Who is the hero of Animal Farm? The novel Animal Farm was written in 1945 by author George Orwell. George Orwell was the pseudonym of Eric Arthur Blair, he was a British writer born in Motihari, India in 1903. Animal Farm is a novel based on the lives of a society of animals living on the Manor Farm. Although the title of the book suggests the book is merely about animals, the story is a much more in depth analysis of the workings of society in Communist Russia. The animals are used as puppets to illustrate how the communist class system operated, how Russian citizens responded to this, how propaganda was used by early Russian leaders such as Stalin and the effect this type of leadership had on the behaviour of the people of Russia. Mr. Jones' principles and harsh mistreatment of the animals that Napoleon adopted proves to the reader that communism is not equality, but just another form of inequality. What qualities make a hero? Are they a large number of good deeds or something to do with one extraordinary event/achievement? Could it be the stereotype-cliché superhero meaning, maybe it's someone we admire? Perhaps it's someone who puts his or her own life on the line to save others- a someone with an aura of invulnerability. Many people would say that you have to be brave, fearless and courageous. Usually, in a book or film the protagonist is the hero. Boxer, Snowball
Animal Farm: Compare and contrast Napoleon and Snowball. What methods do they use for their struggle for power?
English GCSE Coursework: Animal Farm Compare and contrast Napoleon and Snowball. What methods do they use for their struggle for power? George Orwell (25 June 1903 - 21 January 1950), whose real name was Eric Arthur Blair, was an English writer and journalist. His birth in India, schooling in England, and adult life in India, Burma, and later Spain encouraged an eye for critique and review, and this was put to good use in his staunch disapproval of British Imperialism, a politic which was further refined into socialism whilst living in Paris, and continued to the birth of his 'anarchist theory', detailed in "The Road to Wigan Pier". As mentioned, though, it was by no means politics alone which received his attention and review; he was equally vociferous when it came to the Art of literary writing, providing six rules for writers in "Politics and the English Language". It is, then, no surprise that he painted such a picture of Napoleon and Snowball in "Animal Farm", as he himself could be said to have been rather dictatorial in his ways, even when the subject and cause of his attentions, was so noble and deserving. Animal Farm is said to be an allegory and a satire, meaning that two coherent stories run throughout the piece, and that the attacks made upon the subjects give the appearance that they are worthy of our contempt. The allegorical nature of this piece ensures that
Roumyana Mihailova 11/2 30th November 2003 'Winston Smith Needs O'Brien' In the novel 1984 George Orwell pictures a monstrous world of tyranny. One of the themes he explores deals with the way an individual perceives his life in such a world. In the world in 1984 loneliness meets despair, hatred allies with brutality, and one has no choice but to find a way out of that nightmare in order to survive. Winston Smith, the main character, chooses self-delusion as an escape from the horrible reality. In the beginning O'Brien is just an object of Winston's attempt to believe that there is someone like him, another man who is surreptitiously against the Party. Smith thinks that O'Brien will understand him and help him change his life. Ironically, O'Brien really saves Winston from the nightmare of reality, by making him accept it and even love it. Winston Smith is a concealed outcast. He behaves as a Party member while hating the principles and doctrines of the Party. In his consciousness Smith is alone against society - a thinking individual facing a deceived mass of people who (za mass may e that ama ne sam ubedena)blindly love the(misliq che ne trqbva da go ima izob6to) Big Brother. Winston realizes that to be an outsider in a world in which individuality is a crime is dangerous. He asks himself if he is "alone in the possession of memory" because he does not want to believe
How does Orwell's novel - 'Animal Farm' reflect events that happened during the russian revoloution in 1917?
