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GCSE: Edgar Allan Poe
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Both parents died when Edgar was 3 years old. Poe was then taken into the home of John Allan, a successful tobacco merchant in Richmond, Virginia. Although his middle name is often misspelled as "Allen," it is actually "Allan," after this family. After attending the Manor School at Stoke Newington, Poe attended the Reverend John Bransby's Manor House boarding school in the fall of 1818. The Manor House was located in the village of Stoke Newington, only four miles north of London. Poe moved back to the Allans in Richmond in 1820.
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With reference to Edgar Allen Poe's The Fall of the House of Usher and any other related source material, how successful is Oscar Wilde in creating a Gothic novel with The Picture of Dorian Gray?
History itself has manipulated the term Gothic to be associated with the idea of freedom. One of the reasons the Gothic genre is so arduous to define is that it is constantly evolving and so after being associated with freedom it began to be linked with dreams. The rigid hierarchy of the Victorian era meant that the only place you could explore true freedom was in your dreams. And so again the idea evolved once more to nightmares where you could explore the dark side of human nature. The Gothic novel first became popular in England during the late 1700s and the early 1800s.
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Gothic is a genre that many people enjoy to read, because people like the suspense and shock that is involved in a gothic story, it gives the reader a sense of insecurity, making sure that they think about what could happen. Its stories like this that class as a gothic genre. The Tell Tale Heart is most definitely of this genre because the suspense in the story is immense and there is much tension, in this essay I will try my very best to describe how Edgar Allan Poe does this.
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In 1832 Poe moved in with his aunt and his 11 year old cousin in Baltimore. Poe then married his younger cousin in 1836. However, Poe did not know that he would suffer yet another terrible loss, the loss of his love, his wife. Poe's ability to write literature was the window for him to express his feelings. All of Poe's tragic losses affected the way he wrote. Poe used his life experiences to make his writing a lot more interesting. Poe's writing is remarkably interesting. The poem "The Raven" showed how Poe erected a crazed state of mind, as the poem shows how the loss or a loved one drove a person crazy.
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Comment on the techniques used by Poe in the short story 'The Tell-Tale Heart' and evaluate Poes success in the creating a supernatural story
To understand the story you need to know about the cultural, historical and social side of the story. Poe's short story was influenced by Jack the ripper and the white chapel murders also at that time scientists were experimenting with drugs such as opium which changed peoples personalities. Most pre 1914 writers were on this drug which would explain why the narrator appears insane throughout the text. Poe uses the gothic elements such as death and darkness to add suspense and a scary feel to the piece.
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As someone would enter the house they would notice the gothic like antique furniture including the dark draperies. When the reader is first introduced to Usher, he is described with features resembling the house, very distinctive and has a gloom over him. Since Usher has never left his house he has taken on the same personality and characteristics of it. After Usher and his sister both die falling, the house collapses also.
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take on a new identity, that of "Poor Tom" he announces this to the audience; he also announces that he is a wanted person. Throughout this soliloquy, there is an image of Christ on the cross he states "In contempt of man" this is showing that Edgar believes that man is a dreadful creature. He refers to "Bedlam beggars" which is men who come from or pretended to come from the hospital of Bethlehem, and were known at the time where the insane gather in London.
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When the Grimm brothers wrote their stories, they wrote them to begin with, as an extension to their medieval studies. They never planned to be a writer according to the research; they simply discovered a talent for it as life progressed. While their work was published in their lifetimes, they could never have known that there stories would progress around the globe, and into the mind of any every child's head as a form of entertainment. Almost every person in the world has heard at least one of the works of the Grimm brothers, and like Poe said, this kind of reconition can only happen after you are dead.
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Poe believed that the saddest and most beautiful event was the death of a beautiful woman. Everyone understands the passion of beauty. 'Beauty' excites the 'sensitive soul to tears' thus melancholy and beauty are close allies. Poe considered sadness to be the highest manifestation of beauty. The first and second verses set the theme and atmosphere of the poem- Once upon a midnight dreary.............. Ah, distinctly I remember, it was in the bleak December.......... The description of the setting in the opening two stanzas of the poem depict that of a dismal nature. The tone proves to be forlorn with the help of phrases like 'midnight dreary, weak and weary, bleak December and sorrow for the lost Lenore.
