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GCSE: A Christmas Carol

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  1. How does Dickens explore the possibility of change in A Christmas Carol?

    He tells Ghost of Christmas Past to ''show him no more''. He doesn't want to see anymore of his happy life because his heart is still cold. Then, Ghost of Christmas Present visits him. The Ghost shows him people around the world celebrating Christmas, Fred (his nephew), Cratchit family suffering. Seeing all this, Scrooge has a sign of regret and understanding but he is still not fully changed. Finally, The Ghost of Christmas Yet To Come visits Scrooge. The Ghost shows Scrooge his death and horrible things that could happen if the things stay the same.

    • Word count: 2245
  2. A Christmas Carol - Explore Scrooges Transformation from the beginning of the novel to the end.

    All the words that are used to describe Scrooge are thinks that are equally as unpleasant as him. Flint is quite a violent rock, and Dicken's is saying that even though steel is a strong object, it's not strong enough to get through. Also, oysters live in the cold sea, at inhospitable depths. 'No wind that blew was bitterer than he, no falling snow was more intent upon its purpose, no pelting rain less open to entreaty...' '...The heaviest rain, and snow, and hail could boast of advantage over him in one respect.

    • Word count: 2886
  3. A Christmas Carol Coursework. Dickens describes Scrooge as as solitary as an oyster. By comparing him to a creature that only rarely comes out, it shows how lonely and anti-social he really is, making the readers grow a stronger dislike for him.

    The impression that we get of Scrooge from the opening description is that he is forlorn character with no morals. Dickens describes Scrooge as 'as solitary as an oyster'. By comparing him to a creature that only rarely comes out, it shows how lonely and anti-social he really is, making the readers grow a stronger dislike for him. The word 'solitary' implies how self-centred and contained he is as well as a low social-status. This gives us the impression that he is cold-hearted and spiteful as that is probably how someone would act if they chose to be lonely.

    • Word count: 2493
  4. A Christmas Carol The character of Scrooge and the main themes of the story.

    The story also plays on people's conscience and makes them worry about life after death. The reason that Ebenezer Scrooge is being haunted is his selfishness and behaviour towards other people, which makes it different to the usual supernatural stories as the ghosts want to help him become a better person. He is visited by four ghosts: the ghost of the Christmas past, present, future and also by his dead business partner Marley. In the Victorian era, novels were the leading form of literature. The major genres were: gothic, romance, 'Silver Fork' (stories about the upper-class, in which the poor were interested)

    • Word count: 2604
  5. What is Dickens social commentary of Victorian England in A Christmas Carol?

    Dickens shows this through Scrooge and the ghost of Christmas future when no one will care when you die. Dickens moral message in the novel is that everyone should respect each other whether poor or rich. Dickens expresses his criticism of the lack of the welfare system through the words of Scrooge by showing that the rich were very rich and the poor very poor and the only way through it was to work at the work house. However the work house was seen a shameful place to work at, therefore many of the poor people would rather make a living begging.

    • Word count: 2780
  6. How effectively has charles dickens managed to portray a range of different attitudes through his characters in the novel "a christmas carol"

    Many children died very young and shocking statistics show that in 1839 almost half of the funerals in London were for children under the age of ten. Families were big, the parents hoping that the more children there were the more money the family could earn but this often wasn't the case as the cost of bringing up children was quite expensive. Parents gained money from working around the clock for six days a week this meant a lot more than 12 hour working days for the poor and often mistreat from their employers, but it gained a little money and kept the families alive.

    • Word count: 2003
  7. A Christmas Carol Essay.

    In the last stave Dickens use of pathetic fallacy is switched completely from negative to positive. He does this through a dramatic change of how the weather is described, phrases such as "No fog, no mist". By saying there is no fog or mist in the sky, it is meaning that the harshness of the weather has gone and there is nice weather that remains now, which represents all the unpleasantness and nasty points of scrooges character have vanished, and to show the reader that his character has transformed, and that he is a changed, good person.

    • Word count: 2596
  8. How does Dickens use atmosphere and suspense to convey his moral message in 'A Christmas carol'.

    At the start of chapter two, Scrooge is lying in his bed, anticipating the predicted arrival of the first ghost, with tremendous fear. Here, Dickens, with the use of powerful metaphors, creates atmosphere where Scrooge wakes up and his eyes attempt to "pierce the darkness" which suggests the darkness was powerful and pitch black, and had to be 'pierced' to see through. Also, the atmosphere is then built upon where Dickens describes Scrooge's eyes as "ferret eyes". These metaphors imply that Scrooge is afraid and is looking nervously around in the darkness, which grips the reader into the storyline.

    • Word count: 2104
  9. A Christmas Carol

    Another deeper meaning in A Christmas Carol is watching Scrooge's transformation from misanthropic businessman to generous gentleman. His redemption, a major tradition in Christian religion, is made possible through the use of free will. He has the power to change the future with his present actions, and Dickens tries to convey this sense of free will to the reader; if Scrooge can change, then so can anyone. Another meaning is the discrimation of the poor in Victorian England due to the selfishness of the rich.

