Freedom Is Slavery means that individuals cannot continue to survive, and they will die off. Yet, as a group you are immortal, you are a part of a collective culture that will live on forever.
Ignorance Is Strength is the idea that by keeping the people in ignorance, they wont realise what is really going on. The Party keeps the Outer Party ignorant by constantly changing the truth and destroying all evidence and data that could prove what they are doing, or prove otherwise. The Proles are kept ignorant by the party because they are incapable of intelligent thought, even if what was really going on was staring them in the face, even then they wouldn’t realise what was actually going on.
Winston is well aware of what is going on, as he works for the Ministry of Truth, and he wonders if he could expose the Party for what they really are, although he is scared of being caught by the thought police, as he is well aware of what consequences await him if he is unfaithful to Big Brother.
He does, eventually realise the principles of INGSOC as the truth. But only as true as it possible can be. Even so, before he has been taken by O’Brien to Room 101, he cannot love Big Brother, he loves Julia, but he is told by O’Brien it is not enough just to follow the principles, you must love Big Brother.
When Winston goes to Room 101 he realises it is different for everyone, Room 101 is every ones worst nightmare. The worst thing possibly imaginable, and for Winston, this happens to be Rats.
When the rats are released onto Winston, he finally betrays Julia. His love is finally betrayed. “Do it to Julia” he shouts. He has betrayed her.
He is released from the Ministry of Love and is given a job as a nothing, he makes money doing something, which he has no idea what. At the end Winston is sitting in the Chestnut Tree Café, a newsflash comes on which tells how Oceania’s borders are being threatened and Winston thinks up a plan of how Big Brother could outflank the enemy. He then discovers that Big Brother did exactly what he was thinking and Oceania is saved. Finally, the Party have achieved what they wanted, and Winston has become just another regular person, just like they wanted him to be, with no opinion of feelings towards anything. Finally, Winston truly loves Big Brother.
Here's what a star student thought of this essay
Quality of writing
The Quality of Written Communication here is excellent. Though predominantly written with short, simple sentences there is a good handling of English that avoids frequent misuses of grammar and incorrect spelling.
Level of analysis
The Level of Explanation (this being a question primarily for explanation and description) is adequate, though there is not quite enough to properly score higher than a middle B grade for GCSE. This is because a lot of where the candidate appears to be showing extra knowledge, they are merely using examples sourced directly from the book, sometimes adopting whole sentences that Orwell writes (or at least writing with a strong syntactic parallel) and this limits the effectiveness of the answer, To improve, this candidate should look to ensure that everything they write is absolutely explicitly relating to the question at hand. The biggest mistake they make is to include the Principles of the Rebellion (the fake one that O'Brien is thought, at first, to be helming) and incorporating the belief about the class system. Whilst yes it is important to include as the Inner Party, Outer Party and the Proles are very segregated groups of people, the recognition of the aims of these classes is only ever identified in O'Brien's book and thus is not actually a mantra of the Party. Only information that pertains directly to what the question is proposing should be included and analysed.
Response to question
This answer is a sound response to the proposed question and the candidate shows a well-supported understanding of both the novel and the Principles of Ingsoc. They shows an ability to take the mantra of the Party and elaborate on them, taking examples from the book in the case of "WAR IS PEACE", but not in either of the other two. I would argue that the two-line explanation of "FREEDOM IS SLAVERY" is simply not enough and neither is the still comparatively short "IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH". The second is the easiest to explain, because Winston defies this one himself, so it is quite unfortunate that the candidate didn't write about this mantra in detail, as the explanation of "WAR IS PEACE" is very good.