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GCSE: 1984

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  1. What Exactly Is Winston's Predicament?

    At times it seems he actually does know he will be caught and has just trained his mind to accept this as inevitable. He knows the illegal diary he keeps will be read and could be used to prove him guilty of thought crime, with its scribbled missives of "down with Big Brother" and "hope lies in the proles", and yet he carries on writing in it, pouring out his restrained feelings onto the 'creamy smooth' paper. His lack of trust in communications with other human beings means the book becomes something of a confidant, even after he acquires a female accomplice, Julia.

    • Word count: 1441
  2. Analyse the character of Winston Smith in Nineteen Eighty-Four. How is he portrayed as an anti-hero and how does this relate to his rebellion in the novel as a whole?

    This is shown when Symes talks about Newspeak, and says, "Duckspeak, to quack like a duck. It is one of those interesting words that have contradictory meanings. Applied to an opponent, it is abuse; applied to someone you agree with, it is praise." The orthodox people felt guilty about having thoughts or feelings, which shows the complete control Big Brother had. This is illustrated in the way that Winston had to hide his diary from the telescreen. Winston's first act of rebellion is momentous.

    • Word count: 1862
  3. When and where was the Intuitionist? Colson Whitehead

    The book by Colson Whitehead has been written so brilliantly in the sense that he has not given any particular character more importance than another, not written in a manner which would cause for attachments with any character in particular however high the degree of their pain was. For example, the description of the man who's fingers were being cut of by "Johnny Shush's" men, the description of the pain he was going through being told to the blood stained room with all of his screaming, and yet it is made easy to just shut him out and Rahul 2 not be concerned by his pain.

    • Word count: 1041
  4. The passage from the book (page 70 t0 72) Nineteen Eight-Four identifies that the main element is narrative. The narrator is third person but we see into his mind, this is shown by the author using the character's name and also referring him as 'he'.

    This gives us the feeling that what he is going to write about is going to be horrible or something negative. Later he writes down in his diary about the bitter experience "She threw herself... in the most course horrible way you can imagine, ...skirt" One more thing, which is very negative, is that in the last paragraph of the passage Winston writes that it was very difficult to write down this diary entry. "He had written it down at last, but made no difference" The last sentence of the passage is also very negative that he was so disgusted

    • Word count: 1030
  5. Lord Winston Cloning Babies

    Some recent major achievements include the birth of the first baby after DNA testing to avoid s*x-linked disease (e.g. muscular dystrophy, haemophilia), the first babies born after identification to avoid single gene defects (e.g. cystic fibrosis) and the first babies born after screening preimplantation embryos for chromosome defects. The lecture began by Lord Winston explaining that humans are quite an infertile species and, although he did not recommend random testing of this, at any one time there is only an 18% chance of becoming pregnant by conventional means! Numerous fertilised eggs are lost during the very early stages of pregnancy; many of these due to chromosomal abnormalities.

    • Word count: 704
  6. The Genesis and Presentation of the Political Message in Orwell’s Novel Nineteen Eighty-four

    It is oft misinterpreted now, and so at the time of publishing it is no surprise to find that the book was seen as a blow struck at socialism and the British Labour Party, and so brought much rebuke from these and others. However, Orwell himself was quick to deny this, and in a letter to Francis A. Henson he said: "My recent novel [1984] is NOT intended as an attack on Socialism... but as a show-up of the perversions to which a centralized economy is liable and which have already been partly realised in Communism and Fascism...

    • Word count: 4604
  7. What aspects of George Orwell’s ‘1984’do you find disturbing?

    One aspect of the book, which I find unimaginably disturbing, is how the members of the Outer-Party are able to live in this society of war and fear. The landscape of Airstrip One was devastated constantly by the ongoing warfare between Oceania and either Eastasia or Eurasia. This state of war was described thoroughly during "THE BOOK" of '1984' and was infact a set-up by the Inner-Party as a way of keeping up the fear in the citizens and thus their need for Big Brother and his help.

    • Word count: 1543
  8. Big Brother and George Orwell - What are writers trying to tell us about our future and more importantly our present?.

    He is inquisitive and curious about the world he lives in. Winston works in the Ministry of Truth. One day, among his work papers he finds a photograph of three self confessed agents of Eastasia ( a country Oceania are at war with) when they were meant to be on enemy soil, but really they were with some other members of the Party. "It was curious that the fact of having it in his fingers seemed to make a difference even now, when the photograph itself, as well as the event it recorded was only a memory" (pg.

    • Word count: 952
  9. How is 1984 terrifying?

    Even scarier than the fact that no one had the right to feel or think individual thoughts, is the fact that they are forced to think in the way Big Brother wanted them to do so. Anyone thinking something that the party did not approve of would be committing thought crime. This was a crime punishable by twenty-five years in a forced labour camp or even death. This is a particularly terrifying thought as the labour camp was an idea used by mass murderers, Hitler and Stalin who used theses camps to punish people during the second world war, as Orwell and other people living in 1949 experienced.

    • Word count: 1792
  10. Monologue I remember dear old Winston saying to me once, Gladys dear, one day well get out of this village - see the world. Poor love never made it past the war, bless his soul, and so Ive been stuck here ever since

    Poor love never made it past the war, bless his soul, and so I've been stuck here ever since. Anyhow, talking of being stuck, there was the most enormous queue in Sainsbury's this morning. All I wanted to buy was my Tetley's tea and a tin of Felix for Kipper, and how long did I have to wait? A whole 6 minutes, that's what! Can you believe it? 6 minutes. All these useless checkout girls are being paid far too much.

