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GCSE: A Christmas Carol
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How effectively has charles dickens managed to portray a range of different attitudes through his characters in the novel "a christmas carol"
Many children died very young and shocking statistics show that in 1839 almost half of the funerals in London were for children under the age of ten. Families were big, the parents hoping that the more children there were the more money the family could earn but this often wasn't the case as the cost of bringing up children was quite expensive. Parents gained money from working around the clock for six days a week this meant a lot more than 12 hour working days for the poor and often mistreat from their employers, but it gained a little money and kept the families alive.
- Word count: 2003
How Does Dickens portray the Three Spirits in A Christmas Carol? What would they represent to Victorians?
explained the ghost 'Would you so soon put out, with worldly hands, the light I give?' Victorians would represent and understand this as scrooge placing too much importance on worldly goods (money) and so destroying the spirits light or goodness. The main reason the spirit is so unearthly is it's appearance, with its white hair making it aged yet his face is described as having 'not a wrinkle on it' making it have an also youthful appearance. The spirit also looks physically fit with strong arms and legs.
- Word count: 1233
In the last stave Dickens use of pathetic fallacy is switched completely from negative to positive. He does this through a dramatic change of how the weather is described, phrases such as "No fog, no mist". By saying there is no fog or mist in the sky, it is meaning that the harshness of the weather has gone and there is nice weather that remains now, which represents all the unpleasantness and nasty points of scrooges character have vanished, and to show the reader that his character has transformed, and that he is a changed, good person.
- Word count: 2596
How does Dickens use the character of Scrooge to teach his readers, old and young, his moral and social lessons?
Our first impressions of Scrooge ar that his is a very evil person. Dickens has cleverly managed to use cold imagery of the atmosphere around Scrooge, such as 'The cold became intense .. it was quite dark already... The fog came pouring in at every chink and keyhole and was so dense... the hoses opposite were merely phantoms.' - which enable us to feel more of the coldness Scrooge has. This also builds up tension in the story, and creates an atmosphere of mystery and horror - and this description of this atmosphere allows Dickens to create a theme of ghosts.
- Word count: 3820
How does Dickens presentation of the four ghosts in A Christmas Carol teach both Scrooge and the readers a lesson about life?
Towards the start of the text we meet Dickens' main character Ebenezer Scrooge. Dickens was known for the names he gave to characters in his books, he liked to give them a name that suited them individually. When you say "Scrooge" you have to screw up your face, this could demonstrate how mean and tight fisted he is. Scrooge doesn't give money to anyone apart from his clerk who has an incredibly small salary. He hates Christmas and says "Humbug" whenever he hears of it. He can't understand how everyone can celebrate and be filled with joy when they are so poor.
- Word count: 1202
His objections to institutions such as the workhouses were made clear in many of his writings, specifically his book 'Oliver Twist', one of his most famous works. He brought these issues to light among the wealthy sector of the population and in a way made the qualities he makes a point of promoting in 'A Christmas Carol' such as goodwill, celebration and care for those who need it, somewhat fashionable. The central character of Ebenezer Scrooge in Dickens' 'A Christmas Carol represents the views of the rich in Victorian times and to help convey to the reader everything that is wrong with these views he fits the stereotype of an old, cold-hearted, selfish man.
- Word count: 1762
Dickens is a writer whose work reflected the concerns of the society in which he lived. What are those concerns and how does he convey them to the reader of A Christmas Carol?
Dickens had very strong ideas about Christmas and deliberately set his story at Christmas so he could try to achieve one of his biggest ambitions - to show the importance of Christmas time. He was one of a group of writers who aspired to renew the old Christmas and show it is a time for being with your family, helping each other and remembering the past and thinking about the future, currently families were split up between city and countryside and this, as Dickens saw it, was not right.
- Word count: 3749
Dickens wrote his story in the form of a novella. It was traditional for many families, in Victorian England, to sit around the fire and tell stories on Christmas Day. This is similar to how we, today, sit as a family and enjoy a Christmas film together. Dickens was able to write and publish 'A Christmas Carol' in time for it to be sold before Christmas, so that it could be read in this traditional context. By using fictional characters, he was not directly offending the parts of society he was writing about.
