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GCSE: A Christmas Carol
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He tells Ghost of Christmas Past to ''show him no more''. He doesn't want to see anymore of his happy life because his heart is still cold. Then, Ghost of Christmas Present visits him. The Ghost shows him people around the world celebrating Christmas, Fred (his nephew), Cratchit family suffering. Seeing all this, Scrooge has a sign of regret and understanding but he is still not fully changed. Finally, The Ghost of Christmas Yet To Come visits Scrooge. The Ghost shows Scrooge his death and horrible things that could happen if the things stay the same.
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All the words that are used to describe Scrooge are thinks that are equally as unpleasant as him. Flint is quite a violent rock, and Dicken's is saying that even though steel is a strong object, it's not strong enough to get through. Also, oysters live in the cold sea, at inhospitable depths. 'No wind that blew was bitterer than he, no falling snow was more intent upon its purpose, no pelting rain less open to entreaty...' '...The heaviest rain, and snow, and hail could boast of advantage over him in one respect.
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A Christmas Carol Coursework. Dickens describes Scrooge as as solitary as an oyster. By comparing him to a creature that only rarely comes out, it shows how lonely and anti-social he really is, making the readers grow a stronger dislike for him.
The impression that we get of Scrooge from the opening description is that he is forlorn character with no morals. Dickens describes Scrooge as 'as solitary as an oyster'. By comparing him to a creature that only rarely comes out, it shows how lonely and anti-social he really is, making the readers grow a stronger dislike for him. The word 'solitary' implies how self-centred and contained he is as well as a low social-status. This gives us the impression that he is cold-hearted and spiteful as that is probably how someone would act if they chose to be lonely.
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The story also plays on people's conscience and makes them worry about life after death. The reason that Ebenezer Scrooge is being haunted is his selfishness and behaviour towards other people, which makes it different to the usual supernatural stories as the ghosts want to help him become a better person. He is visited by four ghosts: the ghost of the Christmas past, present, future and also by his dead business partner Marley. In the Victorian era, novels were the leading form of literature. The major genres were: gothic, romance, 'Silver Fork' (stories about the upper-class, in which the poor were interested)
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Dickens shows this through Scrooge and the ghost of Christmas future when no one will care when you die. Dickens moral message in the novel is that everyone should respect each other whether poor or rich. Dickens expresses his criticism of the lack of the welfare system through the words of Scrooge by showing that the rich were very rich and the poor very poor and the only way through it was to work at the work house. However the work house was seen a shameful place to work at, therefore many of the poor people would rather make a living begging.
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How effectively has charles dickens managed to portray a range of different attitudes through his characters in the novel "a christmas carol"
Many children died very young and shocking statistics show that in 1839 almost half of the funerals in London were for children under the age of ten. Families were big, the parents hoping that the more children there were the more money the family could earn but this often wasn't the case as the cost of bringing up children was quite expensive. Parents gained money from working around the clock for six days a week this meant a lot more than 12 hour working days for the poor and often mistreat from their employers, but it gained a little money and kept the families alive.
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In the last stave Dickens use of pathetic fallacy is switched completely from negative to positive. He does this through a dramatic change of how the weather is described, phrases such as "No fog, no mist". By saying there is no fog or mist in the sky, it is meaning that the harshness of the weather has gone and there is nice weather that remains now, which represents all the unpleasantness and nasty points of scrooges character have vanished, and to show the reader that his character has transformed, and that he is a changed, good person.
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At the start of chapter two, Scrooge is lying in his bed, anticipating the predicted arrival of the first ghost, with tremendous fear. Here, Dickens, with the use of powerful metaphors, creates atmosphere where Scrooge wakes up and his eyes attempt to "pierce the darkness" which suggests the darkness was powerful and pitch black, and had to be 'pierced' to see through. Also, the atmosphere is then built upon where Dickens describes Scrooge's eyes as "ferret eyes". These metaphors imply that Scrooge is afraid and is looking nervously around in the darkness, which grips the reader into the storyline.
