984 vs Brave New World Undoubtedly, the thought of living in, or forming a utopian society has flashed through nearly every person's mind. A few people have even tried to make this ideal dream society a reality. Unfortunately, within the pursuit of these societies the leaders become corrupt and begin to become paranoid with the fear of rebellion. Hundreds of people were murdered during the reigns of Adolph Hitler and Joseph Stalin in what they considered measures to maintain peace and stability within their respective "perfect" society. One must also consider the hardships that the citizens were forced to endure while living under these oppressive governments. This dream of forming and maintaining a utopian society was immortalized in two novels dealing with the same basic ideas, 1984 by George Orwell and Brave New World by Aldous Huxley. Both of these novels deal with the lives of main characters that inadvertently become subversives in a totalitarian government. These two books differ greatly however with the manner in which the government controls the population and the strictness of the measures taken to maintain this stability. This essay with compare and contrast the message and tone of each novel as well as consider whether the utopia is a positive or negative one. In 1984, George Orwell explores the many facets of a negative utopia. Orwell seems to focus on the
Sarah Pathammavong August 15, 2002 British Lit. Smith 984 Quote Journal "On each landing, opposite the lift shaft, the poster with the enormous face gazed from the wall. It was one of those pictures which are so contrived that the eyes follow you about when you move. Big Brother Is Watching You, the caption beneath it ran." (Orwell 5) This quote is an example of how effective and convincing The Party can make a simple poster. The Party has put posters everywhere constantly reminding the Party members that they are being watched. Being watched played a major role in every Party member's life in the book. Winston who was constantly scared of doing things, such as having a face of anxiety or not cheering with as much enthusiasm in the two minute hate. Everything that Winston did throughout the novel that he thought was not seen by the Thought Police was seen by them. Winston even tried to make sure that his diary was not bothered with so he sprinkled some powder on the corner of the book. That powder was carefully replaced as if it was the same as when it was first put there, by the Thought Police, that is how watchful and investigative the Thought Police is. The Thought Police are continuously spying on the Party members through the televisions, hidden microphones throughout Oceania, and spies of their own. The Party wants to keep an eye on their Party members to have
Rahul 1 Rahul Shah Sharon Warycka Writing & literature I 5th November, 2002 Essay # 3 - When and where was the Intuitionist? In Colson Whitehead's, "The Intuitionist" there is no particular set time or place that the story takes place in. The plot could be placed anywhere in time; in the past or in the distant future, the events of the story could just as well be occurring in the present in any one of the many metropolitan cities in the world. "The Intuitionist'' is set in "the most famous city in the world,'' which is never named outright, but somehow resembles New York to quite an extent as would be depicted in a 1930's noir detective movie. Another reason we can say that the book could have been about past times is that it differentiates people as "colored" and "whites" as was done in the past. But then we see the enormously tall glass and steel walled skyscrapers, that the characters live and associate their lives with, with the compact cars and normal city life as can be seen today and also possible in the future. The book by Colson Whitehead has been written so brilliantly in the sense that he has not given any particular character more importance than another, not written in a manner which would cause for attachments with any character in particular however high the degree of their pain was. For example, the description of the man who's fingers were being cut of
Comparing Texts: 'Nineteen Eighty Four' & 'The Handmaid's Tale' How do Orwell and Atwood portray the tensions that exist between the individual and the demands of a totalitarian state?
Comparing Texts: 'Nineteen Eighty Four' & 'The Handmaid's Tale' . How do Orwell and Atwood portray the tensions that exist between the individual and the demands of a totalitarian state? Atwood and Orwell have created texts that reveal the architecture of totalitarian states. Their complex and powerful ideas are the logical outcomes of questions that challenge present situations. They have shown that the essence of totalitarian states is 'control'. By having control, their authoritarian rule expands by psychologically trapping each person into believing that what the state is doing is morally correct. The boundaries of a persons mind under oppression from these states are limited by restricting things that we value most in the present society (such as the freedom of making decisions and speaking liberally), thus making it easy for the state to penetrate each person's beliefs and manipulate them. However, wherever there is a system concentrating on oppression, there will always be a rebellion, and so we are introduced to the protagonists of these stories, 'Winston' and 'Offred'. What makes their role exceptional in this society is their secret rebellion, elusive, to some extent, to the states' eyes. Regardless of the fact that they are exceptional in their roles, they are still odd characters to be classified as 'heroic'. In the case of Winston, as well as psychological, he
1984 speech. I found 1984 to be a masterpiece- a powerful warning to the dangers of a totalitarian society.
Thankyou for having me. Though I have to say from watching that snippet of the Big Brother show that I am sure all of you will enjoy more of our discussion on the novel. I agree, and I also believe that Orwell's background and experiences influenced his writing as well. He followed his father's footstep after education and joined the Indian Imperial Police though he resented the oppression of imperialism in the society. He quit the position and soon after, he suffered several years of poverty, which increased his hatred of authority; therefore 1984 clearly responses to Orwell's negative impression towards authoritarian governments and dictatorship. (Initial opinion) I found 1984 to be a masterpiece- a powerful warning to the dangers of a totalitarian society. It is bold and confronting and the intricate details of the level of repression frighten the readers into challenging the beliefs and values of that society. The novel portrays a time where individuality can no longer exist due to absolute control demanded by the state. The people are repressed without their own thoughts or privacy, and taught to act only for the collective will. They cannot have relationships or show feelings to anything or anyone, except for Big Brother- their dictator so I call him, who is worshipped by the society as he is credited with divine attributes of every invention and idea in developing the
What does Orwell do in the opening two pages of the novel to unsettle the reader? In the novel 'Nineteen Eighty-Four', the author, George Orwell employs a range of different techniques such as similes, metaphors and symbolism to unnerve and keep the reader in anticipation, impelling them to read on. The novel is in a third-person narrative style, this technique employed by Orwell creates a distance between the central character, Winston Smith and the reader. This vagueness adds tension and mystery to Orwell's depiction, only allowing the characters emotion to be revealed through dialogue. The narrative viewpoint also allows the reader to grasp an unbiased view of the character and his circumstances. Throughout these first couple of pages Orwell purposefully refuses to expand on things which confuse the reader. For instance, "The hallway smelt of boiled cabbage and old rag mats", and simply doesn't give an explanation why. This deliberate omission is employed to purely keep the reader on edge and impel him/her to read on. Another example of this is towards the end of the second page, "The Patrols did not matter, however. Only the Thought Police mattered". This line immediately grabs attention and creates suspense, but Orwell leaves it here. The reader is now left feeling insecure and leaves us questioning ourselves through mere confusion of what may be happening in this
How does Orwells writing here make this extract so horrifying? This passage is from Part 3, Chapter 3 during Winstons interrogation at the hands of OBrien.