- Word count: 1882
Charles Dickens split A Christmas Carol into 5 staves , he had structured it like this to emphasize the changes in Scrooge through the story , from being miserable and tight to being kind and giving
That night, Scrooge is visited by the ghost of his former business associate, Jacob Marley, a man who was as greedy and cold as Scrooge, he warns Scrooge that if he continues to live so selfishly, he will regret later on life. Three ghosts visit Scrooge successively: the Ghost of Christmas Past, the Ghost of Christmas Present, and the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come. They show Scrooge his error in valuing money over people. Scrooge is frightened by the bleak picture of his life and promises to change his ways.
- Word count: 1347
The language used is simple, which helps to emphasise the extent of his coldness, and the phrasing used, such as the coldness "stiffening his gait" shows his age. Gait is a reference to how he moves, so in saying that it is stiff, Charles Dickens is stating that his movements are becoming slow and awkward with his age. This could possibly symbolise that it has become awkward for him to socialise and connect with other human beings, as it has become awkward for him to move.
- Word count: 3030
The key points of the novel include the ghosts of Christmas past, present and future. This makes it popular because of the interest factor. He shows the idea of time travelling and the new concept of the future. This influenced our ideas like sci-fi. Another key point is a mean person changing for the good. This helps make it popular because enjoy a moral story. Also this means it has a happy ending which is still being enjoyed. Marley is also important as he is very real ghost and not just a vague shape.
- Word count: 1603
At the start of chapter two, Scrooge is lying in his bed, anticipating the predicted arrival of the first ghost, with tremendous fear. Here, Dickens, with the use of powerful metaphors, creates atmosphere where Scrooge wakes up and his eyes attempt to "pierce the darkness" which suggests the darkness was powerful and pitch black, and had to be 'pierced' to see through. Also, the atmosphere is then built upon where Dickens describes Scrooge's eyes as "ferret eyes". These metaphors imply that Scrooge is afraid and is looking nervously around in the darkness, which grips the reader into the storyline.
- Word count: 2104
christmas carol-how does dickens use discription of characters and setting to convey his concerns and engage his readers
In stave one, we meet Scrooge. Dickens uses many adjective to describe Scrooge. He writes "he was a tight-fisted hand at the grindstone, Scrooge! A squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous old sinner!" From this we can infer that scrooge is a violent, sad, old man who keeps himself to himself. We can see this because all the words used to describe Scrooge all relate to negative descriptions, such as violent, pulling, tight and self conflict. It is important to get a good description. Because it helps the readers keep an image in their mind, thus engaging them.
- Word count: 1998
Scrooge is described as a cold and frosty man, whose heart was so black and filled with greed. The language used in Stave 1 for Scrooge's character and attitude to Christmas and other people portrays him as a cold-hearted man, chilled to the very core of his heart. No room for emotion and just greed and gold instead. Dickens shows Scrooge art the start of stave two, three, four as a gradual change of heart. In the second stave Dickens introduces the reader to Scrooge's sadder part of life, the part of Scrooge's life which he regrets.
- Word count: 536
He has the same dress and appearance he had when he was alive but is transparent and has a chain attached to him, it is described as "long and wound about him like a tail; it was made... of cash-boxes, keys, padlocks, ledgers, deeds, and heavy purses wrought in steel." This gives the reader an image of what Marley's chain looks like and gives an idea of what he did in his life. The chain is, as he explains, was made subconsciously during his life from what he had done and his actions while he was alive and has to bear it forevermore.
- Word count: 1213
Another deeper meaning in A Christmas Carol is watching Scrooge's transformation from misanthropic businessman to generous gentleman. His redemption, a major tradition in Christian religion, is made possible through the use of free will. He has the power to change the future with his present actions, and Dickens tries to convey this sense of free will to the reader; if Scrooge can change, then so can anyone. Another meaning is the discrimation of the poor in Victorian England due to the selfishness of the rich.
- Word count: 2315
How does Charles Dickens make A Christmas Carol(TM) an appealing Christmas story for its 19thC readers?