How does Orwell's novel - 'Animal Farm' reflect events that happened during the Russian Revolution of 1917? There are many key events and historical figures from the Russian revolution which are similar to the characters and happenings in Orwell's book 'Animal Farm'. The revolution fought to create a civilization which tried to form equality amongst everyone (according to Marx and Engels' 'communist Manifesto' ) With the help of the Russian people, Stalin, Trotsky and Lenin, prevailed over their abusive leader Tsar Nicholas II, who was Orwell's inspiration for Mr. Jones in Animal Farm. Communism worked out at first, but a country cannot go without effective leadership and because in this case there were only three leaders, they became power hungry and therefore the whole ideal of a " greater good" deteriorates. This is what happened in both the book and Russia. Napoleon, the tough, fierce and ruthless, boar is portrayed as Stalin, who was equally as much of a tyrant as Napoleon. At the start of the book, when old major a wise, old boar made his speech about the great rebellion against the humans, it was very similar to Marx' statement on communism. Lenin who idolized Marx was inspiration for squealer because when old major gave his speech he used the word "comrade" profusely, and it was a word to unite all the animals against the humans. Squealer adopts this word and
A Contrast between Winston's Relationships with Katharine and Julia and why they ultimately failed Christianity has done a great deal for love by making a sin of it. -Anatole France Julia, 26 years old, is Winston's lover. Her name is very carefully chosen; it suggests Juliet, the Shakespearean character whose name has been connected to love. At the beginning of the book Winston hates her yet at the same time is attracted to her. A good example of this is on page 7: "A narrow scarlet sash, emblem of the Junior Anti-sex league, was wound several times round the waist of her overalls, just tightly enough to bring out the shapeliness of her hips." This extract shows that Winston hated all that she stood for; she was a Party zealot, a member of the Junior Anti-sex League, a bigoted adherent and a swallower of slogans. Even though Winston perceives her to be like that, he cannot deny his sexual attraction to her when he notices the shapeliness of her hips. Although Julia carries this atmosphere around with her, Winston's perception of her was wrong: she gives him a letter containing the words, I love you. Winston soon realises that she leads a double life; she is a member of the Ministry of Truth's fiction department yet she revels in her sexual escapades. They had an extremely shallow relationship based on their hatred for the party and their sexual desires.
How Does Napoleon Take and Maintain Control Of Animal Farm? George Orwell's character Napoleon is a very clever and sly animal. He uses several methods to take and maintain control of the farm. His primary methods are by using fear, by exploiting the animal and by bending the rules. Napoleon uses is intellect to good effect as far as self-interest is concerned. Napoleon instills fear as a way of giving the animal no chance to argue about what he says. This allows him to run the farm in his own manner and gives him a more confortable life than the other animals. Early on in Animal Farm, Napoleon takes Jessie and Bluebells nine newborn puppies. These puppies become the forefront of his campaign of fear. He uses them to gain power by eliminating his nemesis, Snowball "They dashed straight for Snowball...he slipped through a hole in the hedge and was seen no more." Also, Napoleon used the dogs in the public forum he created by setting an example of what would happen to those animals who chose to disobey him. When it was revealed that some of the animals had done things to side with the Snowball, Napoleon executed them in front of everyone else. Orwell's character Squealer was given a great ability to speak, this helped Napoleon get out of sticky situations and inscribe fear into the animals' heads all at once. When any of the animals questioned any of Napoleons actions, he
Animal Farm why did the rebellion fail in the end after all the work, time and, most of all, effort that they put in?
"Animal Farm" In this C.E.L. I will be writing about a novel called "Animal Farm" by George Orwell, which describes a 'revolution gone wrong'. This is told through the use of animals on a farm in England. But why did the rebellion fail in the end after all the work, time and, most of all, effort that they put in? The novel focuses on animals in a farm in England, called "Manor Farm". While building a windmill for electricity they encounter many problems such as greedy pigs, spiteful men and death. The animals drive all of the men off the farm in anger at what they had done and rename the farm "Animal Farm". The pigs sell Boxer, the old horse, for whisky and everything starts to go downhill. The power-hungry pigs were the main reason for the failure of the rebellion. As the pigs (especially Napolean), unlike any other animal on the farm, could read and write. They wrote seven commandments, which, since no other animals could read, were not set and kept changing depending on what the pigs wanted. If they dared to disagree they would face the threat of Mr. Jones returning. The pigs were very good at twisting words to get the animals to agree and follow their lead. They did very well in convincing Boxer to think that "Napolean is always right" especially since he was a very wise horse. All of the commandments were being gradually removed until there was only one left that read,
How is Orwell's attitude towards totalitarianism personified through the characters of Winston and O'Brian in this extract?