Essay Question: How does Orwell's writing here make this extract so horrifying? This passage is from Part 3, Chapter 3 during Winston's interrogation at the hands of O'Brien. In this passage Orwell describes how Winston's imprisonment within the Ministry of Love has lead to the horrendous emaciation of his body, which is now terribly hideous. Orwell makes this passage horrifying through his description of Winston's emaciated body, the portrayal of how Winston and his rebellion are completely meaningless and the fact that Winston isn't able to argue with O'Brien. In this passage Orwell further emphasizes the dangers of totalitarian regimes, the immense control the Party has over its subjects and the importance and fragility of freedom. Firstly, Orwell makes this passage horrifying through the description of Winston's emaciated body. Orwell portrays Winston as having become a "skeleton-like thing" suggesting that he no longer considers himself to be a person. This implies that Winston has lost all his humanity at the hands of the Party as the "skull-faced man" had earlier in the novel. The fact that the Party had done this to Winston, brutalizing him into the "creature" in the mirror is what is truly horrible about his condition, clearly showing the dangers of totalitarian regimes. As Winston's body could be manipulated so severely by the Party that he now views his own
THE GENESIS AND PRESENTATION OF THE POLITICAL MESSAGE IN ORWELL'S NOVEL NINETEEN EIGHTY-FOUR Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-four stands as the most influential political novel written during the course of the twentieth centaury. It is a work of prose that has had a massive impact on the society on which it commented AND on the literature that has followed its example. It is my aim in this essay to examine first briefly where his political and literary ideas came from, and then in some depth, how he has presented them in his novel. To see where his ideas came from we must first understand what they are and what Orwell hoped to achieve by writing his novel, Orwell had hoped that his book would serve as a warning against the evils of a totalitarian state. He wished to warn English society against the growing complacency that proliferated at the time, he saw that this could lead to the rise of such a government as the Bolshevik party, or as the Nazi government of World War 2 Germany. However it would be a very superficial view were his book considered merely as a prophesy of things that were to come, rather he wrote it as a satirical comment on the political and social environment of the day, he was intending to satirize and demonise the rising popularity of the centralised government1. One must be careful when reading the book, as it would be an easy misinterpretation of the novel
Analyse the character of Winston Smith in Nineteen Eighty-Four. How is he portrayed as an anti-hero and how does this relate to his rebellion in the novel as a whole?
Analyse the character of Winston Smith in Nineteen Eighty-Four. How is he portrayed as an anti-hero and how does this relate to his rebellion in the novel as a whole? In the opening chapter of Nineteen Eighty-Four, the reader is given a description of Winston Smith; our "hero" is described as vulnerable, frail, weak and fearful. However, Winston's function is crucial. As a trickle of his individuality seeps through, there is promise of only failure if he should take any measures to counteract conformity. Winston's defeat may be implicit in the opening of the book, but he is not yet defeated. The reader feels sympathy for Winston. Without Winston as a focus, the novel would lose most of its power. Nineteen Eighty-Four is the story of Winston's revolt against 'The Party'. The story begins with a description of the slavish life of Oceania's citizens. The surprise is that Winston lives a very similar life to ours, as today we are fighting a dictatorship regime, with a war, in Iraq. These oppressed people are brainwashed to not even question 'The Party' but Winston slowly regains his memory, and he remembers how the capitalist world slowly changed into this robotic society. Even the language spoken in Oceania prevented people from speaking their minds and almost succeeded in taking away their individuality completely, as Newspeak would turn the people into clones.
'Nineteen Eighty Four' by George Orwell The novel 1984 by George Orwell is based on life in a territorial society. We find as a reader that society in which all individuals have to tolerate all contradictions no matter how its implications, if they are to survive. The personality of individuals is reduced to loyalty to authoritarians that control the meaning of language. Personal judgements and morality are disallowed. It is also the decider to what is right and what is wrong based on the absolute power over all feelings, thoughts and behaviour. The aim is to filter these feelings and replace them with party related feelings. Which in terms means neutral feelings. It is not mentioned in the novel what the's intentions are to do. This is mainly because no one has the courage to ask questions or to behave as an individual and to express their own personality. Even keeping a diary is prohibited in Orwell's 1984. Through out the novel there is a major theme of poverty. To create a feeling of poverty, Orwell uses visual and sensual imagery. This then leads to the feelings of corruption and decay. The state seems to be rotting and therefore the reader is repelled. There are war posters and boarded houses. Which resemble the picture of redundancy. There are many references to dust and dirt within the first few chapters of the novel. 'Maze of barbed wire entangled, steel doors