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Another deeper meaning in A Christmas Carol is watching Scrooge's transformation from misanthropic businessman to generous gentleman. His redemption, a major tradition in Christian religion, is made possible through the use of free will. He has the power to change the future with his present actions, and Dickens tries to convey this sense of free will to the reader; if Scrooge can change, then so can anyone. Another meaning is the discrimation of the poor in Victorian England due to the selfishness of the rich.
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In the way, he is such a saver that his own fire is small yet, bigger than Bob's. Clerk ''tried to warm himself at the candle'' and Scrooge did not even felt anything, like of sharing the coal with clerk. It wasn't a surprise how Scrooge has treated his Nephew because at this moment we started to see how Scrooge looks at the Christmas and how he treated Bob. Scrooge seems to be disgusted by Christmas when his response is ''Bah!
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I would also expect Dickens to express the hardships of London having lived in one of the debtors' prisons and being one of the people that wanted to change the poverty of London. Dickens uses catchphrases both in the first and the last chapters to show how Scrooge has changed. In the first chapter Scrooge's catchphrase is "Bah Humbug!" and in the fifth chapter his catchphrase is "Whoop!" A catchphrase sticks in the readers mind and so when it changes it is very visible.
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'A Christmas Carol' is an allegory which relies heavily on symbolism to convey meaning and atmosphere. Discuss.
This unhappy image of Scrooge greatly contrasts with that of his nephew. He comes in to ask his uncle Scrooge to Christmas dinner, and he is described as, "All in a glow," and his, "eyes sparkled," showing his nephew as a happy and kind-hearted man. To add to this, Scrooge goes on to say how much he hates Christmas, so his nephew tells him about the joy of Christmas. He tells him, "[Christmas is] a good time; a kind, forgiving, charitable, pleasant time," and this shows the warm and generous spirit that he has, but Scrooge tells his nephew, "What reason have you to be merry?
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The narrator used in "A Christmas Carol" is an omniscient narrator. It is in the third person and uses the pronouns "I" and "me" as though the narrator is actually above the characters in the book. Instead of using an invisible narrator, Dickens uses this kind of narrator so the reader believes a lesson is being told; "It is a fair, even-handed, noble adjustment of things, that while there is infection in disease and sorrow, there is nothing in the world so irresistibly contagious as laughter and good-humour."
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'A Christmas Carol' is written in staves, in music there are staves so he was trying to show the harmony of music of life, and it reflects the 'Carol' in the title. Charles Dickens has also used humour because as adults can see the deeper meaning of the story, children can understand the funny side. Humour is also used to soften the moral message to keep people entertained and interested. If it was kept too serious and preachy, people would find it boring.
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He was instrumental in making changes to the Poor Law. In the nineteenth century a lot of people were living in poverty. Many people lived in the countryside in Dickens' time. The Industrial Revolution which had been under way for sixty years led to rapid growth in cities. The urbanisation was so rapid that the quality of housing and conditions for the poor were appalling. People worked long hours in dangerous factories and went home to squalor. The wealthy people lived in luxury.
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How does Charles Dickens try to encourage his readers to alter their moral and social conscience towards the poor through Scrooge's experiences?
After the Industrial Revolution in 1760, life of the Victorians was very different. The revolution caused an increase in population and size of towns. New inventions and communications brought new wealth to some people, but for many others it meant life was hard. In the new factories profit was more important than employees' welfare. This meant the working conditions were horrible. Children as young as six were employed in mines and factories. Workhouses were feared places where families too poor to survive went.
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And so shows Dickens strong views that the poor were being mistreated. Before Dickens describes Scrooges to us he explains how he and Marley were partners and uses the word "sole" six times within a paragraph, this use of repetition is used to portray to us, right from the start, that Scrooge is a very solitary character. After this, the first real description of Scrooge comes where he is described as "squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scarping, clutching, covetous, old sinner." The use of these seven adjectives one after another is very powerful and gives the reader a clear image of the character that Dickens is creating.
