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GCSE: Tess of the d'Urbervilles

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  1. Considering the attitudes to women in that time, in what way is TessA) The VictimB) A Pure Women

    These women were looked upon as pure and innocent, like children. As for fallen women they may well have had sex and were not virgins upon marriage, and were also not trained in simple things like sewing, cooking and cleaning. In Tess of the d'Urbervilles, Tess is both a pure woman and a victim in many ways. To begin, Tess's mind is manipulated by Angel's domination over her (QUOTE) to think that she is not the victim of rape and in some ways that it is her fault that she is the victim of rape.

    • Word count: 901
  2. Using chapters 34 & 35 show how Hardy presents Angel's rejection of Tess why does he reject her

    This distresses Tess as it is a sharp reminder for her that she is deceiving Angel by not confessing to him about her past. This makes Tess feel more guilt ridden and wretched therefore inevitable that she will confess despite her mother's advice. The idea that the paintings can never be removed symbolises the permanency of Alec in her past and her memory of him will always remain. During this chapter she is apprehensive but endeavours to look happy, this is shown when Tess and Angel are washing their hands. Angel asks, 'Which are my fingers and which are yours?'

    • Word count: 1426
  3. Thomas Hardy said His Subtitle 'Pure Women' Caused more Debate Than Anything Else In 'Tess Of The D'Urbervilles'. How Far Do You Agree With Hardy's Subtitle 'A Pure Women' Examine The First Part Of The Novel.

    They thought that if you had status and money you were supposed to respect them. A man or a woman who has a sexual relationship before marriage, had money and was from the upper class would not be punished for it because they had power, respect and everyone would believe them. If it was a poor person in this situation they would not be believed because they had no status no power, no money and they would be punished for it, they might not even be accepted in the society. Tess is a poor working class person who is exploited by Alec, no one believes her because of her status and even her own people accept it because of their fatalistic view.

    • Word count: 3418
  4. Compare how Shakespeare and Hardy present the role of their tragic heroines within society in 'Romeo and Juliet' and 'Tess of

    The presentation of the heroine begins in biblical times with notorious characters such as Eve and the Virgin Mary. These early female characters started the development of our literary heroines. Throughout Classical, Middle Ages and the Renaissance literature, the fundamental characteristics of female characters changed very little. They were essentially very beautiful and of high social status. They were not in control of their own fortunes and had very limited power. Male characters generally dominated these heroines, therefore reducing their strength and depth of character.

    • Word count: 1798
  5. An analysis of the significance of chapter 37, to the novel as a whole;

    The man recovered himself and seemed inclined to go further, but thought better of it. He apologised, claiming he thought Tess was another woman he knew. Further on in the chapter, Tess hears a disturbance in the attic above her, where Angel had retired. In her anxiety, Tess rushed upstairs in case Clare was ill, being confronted with a humorous tale, that Clare had been rein-acting the fight he had earlier on that day. He mentioned that he has been occasionally liable to these 'freaks' in his sleep, and told Tess she should not be worried and think no more of it.

    • Word count: 2838
  6. "The president of the Immortals had done his sport with Tess"

    Hardy proposes that maybe her innocence and purity comes from her lack of experience with people, love and danger. This can be seen when she is exposed to new and different environments and forces. Hardy also introduces class and status very early on, Tess comes from a lower class yet she can make herself seem in a higher status due to her education. Tess's first encounter of bad luck is when she kills the family horse, Prince. Tess is with her brother Abraham in their wagon whilst discussing about the stars and how they are worlds just like Earth.

    • Word count: 2084
  7. Tess of the D'Urbervilles- A Pure Woman.' Who or what does Hardy blame for Tess's downfall?

    In Tess of the D'Urbervilles, Hardy uses a variety of narrative techniques in order to convey his own impressions of the society in which both he and his character Tess lived. The narrative technique of an author in any novel is crucial to the readers understanding of the narrative. The way in which a novel is written influences the way in which the reader interprets the events which occur throughout the novel and allows the author to convey the feeling of time, place, and people in the society in which the author is attempting to impart to his or her readers.

    • Word count: 5093
  8. Is being in love always a happy experience? With references to the main characters in 'Tess of the D'Urbervilles', show the range of emotions love can bring.

    The first experience of love in 'Tess of the D'Urbervilles' is when Tess, a 16 year old working class girl, is sent to claim kinship from the D'Urberville residents because Tess and her family believe they can help them. This is when Tess meets Alec D'Urberville for the first time. It is instantly clear there is a physical attraction when Alec begins flirting with Tess. This continues when Tess is offered work at the D'Urberville resident where she has to look after Mrs D'Urberville's finches.

    • Word count: 1616
  9. Thomas Hardy Said His Subtitle 'A Pure Woman' Caused More Debate Than Anything Else. In 'Tess Of The D'Urbervilles' How Far Do You Agree With Hardy's Subtitle A Pure Women? Examine The First Part Of The Novel.

