all instinctive desires, the movie version proffers a force driving the inhabitants of Brave New World to go against their conditioning. This contrast is especially evident in the different presentation of s*x instincts, in the altered portrayal of Bernard Marx and Lenina Crowne, and in the conflicting endings of the story. The movie acknowledges that this force which counters the conditioning is the instinctive desires encoded in the genes.
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He played a leading part in the centralization of the English chemical industry in his lifetime and so for Huxley to use his name would have been noticed and acknowledged more than our acceptance of it as just a name. Also, our understanding of the significance of the people of Brave New World's obsession with Henry Ford is not as thorough as those of the 1930's due to the topicality of the novel. Henry Ford is glorified in the World State for his induction of the mass production method and "the introduction of Our Ford's first T-model ...
- Word count: 2148
John Proctor and Abigail Williams both show an amazing amount of bravery, valiant, and boldness. John
Also that the only reason his wife was accused is because Abigail Williams, the leader of the accusers, had had an extra marital affair with John, and John said," She thinks to dance with me on my wife's grave!" (p.106). By saying this he admits to committing lechery, which is punished by death. This is just one of the times when John is courageous and puts his life before his wife's. Soon after John is arrested for condemning the court, and for saying "I say-I say - God is dead" (p.115).
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Throughout The Crucible the visual effects of the play indicate a lot about the character's personality
Soon after this John refers to Abby as 'Child.' This is again showing his regret in having had an affair with her and shows that he thinks of Abby as nothing more than a child. The audience can see from this that John is not all perfect and good, he does make mistakes, but he still recognises them, will not do the same again and is prepared to move on. When talk of witchcraft sweeps the village, John shows his views on the case clearly, nurse Rebecca says that it is just 'children being children' and that they are acting for attention, John quickly agrees saying 'Aye, that's the truth of it Rebecca.'
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Don John says he is 'not a man of many words'. From Act 1 Scene 3 and Act 2 Scene 2,How far to you agree with this claim?
This is when the idea of appearance and reality enters the scene as Don John says, 'I cannot hide what I am.' This suggests to the audience that every time he puts on a front, it hurts him more inside that he cannot be himself. The fact that Don John understands the idea of appearance and reality indicates that he is more knowledgeable than the others and is therefore able to manipulate the way people behave and think as well as his own words.
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She grasped it clumsily in her thick gloves and read it. She wept. John, with an assistant, had tested the note for fingerprints himself, for that was one of his fields as a policeman. The only one he and his colleague could find was a fingerprint of John's. It must have got there when he had picked it up, his assistant thought. Nothing more was made of it. *** John wasn't very wealthy; though he had recently sold a lot of stock he had in some big companies. He was a smart man and could often be found making odds and ends on the stock market, working from home on his laptop.
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Although it as been so long since the affair Abigail's feelings for John haven't diminished, and she wishes to rekindle the relationship they had, this can be seen when she says to John 'Give me a word, John. A soft word', from this we know Abigail hasn't got over John, and she is still in love with him. John reacts to this by trying to stop it,' No, no, Abby. That's done with'. Despite John obviously still having feelings for her he doesn't want to restart their affair.
- Word count: 1987
All books of the past have been banned, as 'our Ford' once said, "History is bunk." Novels of all kinds are not printed unless they are awarded government approval. With this, the ruling body is able to destroy another essential human right; freedom of expression. Through the control of these two essential freedoms, the freedom of thought and the freedom of expression, the rulers of this brave new world are able to ensure the complete control of the worlds' population.
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The objective for 2002 communications was to create a sense of brand ubiquity (maintaining high advertising awareness, increasing spontaneous brand awareness and consideration), make the brand more attractive to younger male drinkers without scaring away older drinkers, and also to strengthen the consumer franchise overall. A requirement was also to make the brand more attractive to the trade to help secure broader distribution. In order to make the 'share of impact' much greater than share of spending, Scottish Courage needed a communications property with high advertising impact that could also be carried below the line.
- Word count: 2104
Following her departure, there is more bitterness on the part of Bernard concerning his own inferiority. Lenina and Henry eat dinner, go on a soma-holiday, and see a concert of synthetic music. Later, they have s*x. The next day is Bernard Marx's Solidarity Service Day. A group of men and women sing and take soma together, and it eventually turns into an "orgy-porgy". Lenina and Bernard go on a date. He tries to show her the ocean, and to express some of his subversive views to her, but she cries. She convinces him to take soma, and they go back to his rooms and have s*x.
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High spurts the fountain; fierce and foamy the wild jet. The urge has but a single outlet." (Huxley 41) The comparison to a wild jet is intended to demonstrate the inherent dangers in these activities. Many of the Brave New World's social norms are intended to 'save' its citizens from anything unpleasant through depriving them of the opportunity to miss anything overly pleasant. The society values, ACOMMUNITY, IDENTITY, STABILITY," (Huxley 1) supersede all else in a collective effort. Soma, the magical ultimate drug is what keeps the population from revolting.
