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They had an extremely shallow relationship based on their hatred for the party and their s****l desires. Katharine, who never appears directly in the book, was Winston's wife and they had separated between 9 and 10 years ago after a fifteen month marriage. "Katharine was a tall, fair haired girl, very straight, with splendid movements. She had a bold, aquiline face, a face that one might have called noble." After reading this description she seems to appear strikingly similar to Winston's mother.
- Word count: 1738
Love brings joy that - as Winston Smith, the main character in 1984, experiences - makes life worth living. Without love, Oceania's inhabitants are reduced to a pointless, miserable, isolated existence. I think the most depressing event in the story of Winston Smith is how the Party crushed his love for Julia so completely, accentuated by the powerful unconditional nature of their love for each other before. Consequently, the Party, and its figurehead, 'Big Brother,' condemn s****l intercourse with fierce and active distaste, evident in the formation of 'The Junior Anti-s*x League.' s*x, the most intimate, loving act two people can share is seen as a threat to the Party's power, and is only acceptable in absolutely necessary circumstances - to create a child - and is devoid of all sentiment.
- Word count: 1378
Big Brother. Winston realizes that to be an outsider in a world in which individuality is a crime is dangerous. He asks himself if he is "alone in the possession of memory" because he does not want to believe that everybody is deluded, that all the people like to be controlled by the Party (Orwell p.62). Even in "the age of solitude" there must be other intelligent men (Orwell p.30)... Only an intelligent person can understand that sometimes the majority in the face of society might be wrong.
- Word count: 1226
The scope of the word "genre" is usually confined to art and culture.'2 Michael Radford's film is one of the best pictures of Dystopian fiction, filmed not only during the same year and location imagined by the author of the novel, but some scenes where shot exactly on the dates from main's character diary. Main characters live in the world, which is in a constant state of war between three super powers. Society of Oceania, is controlled through the Inner Party led by the Big Brother, a image on the 'telescreen' which observes every move of the citizens.
- Word count: 1671
Orwell Uses Big Brother as a symbol of powerful dictators, such as Stalin, Hitler, Franco and Mussolini. Big Brother's role in society could be described as a kind of religious god because Big Brother is followed by many, yet no one has ever seen him which is similar to nearly all of today's religious gods, who are worshipped and followed by many but again they have never been seen. For party members he has the power to incite devotion, but he is also used as the ultimate threat because if his followers stray from his leadership they will be tortured or even 'vaporized'.
- Word count: 1207
The oppressive nature of communism and the totalitarian regimes which had caused WW2 are oft said to be the sole or primary basis for Oceania. While this idea holds merit, I believe Orwell to have written the novel in a more general manner, speaking of the world's fate in a more general manner, encompassing both communism and capitalism. He wishes not to denounce the future he expressed as a product of the communist powers only, but also as the same end where western society is headed.
- Word count: 1307
She has no thought of changing society & finds it easy to conform outwardly. - But she greatly enjoys pleasure, particularly s****l fulfilment & she has learned how to elude the Party's restrictions in order to achieve it. - Winston is delighted to learn that she has had many lovers because it shows that the system is more corrupt than he had realised. Then they make love. - To Winston this lovemaking is a political act because it asserts that physical desire is more important than obedience to the Party. Chapter 3 - - Winston & Julia pursue their secret relationship, meeting as if by chance in a series of different locations & very occasionally making love in safe hiding places.
- Word count: 1138
The only surviving records of these events would be in people's memories, and the Party-controlled notion of doublethink (forcing yourself to forget something that you know has happened, and then forgetting the process itself, so that you cannot remember changing what you remembered) prevents most peoples memories from being damaging to the Party. There are many other, more subtle ways in which the Party controls the lives of the people in Oceania. These include control of relationships and manipulation of emotions, suppression of individuality and perhaps most importantly the use of force, both seen and unseen.
- Word count: 1388
They loved the Party and more importantly they loved Big Brother. In Brave New World this triumph over the individual and destruction of the sprit of man does not happen in the same way. The citizens in Brave New World have almost no need to be reborn to love the Party, or the State in their case. This is so because they truly had no human spirit in the beginning, for without true love and nurturing from parents and real interaction with others at young ages, and without even a real birth, those in Brave New World do not need to be changed by the state because all that they have learned is that which the state as imbued them with.