    In the Victorian times there were three classes. The Masses, the Nouveax Riches, and the Landed Gentry. The Masses were the poor working class, the Nouveax Riches were the people who worked in factory's In the city they get the new money and that is were the name came from, they were hated by the Landed Gentry because they were almost the same standard as them, the Landed Gentry were the rich people who didn't work but got their money from their ancestors (old money). Tess a young cottage girl 'she was a fine and handsome girl...

    • Word count: 2715
  10. Compare the ways in which the Writers of 'The Handmaid's Tale' and 'Tess of the D'Urbervilles' present the Theme of Control in their Novels

    Offred comments wryly, that in future photograph albums, "we'll be invisible...but the children will be in them alright". The same cannot be said necessarily for the society in 'Tess of the D'Urbervilles'. The rural Wessex setting seems at first, not nearly as suffocating as the manicured lawns and ubiquitous check points of the 'The Handmaid's Tale'. Tess lives in an area with "Grassy banks", "Blue hills" and a "languorous atmosphere"; we get the impression that there are fewer constraints on her. Tess indeed has the freedom to attend the May Dance, whereas Offred is forced to take part in the monthly "Ceremony" and "Particicution".

    • Word count: 3774
  11. Hardy's skill in creating mood through the use of nature in his novel 'Tess of the D'Urbervilles'

    In 1850 a cholera epidemic was raging and Jemima kept her son at home out of the way of infection. Hardy was kept in isolation, but it is probably at this time that he absorbed all that he saw and heard, storing it away until the time came to put pen to paper and write about the beauties of nature and the countryside. Wessex to Hardy was "half dream, half reality". However, Hardy's childhood had taught him that life is not always perfect in a rural environment and when he started writing about the harsh realities of country life, for example in 'Tess of the D'Urbervilles', he was condemned as a pessimistic.

    • Word count: 5239
  12. The Life and Times of Thomas Hardy (1840-1928)

    After schooling in Dorchester, Hardy was apprenticed to an architect. He was 16 at the time. He worked in an office, which specialised in restoration of churches. Between 1853-6 the Crimean War took place, this may have made Hardy reminisce the famines and riots he heard about whilst growing up. At the age of 18, in 1858, Hardy wrote his first surviving poem, 'Domicilium' and a year later Darwin's Origin of Species was published. At the age of 22 Hardy moved to London and started to write poems whilst working as an architect, but the poems failed to get published.

    • Word count: 1017
  13. Tess Of The D'Urbervilles - review

    This is the main point where the story begins and takes shape, because of this chance meeting with Parson Tringham, John Durbeyfield discovers his family history, and because of this certain events happen which lead to many lives being affected and people being motivated to do things that they normally would not do. This all started from the one odd meeting John had with the parson, this is chance, as they do not usually meet like this (just twice before), hadn't this happened then this would not have lead to Tess's meeting with Alex or her being raped.

    • Word count: 5625
  14. Symbolism in Tess of the D'urbervilles

    Hardy loved his home, nature and the people that lived in the countryside with him, and this can clearly be depicted in the novel, by the way that he describes the surroundings, and the rustic characters. Hardy uses experiences and events that he has heard of in his stories. He uses incidents that he has seen or been told of to make the plot of the story more interesting. An example that could be used is Tess' hanging, at the end of the novel.

    • Word count: 3176
  15. 'In her relations with both Alec and Angel, Tess is the victim of her own conscience rather than of male cruelty and censure.'

    The problems follow Tess when she meets Alec. Hardy spends a lot of time describing the nature. "The village of Marlott lay amid the north-eastern undulations of the beautiful Vale of Blakemore or Blackmoor aforesaid". This sounds like a Travel Guide rather than the story. This makes the scene more real. Tess first meets Alec in chapter 5. She feels guilty about the horse, which dies. It's her feeling that makes her go to Alec 's house. Tess thinks that they are related to each other because of their family name. Hardy describes Alec in a bad way; this suggests that Alec 's not going to be a good person.

    • Word count: 725
  16. Tess and the color red. (Hardy)

    For the first approach, gather evidence from the novel about how Hardy sees nature. Remember to include his vision of nature as the core of all life, and his view of man as a small part of the universe. Also discuss how life goes on, following its natural rhythms, regardless of what happens to individuals. Consider nature both as a friend to man, as at Talbothays, and as a foe to man, as at Flintcomb-Ash. If you wish to write about nature as a reflection of human perception, you'll have to take a careful look at how the characters see the landscape.

    • Word count: 2216
  17. The theme of conflict in Tess of the D'Urbervilles.

    Seduced by Alec, the heir of the family, Tess gives birth to an illegitimate child who dies in infancy, after an improvised midnight baptism of its mother. Some time later, while working as a dairy-maid on a large farm, Tess becomes engaged to Angel Clare, a clergyman's son. But Tess is pressed by her fault, and on their wedding night confesses to him her affair with Alec. Angel, who thought of himself as being free of prejudices, proves to be their slave.