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The similarities and differences between ways in which murder is depicted in "The Tell-Tale Hearts", "The Black Cat" and "Call It Madness" "Buried the axe in her brain". Very graphic depiction of death appears in all 3 of the stories
The murderer describes a lot of emotion towards his killing of Pluto, 'who has not, a hundred times, found himself committing a vile or a stupid action, for no other reason than because he knows he should not', in an attempt to tell the audience his reasons for murder he explains that he killed Pluto because he knows it was the wrong thing to do. The cat is killed in a blunt and brutal way but with heartbreak and 'the bitterness remorse'.
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His childhood was pretty dull but he did study for 5 years in the University of Virginia, he stayed there for 1 year. 'Although a good student, he ran up large gambling debts that Allan refused to pay. Allan prevented his return to the university and broke off Poe's engagement to Sarah Elmira Royster' (taken from http://bau2.uibk.ac.at/sg/poe/Bio.html). The genre of this short story is gothic horror. The story is about an unnamed character who murders a man because he has an eye he dislikes.
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Throughout this essay I will be comparing and contrasting Edgar Allen Poe's 'The Black Cat' and 'The Cask of Amontillado'.
The reason this murder actually takes place is also due to the carnival, as during it a lot of social boundaries are dropped and laws are less firmly enforced which gives him this chance to 'get away with murder'. The deed itself is set deep in Montressors cellar, his catacombs, which provides is with a very gothic atmosphere. The deeper they descend into the cellar can also been seen as irony for descending into hell which gives us another layer to the setting of this tale.
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Through the character Hagar Currie Shipley from the novel "The Stone Angel" by Margaret Laurence and Edgar Gallant, we can see that life experience and religion have certain affects on people which may change as they grow older
I should be used to it. So many years I waited at the Shipley's place..." We see here that Hagar does not feel comfortable in the present being given a substance she does not know. Therefore Hagar leaves the present in search of a situation she has been in previously where she knows what will happen. Hagar does not only escape from the present mentally but also physically. Even though Hagar is a very proud woman, she becomes progressively more powerless to care for herself and therefore becomes an unbearable tension on her son, Marvin and his wife, Doris.
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I saw it with perfect distinctness - all a dull blue, with a hideous veil over it that chilled the very marrow in my bones: for I had directed the ray as if by instinct, precisely upon the damned spot." That shows how he describes almost everything giving you a great idea of what was happening and how he repeated words to give a incredible sense of fear. Another method used by Edgar Allan Poe to illustrate the obsessions of his characters is that they all were slightly mixed up in the head, almost all of his characters were crazy giving you the feeling that maybe you wouldn't like to know them.
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'I had my head in, and was about to open the lantern, when my thumb slipped upon the tin fastening, and the old man sprang up in bed, crying out --"Who's there?" I kept quite still and said nothing. For a whole hour, I did not move a muscle, and in the meantime, I did not hear him lie down. He was still sitting up in the bed listening; --just as I have done, night after night, hearkening to the death watches in the wall.'
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Compare and Contrast "The Tell Tale Heart" by Edgar Allan Poe and "A Confession Found In A Prison In The Time Of Charles II" by Charles Dickens
The motive to kill is that he sees the boy's mother in the eyes of the boy. I know this because it says 'His mother's ghost was looking from his eyes'. 'I was afraid of her, she haunted me', this makes the situation worse because it adds to the motive for killing the boy. The boy could also be a problem in the future. We know quite quickly that all is not well for both narrators because they both hint of the outcome, and confess early. In 'A confession found in a prison in the time of Charles II' the narrator says 'I will set down the naked truth without disguise' showing that he will reveal the whole story.
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The Tell-Tale Heart How does the author make his story-telling effective? Edgar Allan Poe made this story special for the reader. It is a study of paranoia
It could as well be a young man or an old lady. While he tells his tale, the narrator uses a cold and factual tone. He uses a lot of vocabulary in reference with death and suffering, as to create an atmosphere where the reader could feel uneasy, such as "Whenever it fell upon me my blood ran cold." The narrator stresses the reader that he is not mad, and tries to convince him of that fact by showing how carefully his crime was planned and executed. " You fancy me mad.
