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  1. How does Hardy present Rhoda and Gertrude in The Withered Arm?

    She used her memory and created an image in her head of Gertrude. 'Rhoda Brook could raise a mental image of the unconscious Mrs Lodge that was as realistic as a photograph.' As the incubus of Gertrude lay down on top of Rhoda, 'it was suffocating her with pressure' and it shined the wedding ring in her face. When Rhoda grabbed its arm 'in a last desperate effort, swung out her right hand, seized the confronting spectre by its obtrusive left arm, and whirled it backward to the floor.'

    • Word count: 1033
  2. Explore how women are presented by Thomas Hardy in The Sons Veto, The Withered Arm and Tony Kytes, the Arch Deceiver.

    'It would be a home for me.' The marriage is of convenience for My Twycott as it provides him with a companion to spend his life with, as well as another chance to have an heir to carry on the family name. He had no children from his previous marriage. This is also the first time we see some of Sophy's personality: the side of her that would prefer to put herself at risk than to hurt other people. She builds Mr Twycott up to be an almost God like figure who is so much higher on the social ladder to her - how can she say no to this marriage?

    • Word count: 3311
  3. Thomas Hardy Essay

    Stricter codes and laws meant that people could be hanged or shot for such minor offences such as burglary and desertion. Thomas Hardy wrote many stories, including 'The History of the Hardcomes' and 'Tony Kytes the Arch-deceiver', the only story we have covered that has a slightly comical ending. The three main stories we will be concentrating on are 'The Withered Arm', 'The Melancholy Hussar of the German Legion' and 'The Winters and the Palmleys'. In 'The Withered Arm', Farmer Lodge and Rhoda had a relationship in the beginning but he left her when she fell pregnant with their son.

    • Word count: 1729
  4. Thomas Hardy Essay

    Hardy also deliberately withholds information from the reader of Rhoda's son such as his name and introduction which creates suspense throughout his behaviour whilst he is spying on Gertrude. Another impression of Rhoda which Hardy describes is the image of the cottage that reflects her physically. "It was built of mud-walls, the surface of which had been washed by many rains into channels and depressions that left none of the original flat face visible; while here and there in the thatch above a rafter showed like a bone protruding through the skin."

    • Word count: 1878
  5. Compare Hardys presentation of women in An Imaginative Women and On the Western Circuit

    There's no accounting for taste." Their relationship with each other has been portrayed powerfully in these three lines. Immediately, a lack of respect and common interest, perhaps even a sense of hostility between the two has become apparent. Compare this short, snappy encounter with some of the more lengthy scenes between Ella and William Marchmill, and it is evident that although both women share an unfulfilled marriage, their relationship with their husbands are very different. Despite William Marchmill often seeming ignorant of Ella's existence, he does show some courtesy and respect, though he doesn't share much common ground with her either.

    • Word count: 2050
  6. Surprise and Tension In A Short Story - The Withered Arm

    Rhoda has her moments in the story where she is seen as the fragile, innocent character but she is not all she appears to be, she has a very evil bitter streak in her which we see later in the story. In the story there are four main characters: Rhoda who is a milkmaid, Farmer Lodge who owns the farmhouse, Gertrude who is Farmer Lodge's new wife and the Son whose parents are Rhoda and Farmer Lodge. At the beginning of the story Rhoda becomes pregnant and soon after splits up with farmer Lodge.

    • Word count: 1471
  7. Who deserves our sympathy:Rhoda or Gertrude

    She is described as "A thin, fading women of thirty that milked somewhat apart from the rest." The use of the work "fading" Implies that she is an outcast. She is constantly ignored and is not considered a part of society, as she is fading into the surroundings. The chapter then goes onto explain the relationship between Rhoda and Farmer Lodge. The audience discover that Farmer Lodge is the father to Rhoda's son and that he abandoned Rhoda to fend for herself.