This enhancement would be due to the ideas and traditions surrounding Christmas such as church, feasts and parties. Also the religious implications of the title would make the reader appear religious and kind hearted as it was a Christmas story. A Christmas Carol is set in 19thC London during the Christmas period. The story starts on Christmas Eve and ends on Christmas day. This is done to show the events that pass during the story are done by magic. The use of magic to tell this story would appeal to 19thC readers who were very superstitious.
- Word count: 1142
The key words that show this are "The cold within him." This makes the reader feel scrooge is old, frozen and has no love at all. Dickens wanted scrooge to represent the worst of the rich in 1842, he wanted to change there ways. Scrooges looks reflect his personality, scrooge is unfriendly to everyone even his family and employees like his book-keeper Bob Cratchit. The way scrooge lives also reflects his personality Dickens shows this by using personification "They were a gloomy suite of rooms, in a lowering pile of building up a yard, where it had so little business to be, that one could scarcely help fancying it must have run there when it was a young house, playing at hide-and-seek with other houses, and forgotten the way out again."
- Word count: 948
What do you see as Dickens' social aims in 'A Christmas Carol' and how does he go about achieving them?
This image is then built upon when Dickens further demonstrates Scrooge's cruelty, by showing how he treats his poorly paid clerk. Even on Christmas, he works in a "dismal little cell", with a fire so small that it "looked like one coal". To add to this, Scrooge even keeps the box of coal in his own room, threatening the clerk with dismissal if he were to replenish his fire. This metaphorically illustrates Scrooge's coldness, even at Christmas he fails to spread warmth - neither in kindness nor in heat.
- Word count: 3001
In the way, he is such a saver that his own fire is small yet, bigger than Bob's. Clerk ''tried to warm himself at the candle'' and Scrooge did not even felt anything, like of sharing the coal with clerk. It wasn't a surprise how Scrooge has treated his Nephew because at this moment we started to see how Scrooge looks at the Christmas and how he treated Bob. Scrooge seems to be disgusted by Christmas when his response is ''Bah!
- Word count: 2421
Charles Dickens wanted his novel to have an important message. He wanted to show that no one should be as selfish and money grasping as Ebenezer Scrooge because if they are they will die lonely and their meanness hurts others. Dickens teaches us that in society the rich people can ease the lives of the poor and make things better for them even with simple acts and gestures! However, we see that characters like Scrooge are unprepared to do so.
- Word count: 1325
Scrooge is an old man. "Shrivelled his cheek." Shrivelled has more than one meaning. It could mean old. This describes Scrooge as being a wrinkly old man, as shrivelled could also mean wrinkled. Now some old people are nice, but it's the opposite in Scrooge's case. Scrooge is probably the most unfriendly character you will ever come across. As he also wants the poor people dead, there could be a reference to that. He'd rather they would die than give them money as we find out at the beginning of the novel. Scrooge is nasty. "Hard and sharp as flint." There are many meanings in this quote, firstly it could relate to a weapon such as a knife.
- Word count: 1282
I would also expect Dickens to express the hardships of London having lived in one of the debtors' prisons and being one of the people that wanted to change the poverty of London. Dickens uses catchphrases both in the first and the last chapters to show how Scrooge has changed. In the first chapter Scrooge's catchphrase is "Bah Humbug!" and in the fifth chapter his catchphrase is "Whoop!" A catchphrase sticks in the readers mind and so when it changes it is very visible.
- Word count: 2860
'A Christmas Carol' is an allegory which relies heavily on symbolism to convey meaning and atmosphere. Discuss.
This unhappy image of Scrooge greatly contrasts with that of his nephew. He comes in to ask his uncle Scrooge to Christmas dinner, and he is described as, "All in a glow," and his, "eyes sparkled," showing his nephew as a happy and kind-hearted man. To add to this, Scrooge goes on to say how much he hates Christmas, so his nephew tells him about the joy of Christmas. He tells him, "[Christmas is] a good time; a kind, forgiving, charitable, pleasant time," and this shows the warm and generous spirit that he has, but Scrooge tells his nephew, "What reason have you to be merry?
- Word count: 2446