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GCSE: 1984

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  1. Physical Jerks Extract "1984". How does Orwell make you strongly sympathise with Winston at this moment in the novel?

    “…which sent shooting pains all the way from his heels to his b******s and often ended by bringing on another coughing fit.”, is the quotation in which displays unequivocally the pain Winston endures throughout this exercise. The reader from this is forced to strongly sympathise with Winston as he is the protagonist and naturally the reader tends to form a connection of empathy with the main character of a story; one feels the emotion of a character when they undergo traumatic experiences.

    • Word count: 1042
  2. This extract from 1984 by George Orwell highlights Winstons physical and mental pain, brought upon by the Party, as Winston partakes in the Physical Jerks,

    The reader is compelled to feel sympathy towards Winston; his situation being one where pain is guaranteed, and inescapable. Winston feels “shooting pains all the way from his heels to his b******s” as a result of these exercises, pain being a physical sensation known to all. The word “shooting” emphasises and indicates the intensity of Winston’s pain. Orwell’s association of the “Physical Jerks” with Winston’s intense pain directs the reader to further feel remorse and sympathise with Winston, and begin to detest the Jerks, and the Party, who enforce them. Winston quite literally gets ‘jerked’ out of his thoughts as the instructress leading the exercises “screamed [at Winston] from the telescreen.” The reader alarmingly realises that Winston is being watched constantly, even for something as simple as doing stretches.

    • Word count: 1097

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?

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