- Word count: 1383
In what ways are 'The Handmaids Tale' and 'Nineteen Eighty-four' Warnings to the societies in which they were written?
This again is a warning to the readers of what their society could turn into. Whilst researching contextual information I came across a view of 'Jill Swale', which brought to my attention the significance of Offred's name. "She has become a mans possession, belonging to Fred", which shows the extent in which people of Gilead are dictated and controlled. Another subject I found quite daunting is how easily history is manipulated in both novels. First of all I found the manipulation of Janine's r**e in 'The Handmaids Tale' quite shocking.
- Word count: 1322
Which are constantly at war with each other or it would seem they are. Our hero works in the ministry of truth which falsifies news and media stories to cover up anti big brother propaganda and make their leader seem a hero. He hardly seems fit to be a hero with a varicose ulcer and asthma - he is also very weak and frail. However in this world most people are like this even the women -all are forced to dress in the dull and boring overalls of the Party.
- Word count: 1254
'You understand the construction of this cage. The mask will fit over your head, leaving no exit. When I press this other lever, the door of the cage will slide up. These starving brutes will shoot out of it like bullets. Have you ever seen a rat leap through the air? They will leap on to your face and bore straight into it. Sometimes they attack the eyes first. Sometimes they burrow through the cheeks and devour the tongue.' Here Orwell is creating suspense and fear with the short sentences almost making you hold your breathe between sentences, worrying what comes next.
- Word count: 1436
The idea of this is to highlight the societies they live in. It is also interesting to note they way they describe their significant others. Immediately, one is drawn to the dark haired girl that becomes known as Julia, the word dark holding a connotation; it can be considered a hidden warning, that Julia is possibly a dangerous character of sorts, that she is an unknown anomaly, hinting she could be a 'dark horse'. One can link this idea of it being a warning with when Winston wakes up with Shakespeare on his lips, which signifies that his Juliet will play a role in his life.
- Word count: 1759
What is ironical about it is that each line describes a pair of opposites. War is definitely the contrary of peace, freedom and slavery are also antonyms, and not knowing something can never be one's strength. Using this slogan, George Orwell mocks the party. He makes fun of the government's way of manipulating people and shows how simple minded one can be to follow and believe without opposition these controversial words. The image of the family is also very ironically described, the image of Big Brother especially. In real life the brother is the one man who protects you and looks after you.
- Word count: 1241
As a modern example, take the amount of advertising seen by the average person every day. These operate on the same principle as the six-foot wide posters of Big Brother, both are geared to manipulation of the reader to a product or a concept. Even taking the acceptable practice of Japan's ten-minute company song breaks to an extreme, it could be compared to the two minutes hate; mandatory practice in "the ministry of love". Though1984 portrayed the dangers of Totalitarianism, what the book failed to see was that, whilst the quality of life in 1984 was terrible and in some
- Word count: 1142
Even keeping a diary is prohibited in Orwell's 1984. Through out the novel there is a major theme of poverty. To create a feeling of poverty, Orwell uses visual and sensual imagery. This then leads to the feelings of corruption and decay. The state seems to be rotting and therefore the reader is repelled. There are war posters and boarded houses. Which resemble the picture of redundancy. There are many references to dust and dirt within the first few chapters of the novel. 'Maze of barbed wire entangled, steel doors and hidden machine guns nest'.
- Word count: 1049
Compare similarities and differences in two fictional stories; "The Red Room" by H.G. Wells and extracts from "1984" by George Orwell and Winston's experiences in the "Room 101".
the room ties in with h**l. Room 101's mention has an enormous morale dropping effect on anyone who is told to go there. People's reactions are astonishing; one man was so persistent in not going he asked the guards to kill his family in front of him, rather then him face Room 101. He was willing to do anything in order not to go, accusing others, holding on to a steel bench for dear life, but it was no use, he could not deny his fate as the guards were so cold, O'Brien imparticularly.
