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GCSE: Tess of the d'Urbervilles

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  1. Chapter 5 - How does Hardy present characters and the setting in this particular chapter?

    The beginning of Chapter 5 opens up with the situation where Hardy stresses that there is something bad foreshadowing Tess due to the loss of a family horse. This is the first hint in this chapter where the reader realizes that sorrow and pain may follow Tess in the near future. 'The haggling business, which had mainly depended on the horse, became disorganized forthwith. Distress, if not penury, loomed in the distance' This distress looms in the distance because of the death of the horse.

    • Word count: 3469
  2. To what extent is Tess a tragic heroine? Thomas Hardy - Tess of the d'Urbervilles

    Tragic theatre was popular in ancient Greece, which is where the word itself comes from (literally meaning 'goat-song'). Such famous Greek tragedies include 'Oedipus' and 'Antigone'. Since then, tragedy has appeared in all areas, including opera (almost all operas in fact!), theatre (of which some the most famous are credited to William Shakespeare) and, of course, literature. The nature of tragedy in a fictional work can be created by two separate influencing factors. One is the weaknesses and eventual downfall of a character, as is the case in 'Othello', for example. Othello's consuming jealousy leads to the death of his wife and his own death by suicide.

    • Word count: 1470
  3. English Essay on "Tess of the D'urbervilles" and " The Boarding House"

    Tess is sensual and na�ve in her own rights. She is portrayed by her long time admirer who wants no more from you than what every teenage boy dreams of; pleasure, as " his beauty". His pursuit for Tess is initial and lustful. He wants power over her just as he has over his horse. Later on he appears to be caring and gentle, almost as if he cares for her. However, that behavior is not an act that can be described as altruistic. It is very perceptible that his obsessive self is truly he and an act to possess Tess.

    • Word count: 1751
  4. Commentary on the Tess of the d'Urbervilles

    Hardy conveys atmosphere using several techniques, but the most pronounced method he uses is with sounds. The passage begins with, "The soundlessness impressed her as a positive entity rather than a mere negation of noise. It was broken by the strumming of strings." The silence implored at the beginning of the piece is effective in building up suspense and contrasting against the rest of the passage where a melody of music is constantly playing. The feeling of having no sound can also be seen as being special, even eerie, as silence is seldom heard since there is usually other noises happening, yet she still refers to it as a "typical summer evening."

    • Word count: 679
  5. Essay to compare how the theme of tragedy is portrayed in Daphne du Maurier's 'Jamaica Inn' with Thomas Hardy's 'Tess of the d'Urbervilles'

    Daphne du Maurier (1907-1989), an English novelist, biographer and playwright, published romantic suspense novels, such as 'Jamaica Inn'. Du Maurier, born in London, came from an artistic family. Her uncle, a magazine editor, published one of her stories when she was a teenager and found her a literary agent, which was her first step to becoming a novelist. In 1935, when Daphne du Maurier wrote the novel 'Jamaica Inn' the First World War had been over for a while and the Second World War had not taken place yet.

    • Word count: 2472
  6. Tess now feels he can understand her problem. When she tells him he refuses to accept it, he has placed Tess on a pedestal and is mortified when she falls from it.

    Angel is too rational and socially aware of Tess' disgrace to forgive her. Tess is so distraught he cannot forgive her she contemplates taking her life but she can't because it will bring suspicion and shame on Angel. Tess becomes very reserved and says she will do what ever Angel asks. This does make a modern reader mad because she should not be begging his forgiveness, she has done nothing wrong but she is made to feel guilty and unwanted. Tess says she will go and stay with her parents even though she hates the thought of going home.

    • Word count: 760
  7. By what means does Hardy seek to achieve sympathy for Tessin this extract, and elsewhere in Phase the First

    Sympathy is created from Tess' response to Abraham where she basically lists all the things that are wrong with their life. She states that her father would have been able to do the journey they were currently on instead of them had he not "got too tipsy" and their mother "wouldn't have always been washing." Now that Abraham has his definition of a "sound one", he mentions another fitting situation in their "blighted" world of Tess having to marry a gentleman to be made rich.

    • Word count: 914
  8. Half way through Chapter XX, Hardy describes the 'summer fog' that was suddenly occurring and all the activities that were taking place at the time of this fog and actually within it.

    This also applies to Tess and Angel's relationship as at the moment there is a lot of uncertainly as to each others feelings even though the reader knows the truth and so they don't know what will happen between them in the very near future. So Hardy is almost using pathetic fallacy to represent a future experience. Not only does Hardy use pathetic fallacy to represent the future, however, but he could also be using it to represent the past experience where Tess was raped by Alec.

    • Word count: 972
  9. A sense of entrapment pervades both 'Tess of the D'Urbervilles' and 'The Handmaid's Tale'. Explore the theme of entrapment in these two texts, making careful comparisons between them and commenting particularly on the narrative strategy of each text.