    • Word count: 1018
  18. 'A Visit Of Charity' and 'Old Mrs Chundle' - Both stories have a message or moral that the reader can draw from his reading. What do you think the message of these stories are, and which story in the most effective in getting it across?

    Mrs Chundle is conscious of the curate's social class and the built in social boundary that is between them. Mrs Chundle clearly values and optimises her individuality. With the curate the people will be respectful and do what they are told. The curate meets Mrs Chundle and is thrown off balance with the way she reacts with him 'But I suppose 'tis the wrong sort, and that ye would sooner have bread and cheese'. Mrs Chundle doesn't fear of striking up a conversation with the curate after he has simply asked for a meal. This shows she speaks her own mind, and allows herself to voice an opinion of the curate.

    • Word count: 3034
  19. "In her relations with both Alec and Angel, Tess is the victim of her own conscience rather than of male cruelty and censure". Comment on this view of Hardy's portrayal of Tess and her fate in Tess Of The D'Urbervilles.

    I would like to look at the word realist, according to the 'York Notes advanced': "a realist author represents the world as it is rather than as it should be", and "draws on characters from all levels of society, but often from lowest classes, represents their speech and manners accurately". I therefor object to the theory posted by others that Hardy's books are pessimistic, as the above description of a 'realist' perfectly describes Hardy's works in "Tess of the D'Urbervilles", which is also contradictory to the belief of "York Notes Advanced".

    • Word count: 2176
  20. Contrast the descriptions of Flint comb - Ash and Talbothays, showing How Hardy uses the atmosphere places to reflect different stages in Tess's life.

    Immediately we are able to see that Tess has something that none of the other girls have, "She wore a red ribbon in her hair" and her "large innocent eyes added eloquence to her colour and shape". She is illustrated as "a fine picturesque country girl". We are left with the impression of rustic beauty with a hidden, or perhaps not hidden, sense of passion. Tess was born in the village of Marlott, located in the Vale of Blackmoor. "This fertile and sheltered tract of country, in which the fields are never brown and the springs never dry....

    • Word count: 2858
  21. Analyse Hardy's intentions in the way he presents the themes of innocence and rural life in 'Phase One - The Maiden' of "Tess of the d'Urbervilles".

    to eat, or could identify with their attitudes; nor could he entirely fit in with the upper classes as he did not share their ideals and values and was unable to successfully adopt their outlook on society. These feelings of frustration due to his inability to belong reflect in the opening chapter of the novel. Thomas Hardy begins the second chapter of "Tess of the d'Urbervilles" with a rich, detailed description of the landscape that provides the setting of the novel; this helps establish the surroundings in which the events of the book take place; 'the world seems to be constructed upon a smaller and more delicate scale'.

    • Word count: 2496
  22. "It is too easy to assume that Angel and Alec are moral opposites; each is in fact as bad as the other" - discuss.

    My god how can forgiveness meet such a grotesque - prestidigitation as that?" and "I repeat, the woman I have been loving is not you". Previously in the novel Angel and Tess have been having a romantic relationship, in which Tess is wooed by Angel. Angel later on proposes to Tess and soon after, they get married; it is only after they are married that Angel allows Tess to tell him about her affair with Alec. The result of this is Angel declaring that he no longer loves Tess, as it was not her he fell in love with.

    • Word count: 1718
  23. Tess Is Only Partly To Blame For Her Own Tragic Decline. Powerful External Pressures, Social, Environmental and Supernatural Drive Her Inexorably Towards Her Cruel Fate - Agree or disagree.

    Tess's search for work to make up for the loss of her family's horse led her to the sinister and blatantly predatory Alec d'Urberville who she initially thought was a relative. The sexual double standards typical of late Victorian society were also clear at this point. Females who sinned paid a much higher social price for their mistakes. But Tess did not want to sin - she was pressurised into it by the evil d'Urberville and also by her own mother.

    • Word count: 1827
  24. Compare and contrast the depictions of financial insecurity and its effects in Tess of the D'Urbervilles and at least one other novel that you have studied.

    In Tess of the D'Urbervilles, there is a sense that, not only the Durbeyfield family, but most of the local young women, are anxious to escape their poverty and low social stature. Mr Durbeyfield feels immediately uplifted upon hearing the news that he is descended from a noble family and becomes captivated in a dream that delivers him from rags to riches - "Don't you really know, Durbeyfield, that you are the lineal representative of the ancient and knightly family of the d'Urbervilles .

    • Word count: 2240
  25. "Compare George Eliot's treatment of religion in Middlemarch with Thomas Hardy's in Tess of the d'Urbervilles".

    as a map to convey their own feelings, so to look at the treatment, it all depends how the authors see religion should be treated in the first place. From the very start of Middlemarch it is apparent of the route Eliot plans to take in her treatment of religion. Her doubt of it is inherent from the beginning, and we read the prelude to hear of Saint Theresa. From this we can establish Eliot does not see religion as being such a potent force as it once was.

    • Word count: 1595

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