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GCSE: Oliver Twist
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- Marked by Teachers essays 1
Dickens describes the area where a Fagin life as the worst place Oliver has ever seen. He starters off by saying "A dirtier or more wretched place he had never seen". This is a bold opening and immediately tells the reader the place that Oliver has been taken to is not good. "The street was very narrow and muddy, and the air was impregnated with filthy odours", this paints a horrible picture in the readers mind. By using this language the picture painted in the reader's mind is exactly what Dickens wants the reader to picture.
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Show how Dickens has created atmosphere and tension through his descriptions of setting and characters in the extracts Chapter 1 " Great Expectations(TM) and Chapter 47 " Oliver Twist(TM)
Additionally, the author is writing in the first-person, which can be seen where Pip refers to himself as 'I', and uses words like 'my' and 'ours', and so these emotions are able to be emphasized to the reader for they are able to empathise and put themselves in Pip's position, and so comprehend with how he is feeling in this daunting setting. The depiction of the marshland, the third paragraph, is a very vivid description, with continuous usage of connectives and much repetition of the phrase 'and that', for example '...and that the dark flat wilderness', '...and that the low leaden line', '...and that the small bundle of shivers.'
- Word count: 2300
In (TM)Oliver Twist(TM)(TM) Dickens presents a powerful critique of Victorian society and its treatment of the poor. Paying particular attention to chapter two of the novel, explore the methods Dickens employs to ac
In this essay I shall be writing about how Charles Dickens presents a powerful critique of Victorian society and the poor, paying attention to chapter two of Oliver Twist. Chapter two marks one of the turning points of the novel. Firstly Oliver is sent to a workhouse because 'there was no female then domiciled on the house who was in a situation to impart to Oliver Twist, the consolation and nourishment of which he stood in need.' This enabled the poor laws to act on Oliver as he would live and work in an established workhouse which allowed him to receive assistance from the public if he needed it.
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However, seeing Nancy's ghost makes him accidentally put the loop over his head and slips, falling and then hangs as the rope around his neck tightens. In the novel, names represent personal qualities. The name Twist is the most obvious name, as it shows the twist in fortune that Oliver will come across. The name Bulls eye also represents his personal qualities. A Bulls eye is a target and the name sounds unpleasant and violent. Bills dog has also got the same sort of personality as him.
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The narrator is championing Oliver's cause, compelling us to be outraged, acting as a moral signpost for the reader. Indeed, the tone of the narrator's voice is often aggressively emotive: "I wish some well fed philosopher, whose meat and drink turned to gall within him' whose blood is ice, whose heart is iron; could have seen Oliver Twist clutching at the dainty viands that the dog had neglected. I wish he could have witnessed the horrible avidity with which Oliver tore the bits asunder with all the ferocity of famine."
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Therefore it is possible that some readers in the 19th century could see the relevance of the novel to their own society, which might enhance their interest. Nevertheless how did Dickens achieve this so well? It was purely because Dickens could express his own emotions and feelings into the text, as he too was a workhouse boy. This allowed him to write with such emotion and truth that he could really connect with the reader. We remember this book so well because not only does it give a warm and gripping tale full of adventure and excitement, it also conveys morals and a new prospective on how wrong the ethics were in the Victorian society.
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By writing this, Charles Dickens shows the readers the harshness that illegitimate mothers had to go through, Agnes was not helped at all when she was lying in the street, nobody cared. After giving birth to Oliver, Agnes says "let me see the child, and die", Charles Dickens creates emotion in the reader by writing this because it is very emotive, the fact that her final request is to see her child makes the reader question how a human can be treated this way. After the birth of Oliver, she died. The infant was placed in a private juvenile home.
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Discuss the role of women - as villains, victims and heroes in a selection of Victorian short stories.
"Captain Murderer" was written by Charles Dickens however, he did not invent this story he simply retold it. From the very start Dickens demonstrates how rich people were always perceived to be better than the poor: "His warning name would seem to have awakened no general prejudice against him, for he was admitted into the best society and possessed immense wealth" This story follows through the same common theme of those written in the 19th century in which the villain is obviously identified from the start: "very sharp show of teeth" From Dickens writing this the audience immediately sense that Captain Murderer is the villain, but that means one thing, is the woman the victim or the hero?
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Comparing the setting and atmosphere of Sikes and Nancy written by CHARLES DICKENS in 1869, The Black Cottage written by WILKIE COLLINS in 1859 and The Treasure In The Forest written by HERBERT GEORGE (HG) Wells in 1895.