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With reference to the themes of wealth and poverty, what lessons do you think Charles Dickens wanted his audience to learn from the story of Scrooge's changing character?
Dickens uses the linguistic tool of pathetic fallacy in the introduction of this stave to great effect in his description of Scrooge: "He carried his own low temperature always about with him; he iced his office in the dogdays; and didn't thaw it one degree at Christmas". This is also a good example of how in his descriptions of people he only creates impossibly bad and evil characters (in this case Scrooge) and impossibly good and perfect characters as well (e.g.
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The visits of the spirits also remind Scrooge that Christmas is a time of generosity, joy, laughter, showing goodwill to others, sharing as well as a time to spend with loved ones. So by the dawn of Christmas Day, Scrooge is ready to 'keep Christmas well' and learn to enjoy it. By this Dickens' social conscience moves the reader and tells the reader what is involved in 'keeping Christmas well'. Dickens uses two techniques to get readers to 'keep Christmas well'.
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' "I will honour Christmas in my heart, and try to keep it all the year. I will live in the past, the present, and the future. The spirits of all three shall strive within me..." ' Scrooge's nephew, Fred is very important to the novel because he portrays the moral message of families being together at Christmas, and also the fact that Christmas is a time for forgiveness. This links with how Dickens wrote the novel, in the setting of Christmas.
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This allegory, though basic, is effective, as the one dimensional characters are polarised, emphasising the moral reversal. This allows people to identify more with Scrooge's spiritual journey. In the preface, Dickens also states that he does not want readers' to feel "out of humour" after having read the novel. The purpose of the book is seemingly to entertain and enlighten, not to cast a burden onto anyone's mind. The similarities between characters and the social classes in Victorian society must not be taken with offence.
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At the beginning of the novel Dickens wants us to dislike Scrooge. Dickens uses numerous language techniques
Dickens uses these descriptive words in a long list, to emphasise strongly the unkind personality Scrooge has. By using the technique of a long list of negative words, really makes an impression and sticks in the reader's mind. Dickens also uses similes to describe the personality of Scrooge, 'as solitary as an oyster.' An oyster spends its life isolated from everything, as does Scrooge. Dickens then begins to describe Scrooges physical appearance, 'frosty time on his head' 'wiry chin.' By describing his hair and using grey it highlights his negative character and uses the feature of coldness Scrooge carries with him.
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Charles Dickens uses a narrator, to both describe Scrooge and to judge him. The more the narrator describes Scrooge the angrier he seems to become and the harsher he speaks of him e.g. when he exclaims that Scrooge is 'a tight fisted hand at the grindstone Scrooge!' he then uses a long list of adjectives to emphasise the meanness in scrooge and how he is prepared to hurt others deliberately so that he can be more wealthy. These are: A squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous old sinner. The narrator also makes it clear that scrooge is self-contained and 'as solitary as an oyster'.
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Christmas Carol Ebenezer Scrooge is a tightfisted miser who has only one purpose in life, to extort as much money and profit he can
He was greedy and crooked to the bone. "No warmth could warm him, no wintry weather chill him." However much you may want to consider Scrooge blameless, after all, a man's behaviour and temperament is directly linked to the environment he works in, it is all too clear that he brought this sour disposition and attitude upon himself. "Nobody ever stopped him in the street to say, with gladsome looks, 'My dear Scrooge, how are you? When will you come to see me?'" Scrooge had an inherent fear of opening up to people. All his years of working with money have turned him into a recluse.
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How does Dickens use imagery and language to present the character of Ebenezer Scrooge in Stave one of 'A Christmas Carol?'
By addressing the reader like this it automatically draws the reader into the story as though they are experiencing what Dickens is trying to make them experience - by making them apart of the story by being addressed directly. It also makes the reader want to know more for example they might want to know why Marley is dead and therefore this makes them read on. The main character of the novel is named Scrooge. He is present by dickens as a: 'Squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous old sinner!'
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