How is Orwell's attitude towards to totalitarianism personified through the characters of Winston and O'Brian in this extract? George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-Four presents a negative utopian picture, a society ruled by rigid totalitarianism. The government that Orwell creates in his novel is ruled by an entity known as 'Big Brother' and in contrast to this, Winston Smith represents a rebellion, one which doesn't accept this ideology fed to him. Thus leading to his entrapment and confrontations with the complex character, O'Brian. Although the action deals in the future, there are a couple of elements and symbols, taken from the present and past. So for example Emanuel Goldstein, the main enemy of Oceania, is, as one can see in the name, a Jew. Orwell draws a link to other totalitarian systems of our century, like the Nazis and the Communists, who had anti-Semitic ideas, and who used Jews as so-called scapegoats, who were responsible for all bad and evil things in the country. Emanuel Goldstein somehow also stands for Trotsky, a leader of the Revolution, who was later, declared as an enemy "Within twenty years at the most, he reflected, the huge and simple question, 'Was life better before the Revolution than it is now?' would have ceased once and for all to be answerable". Another symbol that can be found in Nineteen Eighty-Four is the fact that Orwell divides the
How does Orwell make the introduction to 1984 alarming? Orwell immediately introduces the setting of the book; the title, 1984, reveals (or would have done when it was published in 1949) that it is set in the future. Orwell uses paradoxes to illustrate how different this world is from reality; in the very first line, he describes "a bright cold day in April" and clocks "striking thirteen". Orwell introduces Winston, along with the feelings of discomfort that always accompany him - the "vile wind", "gritty dust" and the smell "of boiled cabbage and old rag mats". Throughout the extract, the only emotions described are negative ones, those of discomfort and fear. Winston is introduced as "thirty-nine and had a varicose ulcer", which is alarming because there is nothing personal in his description; it seems that a varicose ulcer is the only thing that separates him from everyone else, which questions his individuality. The "victory mansions" are also mentioned, along with "victory gin" and "victory cigarettes", implying that the world has been taking over by this one brand, probably linked to the party. Big Brother's posters, on "every landing", are also one of the first things to be described. He and the party have a huge influence and this is reflected in their presence, in one way or another, throughout. The poster "depicted simply an enormous face", "more than a metre
The Use of Language in Animal FarmAnimal Farm by George Orwell is an allegory in which animals are personified to represent the struggles
The Use of Language in Animal Farm Animal Farm by George Orwell is an allegory in which animals are personified to represent the struggles and conflicts of the Russian Revolution. The main point emphasizes in the novel is that language is a powerful tool, which can be used to manipulate and control people in order to bring about change, whether big or small. In the story the pigs govern everything that happens, whether it is something as miner as eating a meal, or something as major and important as fighting a strategic battle. Napoleon, the foreman, or leader of the pigs is the most powerful of them all. Napoleon and his "side kick", Squealer, abused the powers of language to manipulate the animals of the farm into thinking that the farm was a beautiful society flourishing with life and freedom, when in fact, it was quite the opposite. An example of how language is used is given at the beginning of the story when Major tells all the animals his predictions for the future, and explains that which must occur, in order to have freedom. They all hear what he is saying, and seemingly agree with it. However, when he dies, the other pigs, Napoleon, Snowball, and Squealer, are able to take control, and twist his words around to make the farm the way they want it, so that, the other animals can not argue against them without going against the idea of the revolution. They have no