Noah keeps caution and stealth at mind, which helped him avoid being detected. Nancy had finished her meeting with Rose and Mr Brownlow over the bridge. Noah's footsteps were heard retreating after the meeting was over. Noah rushes as fast as his legs could manage and reports this news to Fagin. Fagin told bill repeat the news to Sikes. Sikes was infuriated and angry at Nancy, he goes to Nancy and confronts her about meeting with unauthorised people. Nancy was on her knees begging and clutching to a handkerchief that was given by Rose as a present before their parting.
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In what ways does dickens create effective images of people and places. Explore this idea with refer
Child as he was, he was desperate with hunger and reckless with misery. He rose from the table, and advancing, basin and spoon in hand, to the master, said, somewhat alarmed at his own temerity. 'Please, Sir, I want some more.' " As Oliver was doing this you can imagine that the other children were sitting behind him sniggering about the trick they played on him. He doesn't realise that he is doing wrong as he wasn't brought up knowing what is right and wrong. He doesn't fit in because Oliver is spirited, full of hopes and dreams whereas the others have convinced themselves that they will never get out of the workhouse and therefore it will never happen.
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This also gives us the impression Fagin is evil because he is up at this time as if he too is a creature of the night. Dickens's description of Fagin in the opening paragraph makes him sound like a monster. He uses adjectives such as "distorted" and "hideous" to give the reader the intended twisted image of what Fagin looks like. Fagin is again made to sound evil by Dickens by being compared to a "phantom moist from the grave".
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The way in which humour is created is through his use, of malapropisms, "I inwented it," Mr Bumble often misuses words or mixes up long words, and this highlights his lack of education, although he does attempt to be intelligent but fails miserably. Mr Bumble often uses the word "parochial", but not in the correct manner. Dickens goes on to show that Mr Bumble is a pompous character and is full of his own sense of importance, "Mr Bumble had a great idea of his oratorical powers and his importance."
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Consider the presentation of bullying within the novel, Oliver Twist, and how Dickens emphasises the plight of the victims, Nancy and Oliver, against the cruelty of society, Fagin and Bill Sikes.
People were sent to the workhouse if they did not have any where else to go. These places were often used for old people. If a person was sent to a workhouse it was thought to be their fault. It was difficult for the inhabitants; as they were categorized as shameful and desperate. Whilst living in the workhouse people would lose their identity and integrity. They would live by very vigorous rules and lose the freedom they possessed. In the opening of the novel, Oliver is an orphan born in a workhouse. The first time Oliver is referred to in the novel is as 'it', this is a sign of bullying from the beginning.
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The fact that there is a lot of effort in ensuring the hideout is hidden and practically impossible from reaching from the outside, makes the reader infer that what Fagin is conducting is against the law. Dickens delivers his vivid description of Fagin, using language to imply that he is a villain. He uses vocabulary like "old, shrivelled, villainous-looking, repulsive and greasy". He also refers to Fagin often as 'the Jew', which is obviously in context to the times this book was first published.
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Read chapters 8-11 of Oliver Twist describing Oliver's arrival in Londonand his early adventures with Fagin and his gang. How does Dickens make Oliver's adventures memorable for his readers?
It teaches about how children are treated in those days and the conditions of the workhouses they are sent to work in from such young ages. It teaches you about life on the streets on London at that time. The story follows a little boy. Oliver is starved and lives on gruel; his friends decide to dare him. Oliver asks the Beadle for more and for this offence, he is removed from the workhouse and apprenticed to Mr. Sowerberry, an undertaker.
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By the end of this novel, Fagin is no longer a two dimensional racial stereotype but a character for whom the audience has considerable sympathy. Discuss.
From this we get the impression Fagin is an ugly man. "His repulsive face was obscured by a quantity of matted red hair" and "he was dressed in a greasy flannel gown", would give the reader the impression that his face was so awful, you could not bare to look at it. The way he presented himself suggested his hygiene was poor since he was "greasy". The character of Fagin is simpering but he also gives the impression of a powerful man.
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'Oliver Twist,' and how the work of Charles Dickens is widely based upon the social conditions of the period
The nurse who attends Oliver's birth is clearly abusing her position. We are told that she is under the influence of alcohol, which is certainly dangerous if she is delivering babies. We are told, "[She] was rendered rather misty by an unwonted allowance of beer." We are even told that she would rather drink the liquor than assist in delivering the baby, when Dickens writes, "she had been tasting [it] in a corner with evident satisfaction." The doctor also abuses his position.