    • Word count: 1690
  8. thomas hardy comparing women character

    The first part of 'The Withered Arm' begins with 'A Lorn Milkmaid', the very first chapter of the story. The 'Lorn Milkmaid' refers to Rhoda Brook, who is a country character who is featured to be unlettered, unskilled, and belongs to the working class with a low social status. 'Lorn' suggests that Rhoda is a miserable and lonely character. The beginning of the story sets scene at the dairy, where the milkmaids discuss about Farmer Lodge and his recent marriage with a woman who is much younger than him.

    • Word count: 4563
  9. What is Hardy saying about the treatment of women by society through the medium of story telling?

    Servants weren't generally treated very well, as they were uneducated because there wasn't the money in the family to send them to school. An example of a typical household at the time is the Twycott household, the servants there were treated modestly. Sophie from "The Sons Veto" worked as one of the servants in Twycott's household. Unlike many of the servants at the time, she was taken care of and was seen a great deal by the householders, which was unusual at this the time.

    • Word count: 1870
  10. English - View Bridge

    Additionally, the stage that was set out was precise and did not need to be changed, as Arthur Miller wanted the audience to focus more on the characters than on the stage. Throughout, the play Eddie is fixed on his beliefs about what a 'real man' should be and this can be seen through his repulsiveness towards Rodolpho. Rodolpho is a 'pretty boy' type of character who is an immigrant from Italy and arrived with his brother Marco. Eddies behavior towards the people in his house illustrates what characteristics he has.

    • Word count: 560
  11. Thomas Hardy

    We find out that social class has a big impact on the society in which Thomas Hardy lived in. He shows this in short stories when in 'The Withered Arm' when Farmer Lodge has a child with Rhoda Brooks. He has a child with her but because she is a milkmaid and she is in a lower class, he doesn't marry her or stay with her because of her class.

    • Word count: 592
  12. Discuss Thomas Hardy(TM)s Portrayal of Women

    In the beginning, Gertrude Lodge is portrayed as the opposite of Rhoda. She is beautiful, graceful and full of "youthful freshness". In contrast to Rhoda's worn-down features, Gertrude's "face was fresh in colour - soft and evanescent like the light under a heap of rose petals". But after Rhoda's 'vision' Gertrude's arm becomes more and more ugly and shrivelled, and her arm seems to be literally 'withering'. When the idea of Rhoda going to see Gertrude herself is raised by Rhoda's son, instead of getting her son to spy on her, she replies with "I go see her!

    • Word count: 1206
  13. Thomas Hardy has been praised for the strength of his narrative in The Wessex Tales. Discuss Hardy(TM)s narrative technique in at least three of the short stories in the collection. You should also consider the elements

    This allowed Hardy to explore new realms of story writing, different from the aristocratic writing common to the time. Hardy based his stories on incidents that were not entirely fictional, for example the story 'the withered arm' came about after he heard a story of a young boy who had been hanged although he was innocent and was therefore used as a scapegoat, (Rhoda Brook's son). Hardy wrote with a sense of nostalgia as though he wished that time hadn't changed so much and he expressed great empathy for the poor opposed country folk of that time.

    • Word count: 2071
  14. English Literature Coursework - Thomas Hardy - Setting

    Hardy's handling of physical setting is unparallel in English fiction, although in the verse of the Lake Poets and Robert Burns one has a similar sense of a specific topography and landscape. But, when Hardy is at his best, as in The Return of the Native, the natural backdrop becomes another person in the picture, so to speak. Egdon Heath is not described sop frequently and in such detail merely for the sake of "local colour." Indeed, such rural settings were outside the range of experience of the primarily urban readership To a certain extent, the world of Hardy's peasantry

    • Word count: 1175
  15. Consider how Thomas Hardy explores and presents his views on relationships between men and women in three of his short stories you have read.

    Most of the short stories are set in rural England, and are all mainly affected by men and their status but also the social division system. In the 1880's there was a social division system, this system split people from different classes up. The higher up the social class you were, the more important you were, and on the bottom scale of the social division class system were people who weren't as important. People who were at the bottom of the social division class were usually the homeless, and people who were at the top end of the social division class were usually earls and dukes.