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Show how Edgar Allan Poe uses language to create atmosphere and describe the state of mind of the murderer
There is no apparent reason for this other than the old man's eye which 'resembled that of a vulture'. In the end he is driven mad by guilt and confesses to the murder. The story starts with a very abrupt attention gtabbing opening. The word 'TRUE' not only starts the story with a burst of tension, it also makes the reader want to read on further to try and find out what is true.
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Show how Edgar Allan Poe uses language to create atmosphere and describe the state of mind of the murderer
However, in America, Poes stories were rejected for their sordidity and gore. Despite this they became very popular in Europe along with the Gothic and Romantic movements in art and literature. The story starts with a very abrupt attention grabbing opening. The word 'TRUE' not only starts the story with a burst of tension, it also makes the reader want to read on further to try and find out what is true. Poe also uses short, intense sentences to increase suspence and atmosphere. He uses this technique throughout the story whenever he needs to renew the tension.Straight away the murderer begins to argue his sanity.
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People are most wary of little things, sounds and sights like shadows in the dark and will be on edge. Darkness and nighttime are famously scary and unsafe, portrayed in novels and films as when everything bad happens and now is the stereotypical view. The darkness seems like a disability, vision is not fully available, and the brain starts so wander as to if anything could be round the corner, lurking, waiting because almost certainly people will feel that something bad is going to happen.
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His poems and short tales are considered original and usually have a tinge of mystery in them. Edgar Allan Poe produced important literacy criticisms. Edgar Allan Poe's parents, David Poe Jr. and Elizabeth Arnold Hopkins died when he was only three years old. His parents were touring actors. After his parents' death, John Allan, a prosperous merchant in Richmond, VA, took in Poe. He was then baptized Edgar Allan Poe. Other than the death of his parents, he had a rather uneventful childhood.
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How does Edger Allan Poe's writing style and use of lexis create a sense of horror in the three short stories ''The Tell-Tale Heart'', ''The Cask of Amontillado'' and ''The Black Cat''?
Both narrators feel offended by their victims. In ''The cask of Amontillado'' the focus in on revenge. ''THE thousand injuries of Fortunato I had borne as I best could, but when he ventured upon insult I vowed revenge.'' The narrator plans revenge upon his victim, Fortunato. Revenge implies that the narrator was keen on harming his victim. This statement alerts the reader that something horrible will happen thus creating a sense of tension. In ''The Tell-Tale Heart'', the narrator claims to be offended by his victims eye. He was not offended by the person whom he killed but is focused on putting an end to his torment.
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This caused Roderick to be emotionally and physically depressed, and was described as a madman at this point. "He was convinced that his whole surroundings, the stones of the house, the fungi, the water in the tarn, the very reflected image of the whole, was woven into a physical oneness with the family, condensed, as it were, into one atmosphere-the special atmosphere in which alone the Ushers could live. Roderick invites a friend (the narrator) to the "House of Usher" to visit and support him during this crisis.
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The reader will be tense and would desperately want to carry on reading, therefore tension was created effectively. Secondly, Poe created tension when talking about Roderick Usher's depression and his ill health, 'Spoke of acute bodily illness-of a mental disorder which oppressed him,' The reader would be desperate to carry on reading at this point as he or she would be anxious to find out about the health of Roderick Usher as well as his state of mind. The reader will be worried for Roderick Usher. Therefore, tension was created successfully. Thirdly there is a gothic feel to the story as the Usher family has almost died out, apart from Roderick Usher and his sister Madeline.
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This conveys to the reader the sensation that a mystery is about to take place, while also allowing one to become mindful of the pervasive feeling of trepidation and suspense. As the narrator draws nearer to the gloomy and forbidding home of the Ushers, he is unnerved by the house and its surroundings. He tries to allay these fears by maintaining that the unnatural and portentous aura that the house and its environs possess, "... are" (III: pg 138) caused by natural phenomena.
- Word count: 1198