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With reference to three key passages, explore Dickens's portrayal of the treatment of children in Victorian England in "Oliver Twist".
"Oliver Twist" helped influence social reform by showing how badly adults, as well as children, were treated in workhouses. This may have given children in workhouses hope that they could have better opportunities. Dickens also used his own experiences as an inspiration and helped create a sense of realism. A "baby-farm" is a place where orphaned children were sent. The word "farmed" suggests that the children were treated like animals. Also the fact that they are called "crops" also gives this impression.
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We are shown in " Oliver Twist" the Institutional bullying faced by Oliver whilst growing up in a "systematic course of treachery and deception" as described by Dickens himself. In the first few chapters, where we see the first stages of Institutional bullying and how it came about, we take notice of the use of language. Long sentences are used which are purposely used to show satire and bring out irony to reflect the criticism of society. Orphans in the 19th century were children who have had no parents and required special effort to develop and are "left to the tender mercies of churchwardens and overseers."
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How effectively does Oliver Twist represent the 19th century orphans in the novel 'Oliver Twist' by Charles Dickens?
Thus a good part of the novel has also autobiographical elements in it. In this novel Dickens depicts London society, the people of London and London itself. Most of the people used to treat the orphans very badly. They deprived them of the basic necessities they needed and they were also deprived of love. "The child was pale thin; his cheeks were sunken: and his eyes large and bright. The scanty parish dress, the livery of his misery, hung loosely on his feeble body; and his young limbs wasted away like those of an old man".
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In this essay, I study the character and presentation of Bill Sikes in the Charles Dickens' book, Oliver Twist. I have tried to understand his role in the book and reasons for his actions. Referring to the author's point of view and the language used. I also try to refer to the social and historical context of the book and study how the scenes are structured. Bill Sikes is portrayed in Oliver Twist as the epitome of evil. Bill Sikes is the violent criminal. A bully, a robber, and a murderer, Sikes uses his brute violence to bully, intimidate, and injure others.
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He is greedy and mean, trying to pull Oliver and others into his web of evil. After Noah delivers his report, Fagin is furious with Nancy. When Sikes enters, carrying the loot from his night's work, Fagin un-nerves him by staring fixedly, speechless and twitching with emotion. The old man tells Sikes his story, masterfully rousing Sikes to a pitch of rage at the hint that the gang has been betrayed. Deliberately increasing the tension, Fagin wakes Claypole to make him tell Sikes about Nancy.
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Two chapters of "Oliver Twist" examine how Charles Dickens criticises Victorian society for its hypocrisy and the way in which it allowed poverty-stricken children, like Oliver, to be the victims of adult cruelty, neglect and exploitation.
Firstly, I am going to concentrate on the character of Mrs. Mann, within this extract. Mrs. Mann is Oliver's "foster mother", along with many other young children. She does not treat the children well, and as such, when Mr. Bumble calls "he [Oliver] was keeping it [his ninth birthday] in the coal cellar with a select party of two other gentlemen, who, after participating in a sound thrashing, had been locked up for presuming to be hungry." This explains to us that Mrs.
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(The quote goes on to say that he turned around when the woman spoke) Dickens ridicules the workhouse medical staff a little because the midwife is described as a: 'pauper old woman who was rather misty' The woman is rather misty because she has been drinking an 'unwonted allowance of beer' Dickens again goes on to emphasise this point on the next page where the woman 'hastily deposits in her pocket the green glass bottle' Dickens also adds humour to the situation when he writes that Oliver would have 'certainly died' if he had been surrounded by 'doctors' 'experienced nurses'
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Explore how Dickens depicts the evil aspects of human nature with particular reference to two characters. Oliver Twist.
Oliver availed himself of the kind permission, and fell to the floor in a fainting fit." Oliver is obviously in some distress, which Mr Fang is unable to see and he really doesn't care about Oliver. Charles Dickens is portraying his concerns of the corruption of law through people who have power, such as the magistrates and Bumble, and that is why I have chosen Bumble to show how Dickens depicts him. Charles Dickens also portrays the personalities of his characters through their name; he does this with various characters. The name Mr Fang may suggest aspects of evil and it does, so Charles Dickens tries to portray the personality of a character through their name, in some cases.
- Word count: 2090