    • Word count: 2668
  16. Comparison of Hardy's "Withered Arm Collection of Short Stories"

    It is clear from the story that Farmer Lodge has had previous relations with Rhoda Brook and they have even had a child together but society has denied them to have public relationships because of there social status. Therefore only one is liable to be able to marry the Farmer in the eyes of society and that is Gertrude. This causes a subconscious jealousy from Rhoda towards Gertrude that is presented as a form of witchcraft that Rhoda unknowingly possesses.

    • Word count: 878
  17. English coursework. Analysing 4 short stories

    In my opinion, Wilkie Collins has created a confident character who knows who and what she wants, and this is shown throughout the story. Although I expected all the female characters we meet to fit the stereotype of a 19th century woman; to be weak, inferior and dominated by males, this did not occur in this particular story. When Mrs Callender invites Mr Lismore to her home, we can see straight away who is in control, as she tells him when to arrive and when to leave, 'Now go'.

    • Word count: 2885
  18. thomas hardy rural life and customs

    This gives a nice and plain entrance to the house with the front room being kept for best occasions and the floor only partly being covered in carpet where it is used just to try and show you have money to spare. Then Hardy continues the paragraph carries on and says" but the room looked snug and cheerful. The fire shone brightly, trembling on the bulging mouldings of the table-legs, playing with brass knobs and handles, and lurking in great strength on the under surface of the chimney-piece" this is a sense of warmth and comfort in the house hold

    • Word count: 903
  19. What does The Sons Veto tell us about attitudes towards social class in the Nineteenth century?

    The reader is first introduced to Sophy via a detailed description of her hair. Hardy makes a lengthy comment about the intricacy of the style and through this is describing the elaborate fashions among society ladies of the time. He then reveals that despite the complicated nature of the style, she has to do her hair herself as ?poor thing. She had no maid.? At this early stage in the story, the idea that the reader should feel sorry for Sophy because of her social background and lack of education is introduced as the ability to style her hair ?was almost the only accomplishment she could boast of.?(1)

    • Word count: 1147
  20. The dream sequence in Chapter 3 of "The Withered Arm".

    In the dream, Gertrude is sitting on Rhoda?s chest. This is a metaphor about their different social classes. Gertrude is part of the well off rich class, while Rhoda is a poor milkmaid who has had a child out of wedlock and has no support from the father. The upper class is always on top of the lower class, pressuring them, torturing them and not pitying them. Rhoda pictures Gertrude in the dream with a wrinkled face. This could mean that she is picturing Gertrude as an old woman in the future.

    • Word count: 818
  21. The Son's Veto. How do you respond to Hardys depiction of the boy? Who eventually becomes the young smooth-shaven priest at the end of the story ?

    He is proud, arrogant and believes himself to possess the qualities that were demanded in a gentleman?s society because of his father?s clerical position. This is obvious in him even as a young boy, in the way he carries himself- with all the polish of a public school student. He is very fastidious, impatient and sometimes very unfeeling; this is evident in the way he behaves towards his mother. For example : He dominates her emotionally and hurts her ever so badly with his insensitive orders.

    • Word count: 876

Conclusion analysis

Good conclusions usually refer back to the question or title and address it directly - for example by using key words from the title.
How well do you think these conclusions address the title or question? Answering these questions should help you find out.

  1. Do they use key words from the title or question?
  2. Do they answer the question directly?
  3. Can you work out the question or title just by reading the conclusion?
  • Discuss Thomas Hardy(TM)s Portrayal of Women

    "Thomas Hardy encourages his readers to understand the women in his stories, and he does not try to play on the sympathy of the reader. He does not want you to feel sorry for the female characters, or view them as helpless women in need of the protection of men. In my opinion, Hardy had a sensitive understanding of the feelings and behaviour of women, which is helpful so he can empathise with the characters and use this in his stories. I think Hardy wants us to be at the way in which the women are treated by the men. The are treated badly by the men, for example when Farmer Lodge grows further away from his wife because of a disease which is not her fault. I think this shows that the men weren't looking for personality in women but looks in order to raise their social status."

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