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The overall structure and vocabulary of the poem is uncomplicated and therefore adds interest and comedy to the text. The poem contains eight verses, each of which contain four lines. There is an apparent rhyming scheme of lines two and four, and one and three.
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On the 26th January I went to the Empire Theatre in Sunderland to watch a production of Miss Saigon. To be honest, when I first read an outline of the story, I imagined it to be quite a dull experience. However, I thoroughly enjoyed this producti...
The musical score is a mixture of soaring love ballads, heart-warming melodies, electrifying marches and more. Unforgettable songs such as "The Heat is On in Saigon," "Why God Why?" "The Last Night of the World," "The American Dream" and most of all "I Would Give My Life for You" where the child stood rigid throughout looking petrified. The story begins in 1975, backstage of a bar called Dreamland. The dancers are getting ready to go on stage. This is where we meet Kim.
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Fire fighters could not get to some particular places to put out the blazing, horrendous fires. So much looting was rapidly occurring. The mayor Jason Quinn got into contact with John: (head of geologist department- quake specialist) over the CB radio (all power had been lost, phones, electricity, water etc.) he distinguishly cried, "Mayday, Mayday, is anybody there?" John proceeded towards the CB radio slowly and wondered whether he should reply or not, it was his boss, the rest of john's team stared at him with great seriousness and conscientiousness. "I think you should answer that, it could be exceptionally important", Sadie conspicuated.
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How do the authors of two texts you have studied express the reasons for and forms of oppression within society?
In both We and Brave New World, the people are physically modified to suit society. Zamyatin explores a world in which "no one is one but only one of, we're so identical." Each person is given a letter and a corresponding number, relating to whether that person is male or female, with all males ending with an odd number, such as D-503 and all females ending with an even number, such as I-330. Furthermore, the peoples' physical appearances also help relate them to their nature.
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I am going to discuss the portrayal of men and masculinity in two Scottish plays I have studied. The plays are 'Men Should Weep' by Ena Lamont Stewart' and 'Perfect Days' by Liz Lochead.
Due to the way society was at this time it implied that women had to do as their husbands told them. Once women married they were their husband's property. Men in that day and age overruled women they were more powerful and a lot of women feared them for various reasons. Domestic abuse was a main reason for this fear. Although a lot of women were domestically abused it wasn't something they talked about. Mrs Bone one of the neighbours which are used as a vehicle to examine how men have a hold over women in the play is a victim of domestic abuse.
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John Nash attended Princeton University during the cold war. He was a very competitive and arrogant human being. Today Nash's theories influence global trade negotiations, and even breakthroughs in evolutionary biology. After marrying the love of his life Alicia, John is diagnosed with schizophrenia. The on set of his disease came about in as little as two weeks. The underlying point of this film was to give people a realistic view of what life is like for someone with this disease. John Nash would not have survived for as long as he has if it weren't for his loving and dedicated wife Alicia.
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His colleagues include Brutus Howell (David Morse), Dean Stanton (Barry Pepper), and the s******c Percy Wetmore (Doug Hutchison). One day, a giant black man by the name of John Coffey ("just like the drink, but not spelt the same") (played by Michael Clarke Duncan), is brought in, having been convicted for the murder of two young girls. Coffey has a gentle and peaceful disposition, not one that we would expect by a cold-blooded killer. When he performs some minor miracles, Paul Edgecomb starts to believe he might be innocent.
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In Act IV Proctor says, "I cannot mount the gibbet like a saint. It is a fraud. I am not that man." At the end of the play he goes to execution saying, "Now I do think I see some shred of goodness in John Proctor." What has made this change come about?
There are many things that caused him to change at the end of the play. The conversation he has with his wife Elizabeth before he dies is a very important part of what made him change. Because of his affair with Abigail, their marriage was not as immutable as before and Elizabeth had not yet forgiven him for that. This made John guilty and troubled with himself for a long time. So when Elizabeth finally forgives him, John loses hold of his guilt and puts it behind him.
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Discuss in detail, how you would play either Audrey or John in the selected scene. You will need to refer to voice, movement, gesture and facial expression, as well as to how your chosen character responds to others on stage.
Angela is described to be everything that Audrey isn't, but she really wants to be just like Angela. In this scene, the five are very scared, and are huddling up to each other. If I were Audrey, I would be trying not to show I was scared, because she is more of a boy than Angela and does not care for dolls, or prams. I would be trying to show that I was brave. Audrey is trying to take interest in what the guards will do to the mysterious "him" if they catch him. If I was playing her, I would be very close to the boys, as if to be more on their side and more brave and boyish than Angela.
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Distressing: causing great pain, sorrow or suffering. Anxiety: a nervous feeling & anxious. Laughter / sunny soul: people always look at the bright side of life. Numbed: having lost all physical feeling or the power to feel. Whirl of excitement: A change in her state of mind could only take place when a certain action or incident happens. Q3: What incident or action led to a possible change in her personality? Mood / Feelings Incident / Action Awful First Wednesday of every month when all orphans have to ensure every floor is spotless, every chair dustless and every bed without a wrinkle.
- Word count: 946