    • Word count: 858
  11. Nineteen Eighty-Four

    Throughout Oceania, 'The Party' rules by the agency of four ministries, whose power is absolute. The Ministry of Peace which deals with war, the Ministry of Love which deals with Law and Order, the Ministry of Plenty which deals with scarcities, and the Ministry of Truth which deals with propaganda. These authorities keep a check on every action, word, gesture or thought through the use of telescreens and microphones. These record every movement and sound, which is later scrutinised by the Ministry of Love. The indoctrination of Oceania's citizens has been the result of fifty or more years of propaganda, which is very similar to propaganda against political ideals of a more threatening position to the dictatorship in which we live under today.

    • Word count: 751
  12. How does Orwell strikingly convey the relationship between Winston and Julia at this moment in the novel? (Part 2 Chapter 3)

    Moreover, Orwell also states that Winston was kissing a “live warm face”. This is important as it shows that their relationship was a way to escape the monotonic and cold environment of the Party, as it is conveyed by the verb “live” and adjective “warm”, thus showing the presence of life and liveliness, as opposed to the cold, lifeless environment of the Party. This is further proven when Winston discovers that both of their faces were “thickly coated with plaster”, thus showing the never-changing detached expressions that Winston and Julia had to put on as Party Members, as plaster is used to solidify objects.

    • Word count: 577
  13. How does Orwell make this such a striking opening to the novel "1984"?

    Thus, the reader may feel that the ending in the novel may be tragic. Orwell then starts describing the setting as a monotonic and depressing world. This can be seen when Orwell describes the “vile” wind. The use of the adjective “vile” shows not only that the wind was unpleasant but also, it may show the morally evil nature of the Party spreading through the environment, like wind. Additionally, Orwell states that there was “no colour in anything”. This symbolizes that there was no liveliness in the world (as the presence of colours usually describe liveliness in some form).

    • Word count: 743
  14. How does Orwell make this such a memorable moment in the novel "1984"? (Part 1 Chapter 5)

    This can be seen when Winston states that “beetle-like” men “flourish[ed]” under the Party. The use of the simile “beetle-like” shows that the men were like insects, both mentally and physically. They had a short stature and were easily intimidated by the Party, thus completely becoming subservient to the Party. This is also emphasized by the verb “flourish[ed]”, which implies that these people were extremely well-suited to the environment, thus proving that the environment under the rule of the Party was deteriorated and rotten, as beetles are also suited to such kinds of environments.

    • Word count: 639
  15. Physical Jerks Extract "1984". How does Orwell make you strongly sympathise with Winston at this moment in the novel?

    “…which sent shooting pains all the way from his heels to his b******s and often ended by bringing on another coughing fit.”, is the quotation in which displays unequivocally the pain Winston endures throughout this exercise. The reader from this is forced to strongly sympathise with Winston as he is the protagonist and naturally the reader tends to form a connection of empathy with the main character of a story; one feels the emotion of a character when they undergo traumatic experiences.

    • Word count: 1042
  16. "1984" Extract - Chapter 2 Winston meets Julia.

    The word "bluebells" is a striking and memorable idea in two ways. Firstly, the colour blue connoted with the flowers causes the reader to form a vivid idea of the setting in their mind, compared to the drab and dullness of Victory Mansions. Secondly, the idea of a specific flower becomes very memorable to the reader as it provides them with a symbol for the peace of the setting. The bluebells symbolise nature outside of the Party's control, where they can flourish, and grow naturally. The setting here, especially the idea of bluebells, becomes very memorable to the reader due to its visual comparison against the Party-controlled city, and being the first true place of freedom that Winston discovers.

    • Word count: 654
  17. This extract from 1984 by George Orwell highlights Winstons physical and mental pain, brought upon by the Party, as Winston partakes in the Physical Jerks,

    The reader is compelled to feel sympathy towards Winston; his situation being one where pain is guaranteed, and inescapable. Winston feels “shooting pains all the way from his heels to his b******s” as a result of these exercises, pain being a physical sensation known to all. The word “shooting” emphasises and indicates the intensity of Winston’s pain. Orwell’s association of the “Physical Jerks” with Winston’s intense pain directs the reader to further feel remorse and sympathise with Winston, and begin to detest the Jerks, and the Party, who enforce them. Winston quite literally gets ‘jerked’ out of his thoughts as the instructress leading the exercises “screamed [at Winston] from the telescreen.” The reader alarmingly realises that Winston is being watched constantly, even for something as simple as doing stretches.

    • Word count: 1097
  18. A key feature of a dystopian literature, such as "1984" and "Hunger Games" is that the protagonist rebels, often unsuccessfully against the regime.

    The similarity between Stalin rule in the Soviet Union and 1984 could be because Orwell experienced first-hand a totalitarianism control when fighting in the Spanish Civil War on the side of the left-wing communist government which was embattled by General Francisco Franco, in other terms 1984 could be written as a warning to humanity. In Panem there is inequality between the rich and poor, most of the poverty is isolated to the last of the Districts where earning a very small living is life.

    • Word count: 2457
  19. 1984 letter of warning to the future.

    This world has been artificially created for us and we cant stand it anymore, something needs to be done; but we are constantly being watched from above and controlled we cant do anything about it. I often dream about a world where people can say what they want, where everything is green and nobody is prisoner of this lie anymore, I hope that your world is like that.

    • Word count: 537

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