How and why does scrooge change in a Christmas carol?

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How and why does scrooge change in a Christmas carol?

The novel A Christmas Carol was set in England in 1843. The story takes place during the Victorian era.

Dickens combines a description of hardships faced by the poor with a heart-rending sentimental celebration of the Christmas season. The novel contains dramatic and comic element as well as a deep felt moral theme. In the beginning of the novel Ebenezer Scrooge is portrayed as a hardhearted and unsociable man. However at the end of the novel we see dramatic changes in him as a trio of ghostly visitations causes a complete change in him. Scrooges transformed from an unpleasant and penny-pinching character to a charitable kind man. The following essay focuses and examines the life of Ebenezer Scrooge, delving into his past, present and supposed future.

     In the opening of the novel, Scrooge is depicted as a miser who would not even give enough coal to his clerk despite the harsh weather to keep the office warm. His greed is his downfall, because he is so consumed with his money that he neglects people around him. He spends his day counting profits wishing that the whole world would leave him alone. His entire life is based on making more profits. Dickens describes Scrooge as a “squeezing, wrenching, grasping, scraping, clutching, covetous old sinner!” and that “No wind that blew was bitterer than he,” meaning he was harsh and very bitter. He also states that he is as “Solitary as an oyster,” which means he did not open up to people and was often alone.

     On Christmas Eve his nephew comes to invite Scrooge to a Christmas dinner. Scrooge however refuses and replies with his customary phrase “Bah! Humbug!” refusing to share his nephew’s Christmas cheer. He sees Christmas as a time for finding yourself “a year older but not an hour richer.” After Fred departs, a pair of portly gentlemen enter the office to ask Scrooge for a charitable donation to help the poor. Scrooge angrily replies that there are prisons and workhouses and they leave empty-handed. Scrooge is greedy and sees no reason in donating money to the poor. He thinks of them as idle and he states that if they would rather die than to go to the workhouse “they had better do it, and decrease the surplus population.” Scrooge confronts Bob Crachit and complains about Bob’s wish to take Christmas day off. “What good is Christmas,” Scrooge snipes, “ that it should shut down businesses?” he reluctantly agrees to give Bob a day off, providing he arrives earlier to work the next day.

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     Later that evening Scrooge returns home through dismal, fog-blanketed London streets. Just before entering his house, the doorknocker catches his attention. He sees a ghostly image that gives him a momentary shock; it is the peering face of Jacob Marley his dead partner. When Scrooge takes a closer look the image disappears. With a disgusted “Pooh-Pooh,” Scrooge opens the door and enters his hose. He makes no attempt to brighten his home, “darkness is cheap, and scrooge liked it.” Whilst he is in his room he hears the deafening sound of bell chimes and footsteps. A ghostly figure ...

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