- Word count: 1725
was not in power and when life was 'normal'. Although Winston cannot recall experiencing this 'normal' life, he feels it must have existed at one point because he thinks "Why should one feel it to be intolerable unless one had some kind of ancestral memory that things had once been different?" Winston's fixation with the past is conveyed through recurring themes of oppression and individual relationships in the novel. By examination of this fascination, the reader is able to conclude that recollection of the past is what fundamentally makes us human and this recollection can act as a healing process.
- Word count: 1846
Nineteen Eighty-Four vs. Brave New World - Remind yourself of the following extracts…Compare and contrast the subject matter and style of these two episodes and consider their importance in the novels.
the readability level is higher as it puts most descriptions and dialogue in more simple terms; "A scientific triumph. But socially useless. Six-year old men and women were too stupid even to do Epsilon work. And the process was an all or nothing one; either you failed to modify at all, or else you modified the whole way" Huxley keeps the sentences relatively shorter than those of 1984 and with a more basic language that is more universally understandable. Orwell uses narrative and political opinions in his writing compared to Huxley which is description rather than story in this extract.
- Word count: 1654
A Study of the Progression of friendship and its dramatic and political purpose in Athol Fugard's The Island.
out into a wheelbarrow, when the wheelbarrow is full they wheel it over to the hole that the other is digging and tip the sand in. By doing this they are creating a self-perpetuating punishment in which the faster they work the more work the other will have to do. This is an important moment in the play as we see that Fugard has, through Hodoshe, carefully constructed this punishment so as to instil John and Winston with the idea that the other is to blame for the punishment.
- Word count: 1416
The Thought Police are continuously spying on the Party members through the televisions, hidden microphones throughout Oceania, and spies of their own. The Party wants to keep an eye on their Party members to have control over them. They have no freedom. Winston can't even take a walk on a good day with out suspiciously being watched. Winston and Julia underestimate the power of the Party. Julia thinks that she has got the Party and Thought Police figured out. She believes that she can hide from the Thought Police.
- Word count: 1277
Right from the outset the author intends to draw attention to the setting. The chapter is typical of the book as a whole; describing Orwell's dystopia. The main character we are first introduced to is Winston Smith. This is a common, English name, showing that Winston is in no way separate from the majority. The name "Winston" can be linked to Winston Churchill, who had just lead England through the war. Along with the name, Winston is not presented as a hero, as one would expect of a main character. Winston is "thirty nine and had a varicose ulcer above his right ankle" and is incredibly unfit, "resting several times" on his way up the stairs.
- Word count: 1083
At times it seems he actually does know he will be caught and has just trained his mind to accept this as inevitable. He knows the illegal diary he keeps will be read and could be used to prove him guilty of thought crime, with its scribbled missives of "down with Big Brother" and "hope lies in the proles", and yet he carries on writing in it, pouring out his restrained feelings onto the 'creamy smooth' paper. His lack of trust in communications with other human beings means the book becomes something of a confidant, even after he acquires a female accomplice, Julia.
- Word count: 1441
Analyse the character of Winston Smith in Nineteen Eighty-Four. How is he portrayed as an anti-hero and how does this relate to his rebellion in the novel as a whole?
This is shown when Symes talks about Newspeak, and says, "Duckspeak, to quack like a duck. It is one of those interesting words that have contradictory meanings. Applied to an opponent, it is abuse; applied to someone you agree with, it is praise." The orthodox people felt guilty about having thoughts or feelings, which shows the complete control Big Brother had. This is illustrated in the way that Winston had to hide his diary from the telescreen. Winston's first act of rebellion is momentous.
- Word count: 1862
The book by Colson Whitehead has been written so brilliantly in the sense that he has not given any particular character more importance than another, not written in a manner which would cause for attachments with any character in particular however high the degree of their pain was. For example, the description of the man who's fingers were being cut of by "Johnny Shush's" men, the description of the pain he was going through being told to the blood stained room with all of his screaming, and yet it is made easy to just shut him out and Rahul 2 not be concerned by his pain.
- Word count: 1041