    • Word count: 2315
  10. Christmas Carol Coursework

    In the way, he is such a saver that his own fire is small yet, bigger than Bob's. Clerk ''tried to warm himself at the candle'' and Scrooge did not even felt anything, like of sharing the coal with clerk. It wasn't a surprise how Scrooge has treated his Nephew because at this moment we started to see how Scrooge looks at the Christmas and how he treated Bob. Scrooge seems to be disgusted by Christmas when his response is ''Bah!

    • Word count: 2421
  11. Dickens Essay Comparrison

    I would also expect Dickens to express the hardships of London having lived in one of the debtors' prisons and being one of the people that wanted to change the poverty of London. Dickens uses catchphrases both in the first and the last chapters to show how Scrooge has changed. In the first chapter Scrooge's catchphrase is "Bah Humbug!" and in the fifth chapter his catchphrase is "Whoop!" A catchphrase sticks in the readers mind and so when it changes it is very visible.

    • Word count: 2860
  12. 'A Christmas Carol' is an allegory which relies heavily on symbolism to convey meaning and atmosphere. Discuss.

    This unhappy image of Scrooge greatly contrasts with that of his nephew. He comes in to ask his uncle Scrooge to Christmas dinner, and he is described as, "All in a glow," and his, "eyes sparkled," showing his nephew as a happy and kind-hearted man. To add to this, Scrooge goes on to say how much he hates Christmas, so his nephew tells him about the joy of Christmas. He tells him, "[Christmas is] a good time; a kind, forgiving, charitable, pleasant time," and this shows the warm and generous spirit that he has, but Scrooge tells his nephew, "What reason have you to be merry?

    • Word count: 2446
  13. How does Dickens present his message in

    The narrator used in "A Christmas Carol" is an omniscient narrator. It is in the third person and uses the pronouns "I" and "me" as though the narrator is actually above the characters in the book. Instead of using an invisible narrator, Dickens uses this kind of narrator so the reader believes a lesson is being told; "It is a fair, even-handed, noble adjustment of things, that while there is infection in disease and sorrow, there is nothing in the world so irresistibly contagious as laughter and good-humour."

    • Word count: 2341
  14. A christmas Carol

    'A Christmas Carol' is written in staves, in music there are staves so he was trying to show the harmony of music of life, and it reflects the 'Carol' in the title. Charles Dickens has also used humour because as adults can see the deeper meaning of the story, children can understand the funny side. Humour is also used to soften the moral message to keep people entertained and interested. If it was kept too serious and preachy, people would find it boring.

    • Word count: 2949
  15. How Does Dickens Portray Scrooge in the Beginning of "A Christmas Carol"?

    He was instrumental in making changes to the Poor Law. In the nineteenth century a lot of people were living in poverty. Many people lived in the countryside in Dickens' time. The Industrial Revolution which had been under way for sixty years led to rapid growth in cities. The urbanisation was so rapid that the quality of housing and conditions for the poor were appalling. People worked long hours in dangerous factories and went home to squalor. The wealthy people lived in luxury.

    • Word count: 2397
  16. How does Charles Dickens try to encourage his readers to alter their moral and social conscience towards the poor through Scrooge's experiences?

    After the Industrial Revolution in 1760, life of the Victorians was very different. The revolution caused an increase in population and size of towns. New inventions and communications brought new wealth to some people, but for many others it meant life was hard. In the new factories profit was more important than employees' welfare. This meant the working conditions were horrible. Children as young as six were employed in mines and factories. Workhouses were feared places where families too poor to survive went.

    • Word count: 2890
  17. How and why does Scrooge's Character change throught the book "A Christmas Carol"?

    And so shows Dickens strong views that the poor were being mistreated. Before Dickens describes Scrooges to us he explains how he and Marley were partners and uses the word "sole" six times within a paragraph, this use of repetition is used to portray to us, right from the start, that Scrooge is a very solitary character. After this, the first real description of Scrooge comes where he is described as "squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scarping, clutching, covetous, old sinner." The use of these seven adjectives one after another is very powerful and gives the reader a clear image of the character that Dickens is creating.

    • Word count: 2600
  18. With reference to the themes of wealth and poverty, what lessons do you think Charles Dickens wanted his audience to learn from the story of Scrooge's changing character?

    Dickens uses the linguistic tool of pathetic fallacy in the introduction of this stave to great effect in his description of Scrooge: "He carried his own low temperature always about with him; he iced his office in the dogdays; and didn't thaw it one degree at Christmas". This is also a good example of how in his descriptions of people he only creates impossibly bad and evil characters (in this case Scrooge) and impossibly good and perfect characters as well (e.g.

    • Word count: 2323
  19. A christmas carol

    The visits of the spirits also remind Scrooge that Christmas is a time of generosity, joy, laughter, showing goodwill to others, sharing as well as a time to spend with loved ones. So by the dawn of Christmas Day, Scrooge is ready to 'keep Christmas well' and learn to enjoy it. By this Dickens' social conscience moves the reader and tells the reader what is involved in 'keeping Christmas well'. Dickens uses two techniques to get readers to 'keep Christmas well'.