    In 'Tess of the D'Urbervilles', Thomas Hardy uses an omniscient narrator, but Hardy is an intrusive narrator upon his own narration, to voice his own opinion or reflect upon life in general. The omniscient narrator provides us with information that Tess herself does not have access to. Consequently, frequently in the novel the narrator of Tess will focus on an event in her life to tell us directly there will be future consequences for her, which reinforces inevitability as an entrapping force. The world created in 'The Handmaid's Tale' is classed as dystopian because the utopian ideals have gone wrong.

    • Word count: 1271
  10. Tess of the D'urbervilles - Tess is a young girl visiting her cousin Alec, who is of a higher class the Tess, Alec takes advantage of this and controls where they go and what they do. Hardy

    how Alec directs the conversation and how he gives Tess no chance to do what she wants to do as he shows Tess around the ground. There is a lot of evidence in this extract that Alec treats Tess as inferior to himself, maybe because Tess isn't from as higher class background as himself or just because he is sexist and thinks that women are inferior to men. There is evidence of this when Alec asks Tess 'where do you live?

    • Word count: 774
  11. How do Hardy and Spark present Tess and Lise as victims in the novels, “Tess of the D’Urbervilles” and “The Driver’s Seat”?

    the use of the word "must" by Mrs. Durbeyfield suggests that it is vital that Tess goes to claim kin, it is this urgency that makes Tess go, as she finds herself unable to put her feelings of doubt above her mother's desires. By sending Tess away to claim kin Mrs. Durbeyfield has unknowingly left her na�ve daughter vulnerable to Alec d'Urberville, the word "her" suggests that Mrs. Durbeyfield knows little about the d'Urbervilles, meaning that she knew nothing of Alec's nature.

    • Word count: 4283
  12. Grace Notes And Tess of the D´Urbervilles - Contrasting Similarity - Society’s Effect on Single Mothers

    Catherine McKenna, the protagonist of Bernard MacLaverty's third novel, Grace Notes, is a young female composer who, in the course of the book, performs two creative acts: she gives birth to a daughter, and she completes her first major symphonic work. Catherine struggles to come to terms with her artistic gift, the challenges of motherhood, and the pain of an abusive relationship, all while battling a debilitating post-natal depression. Despite this serious subject matter, Grace Notes comes as close as any of MacLaverty's novels to having an upbeat ending.

    • Word count: 2994
  13. Thomas Hardy sometimes uses the landscape to reflect mood of his characters. Choose two brief extracts (about two pages each) where he does this; one when Tess is happy and another when she is not. How does Hardy reflect Tess's mood through landscape in t

    Examples of adjectives Hardy has used are, 'denser', 'vigour', 'goldern-haired', 'beaming', 'ruddy', 'curious', 'narrow', rickety' and 'hazy'. These adjectives all give a sense of relaxed, slow and sad feelings within Tess because she has a child, and in the latter part of the chapter actually dies. This begins to set the scene for this tragic event. The chapter Rally XVI opens with a dull and almost slow pace when Hardy says: "It was a hazy sunrise in August. The denser nocturnal vapours...where they waited till they should be dried away to nothing." This is Hardy's description of mist or fog in an early summer's morning.

    • Word count: 3674
  14. How does ‘Old Mrs. Chundle’ by Thomas Hardy, And ‘A visit of Charity’, by Eudora Welty reflect Changing attitudes towards old people?

    However the idea failed, as the lady still was unable to hear the priest. But the curate had another idea. He thought to put the lady directly in front of the pulpit again this created a new problem which was Mrs. Chundle had an awfully bad breath and was distracting the curate and making him feel sick. Now he decided to discourage the old lady from going to mass. He thought that he would pay a visit to the old lady to stop her going to mass. When he arrived at her house, he found out that Mrs.

    • Word count: 1374
  15. Discuss how the two writers engage the Reader’s interest in their short stories.

    The reader is able to easily identify with the characters and in this way quickly becomes involved with them. As well as stereotyping the characters Lively chooses to stereotype the surroundings. "She walked through the flowers, the girl, ox- eye daises and vetch cow parsley." This helps to build up the scene of a warm summer's day with a girl skipping innocently through the fields. What this does is build up the stereotyping ready for when she reverses them at the end. I will go into this in further detail later on in the essay. Hardy also stereotyped his characters.

    • Word count: 1830
  16. How does each author emphasise the differences between social and natural law and illustrate the difficulties the characters face?

    The formality of the Church's rules did not allow for the response to individual circumstances. The Church's convention is something that Hardy subtly disputes, but he is not undermining the religion, merely disagreeing with the restrictive practices. 'If only (they) two were concerned', his decision needed not to have been concerned with social convention. However, if he had gone against the liturgy, the disapproval of society would have been great. This is the struggle between the laws of society and nature.