    • Word count: 2212
  20. Analysis Of A Christmas Carol

    ' "I will honour Christmas in my heart, and try to keep it all the year. I will live in the past, the present, and the future. The spirits of all three shall strive within me..." ' Scrooge's nephew, Fred is very important to the novel because he portrays the moral message of families being together at Christmas, and also the fact that Christmas is a time for forgiveness. This links with how Dickens wrote the novel, in the setting of Christmas.

    • Word count: 2079
  21. Christmas Carol - The Moral Message

    This allegory, though basic, is effective, as the one dimensional characters are polarised, emphasising the moral reversal. This allows people to identify more with Scrooge's spiritual journey. In the preface, Dickens also states that he does not want readers' to feel "out of humour" after having read the novel. The purpose of the book is seemingly to entertain and enlighten, not to cast a burden onto anyone's mind. The similarities between characters and the social classes in Victorian society must not be taken with offence.

    • Word count: 2137
  22. At the beginning of the novel Dickens wants us to dislike Scrooge. Dickens uses numerous language techniques

    Dickens uses these descriptive words in a long list, to emphasise strongly the unkind personality Scrooge has. By using the technique of a long list of negative words, really makes an impression and sticks in the reader's mind. Dickens also uses similes to describe the personality of Scrooge, 'as solitary as an oyster.' An oyster spends its life isolated from everything, as does Scrooge. Dickens then begins to describe Scrooges physical appearance, 'frosty time on his head' 'wiry chin.' By describing his hair and using grey it highlights his negative character and uses the feature of coldness Scrooge carries with him.

    • Word count: 2159
  23. a christmas carol

    Charles Dickens uses a narrator, to both describe Scrooge and to judge him. The more the narrator describes Scrooge the angrier he seems to become and the harsher he speaks of him e.g. when he exclaims that Scrooge is 'a tight fisted hand at the grindstone Scrooge!' he then uses a long list of adjectives to emphasise the meanness in scrooge and how he is prepared to hurt others deliberately so that he can be more wealthy. These are: A squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous old sinner. The narrator also makes it clear that scrooge is self-contained and 'as solitary as an oyster'.

    • Word count: 2494
  24. Christmas Carol Ebenezer Scrooge is a tightfisted miser who has only one purpose in life, to extort as much money and profit he can

    He was greedy and crooked to the bone. "No warmth could warm him, no wintry weather chill him." However much you may want to consider Scrooge blameless, after all, a man's behaviour and temperament is directly linked to the environment he works in, it is all too clear that he brought this sour disposition and attitude upon himself. "Nobody ever stopped him in the street to say, with gladsome looks, 'My dear Scrooge, how are you? When will you come to see me?'" Scrooge had an inherent fear of opening up to people. All his years of working with money have turned him into a recluse.

    • Word count: 2080
  25. How does Dickens use imagery and language to present the character of Ebenezer Scrooge in Stave one of 'A Christmas Carol?'

    By addressing the reader like this it automatically draws the reader into the story as though they are experiencing what Dickens is trying to make them experience - by making them apart of the story by being addressed directly. It also makes the reader want to know more for example they might want to know why Marley is dead and therefore this makes them read on. The main character of the novel is named Scrooge. He is present by dickens as a: 'Squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous old sinner!'

    • Word count: 2226

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Compare the descriptions of the four ghosts in A Christmas Carol. Which do you find the most effective and why?

    "In conclusion, I think that the most effective ghost is the ghost of Christmas present due to the fact that in being shockingly different from the other ghosts, its message was carried clearly and profoundly to the reader. Although an original reader may disagree with me, as the ghost was too uncommon for the time; I think that it's outright defiance to the norm, would have alerted the reader to the ghost and would have helped put across the original meaning of Christmas. Robert Ankcorn English coursework"

  • Discuss how Charles Dickens uses Victorian London to show the differences between the rich and the poor members of the society? What message is the novelist trying to tell you?

    "In conclusion I believe one of Dickens mane objectives of this story was the make the rich self reflect and self recognise their actions in society to day. I think Dickens was successful in doing this because he is constantly forcing the reader towards formulating a moral judgement by projecting a lonely mean image of Scrooge and therefore awakening a social conscience. The reader knows Scrooge is unhappy because of the way Dickens describes the way Scrooge treats people. His use of language, many adjective words, and the situations in which he situates the poor in using jobs, buildings, weather and the time of year helps force the reader towards formulating a moral judgement. I enjoyed reading the book very much because of his descriptive language, which helps your mind to think of detailed images that Dickens is trying to describe. I think Dickens was very successful in changing rich peoples views for the better, even though his story is fiction, many facts are written about the poor, which helps us get more of a social conscience and understanding of the life they live."

  • Analyse the ways in which Dickens highlights certain aspects of 19th Century London in his novel 'A Christmas Carol'

    "In conclusion, the image that one is left with from Dickens is a very depressing one, one of dark, smelly, and polluted streets. Images of poverty and hardship, and a society that cared little for the welfare of others, where if you had money you could live comfortably, but if you did not life was very tough. It is not a place where, I feel, anyone today would like to live. 1"

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