    • Word count: 1989
  17. The shadow of the past hangs equally over Tess and the second Mrs. D’Winter. Show how this is true with close reference to the novels, Tess of the D’Urbervilles by Thomas Hardy and Rebecca by Daphne Dumaurier.

    The shadow for Tess contains a collection of experiences that Tess's personality encounters, which leads ultimately to her death. Tess has to go through all the difficulties her drunken father, naive mother, rape, and death of her child create. The shadow that is cast for the second Mrs. D'Winter is the relationship that was formed between Rebecca and Maxim and the effect Rebecca had left on other people. The second Mrs. D'Winter has to deal with the great impression that Rebecca left on people and later on, the fact that Rebecca wasn't who she was made out to be and the fact that Maxim killed her.

    • Word count: 3380
  18. In what ways does Hardy make “The Superstitious Man’s Story” like a true ghost story and not like a fantasy?

    At the time this folk tale was written, the village Hardy describes is one that many people reading the story would be able to imagine and to which they could relate. Within the village, we see that there are many generations of the family living there as the narrator introduces Nancy as "Jim Weedle's daughter". This adds to the realism in the story as we are given a slight history of the village and the people living within it. The people in the village all know each other very well and we see how close-knit the community is.

    • Word count: 911
  19. Old Mrs Chundle

    However the method he uses is very uncomfortable on him so he tries to avoid the old woman. When he finally goes to see her she has died and left her possessions to him. The Curate feels very humble. The main themes of the story are liked in kindness. The old lady is kind to the young man at the start of the story by cooking him a meal and he repays her by helping her to hear at the service.

    • Word count: 460
  20. Lively and Hardy both make use of the natural environment to enhance their stories in many ways.

    They both enjoy the natural environment and their spirits correspond to the kind of environment that they are in. The opening of 'The Darkness Out There' sets a pleasant and relaxing atmosphere The first sentence describes a setting which seems peaceful and idyllic,'She walked through the flowers, the girl'. The reference to Sandra as 'the girl' makes the opening seem very relaxing. Replacing the noun with weeds creates the effect that 'the girl' is in a place where you would not want to stay as the surroundings are not pleasant and perhaps in the midst of evil. The further description of the flowers ' ox-eye daisies and vetch and cow parsley' adds to the summery, dreamlike image.

    • Word count: 5225
  21. Through an examination of Tess of the D’Urbervilles and The French Lieutenant’s Woman, discuss the role played by women in Victorian society.

    The fact that 'she died on the day Hitler invaded Poland' obviously shows us that she is a creature of the Victorian age only. Tess Durbeyfield is the definitive 'independent woman'. While most Victorian women feel that they are incomplete without a man, she is happy to live alone. However, the irony of her life is that this independence and refusal to be tied down only makes her more attractive to men. I think that Mrs. Poultney represents the sum of Charles' doubts and fears about his relationship with Ernestina.

    • Word count: 1423
  22. Changing feelings about the heroine in the books Bridget Jones's Diary and Tess of the D'Urbervilles

    This is especially evident when her younger brother, Abraham is talking to her. I think that Tess is slightly idealised at the beginning of the book, as no negative views about Tess's character are expressed. '...Her mobile peony mouth and large innocent eyes added eloquence to colour and shape...' Bridget Jones is presented as a more realistic character at the beginning of the book. She is more independant than Tess, as she lives alone and is older. She sounds more genuine as Fielding has written the book in diary form, so that the reader knows what Bridget is feeling.

    • Word count: 2719
  23. How is important is Chapter 34 to Thomas Hardys Tess of the DUrbervilles?

    to a Fellowship which his brother received at collage: ?? ?My brother?s fellowship was won at his collage, mine at Talbothays dairy.? ?? This demonstrates the way in which he does not love the essence of her but the ideal of her. His ideas of Tess come to affect how he reacts to the news of her past and dealings with Alec D?Urberville. It could be supposed that Angel would readily forgive Tess after her confession so alike to his but it is partly for the reason that Angel does not wholly love the reality of Tess that he is

    • Word count: 3786
  24. How does Hardy highlight the conflict between social convention and natural humanity in his novel, Tess of the dUrbervilles?

    Hardy therefore has to write very obliquely about the scenes instead of explicitly. The novel tells the story of the main protagonist, Tess, a young country girl as yet ?untinctured by experience? meeting a rich, manipulative kinsman, Alec Stoke-d?Urberville, who is her physical and social superior and who takes advantage of her. Alec keeps returning into her life, making Tess wish she had never met him. The only way to get him out of her life is to commit the most unlawful crime against humanity, murder.

    • Word count: 1849

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